Murder Rate By Country 2020

The most common type of violent crime is murder. Whether murder is self-inflicted, homicidal, or accidental, murder rates around the world vary greatly by country.

Several factors contribute to lower murder rates and overall crime rates. These include the wealth of a nation, effective law enforcement, strict weapons regulations, severity of punishments for committing murder and more.

According to the Global Study on Homicide 2019 published by the United Nations, 464,000 people died from violent crimes in 2017, more than armed combat and terrorism combined. The report states that countries with high firearm rates tend to have higher intentional homicide rates. Additionally, organized crime accounts for a

The murder rate is the number of murders per 100,000 people. According to the UN, the ten countries with the highest homicide rates are:

  1. El Salvador (61.80)
  2. Jamaica (57)
  3. Honduras (41.7)
  4. Belize (37.9)
  5. South Africa (35.9)
  6. Lesotho (Bahamas)
  7. Brazil (30.5)
  8. Saint Lucia (29.6)
  9. Guatemala (26.1)
  10. Dominica (25.7)

El Salvador has the highest homicide rate of 61.80 per 100,000 people. Luckily, homicides in El Salvador have fallen for the past three years.

According to the UN’s Global Study on Homicide, some drivers of homicide are organized crime, gender stereotypes, inequality, unemployment, political instability, firearms, and drugs. By identifying these, countries will be able to adopt policies that will indirectly help reduce their homicide rates.

There are several countries, however, that have exceptionally low homicide rates. The ten countries with the lowest murder rates are:

  1. Japan (0.2)
  2. Singapore (0.2)
  3. China, Hong Kong (0.3)
  4. Luxembourg (0.3)
  5. Indonesia (0.4)
  6. Norway (0.5)
  7. Oman (0.5)
  8. Switzerland (0.5)
  9. United Arab Emirates (0.5)
  10. China (0.6)

A majority of the countries with the lowest homicide rates are located in Asia. Japan, which has the lowest murder rate in the world of 0.2 per 100,000, has very strict weapons regulations. Obtaining a firearm involves a very lengthy application process, and murder is punishable by hanging.

Below is a list of each country’s homicide rate (number of murders per 100,000 people).

Murder Rate By Country 2020

Country Homicide Rate per 100k Population 2020
El Salvador82.846,486,205
Honduras56.529,904,607
United States Virgin Islands49.26104,425
Jamaica47.012,961,167
Lesotho41.252,142,249
Belize37.60397,628
Saint Vincent And The Grenadines36.46110,940
Saint Kitts And Nevis34.2353,199
South Africa33.9759,308,690
Trinidad And Tobago30.881,399,488
Brazil29.53212,559,417
Guatemala27.2617,915,568
Colombia25.5050,882,891
Central African Republic19.764,829,767
Saint Lucia19.27183,627
Mexico19.26128,932,753
Curacao19.19164,093
Tuvalu18.6511,792
Puerto Rico18.512,860,853
Guyana18.37786,552
Swaziland17.291,160,164
Namibia17.142,540,905
Dominican Republic15.1810,847,910
Botswana15.042,351,627
South Sudan13.9011,193,725
Bermuda12.9662,278
Seychelles12.7498,347
Costa Rica11.905,094,118
Ivory Coast11.6326,378,274
Uganda11.5245,741,007
Cape Verde11.49555,987
Philippines11.02109,581,078
Barbados10.91287,375
Mali10.9020,250,833
Russia10.82145,934,462
Antigua And Barbuda10.3397,929
Grenada10.25112,523
Haiti10.0411,402,528
Mauritania9.944,649,658
Iraq9.8540,222,493
Nigeria9.85206,139,589
Panama9.674,314,767
Guinea Bissau9.551,968,001
Paraguay9.297,132,538
Chad9.0416,425,864
Togo9.008,278,724
Guinea8.8213,132,795
Cayman Islands8.4565,722
British Virgin Islands8.3730,231
Dominica8.3771,986
Suriname8.35586,632
Eritrea8.043,546,421
Gabon8.042,225,734
Papua New Guinea7.858,947,024
Comoros7.70869,601
Uruguay7.693,473,730
Madagascar7.6927,691,018
Peru7.6732,971,854
Ethiopia7.56114,963,588
Kiribati7.50119,449
Senegal7.3816,743,927
Nicaragua7.376,624,554
Laos7.017,275,560
Tanzania6.9559,734,218
Zimbabwe6.6714,862,924
Djibouti6.48988,000
Afghanistan6.3538,928,346
Ukraine6.3443,733,762
Bolivia6.3011,673,021
Benin6.1812,123,200
Burundi6.0211,890,784
Argentina5.9445,195,774
Turks And Caicos Islands5.9338,717
Ecuador5.8517,643,054
Mongolia5.663,278,290
American Samoa5.4055,191
United States5.35331,002,651
Greenland5.3156,770
Zambia5.3018,383,955
Lithuania5.252,722,289
Sudan5.1643,849,260
Cuba4.9911,326,616
Kenya4.8753,771,296
Angola4.8532,866,272
Kazakhstan4.8118,776,707
Kyrgyzstan4.496,524,195
Montenegro4.46628,066
Niger4.4424,206,644
Pakistan4.41220,892,340
Turkey4.3184,339,067
Somalia4.3115,893,222
Turkmenistan4.226,031,200
Cameroon4.1726,545,863
Lebanon3.996,825,445
Timor Leste3.951,318,445
Solomon Islands3.77686,884
Belarus3.589,449,323
Chile3.4619,116,201
Mozambique3.4031,255,435
Latvia3.361,886,198
Sao Tome And Principe3.36219,159
Thailand3.2469,799,978
New Caledonia3.23285,498
Liberia3.235,057,681
India3.221,380,004,385
Moldova3.194,033,963
Estonia3.191,326,535
Samoa3.15198,414
Palau3.1118,094
Tunisia3.0511,818,619
Gibraltar3.0133,691
Uzbekistan3.0033,469,203
Armenia2.982,963,243
Albania2.702,877,797
Sri Lanka2.5521,413,249
Rwanda2.5212,952,218
Guam2.51168,775
Libya2.506,871,292
Bangladesh2.50164,689,383
Equatorial Guinea2.311,402,985
Myanmar2.2754,409,800
Fiji2.26896,445
Syria2.2017,500,658
Nepal2.1629,136,808
Azerbaijan2.1410,139,177
Vanuatu2.13307,145
Malaysia2.1132,365,999
Hungary2.079,660,351
Belgium1.9511,589,623
Aruba1.93106,766
Cambodia1.8416,718,965
Mauritius1.821,271,768
Kuwait1.804,270,571
Malawi1.7319,129,952
Sierra Leone1.717,976,983
Canada1.6837,742,154
Ghana1.6831,072,940
Tajikistan1.619,537,645
Macedonia1.592,083,374
Jordan1.5510,203,134
Vietnam1.5297,338,579
Saudi Arabia1.5034,813,871
Finland1.425,540,720
Serbia1.398,737,371
Israel1.368,655,535
Algeria1.3643,851,044
France1.3565,273,511
Bosnia And Herzegovina1.283,280,819
Romania1.2519,237,691
Morocco1.2436,910,560
United Kingdom1.2067,886,011
Germany1.1883,783,942
Bulgaria1.146,948,445
Bhutan1.13771,608
Cyprus1.111,207,359
Sweden1.0810,099,265
Slovakia1.055,459,642
Croatia1.044,105,267
Georgia0.993,989,167
New Zealand0.994,822,233
Denmark0.985,792,202
Tonga0.95105,695
Australia0.9425,499,884
Malta0.94441,543
United Arab Emirates0.899,890,402
Ireland0.804,937,786
Maldives0.75540,544
Greece0.7510,423,054
Luxembourg0.72625,978
Palestine0.695,101,414
Italy0.6760,461,826
Poland0.6737,846,611
Oman0.665,106,626
Austria0.669,006,398
Portugal0.6410,196,709
Spain0.6346,754,778
China0.621,439,323,776
Czech Republic0.6110,708,981
Netherlands0.5517,134,872
Switzerland0.548,654,622
Bahrain0.521,701,575
Norway0.515,421,241
Indonesia0.50273,523,615
Brunei0.49437,479
Slovenia0.482,078,938
Qatar0.382,881,053
French Polynesia0.38280,908
Burkina Faso0.3720,903,273
Singapore0.325,850,342
Iceland0.30341,243
Japan0.28126,476,461
Isle Of Man0.0085,033
San Marino0.0033,931
Nauru0.0010,824
Monaco0.0039,242
Liechtenstein0.0038,128
Andorra0.0077,265