Bermuda is a British Overseas Territory located in the North Atlantic Ocean. It is a self-governing country, with its own government and its own constitution, while the United Kingdom maintains charge of defense and foreign relations. The capital of Bermuda and the only incorporated city is Hamilton with a population of just 1,000. This makes it one of the smallest capital cities in the world. The largest city in Bermuda is the historic St. George's with a population of 2,600.
The racial composition of Bermuda, according to a 2010 census, is estimated at:
- 54% Black
- 31% White
- 8% Multiracial
- 4% Asian
- 3% Other
While from early settlement until the 19th century Bermuda was predominantly made up of white Anglo-Saxon ethnic groups, the slave trade brought in many African slaves, and the emigration of Free Blacks. Initially, this was slow to change the demographics, due to the encouraged emigration of Free Blacks (who made up the majority of Black Bermudans in the 17th century) by the end of the slave trade Bermuda’s black population was self-sustaining, with it’s growth expanding naturally.
Portuguese immigration from the Atlantic Islands began in the 19th century, providing labor for the blooming agricultural industry. Portuguese laborers had not, however, been allowed to migrate on the basis of permanent immigration. Some, however, were allowed to stay, and there was a sizable community of Portuguese-Bermudans by the 1940s. Bermuda continued to rely on large-scale immigration of temporary Portuguese agricultural workers until the 1990s, when economic recession led to many work permits being denied renewal. Many were forced to leave. It's believed that as much as 10% of the population can trace Portuguese heritage. This is, however, inexact; it's thought that the real number is likely much higher.
The first Europeans known to have reached Bermuda did so in 1050. Spanish navigator Juan de Bermúdez was the one to discover the islands on his way back to Spain from Hispaniola, and the island was then named after him, having claimed the islands for the Spanish Empire.
The island was visited frequently for the next hundred years, but it was never settled. After an English voyage to Jamestown, Virginia was diverted to Bermuda by a stirn, the 150 passengers started a new settlement, staying for 10 months while building new ships to take them to Jamestown, and claimed the islands for the English Crown. One of these passengers was John Rolfe, future husband of Pocahontas. 1612 saw the first intentional English settlements established on Bermuda.
Is Bermuda a Country?
Bermuda is an island that has its own government; however, it is administered as a British overseas territory. Even though it comes under the Dominion of Great Britain to some extent, it is a separate country with its own government. If Bermuda were to be attacked by a foreign nation, Great Britain would intervene; however, Bermuda is free to make its own decisions in a lot of areas. It sends its own delegation to the Olympic Games, but it is still tied to the United Kingdom in a lot of ways.
Where Is Bermuda in the Caribbean?
Bermuda is actually not located in the Caribbean at all. Bermuda is a long way from the Caribbean. It is located several hundred miles offshore from the eastern coast of the United States. It is at the same latitude as North Carolina or South Carolina. Even though it is possible to get to Bermuda from the Caribbean, Bermuda is not located in the Caribbean Sea.
Is Bermuda Hot or Cold?
Bermuda is hot during the summer, but it can get cold during the winter. Because it is at the same latitude as North Carolina or South Carolina, it has a lot of the same weather patterns. Even though it can be fun to swim in the water during the summer, it does get cold during the winter.