Montserrat is an island located in the Caribbean. It is a British Overseas Territory and has been ruled by the British since 1783. The island is part of the Leeward Islands located in the West Indies. Because of its resemblance to Ireland and its Irish inhabitants, this island has been nicknamed “The Emerald Isle of the Caribbean.”
The total area of the island is about 39 square miles. According to the 2019 census, there are 5,215 people living on the island. This gives Montserrat a population density of about 114 people per square mile.
The population has grown in recent years after a steep decline during the 1990s. Less than 1,200 inhabitants lived in Montserrat in the late 90s following the eruptions of the Soufriere Hills volcano. In 1995, the population was recorded as 13,000. Currently, the population growth rate is nearly 7%.
The largest town in Montserrat is Brades, which also serves as the de facto capital – a title its held since 1998. Previously, the capital was Plymouth, but this town was buried following the volcanic eruptions of the 1990s. There are roughly 1,000 people residing in Brades.
Most people in Montserrat are Protestant. Other religions practiced on the island include Catholicism and Rastafarian. People of African-Irish descent make up the largest ethnic group and account for over 88% of the population. Other ethnicities include Hispanic, East Indian, and mixed.
The majority of Montserratians live in non-urban areas. United Nations estimates show that over 90% of the population of this island lives in non-urban areas.