The continent of North America is a top-three contender for the category of largest continents on Earth. Coming in third place on the list of the largest countries, North America contains more than nine-million, three-hundred-fifty-five-thousand square miles of land. The land mass stretches from very near to the North Pole to well beyond the Equator for a length of over five thousand miles.
Two of the three Americas are part of North America, with the two Americas being Central America and the United States, which many refer to as America casually. To the west of North America lies the Pacific Ocean, while the Atlantic Ocean accounts for the easternmost sea border of North America.
The continent comprises a grand total of twenty-one countries. They are...
- Antigua and Barbuda
- The Bahamas
- Costa Rica
- El Salvador
- Saint Kitts and Nevis
- Saint Lucia
- Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
- Trinidad and Tobago
- The United States of America
Some people mistake North American countries for locations that are actually considered to be dependent territories of the continent. Countries are self-sufficient and revered as completely independent, whereas dependent territories rely on the government of their ruling state, though they are often not within close proximity of the country that rules over them.
Just to clarify the differences between North American countries and dependent territories of North America, here are the twenty-two territories, followed by the country they are dependent upon.
- Anguilla, the United Kingdom
- Aruba, the Netherlands
- Bermuda, the United Kingdom
- Bonaire, the Netherlands
- The British Virgin Islands, the United Kingdom
- The Cayman Islands, the United Kingdom
- Clipperton Island, France
- Greenland, Denmark
- Guadeloupe, France
- Martinique, France
- Montserrat, the United Kingdom
- Navassa Island, the United States of America
- Puerto Rico, the United States of America
- Saba, the Netherlands
- Saint Barthelemy, France
- Saint Martin, France
- Saint Pierre and Miquelon, France
- Sint Eustatius, the Netherlands
- Sint Maarten, the Netherlands
- Turks and Caicos Islands, the United Kingdom
- The United States Virgin Islands, the United States of America
Now that we’ve clarified the difference between countries and dependent territories, let’s circle back around to the twenty-one countries that make up North America. We’ll tell you the population size of each country, as well as how expansive the country is so you have an idea of how much space it takes up in relation to the entire continent.
Antigua and Barbuda
Antigua and Barbuda is home to just about 103,850 people. Everyone who lives in Antigua and Barbuda shares a combined land area of one-hundred-seventy square miles, which is not a lot of land by any means, so a low population is well-suited for a country of this size.
The Bahamas has a total population of approximately 402,234 people, as of 2019. With a total area of about 3,865 square miles, there are roughly 104 people per square mile of land in the Bahamas.
The total area in Barbados is estimated to be a mere one-hundred-sixty-six square miles. The population of Barbados is just about 286,928 people, making Barbados the fourth most dense country in America, in terms of the country’s population size in comparison to the available land.
Belize accounts for 388,509 people in the world. The total area of this North American country is just over 8,800 square miles of land and water regions.
Canada is home to 37,206,128 people as of 2019. Situated just north of the United States of America, Canada is a land mass that takes up 3,511,022 square miles of space.
The population of the North American country of Costa Rica is currently 4,988,945 people. With a total area of 19,714 square miles, the population density of Costa Rica is roughly two-hundred-fifty-four people per square mile of land.
Cuba has a population size of 11,491,378 people across a total area of 41,097 square miles. With these two variables in mind, it is determined that the population density of the country is two-hundred-eighty people per square mile.
El Salvador has a current population of 6,437,767 people, and the population continues to climb over the years. El Salvador is made up of exactly 8,000 square miles of land.
Grenada has a population of 108,743 people. The total area of Grenada is only 133 square miles of land.
As of 2019, about 17,502,412 people live in Guatemala. They share a country with a total area of 41,375 square miles.
The population of Haiti is 11,213,470 people in total. Haiti stretches for a total distance of 10,641 square miles.
Over nine million people live in Honduras, with the exact population size accounting for 9,534,356 people. The country’s total area is 43,201 square miles.
Jamaica has a population size of 2,904,612 people. Everyone lives within the parameters of 4,181 square miles of land.
Mexico is the home of 131,973,107 people but this number is expected to continuously skyrocket based on the trend of Mexico’s population in the past. The total area of land in Mexico spans for 750,563 square miles.
Nicaragua is a North American country with a population of 6,336,144 people. The country’s total area is said to be a combined 46,464 square miles.
With a population over four million, Panama is the home of 4,211,796 people. The total area of the country of Panama is 28,703 square miles.
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Kitts and Nevis is comprised of only one hundred square miles. With a population of only 56,233 people, Saint Kitts and Nevis has the smallest population out of all twenty-one countries in North America.
Saint Lucia has a population size of 180,276 people. With a total area of two-hundred-thirty-six square miles, there are about seven-hundred-sixty-six people for every single square mile of area.
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is a country that 110,423 people call their home. The total area of this North American country is a grand sum of only one-hundred-fifty-one square miles.
Trinidad and Tobago
The population size of Trinidad and Tobago is 1,374,802 people, making the country the fifteenth largest in all of North America. Trinidad and Tobago accounts for 1,981 square miles altogether.
The United States of America
The United States of America has a population of about 328,567,657 people. Based on this information, the United States has the largest population of all countries in North America. The total area of the USA is a combined sum of 3,531,837 square miles of land.