Democracy Countries 2020

Hover overClick on a tile for details.
Population

< 2

> 2

> 3

> 4

> 5

> 6

> 7

> 8

> 9

> 10

What is a democracy? A democracy is a form of government where the citizens of the nation have the power to vote. There are several different types of democracies. Representative democracy is a system where citizens choose government representatives among their citizens. Direct democracy is when the citizens form a governing body and vote directly on issues. A constitutional democracy limits the powers of government through the nation's constitution.

Political scientist Larry Diamond put it best when he said that a democracy must contain four critical elements. These elements are:

  • A system of elections used to choose and replace the government
  • Protection of human rights of all people
  • Active participation of citizens in politics and civics
  • All laws apply equally to all citizens

True democracy, also known as direct democracy or pure democracy, is a form of democracy in which people decide on policy initiatives directly. True democracies are often synonymous with full democracies.

Full democracies are nations where fundamental political freedoms and civil liberties are respected and reinforced by the political culture. Full democracies have valid systems of checks and balances, an adequately functioning government, an independent and authoritative judiciary, and a media free from infringement.

Constitutional Republic vs. Democratic Republic

Republics differ from direct democracies. A republic is "a state in which supreme power is held by the people and their elected representatives." Many modern democracies are republic because the citizens elect representatives rather than govern the state themselves.

Both a constitutional republic and a democratic republic are forms of government where the power rests with the people and is exercised through representative government. The government has an elected head of state.

In a constitutional republic, the government is limited by the laws established in its formal constitution. The government is run by elected officials voted by the population, and those officials must adhere to the government's rules in the constitution.

A democratic republic runs the government how a republic does and bases its government on democratic ideals. To best explain this, the United States can be used as an example. The United States has free and fair elections and citizen participation in government. Additionally, the U.S. protects the human rights of its citizens and honors the rule of law. These four things make the United States a democracy. The fact that the United States has elected government officials and an elected head of government who make laws according to the people's will.

The United States, like other large governments, is not entirely described by a single term and is a hybrid of multiple terms. The United States is both a constitutional democracy and a democratic republic.

The Democracy Index

The Democracy Index is an index compiled by the Economist Intelligence Unit. The index measures the states of democracy in 167 based on 60 indicator groups in five different categories: electoral process and pluralism, functioning of government, political participation, political culture, and civil liberties. Each country is scored between 0 and 10 in each of the five categories, then averaged for an overall score. Overall scores between 8.01 and 10 are considered full democracies, which there are 22 of in the world. There are ten countries with scores of 9.0 or higher. These are the most democratic nations in the world.

The most democratic nations in the world are:

  1. Norway (9.87)
  2. Iceland (9.58)
  3. Sweden (9.39)
  4. New Zealand (9.26)
  5. Finland (9.25)
  6. Ireland (9.24)
  7. Canada (9.22)
  8. Denmark (9.22)
  9. Australia (9.09)
  10. Switzerland (9.03)

According to the index, several nations are classified as "flawed democracies." While elections are free and fair and there are basic civil liberties, there are faults in other aspects, such as low levels of participation in politics and civics or an underdeveloped political culture. These nations tend to have the most corruption.

Democracy Countries 2020

Country Democracy Score Electoral Process and Pluralism Functioning of Government Political Participation Political Culture Civil Liberties Population 2020
Norway9.87109.6410109.715,421,241
Iceland9.58109.298.89109.71341,243
Sweden9.399.589.648.33109.4110,099,265
New Zealand9.26109.298.898.13104,822,233
Denmark9.22109.298.339.389.125,792,202
Ireland9.159.587.868.3310104,937,786
Canada9.159.589.647.788.751037,742,154
Finland9.14108.938.338.759.715,540,720
Australia9.09108.937.788.751025,499,884
Switzerland9.039.589.297.789.389.128,654,622
Netherlands8.899.589.298.338.139.1217,134,872
Luxembourg8.81108.936.678.759.71625,978
Germany8.689.588.578.337.59.4183,783,942
United Kingdom8.539.587.58.338.139.1267,886,011
Uruguay8.38108.576.117.59.713,473,730
Austria8.299.587.868.336.888.829,006,398
Mauritius8.229.178.215.568.759.411,271,768
Malta8.219.178.216.118.758.82441,543
Spain8.089.177.147.787.58.8246,754,778
Costa Rica8.079.587.56.677.59.125,094,118
South Korea89.177.867.227.58.2451,269,185
Japan7.998.758.216.677.58.82126,476,461
Estonia7.979.588.216.676.888.531,326,535
Chile7.979.588.574.448.139.1219,116,201
United States7.969.177.147.787.58.24331,002,651
Cape Verde7.889.177.866.676.888.82555,987
Portugal7.849.587.56.116.889.1210,196,709
Botswana7.819.177.146.117.59.122,351,627
France7.89.587.57.785.638.5365,273,511
Israel7.799.177.58.897.55.888,655,535
Belgium7.789.588.9356.888.5311,589,623
Taiwan7.739.588.216.115.639.1223,816,775
Italy7.719.586.077.786.888.2460,461,826
Czech Republic7.699.586.796.676.888.5310,708,981
Cyprus7.599.176.436.676.888.821,207,359
Slovenia7.59.586.796.676.258.242,078,938
Lithuania7.59.586.436.116.259.122,722,289
Latvia7.389.586.075.566.888.821,886,198
Greece7.299.585.366.116.888.5310,423,054
South Africa7.247.427.58.3357.9459,308,690
India7.239.176.797.225.637.351,380,004,385
Timor Leste7.199.086.795.566.887.651,318,445
Trinidad And Tobago7.169.587.146.115.637.351,399,488
Slovakia7.19.586.795.565.637.945,459,642
Panama7.059.586.076.6757.944,314,767
Bulgaria7.039.176.437.224.387.946,948,445
Jamaica7.028.757.144.446.258.532,961,167
Argentina7.029.175.366.116.258.2445,195,774
Suriname6.989.176.436.6757.65586,632
Brazil6.979.585.366.6758.24212,559,417
Colombia6.969.176.7955.638.2450,882,891
Malaysia6.887.757.866.676.255.8832,365,999
Philippines6.719.175.717.224.387.06109,581,078
Guyana6.679.175.716.1157.35786,552
Poland6.679.176.076.114.387.6537,846,611
Lesotho6.649.1756.675.636.762,142,249
Hungary6.638.756.0756.257.069,660,351
Ghana6.638.335.716.676.256.1831,072,940
Peru6.69.1755.565.637.6532,971,854
Croatia6.579.176.075.5657.064,105,267
Dominican Republic6.549.175.366.1157.0610,847,910
Mongolia6.59.175.715.5657.063,278,290
Serbia6.418.255.366.1157.358,737,371
Tunisia6.416.425.717.786.255.8811,818,619
Indonesia6.396.927.146.675.635.59273,523,615
Singapore6.384.337.866.116.257.355,850,342
Romania6.389.175.7154.387.6519,237,691
Ecuador6.278.755.366.114.386.7617,643,054
Namibia6.255.675.366.675.637.942,540,905
Paraguay6.248.755.7154.387.357,132,538
Sri Lanka6.197.835.7156.256.1821,413,249
Mexico6.198.336.077.223.136.18128,932,753
Hong Kong6.153.086.075.567.58.537,496,981
Senegal6.157.56.074.446.256.4716,743,927
Papua New Guinea6.036.926.073.895.637.658,947,024
Albania5.9874.715.5657.652,877,797
El Salvador5.969.174.295.563.757.066,486,205
Fiji5.856.585.366.115.635.59896,445
Moldova5.857.084.646.114.387.064,033,963
Montenegro5.746.085.366.114.386.76628,066
Benin5.746.55.7155.635.8812,123,200
Bolivia5.77.54.645.563.757.0611,673,021
Ukraine5.696.173.216.676.256.1843,733,762
Honduras5.638.54.644.444.386.189,904,607
Zambia5.616.174.643.896.886.4718,383,955
Guatemala5.67.925.363.894.386.4717,915,568
Bangladesh5.577.835.075.564.385164,689,383
Georgia5.57.833.576.114.385.593,989,167
Malawi5.496.584.294.446.255.8819,129,952
Mali5.417.423.933.895.636.1820,250,833
Tanzania5.417555.634.4159,734,218
Liberia5.357.422.575.565.635.595,057,681
Bhutan5.38.756.792.784.383.82771,608
Madagascar5.226.083.576.115.634.7127,691,018
Uganda5.25.253.574.446.885.8845,741,007
Nepal5.184.335.3655.635.5929,136,808
Kyrgyzstan5.116.582.936.674.3856,524,195
Kenya5.113.55.366.675.634.4153,771,296
Morocco4.995.254.6455.634.4136,910,560
Bosnia And Herzegovina4.986.52.935.563.756.183,280,819
Haiti4.915.582.933.896.255.8811,402,528
Armenia4.795.674.645.562.55.592,963,243
Burkina Faso4.754.424.294.445.63520,903,273
Sierra Leone4.666.581.863.336.255.297,976,983
Lebanon4.633.922.216.675.634.716,825,445
Thailand4.6334.29555.8869,799,978
Nigeria4.446.084.643.333.754.41206,139,589
Palestine4.393.832.147.784.383.825,101,414
Turkey4.374.55552.3584,339,067
Gambia4.314.484.293.335.633.822,416,668
Pakistan4.176.085.362.222.54.71220,892,340
Ivory Coast4.154.832.863.335.634.1226,378,274
Iraq4.064.750.076.6753.8240,222,493
Jordan3.933.584.293.894.383.5310,203,134
Kuwait3.853.174.293.894.383.534,270,571
Mozambique3.853.582.14553.5331,255,435
Myanmar3.833.673.933.895.632.0654,409,800
Mauritania3.8233.5753.134.414,649,658
Niger3.765.251.143.334.384.7124,206,644
Comoros3.714.332.214.443.753.82869,601
Nicaragua3.632.671.863.895.634.126,624,554
Angola3.621.752.865.5652.9432,866,272
Gabon3.612.582.214.4453.822,225,734
Cambodia3.591.3352.785.633.2416,718,965
Algeria3.52.582.213.8953.8243,851,044
Egypt3.363.583.213.333.752.94102,334,404
Rwanda3.351.6752.784.382.9412,952,218
Ethiopia3.3503.575.5652.65114,963,588
China3.32053.896.251.471,439,323,776
Republic Of The Congo3.313.172.53.893.753.245,518,087
Cameroon3.283.172.863.334.382.6526,545,863
Qatar3.1904.292.225.633.822,881,053
Zimbabwe3.160.524.445.633.2414,862,924
Venezuela3.161.671.794.444.383.5328,435,940
Guinea3.143.50.434.444.382.9413,132,795
Belarus3.130.922.863.895.632.359,449,323
Togo3.13.170.793.3353.248,278,724
Vietnam3.0803.213.895.632.6597,338,579
Oman3.0403.932.784.384.125,106,626
Swaziland3.030.922.862.225.633.531,160,164
Cuba31.083.573.334.382.6511,326,616
Afghanistan2.972.921.144.442.53.8238,928,346
Kazakhstan2.940.52.144.444.383.2418,776,707
Russia2.942.171.7952.53.24145,934,462
Djibouti2.870.421.793.895.632.65988,000
United Arab Emirates2.7603.932.2252.659,890,402
Bahrain2.710.833.212.784.382.351,701,575
Azerbaijan2.650.52.143.333.753.5310,139,177
Iran2.4503.214.443.131.4783,992,949
Eritrea2.3702.141.676.881.183,546,421
Laos2.370.832.861.6751.477,275,560
Burundi2.3300.433.8952.3511,890,784
Libya2.1910.361.6752.946,871,292
Sudan2.1501.792.7851.1843,849,260
Uzbekistan2.010.081.862.2250.8833,469,203
Guinea Bissau1.981.6702.783.132.351,968,001
Yemen1.95003.8950.8829,825,964
Tajikistan1.930.080.791.676.250.889,537,645
Saudi Arabia1.9302.862.223.131.4734,813,871
Equatorial Guinea1.9200.433.334.381.471,402,985
Turkmenistan1.7200.792.2250.596,031,200
Chad1.61001.673.752.6516,425,864
Central African Republic1.522.2501.111.882.354,829,767
Dr Congo1.490.50.712.223.130.8889,561,403
Syria1.43002.784.38017,500,658
North Korea1.0802.51.671.25025,778,816