District Of Columbia Population 2021

714,153
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Washington, D.C., also known simply as D.C. or the District, is the capital of the United States. Washington, D.C. is a federal district under the jurisdiction of Congress, and thus is not a part of any state in the United States. The District was formed from land donated by Virginia and Maryland and named in honor of George Washington. If Washington, DC were a state, it would be the 49th most populous ahead of Wyoming and Vermont.

Washington, DC Area and Population Density

This district is a particularly small area, encompassing only 68 square miles of land and water. Only 61 square miles of land are available, and yet, this tiny area has the title of the highest density of population in the nation.

It has a population density of 11,535 people per square mile. During the work week, however, the population swells to more than one million as commuters come from Virginia and Maryland. The Washington metropolitan area has a population estimated at over 6 million, which makes it the 7th largest metro area in the United States. If the District is included with Baltimore and the suburbs, the Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area has a population of more than 9 million, which makes it the 4th largest CSA in the country.

Washington, DC Gender and Religion Statistics

The median age in Washington, DC is 33.8 years, with a slight gender gap of 52.5% female, and 47.5% male spread across the state.

There are many religions represented in Washington, DC, including Baptist (17%), Catholic (13%), Evangelical Protestant (6%), Methodist (4%), Episcopalian (3%), Jewish (2%), Eastern Orthodox, Pentecostal, Buddhist, Adventist, Lutheran, Muslim, Buddhist, Mormon, Hindu and Presbyterian.

Washington, DC Boundary, Census and Creation History

The District of Columbia was formed in 1791 from territory ceded by Maryland and Virginia, but remained in some respects under their jurisdiction until the National government moved there in 1800. The District included the existing small cities of Georgetown and Alexandria as well as the site chosen for the Nation's new capital, Washington. In 1846 the portion south of the Potomac River, including Alexandria, was retroceded to Virginia.

In 1800 the census reported the District as part of Maryland and Virginia. All populations shown in the table exclude the portion returned to Virginia in 1846.

District Of Columbia Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of District Of Columbia was:

  • Black or African American: 46.31%
  • White: 41.27%
  • Other race: 4.98%
  • Asian: 3.98%
  • Two or more races: 3.10%
  • Native American: 0.30%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.05%

Washington, DC Population History

Washington DC had very slow growth initially, with a population of only 100,000 after its first 70 years. This number more than doubled to 250,000 by the time the Civil War had ended and has grown steadily ever since.

Washington, DC Population Growth

The District's population has made more than a 7.5% increase since the 2010 Census, continuing a trend of growth set since 2000 after 50 years of decline. In 2010, Washington, DC was the 24th most populous city. The Washington, DC area currently ranks 5th among metro areas in the US for population growth.

Washington, DC Population Projections

According to officials, the growth is due to people migrating to the area from other parts of the US. Growth is expected to continue into the future, with projections showing that the population may exceed 718,000 by 2030.

Washington D.C. has had a large African American population since its founding in 1791. Between 1800 and 1940, African Americans made up 30% of the population, reaching a peak of 70% in the 1970s before declining as more African Americans moved to the suburbs. Between 2000 and 2010, there was a 31% jump in the non-Hispanic white population and an 11.5% decline in the black population.

Approximately 1 in 7 Washingtonians are immigrants, many of whom come from El Salvador, Vietnam and Ethiopia. Due to the large number of immigrants who are not fluent in English, about 35% of District residents are considered functionally illiterate.

The largest Hispanic groups in Washington DC is Salvadoran, which have mostly settled in the Mount Pleasant area. It is estimated that there are over 18,000 Salvadorans living in Washtington D.C., with an estimated Hispanic population that totals over 45,000.

District Of Columbia Growth Rate

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District Of Columbia Population Rank

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District Of Columbia Population 2021

  • The second president of the U.S.- John Adams- was the first president to ever live in the White House. He moved in on November 1st of 1800. Construction was not completed while George Washington was in office.
  • The Washington Monument was the tallest manmade structure of its time when it was erected in 1884. Just five years later, the Eiffel Tower in Paris overtook the honor.
  • Washington, D.C., gets an average precipitation of over 39 inches of rainfall per year. That amount is approximately 2 inches more precipitation than Seattle sees annually.
  • Over 177 embassies and numerous international cultural centers are located in the District of Columbia.
  • The Smithsonian Museums have an astounding collection of almost 156 million items.
  • The D.C. Metro is the second busiest subway system in the nation.
  • The Old Stone House is the oldest building on its original foundation in D.C. and dates back to 1765.
  • The Residence Act of 1790 designated a site along the Potomac River as the country's permanent capital.
  • Fifteen percent of D.C.'s residents speak a language other than English.

District Of Columbia facts

District Of Columbia Population Growth Rate by County

District Of Columbia Population Density by County

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
Black or African American320,81146.31%
White285,85741.27%
Some Other Race34,5114.98%
Asian27,5923.98%
Two or More Races21,4453.10%
American Indian and Alaska Native2,0910.30%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander3760.05%
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District Of Columbia Population By Race

District Of Columbia Population Pyramid 2021

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District Of Columbia Median Age

34


Total

33.9


Male

34.2


Female

District Of Columbia Adults

There are 568,753 adults, (83,670 of whom are seniors) in District Of Columbia.

District Of Columbia Age Dependency

42.8

Age Dependency Ratio

17.2

Old Age Dependency Ratio

25.5

Child Dependency Ratio

District Of Columbia Sex Ratio

Mujer

364,039

52.55%

Masculino

328,644

47.45%

District Of Columbia Population by Age

District Of Columbia Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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District Of Columbia Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married65%35%
All41.6%58.4%
Masculino39.4%60.6%
Non Family33.1%66.9%
Mujer33.1%66.9%

41.6%

Rate of Home Ownership

District Of Columbia Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All284,3862.341.6
Non Family160,7031.4233.1
Married73,8843.1565
Mujer39,8323.9133.1
Masculino9,9673.7239.4

3.32

Average Family Size

2.3

Average Household Size

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District Of Columbia Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade18,2583.70%
9th to 12th Grade26,5925.38%
High School Graduate83,18516.84%
Some College62,03012.55%
Associates Degree14,7922.99%
Bachelors Degree122,38024.77%
Graduate Degree166,87933.77%
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District Of Columbia Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

District Of Columbia Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
Black218,421188,50659,718
White198,177197,107182,075
Hispanic48,25035,26122,829
Asian21,18720,10717,361
Other Race20,57311,8475,931
2+ Races12,34311,5588,609
Native American1,4651,269686
Islander337337202

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 91.87%.

District Of Columbia Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Masculino Mujer
Overall$64,827$71,575$60,284
Less Than 9th Grade$25,459$29,132$21,664
High School Graduate$31,226$32,183$30,098
Some College$41,102$42,372$39,465
Bachelors Degree$69,745$77,874$62,978
Graduate Degree$97,039$106,773$87,323

$64,827

Average Earnings

$71,575

Average Male

$60,284

Average Female

District Of Columbia Earnings by Educational Attainment

District Of Columbia Language by Age

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District Of Columbia Language

82.79% of District Of Columbia residents speak only English, while 17.21% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 9.04% of the population.

District Of Columbia Language

District Of Columbia Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black308,90579,19025.64%
White238,82414,0515.88%
Hispanic72,8358,77612.05%
Other33,7545,37115.91%
Asian25,1173,13212.47%
Multiple20,4122,11810.38%
Native1,97049625.18%
Islander35592.54%

16.24%

Overall Poverty Rate

14.55%

Male Poverty Rate

17.76%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in District Of Columbia

The race most likely to be in poverty in District Of Columbia is Black, with 25.64% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in District Of Columbia is Islander, with 2.54% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 1.50%. Among those working part-time, it was 21.47%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 35.88%.

District Of Columbia Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade32.71%
High School24.74%
Some College16.76%
Bachelors or Greater4.99%

District Of Columbia Poverty Rate by Education

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Name Poverty
Female Unemployed47.31%
Male Unemployed37.80%
Female Employed5.93%
Male Employed4.11%

District Of Columbia Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

District Of Columbia Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$86,420$127,890
Families$113,561$165,620
Married Families$180,227$229,081
Non Families$71,552$95,817
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Income by Household Type

District Of Columbia Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

28.9%

Overall Marriage Rate

31.6%

Male Marriage Rate

26.6%

Female Marriage Rate

District Of Columbia Married by Age and Sex

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District Of Columbia Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

District Of Columbia Marital Status by Race

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District Of Columbia Marital Status

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26,156

Number of Veterans

22,919

Male Veterans

3,237

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Second Gulf War7,243
Vietnam6,804
First Gulf War5,697
Korea2,376
World War II989

District Of Columbia Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
35 to 547,112
75+6,501
65 to 744,851
55 to 644,576
18 to 343,116

District Of Columbia Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
Black13,9175.54%
White10,5634.23%
Hispanic1,4902.70%
2+ Races7194.98%
Asian4061.61%
Other Race2401.04%
Native American23113.40%
Islander8021.45%

District Of Columbia Veterans by Race

District Of Columbia Veterans by Education

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11.01%

Veteran Poverty Rate

26.36%

Veteran Disability Rate

District Of Columbia Veterans by Education

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70.4%

Labor Force Participation

65.1%

Employment Rate

6.9%

Unemployment Rate

District Of Columbia Employment by Age

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District Of Columbia Employment by Race

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District Of Columbia Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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36.98%

Born in District Of Columbia

86.28%

Native Born

13.72%

Foreign Born

7.67%

Non Citizen

6.06%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

86.28% of District Of Columbia residents were born in the United States, with 36.98% having been born in District Of Columbia. 7.67% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

District Of Columbia Place of Birth