Countries Without A Military 2022

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A military is a highly organized, heavily armed fighting force authorized, funded, and maintained by the government of a sovereign state. A military is intended primarily for warfare, but can also perform humanitarian work such as supplying food, water, and medical care to those in need. In most modern countries, the military is used strictly for defense (and said humanitarian work). However, as conflicts such as World War I, World War II, and the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine demonstrate, a country's military can also take on an offensive role. Large militaries are often seen as a sign of power and can provide a sense of security for a country's citizens and allies. The United States spends more on its military than any other country in the world.

Despite the importance most countries place upon their militaries—some even enforce mandatory military service—many other countries have no standing military or armed forces. AS a rule, countries without militaries fall into one of three categories:

  1. Countries that have been demilitarized
  2. Countries whose founders did not establish a military
  3. Countries that are former colonies/dependencies of nations that do have militaries and are still under the protection of those countries. For example, Monaco is a former French colony that still relies upon France for its defense.

List of Countries and Territories with No Military

According to the CIA World Factbook, 39 countries and territories do not have a military. Per the CIA’s definition, several of these states do not have a "regular military force," but their national police forces act as de facto military forces. For example, Costa Rica’s military was abolished in 1948, but its "Public Force" (police) includes paramilitary units trained by the United States and Colombia and takes on the responsibility of protecting the country’s borders.

  1. Andorra
  2. Aruba (Netherlands territory)
  3. British Indian Ocean Territory (U.K. Territory)
  4. Cayman Islands (U.K. territory)
  5. Cook Islands (New Zealand territory)
  6. Costa Rica
  7. Curaçao (Netherlands territory)
  8. Dominica
  9. Falkland Islands (U.K. territory)
  10. Faroe Islands (Denmark territory)
  11. French Polynesia (France territory)
  12. Greenland (Denmark territory)
  13. Grenada
  14. Hong Kong (China SAR)
  15. Iceland
  16. Kiribati
  17. Liechtenstein
  18. Macau (China SAR)
  19. Marshall Islands
  20. Mauritius
  21. Micronesia (Federated States of Micronesia)
  22. Monaco
  23. Montserrat (U.K. territory)
  24. Nauru
  25. New Caledonia (France territory)
  26. Niue (New Zealand territory)
  27. Palau
  28. Panama
  29. Puerto Rico (U.S. territory)
  30. Saint Lucia
  31. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
  32. Samoa
  33. San Marino
  34. Sint Maarten (Netherlands territory)
  35. Solomon Islands
  36. Svalbard (Norway territory)
  37. Tuvalu
  38. Vanuatu
  39. Vatican City

Countries Without A Military 2022

Country Notes
Hong KongDefense is the responsibility of China
Costa RicaMilitary abolished in 1948. Specialized police units are trained by U.S and Colombia
PanamaMilitary dissolved in 1990, abolished in 1994 constitution. Has limited paramiltary special units.
Puerto RicoDefense is the responsibility of the US
MauritiusMilitary dissolved in 1968, but has small paramilitary Special Mobile Force. Primary security partner is India
Solomon IslandsPolice trained and supported by Australia and New Zealand
MacauDefense is the responsibility of China
IcelandDefense is the responsibility of NATO (particularly U.S., Norway, Denmark)
VanuatuSmall paramilitary force trained and supported by Australia, China, France, New Zealand, and US
New CaledoniaDefense is the responsibility of France
French PolynesiaDefense is the responsibility of France
SamoaDefense is the responsibility of New Zealand
Saint LuciaMember of the Caribbean Regional Security System (RSS)
KiribatiConstitution prohibits military. Defense assistance is provided by Australia and NZ
MicronesiaNo military formed at founding. Defense is the responsibility of the US
GrenadaMilitary disbanded in 1983. Member of the Caribbean Regional Security System (RSS)
Saint Vincent And the GrenadinesMember of the Caribbean Regional Security System (RSS)
ArubaDefense is the responsibility of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
AndorraDefense is the responsibility of France and Spain
DominicaMilitary disbanded in 1981. Member of the Caribbean Regional Security System (RSS)
Cayman IslandsDefense is the responsibility of the UK
Marshall IslandsConstitution prohibits military. Defense is the responsibility of the US
GreenlandDefense is the responsibility of Denmark
Faroe IslandsDefense is the responsibility of Denmark
Sint MaartenDefense is the responsibility of the Netherlands
MonacoDefense is the responsibility of France
LiechtensteinArmy abolished in 1868. Assistance from Switzerland and Austria if needed.
San MarinoDefense is the responsibility of Italy
PalauNo military formed at founding. Defense is the responsibility of United States until at least 2044
Cook IslandsDefense is the responsibility of Australia
TuvaluNo military formed at founding. Police supported by Australia
NauruDefense is the responsibility of Australia
MontserratDefense is the responsibility of the UK
Falkland IslandsDefense is the responsibility of the UK
NiueDefense is the responsibility of New Zealand
Vatican CityInternal security provided by Switzerland and police, would be defended by Italian military in wartime

Countries Without A Military 2022

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