Human Development Index (HDI) by Country 2020

What is the Human Development Index?

The Human Development Index – or simply, HDI – is an index that is used to rank countries based on human development. Human Development Index is scored using indicators including expectancy, per capita income, and education. Nations that rank higher on this index have a higher level of education, a higher lifespan, and a higher gross national income per capita than nations with a lower score.

HDI is ranked on a scale from 0 to 1.0, with 1.0 being the highest human development. HDI is broken down into four tiers: very high human development (0.8-1.0), high human development (0.7-0.79), medium human development (0.55-.70), and low human development (below 0.55).

Most countries that are “developed countries” have an HDI score of 0.8 or above (in the very high human development tier). These countries have stable governments, widespread education and healthcare, high life expectancies, and growing, powerful economies.

The least developed countries (LDCs) in the world have HDI scores in the low human development tiers with HDI scores below 0.55. LDCs face unstable governments, widespread poverty, lack of access to healthcare, and poor education. Additionally, these countries have low income and low life expectancies coupled with high birth rates. The HDI helps the United Nations determine which countries need assistance, specifically LDCs. The UN has held four conferences to assess LDCs and develop strategies to boost them out of the category.

The HDI was first launched in 1990 and has been released annually ever since, with the exception of 2012. The last report as of May 2019 was made available in September of 2018. The information in this article is based on that report.

The highest score on the HDI is 1.0. The top nation on this list is Norway with a score of 0.953. Switzerland is in second place with a score of 0.944. Australia ranks third with a score of 0.939.

The least developed country in the world with the lowest HDI is Niger, with an HDI of .354. Niger has widespread malnutrition and 44.1% of people live below to the poverty line.

The table below has each country’s HDI score.

Human Development Index (HDI) by Country 2020

Country Human Development Index Population 2020
Norway0.9535,421,241
Switzerland0.9448,654,622
Australia0.93925,499,884
Ireland0.9384,937,786
Germany0.93683,783,942
Iceland0.935341,243
Sweden0.93310,099,265
Hong Kong0.9337,496,981
Singapore0.9325,850,342
Netherlands0.93117,134,872
Denmark0.9295,792,202
Canada0.92637,742,154
United States0.924331,002,651
United Kingdom0.92267,886,011
Finland0.925,540,720
New Zealand0.9174,822,233
Belgium0.91611,589,623
Liechtenstein0.91638,128
Japan0.909126,476,461
Austria0.9089,006,398
Luxembourg0.904625,978
South Korea0.90351,269,185
Israel0.9038,655,535
France0.90165,273,511
Slovenia0.8962,078,938
Spain0.89146,754,778
Italy0.8860,461,826
Malta0.878441,543
Estonia0.8711,326,535
Greece0.8710,423,054
Cyprus0.8691,207,359
Poland0.86537,846,611
United Arab Emirates0.8639,890,402
Lithuania0.8582,722,289
Andorra0.85877,265
Qatar0.8562,881,053
Slovakia0.8555,459,642
Brunei0.853437,479
Saudi Arabia0.85334,813,871
Portugal0.84710,196,709
Latvia0.8471,886,198
Bahrain0.8461,701,575
Chile0.84319,116,201
Hungary0.8389,660,351
Croatia0.8314,105,267
Argentina0.82545,195,774
Oman0.8215,106,626
Russia0.816145,934,462
Montenegro0.814628,066
Bulgaria0.8136,948,445
Romania0.81119,237,691
Belarus0.8089,449,323
Bahamas0.807393,244
Uruguay0.8043,473,730
Kuwait0.8034,270,571
Malaysia0.80232,365,999
Barbados0.8287,375
Kazakhstan0.818,776,707
Palau0.79818,094
Iran0.79883,992,949
Seychelles0.79798,347
Costa Rica0.7945,094,118
Turkey0.79184,339,067
Mauritius0.791,271,768
Panama0.7894,314,767
Serbia0.7878,737,371
Albania0.7852,877,797
Trinidad And Tobago0.7841,399,488
Antigua And Barbuda0.7897,929
Georgia0.783,989,167
Saint Kitts And Nevis0.77853,199
Cuba0.77711,326,616
Mexico0.774128,932,753
Grenada0.772112,523
Sri Lanka0.7721,413,249
Bosnia And Herzegovina0.7683,280,819
Venezuela0.76128,435,940
Brazil0.759212,559,417
Lebanon0.7576,825,445
Azerbaijan0.75710,139,177
Thailand0.75569,799,978
Armenia0.7552,963,243
Algeria0.75443,851,044
Ecuador0.75217,643,054
China0.7521,439,323,776
Ukraine0.75143,733,762
Peru0.7532,971,854
Saint Lucia0.747183,627
Colombia0.74750,882,891
Mongolia0.7413,278,290
Fiji0.741896,445
Dominican Republic0.73610,847,910
Tunisia0.73511,818,619
Jordan0.73510,203,134
Jamaica0.7322,961,167
Tonga0.726105,695
Saint Vincent And The Grenadines0.723110,940
Suriname0.72586,632
Botswana0.7172,351,627
Maldives0.717540,544
Dominica0.71571,986
Samoa0.713198,414
Uzbekistan0.7133,469,203
Belize0.708397,628
Marshall Islands0.70859,190
Turkmenistan0.7066,031,200
Libya0.7066,871,292
Paraguay0.7027,132,538
Gabon0.7022,225,734
Moldova0.74,033,963
South Africa0.69959,308,690
Philippines0.699109,581,078
Egypt0.696102,334,404
Vietnam0.69497,338,579
Indonesia0.694273,523,615
Bolivia0.69311,673,021
Palestine0.6865,101,414
Iraq0.68540,222,493
El Salvador0.6746,486,205
Kyrgyzstan0.6726,524,195
Morocco0.66736,910,560
Nicaragua0.6586,624,554
Guyana0.654786,552
Cape Verde0.654555,987
Tajikistan0.659,537,645
Guatemala0.6517,915,568
Namibia0.6472,540,905
India0.641,380,004,385
Micronesia0.627115,023
Honduras0.6179,904,607
Bhutan0.612771,608
Kiribati0.612119,449
Bangladesh0.608164,689,383
Republic Of The Congo0.6065,518,087
Vanuatu0.603307,145
Laos0.6017,275,560
Ghana0.59231,072,940
Equatorial Guinea0.5911,402,985
Kenya0.5953,771,296
Sao Tome And Principe0.589219,159
Zambia0.58818,383,955
Cambodia0.58216,718,965
Angola0.58132,866,272
Myanmar0.57854,409,800
Nepal0.57429,136,808
Pakistan0.562220,892,340
Cameroon0.55626,545,863
Solomon Islands0.546686,884
Papua New Guinea0.5448,947,024
Tanzania0.53859,734,218
Zimbabwe0.53514,862,924
Nigeria0.532206,139,589
Rwanda0.52412,952,218
Mauritania0.524,649,658
Lesotho0.522,142,249
Madagascar0.51927,691,018
Uganda0.51645,741,007
Benin0.51512,123,200
Senegal0.50516,743,927
Togo0.5038,278,724
Comoros0.503869,601
Sudan0.50243,849,260
Afghanistan0.49838,928,346
Haiti0.49811,402,528
Ivory Coast0.49226,378,274
Malawi0.47719,129,952
Djibouti0.476988,000
Ethiopia0.463114,963,588
Gambia0.462,416,668
Guinea0.45913,132,795
Dr Congo0.45789,561,403
Guinea Bissau0.4551,968,001
Yemen0.45229,825,964
Eritrea0.443,546,421
Mozambique0.43731,255,435
Liberia0.4355,057,681
Mali0.42720,250,833
Burkina Faso0.42320,903,273
Sierra Leone0.4197,976,983
Burundi0.41711,890,784
Chad0.40416,425,864
South Sudan0.38811,193,725
Central African Republic0.3674,829,767
Niger0.35424,206,644