Median Household Income By State 2020

The results of the Census ACS survey reveals the average income for people in the United States. Many factors can influence the median household income across the nation during a given year. From the job market and the ratio of costs to profits, to the state of the economy and everything else in between, average household income rates fluctuate.

The amount of money that people bring into their households is directly correlated with the national economy, so depending upon the relationship between these two variables, median household income will either rise or fall from one year to the next. Let's take a look at the average household income rates over the past few years.

Also, every state has residents who would be considered outliers when reviewing the results of the ACS survey conducted by the Census Bureau. In order to keep the results of the survey accurate, people who are extremely wealthy, as well as people who are living at or below poverty, are omitted from the final findings of the survey. Otherwise, the report would not accurately reflect the median household income. Instead, the very large incomes and the very minimal incomes would offset the average.

The percent of change between annual household income rates over the years will give you an idea as to how the economy of the country was at that time.

Ten Highest Median Household Incomes

1. District of Columbia

The nation’s capital, Washington, D.C. has the highest median household income in the United States of $82,604. The District ranks fourth among the nation’s largest cities in median household income behind San Francisco, San Jose, and Seattle. Incomes are not evenly distributed, however, as the median income for D.C.’s black population is $42,161 while for the white population it was $134,358. Additionally, D.C.’s poverty rate is 15.5%.

Maryland’s median household income is $81,868 making it the second-highest in the country. Unlike Washington D.C., Maryland’s poverty rate is 8.2%, the second-lowest in the country behind New Hampshire. Maryland has the second-highest percentage of graduate or professional degree holders and the third-highest percentage of Bachelor’s degree holders, both contributing to its overall higher median income.

New Jersey has the nation’s third-highest median household income. The median household income is $79,363 in New Jersey. New Jersey is also one of the nation’s most educated states. The high median income is particularly helpful for those looking to live near New York City, as housing prices increase significantly the closer one lives to the city.

Hawaii’s median household income is $78,084, making it the fourth-highest in the country. Hawaii’s cost of living is the highest of all 50 states, especially in housing and cost of groceries, since everything needs to be shipped out to the island state; therefore, the median household income needs to match the high cost of living. Hawaii also has a low unemployment rate of 2.7%.

Massachusetts has the fifth-highest median household income of $77,378. Massachusetts is the most educated state in the U.S., with the highest percentage of Bachelor’s degree holders and graduate and professional degree holders. These factors lead to an overall higher median income. The highest median household income in Massachusetts can be found in Dover, where it sits at $204,018.

Alaska’s median household income is $76,715, making it the sixth-highest in the United States. The oil dividends that all Alaska residents receive give a good boost to their household income. The economy is mainly driven by fishing and tourism. Unfortunately, Alaska has an unemployment rate of 6.2%, more than double the national rate and the highest of any state in the country.

Connecticut has the seventh-highest median household income of $76,106. Connecticut is the fifth-most educated state in the U.S. and has the third-highest percentage of graduate or professional degree holders of any state. High-paying fields such as information and finance are common in Connecticut. Connecticut’s unemployment rate is 3.6%, above the national average but still generally low, and its poverty rate is 10.1%.

8. New Hampshire

New Hampshire’s median household income is $74,057, making it the eighth-highest in the United States. New Hampshire has the highest economic security of any state and boasts the lowest poverty rate in the country of 6.4%. Additionally, New Hampshire has one of the lowest unemployment rates among states of 2.6%. New Hampshire’s top industries are manufacturing, healthcare, and tourism.

Ranked ninth in the U.S. for the highest median household income is Virginia. Virginia’s median household income is $71,564, likely attributed to its proximity to Washington D.C. Government jobs in northern Virginia are among the highest paying in the state. Virginia also has the fourth-highest percentage of graduate or professional degree holders in the country. Virginia also has one of the lowest unemployment rates in the country of 2.6%.

California has the tenth-highest median household income in the U.S. of $71,228. California has one of the highest costs of living in the country. It is home to San Francisco, which has the highest incomes and the highest costs of living in the country. California’s impressive tech and entertainment industries offer an abundance of high-paying jobs; however, its poverty and unemployment rates are relatively high still at 13.3% and 3.9% respectively.

Rank State 2019 Population Median Household Income
1District of Columbia684,498$82,604
2Maryland6,003,435$81,868
3New Jersey8,881,845$79,363
4Hawaii1,422,029$78,084
5Massachusetts6,830,193$77,378
6Alaska738,516$76,715
7Connecticut3,581,504$76,106
8New Hampshire1,343,622$74,057
9Virginia8,413,774$71,564
10California39,148,760$71,228
11Washington7,294,336$70,116
12Colorado5,531,141$68,811
13Minnesota5,527,358$68,411
14Utah3,045,350$68,374
15Delaware949,495$65,627
16New York19,618,453$65,323
17Illinois12,821,497$63,575
18North Dakota752,201$63,473
19Rhode Island1,056,611$63,296
20Wyoming581,836$62,268
21Vermont624,977$60,076
22Texas27,885,195$59,570
23Pennsylvania12,791,181$59,445
24Oregon4,081,943$59,393
25Wisconsin5,778,394$59,209
26Nebraska1,904,760$59,116
27Iowa3,132,499$58,580
28Nevada2,922,849$57,598
29Kansas2,908,776$57,422
30South Dakota864,289$56,499
31Arizona6,946,685$56,213
32Georgia10,297,484$55,679
33Maine1,332,813$55,425
34Michigan9,957,488$54,938
35Ohio11,641,879$54,533
36Indiana6,637,426$54,325
37Missouri6,090,062$53,560
38Florida20,598,139$53,267
39Idaho1,687,809$53,089
40Montana1,041,732$52,559
41North Carolina10,155,624$52,413
42Oklahoma3,918,137$51,424
43South Carolina4,955,925$51,015
44Tennessee6,651,089$50,972
45Alabama4,864,680$48,486
46Kentucky4,440,204$48,392
47New Mexico2,092,434$48,059
48Louisiana4,663,616$47,942
49Arkansas2,990,671$45,726
50West Virginia1,829,054$44,921
51Mississippi2,988,762$43,567