Median Age 2022

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The median age of a population is the age at which half the population is older and half is younger. For example, the CIA World Factbook estimates that the global median age in 2020 was 31.0 years, meaning 50% of the global population was younger than 31 and 50% were older. However, median ages per country vary significantly across the globe, and are influenced by a number of factors, such as birth rates, social and economic development and average life expectancies within individual countries.

Top 10 Countries with the Highest Median Age (2020 CIA World Factbook - years):

  1. Monaco — 55.4
  2. Japan — 48.6
  3. Saint Pierre and Miquelon — 48.5
  4. Germany — 47.8
  5. Italy — 46.5
  6. Andorra — 46.2
  7. Hong Kong — 45.6
  8. Saint Barthelemy — 45.6
  9. Greece — 45.3
  10. San Marino — 45.2

Top 10 Countries with the Lowest Median Age (2020 CIA World Factbook - years):

  1. Niger — 14.8
  2. Uganda — 15.7
  3. Angola — 15.9
  4. Chad — 16.1
  5. Mali — 16.1
  6. DR Congo — 16.7
  7. Malawi — 16.8
  8. Zambia — 16.9
  9. Benin — 17.0
  10. Mozambique — 17.0

The global median age of 31.0 in 2020 is a notable increase from its value 70 years ago, in 1950, when the median age was 23.6 years. This is a general sign that advances in medicine and infrastructure are enabling people to live longer as a whole. As a rule, median age is highest in high-income countries with a high degree of human development and overall standard of living. Similarly, it is lowest in underdeveloped and least-developed countries with lower incomes.

Countries and continents in which median age is highest and lowest

An example of this trend is Monaco, one of the tiniest, but also wealthiest countries in Europe. Monaco may have no military, but it boasts the highest median age in the world at 55.4 years (53.7 years for males and 57.0 years for females). While Monaco's data could arguably be skewed by its high number of wealthy retirees, the same accusation could not be leveled at the countries that follow it: Japan (median age 48.6), French territory St. Pierre and Miquelon (48.5), Germany (47.8), and Italy (46.5).

An even better example of the correlation between median age and income/development appears at the other end of the spectrum, where the continent Africa is home to most of the world's poorest countries and also to the vast majority of countries with median ages under 20. The African country of Niger has the lowest median age in the world at just 14.8 years (14.5 years for males and 15.1 for females), but many of its neighbors, including Uganda, Angola, Chad, and Mali, are close behind.

A country's median age is intertwined with its life expectancy, which also tends to be higher in wealthy and developed countries and lower in poorer and developing countries. For example, the Japanese consistently rank as the longest-lived population in the world, with a life expectancy of 83.7 years. Conversely, Nigerians have an average life expectancy of 61.8 years. However, this is still notably higher than that of a number of other African countries. Sierra Leone, for example, with its median age of 19.1 years, has an average life expectancy of just 50.1 years.

Causes of lower life expectancies include poverty, disease, and ongoing wars and armed conflicts—all of which are present in many African countries.

Differences in median age between males and females

At a global level, women consistently outlive men, leading to increased life expectancies and higher median ages. This occurs regardless of country, although the differences are more significant in some countries than in others. Furthermore, female-specific conditions such as death in childbirth or the historical preference for male children in China can reduce life expectancy in women, particularly in developing countries.

Median Age 2022

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Median Age 2022

Country Median Median (Male) Median (Female)
Monaco53.151.754.5
Japan47.34648.7
Germany47.14648.2
Saint Pierre And Miquelon46.54647
Italy45.544.446.5
Greece44.543.545.6
Slovenia44.542.846.2
Hong Kong44.443.545
San Marino44.443.345.4
Andorra44.344.444.1
Isle of Man44.243.344.9
Saint Barthelemy44.144.144.2
Austria4442.845.1
Lithuania43.739.747.1
Latvia43.639.746.9
Bermuda43.441.545.3
Liechtenstein43.241.744.5
Croatia4341.145
Spain42.741.543.9
Bulgaria42.740.944.7
Estonia42.739.446.1
Netherlands42.641.543.6
Serbia42.640.944.3
Finland42.540.944.3
Switzerland42.441.443.4
Hungary42.340.444.3
Canada42.240.943.5
Portugal42.240.244.4
Denmark42.241.243.2
Czech Republic42.140.843.4
Bosnia And Herzegovina42.140.543.5
South Korea41.840.243.4
Malta41.840.843
Cuba41.540.142.6
Puerto Rico41.539.543.2
France41.439.643.1
Belgium41.440.242.7
Sweden41.240.242.2
Romania41.139.742.6
United States Virgin Islands4139.941.9
Sint Maarten4139.942
Poland40.73942.4
Taiwan40.74041.5
Montenegro40.739.941.8
Ukraine40.637.443.7
United Kingdom40.539.341.7
Slovakia40.538.842.3
Belarus4037.143.1
Cayman Islands4039.340.7
Russia39.636.642.5
Macau39.339.539.1
Luxembourg39.338.739.9
Aruba39.337.541.1
Norway39.238.440
Australia38.737.939.5
Barbados38.637.539.8
United States38.136.839.4
Georgia38.135.340.9
New Zealand37.937.138.8
Thailand37.736.638.7
Faroe Islands37.637.138.3
China37.436.538.4
Ireland36.836.437.1
Cyprus36.835.538.3
Moldova36.734.938.6
Iceland36.535.937.1
British Virgin Islands36.536.336.6
Cook Islands36.53637
Curacao36.133.539.7
Trinidad And Tobago3635.636.6
Seychelles35.434.936
Mauritius35.334.236.3
Armenia35.133.336.9
Uruguay3533.136.7
Saint Kitts And Nevis3535.234.8
Saint Lucia34.833.736
Anguilla34.832.936.7
Gibraltar34.733.835.7
Singapore34.634.534.7
Chile34.433.235.6
North Korea3432.535.6
Greenland33.93532.7
Saint Vincent And the Grenadines33.633.833.4
Northern Mariana Islands33.632.834.4
Dominica33.53334
Palau33.432.735
Turks And Caicos Islands33.333.633
Qatar33.234.328.1
Montserrat33.232.633.7
Albania32.931.634.3
Sri Lanka32.831.534
Brazil32.631.132.8
Saint Martin32.531.633.4
Azerbaijan32.330.833
Bahrain32.333.829.5
Wallis And Futuna32.231.333.4
Bahamas3230.933.2
New Caledonia3231.332.7
French Polynesia31.931.732.1
Antigua And Barbuda31.93033.5
Argentina31.730.532.9
Tunisia31.63132.2
Grenada31.531.531.6
Costa Rica31.330.831.8
Turkey30.930.531.4
Kazakhstan30.629.331.9
Vietnam30.529.431.7
Lebanon30.529.931.1
Iran30.33030.5
United Arab Emirates30.332.125
Indonesia30.229.630.8
Brunei30.229.730.7
Colombia302931
Israel29.929.330.6
Suriname29.829.430.2
Morocco29.328.629.9
Kuwait29.330.427.4
Panama29.228.829.6
Guam2928.329.7
Libya28.929.128.7
Fiji28.928.729.1
Uzbekistan28.62829.2
Malaysia28.528.228.8
Mexico28.327.229.4
Venezuela28.327.629
Mongolia28.327.529.2
Myanmar28.227.429
Paraguay28.22828.5
Maldives28.228.128.3
India28.127.228.6
Algeria28.127.828.4
Dominican Republic28.127.928.3
Peru2827.228.8
Turkmenistan27.927.528.4
Ecuador27.72728.4
Bhutan27.628.227.1
Saudi Arabia27.528.226.7
South Africa27.126.927.3
El Salvador27.125.628.6
Bangladesh26.72627.3
Kyrgyzstan26.525.427.6
Nauru26.42725.7
Guyana26.225.926.6
Jamaica2625.526.5
Nicaragua25.724.826.6
Tuvalu25.724.726.9
Oman25.626.624.2
American Samoa25.525.126
Cape Verde25.424.626.2
Cambodia25.324.626
Micronesia25.124.425.8
Kiribati24.623.825.5
Tajikistan24.523.925.1
Botswana24.523.525.6
Samoa24.424.124.6
Syria24.323.924.8
Bolivia24.323.625
Lesotho24.224.224.2
Nepal24.122.825.3
Egypt23.923.624.2
Djibouti23.922.125.3
Pakistan23.823.723.8
Philippines23.523.124
Papua New Guinea23.123.223.1
Haiti2322.723.2
Honduras2322.623.3
Laos2322.723.3
Tonga2322.523.4
Marshall Islands22.922.823
Belize22.722.522.9
Jordan22.522.922
Solomon Islands22.522.322.8
Guatemala22.121.422.8
Vanuatu2221.622.4
Eswatini21.721.521.9
Namibia21.220.421.9
Ghana21.120.621.6
Western Sahara21.120.921.3
Gambia2120.721.3
Ivory Coast20.92120.9
Mauritania20.519.521.4
Guinea Bissau20.119.720.6
Iraq2019.820.3
Zimbabwe2019.620.4
Sudan19.919.720.1
Comoros19.919.220.5
Togo19.819.520.1
Equatorial Guinea19.819.320.3
Kenya19.719.619.9
Madagascar19.719.519.9
Republic of the Congo19.719.519.8
Central African Republic19.719.420
Eritrea19.719.220.1
Yemen19.519.319.6
Rwanda1918.319.8
Sierra Leone1918.419.6
Afghanistan18.918.818.9
Guinea18.918.719.1
Timor Leste18.918.319.6
Senegal18.81819.7
DR Congo18.618.318.8
Gabon18.618.418.8
Cameroon18.518.418.7
Nigeria18.418.318.5
Sao Tome And Principe18.41818.8
Benin18.217.918.6
Somalia18.118.317.9
Ethiopia17.917.718.1
Chad17.816.818.8
Liberia17.817.518
Tanzania17.717.518
Burkina Faso17.317.117.4
South Sudan17.317.217.5
Mozambique17.216.617.8
Burundi1716.817.3
Zambia16.816.616.9
Malawi16.516.416.7
Angola15.915.416.3
Uganda15.815.715.9
Mali15.815.116.4
Niger15.415.315.5

Median Age 2022

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