Democracy Countries 2020

What is a democracy? A democracy is a form of government where the citizens of the nation have the power to vote. There are several different types of democracies. A representative democracy is a system where citizens choose government representatives among their citizens. A direct democracy is when the citizens form a governing body and vote directly on issues. A constitutional democracy limits the powers of government through the nation’s constitution.

Political scientist Larry Diamond put it best when he said that a democracy must contain four critical elements. These elements are:

  • A system of elections used to choose and replace the government
  • Protection of human rights of all people
  • Active participation of citizens in politics and civics
  • All laws apply equally to all citizens

True democracy, also known as direct democracy or pure democracy, is a form of democracy in which people decide on policy initiatives directly. True democracies are often synonymous with full democracies.

Full democracies are nations where basic political freedoms and civil liberties are both respected and reinforced by the political culture. Full democracies have valid systems of checks and balances, an adequately functioning government, an independent and authoritative judiciary, and a media free from infringement.

Constitutional Republic vs. Democratic Republic

Both a constitutional republic and a democratic republic are forms of government where the power rests with the people and is exercised through representative government, and the government has an elected head of state.

In a constitutional republic, the government is limited by the laws established in its formal constitution. The government is run by elected officials who are voted on by the population and those officials must adhere to the rules of government in the constitution.

A democratic republic runs the government how a republic does and bases its government on democratic ideals. To best explain this, the United States can be used as an example. The United States has free and fair elections and citizen participation in government. Additionally, the U.S. protects the human rights of its citizens and honors the rule of law. These four things make the United States a democracy. The fact that the United States has elected government officials and an elected head of government who make laws in accordance to the people’s will.

The United States, like other large governments, is in completely described by a single term and is a hybrid of multiple terms. The United States is both a constitutional democracy and a democratic republic.

The Democracy Index

The Democracy Index is an index compiled by the Economist Intelligence Unit. The index measures the states of democracy in 167 based o 60 indicator groups in five different categories: electoral process and pluralism, functioning of government, political participation, political culture, and civil liberties. Each country was given a score between 0 and 10 in each of the five categories, which was then averaged for an overall score. Overall scores between 8.01 and 10 are considered to be full democracies, which there are 20 of in the world. There are ten countries with scores of 9.0 or higher. These are the most democratic nations in the world.

The most democratic nations in the world are:

  1. Norway (9.87)
  2. Iceland (9.58)
  3. Sweden (9.39)
  4. New Zealand (9.26)
  5. Denmark (9.22)
  6. Ireland (9.15)
  7. Canada (9.15)
  8. Finland (9.14)
  9. Australia (9.09)
  10. Switzerland (9.03)

According to the index, a number of nations are classified as “flawed democracies.” While elections are free and fair and there are basic civil liberties, there are faults in other aspects, such as low levels of participation in politics and civics or an underdeveloped political culture.

Democracy Countries 2020

Country Democracy Score Electoral Process and Pluralism Functioning of Government Political Participation Political Culture Civil Liberties Population 2020
North Korea1.0802.51.671.25025,778,816
Syria1.43002.784.38017,500,658
Dr Congo1.490.50.712.223.130.8889,561,403
Central African Republic1.522.2501.111.882.354,829,767
Chad1.61001.673.752.6516,425,864
Turkmenistan1.7200.792.2250.596,031,200
Equatorial Guinea1.9200.433.334.381.471,402,985
Saudi Arabia1.9302.862.223.131.4734,813,871
Tajikistan1.930.080.791.676.250.889,537,645
Yemen1.95003.8950.8829,825,964
Guinea Bissau1.981.6702.783.132.351,968,001
Uzbekistan2.010.081.862.2250.8833,469,203
Sudan2.1501.792.7851.1843,849,260
Libya2.1910.361.6752.946,871,292
Burundi2.3300.433.8952.3511,890,784
Eritrea2.3702.141.676.881.183,546,421
Laos2.370.832.861.6751.477,275,560
Iran2.4503.214.443.131.4783,992,949
Azerbaijan2.650.52.143.333.753.5310,139,177
Bahrain2.710.833.212.784.382.351,701,575
United Arab Emirates2.7603.932.2252.659,890,402
Djibouti2.870.421.793.895.632.65988,000
Kazakhstan2.940.52.144.444.383.2418,776,707
Russia2.942.171.7952.53.24145,934,462
Afghanistan2.972.921.144.442.53.8238,928,346
Cuba31.083.573.334.382.6511,326,616
Oman3.0403.932.784.384.125,106,626
Vietnam3.0803.213.895.632.6597,338,579
Togo3.13.170.793.3353.248,278,724
Belarus3.130.922.863.895.632.359,449,323
Guinea3.143.50.434.444.382.9413,132,795
Zimbabwe3.160.524.445.633.2414,862,924
Venezuela3.161.671.794.444.383.5328,435,940
Qatar3.1904.292.225.633.822,881,053
Cameroon3.283.172.863.334.382.6526,545,863
Republic Of The Congo3.313.172.53.893.753.245,518,087
China3.32053.896.251.471,439,323,776
Ethiopia3.3503.575.5652.65114,963,588
Rwanda3.351.6752.784.382.9412,952,218
Egypt3.363.583.213.333.752.94102,334,404
Algeria3.52.582.213.8953.8243,851,044
Cambodia3.591.3352.785.633.2416,718,965
Gabon3.612.582.214.4453.822,225,734
Angola3.621.752.865.5652.9432,866,272
Nicaragua3.632.671.863.895.634.126,624,554
Comoros3.714.332.214.443.753.82869,601
Niger3.765.251.143.334.384.7124,206,644
Mauritania3.8233.5753.134.414,649,658
Myanmar3.833.673.933.895.632.0654,409,800
Kuwait3.853.174.293.894.383.534,270,571
Mozambique3.853.582.14553.5331,255,435
Jordan3.933.584.293.894.383.5310,203,134
Iraq4.064.750.076.6753.8240,222,493
Ivory Coast4.154.832.863.335.634.1226,378,274
Pakistan4.176.085.362.222.54.71220,892,340
Gambia4.314.484.293.335.633.822,416,668
Turkey4.374.55552.3584,339,067
Palestine4.393.832.147.784.383.825,101,414
Nigeria4.446.084.643.333.754.41206,139,589
Lebanon4.633.922.216.675.634.716,825,445
Thailand4.6334.29555.8869,799,978
Sierra Leone4.666.581.863.336.255.297,976,983
Burkina Faso4.754.424.294.445.63520,903,273
Armenia4.795.674.645.562.55.592,963,243
Haiti4.915.582.933.896.255.8811,402,528
Bosnia And Herzegovina4.986.52.935.563.756.183,280,819
Morocco4.995.254.6455.634.4136,910,560
Kenya5.113.55.366.675.634.4153,771,296
Kyrgyzstan5.116.582.936.674.3856,524,195
Nepal5.184.335.3655.635.5929,136,808
Uganda5.25.253.574.446.885.8845,741,007
Madagascar5.226.083.576.115.634.7127,691,018
Bhutan5.38.756.792.784.383.82771,608
Liberia5.357.422.575.565.635.595,057,681
Mali5.417.423.933.895.636.1820,250,833
Tanzania5.417555.634.4159,734,218
Malawi5.496.584.294.446.255.8819,129,952
Georgia5.57.833.576.114.385.593,989,167
Bangladesh5.577.835.075.564.385164,689,383
Guatemala5.67.925.363.894.386.4717,915,568
Zambia5.616.174.643.896.886.4718,383,955
Honduras5.638.54.644.444.386.189,904,607
Ukraine5.696.173.216.676.256.1843,733,762
Bolivia5.77.54.645.563.757.0611,673,021
Benin5.746.55.7155.635.8812,123,200
Montenegro5.746.085.366.114.386.76628,066
Fiji5.856.585.366.115.635.59896,445
Moldova5.857.084.646.114.387.064,033,963
Macedonia5.876.55.366.673.757.062,083,374
El Salvador5.969.174.295.563.757.066,486,205
Albania5.9874.715.5657.652,877,797
Papua New Guinea6.036.926.073.895.637.658,947,024
Hong Kong6.153.086.075.567.58.537,496,981
Senegal6.157.56.074.446.256.4716,743,927
Sri Lanka6.197.835.7156.256.1821,413,249
Mexico6.198.336.077.223.136.18128,932,753
Paraguay6.248.755.7154.387.357,132,538
Namibia6.255.675.366.675.637.942,540,905
Ecuador6.278.755.366.114.386.7617,643,054
Romania6.389.175.7154.387.6519,237,691
Singapore6.384.337.866.116.257.355,850,342
Indonesia6.396.927.146.675.635.59273,523,615
Serbia6.418.255.366.1157.358,737,371
Tunisia6.416.425.717.786.255.8811,818,619
Mongolia6.59.175.715.5657.063,278,290
Dominican Republic6.549.175.366.1157.0610,847,910
Croatia6.579.176.075.5657.064,105,267
Peru6.69.1755.565.637.6532,971,854
Ghana6.638.335.716.676.256.1831,072,940
Hungary6.638.756.0756.257.069,660,351
Lesotho6.649.1756.675.636.762,142,249
Guyana6.679.175.716.1157.35786,552
Poland6.679.176.076.114.387.6537,846,611
Philippines6.719.175.717.224.387.06109,581,078
Malaysia6.887.757.866.676.255.8832,365,999
Colombia6.969.176.7955.638.2450,882,891
Brazil6.979.585.366.6758.24212,559,417
Suriname6.989.176.436.6757.65586,632
Argentina7.029.175.366.116.258.2445,195,774
Jamaica7.028.757.144.446.258.532,961,167
Bulgaria7.039.176.437.224.387.946,948,445
Panama7.059.586.076.6757.944,314,767
Slovakia7.19.586.795.565.637.945,459,642
Trinidad And Tobago7.169.587.146.115.637.351,399,488
India7.239.176.797.225.637.351,380,004,385
South Africa7.247.427.58.3357.9459,308,690
Greece7.299.585.366.116.888.5310,423,054
Latvia7.389.586.075.566.888.821,886,198
Lithuania7.59.586.436.116.259.122,722,289
Slovenia7.59.586.796.676.258.242,078,938
Cyprus7.599.176.436.676.888.821,207,359
Czech Republic7.699.586.796.676.888.5310,708,981
Italy7.719.586.077.786.888.2460,461,826
Taiwan7.739.588.216.115.639.1223,816,775
Belgium7.789.588.9356.888.5311,589,623
Israel7.799.177.58.897.55.888,655,535
France7.89.587.57.785.638.5365,273,511
Botswana7.819.177.146.117.59.122,351,627
Portugal7.849.587.56.116.889.1210,196,709
Cape Verde7.889.177.866.676.888.82555,987
United States7.969.177.147.787.58.24331,002,651
Chile7.979.588.574.448.139.1219,116,201
Estonia7.979.588.216.676.888.531,326,535
Japan7.998.758.216.677.58.82126,476,461
South Korea89.177.867.227.58.2451,269,185
Costa Rica8.079.587.56.677.59.125,094,118
Spain8.089.177.147.787.58.8246,754,778
Malta8.219.178.216.118.758.82441,543
Mauritius8.229.178.215.568.759.411,271,768
Austria8.299.587.868.336.888.829,006,398
Uruguay8.38108.576.117.59.713,473,730
United Kingdom8.539.587.58.338.139.1267,886,011
Germany8.689.588.578.337.59.4183,783,942
Luxembourg8.81108.936.678.759.71625,978
Netherlands8.899.589.298.338.139.1217,134,872
Switzerland9.039.589.297.789.389.128,654,622
Australia9.09108.937.788.751025,499,884
Finland9.14108.938.338.759.715,540,720
Canada9.159.589.647.788.751037,742,154
Ireland9.159.587.868.3310104,937,786
Denmark9.22109.298.339.389.125,792,202
New Zealand9.26109.298.898.13104,822,233
Sweden9.399.589.648.33109.4110,099,265
Iceland9.58109.298.89109.71341,243
Norway9.87109.6410109.715,421,241