Columbia, Maryland Population 2022

103,991
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Columbia is a city located in Howard County Maryland. Columbia has a 2020 population of 103,991. Columbia is currently declining at a rate of 0.00% annually and its population has increased by 4.39% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 99,615 in 2010.

The average household income in Columbia is $128,543 with a poverty rate of 7.63%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,733 per month, and the median house value is $385,900. The median age in Columbia is 38.4 years, 35.5 years for males, and 41.4 years for females.

Columbia Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Columbiawas:

  • White: 50.40%
  • Black or African American: 27.50%
  • Asian: 13.27%
  • Two or more races: 6.26%
  • Other race: 2.07%
  • Native American: 0.45%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.05%
The current population of Columbia, Maryland is 103,991 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 103,991.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 99,615.

Columbia, Maryland Population 2022

2021 and 2022 population is estimated by projecting the 2019 numbers.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
20102,715,7400.00%
20112,733,78018,0400.66%
20122,754,64020,8600.76%
20132,768,23013,5900.49%
20142,780,06011,8300.43%
20152,790,0509,9900.36%
20162,794,1104,0600.15%
20172,798,7104,6000.16%
20182,800,7402,0300.07%
20192,800,050-690-0.02%
20202,799,360-690-0.02%
20212,798,670-690-0.02%

Columbia Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White53,12550.40%
Black or African American28,99127.50%
American Indian and Alaska Native4760.45%
Asian13,99313.27%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander490.05%
Some Other Race2,1782.07%
Two or More Races6,6006.26%
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Columbia Population by Race

Columbia Population Pyramid 2022

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Columbia Median Age

38.7


Total

35.7


Male

41.5


Female

Columbia Adults

There are 83,290 adults, (16,518 of whom are seniors) in Columbia.

Columbia Age Dependency

Age Dependency Ratio

24.7

Old Age Dependency Ratio

33.1

Child Dependency Ratio

Columbia Sex Ratio

Female

54,341

51.55%

Male

51,071

48.45%

Columbia Population by Age

Columbia Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Columbia Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married81.9%18.1%
All65.6%34.4%
Male63.3%36.7%
Non Family49.2%50.8%
Female48.7%51.3%

65.6%

Rate of Home Ownership

Columbia Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All41,2612.5465.6
Married20,0813.1681.9
Male1,5522.8563.3
Female6,1733.1748.7
Non Family13,4551.2849.2

3.08

Average Family Size

2.54

Average Household Size

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Columbia Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade2,0982.84%
9th to 12th Grade1,4031.90%
High School Graduate9,77313.25%
Some College10,89814.77%
Associates Degree3,7835.13%
Bachelors Degree21,74429.47%
Graduate Degree24,07832.64%
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Columbia Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Columbia Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
White36,32435,77525,515
Asian10,3869,1577,124
2+ Races2,9392,6881,782
Black18,64618,0429,440
Other Race1,5471,306675
Hispanic5,9204,8782,343
Native American31631684
Islander4933

The highest rate of high school graduation is among native american people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 70.24%.

Columbia Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$65,570$76,876$56,290
Less Than 9th Grade$29,673$30,991$27,278
High School Graduate$40,688$52,175$26,181
Some College$46,133$55,040$33,840
Bachelors Degree$70,808$78,446$61,661
Graduate Degree$95,617$105,788$83,480

$65,570

Average Earnings

$76,876

Average Male

$56,290

Average Female

Columbia Earnings by Educational Attainment

Columbia Language by Age

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Columbia Language

76.69% of Columbia residents speak only English, while 23.31% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Asian and Pacific Island languages, which is spoken by 7.18% of the population.

Columbia Language

Columbia Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black28,8774,24314.69%
Native476418.61%
Hispanic9,8608238.35%
Multiple6,5905398.18%
Asian13,9347255.20%
White46,6811,6763.59%
Other64NaN%

7.63%

Overall Poverty Rate

6.71%

Male Poverty Rate

8.50%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Columbia

The race most likely to be in poverty in Columbia is Black, with 14.69% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Columbia is Other, with NaN% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 0.86%. Among those working part-time, it was 13.68%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 12.57%.

Columbia Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade19.90%
High School12.67%
Some College7.26%
Bachelors or Greater3.41%

Columbia Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Male Employed2.32%
Male Unemployed17.14%
Female Employed5.01%
Female Unemployed26.58%

Columbia Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Columbia Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$111,278$133,028
Families$131,867$151,314
Married Families$152,765$174,751
Non Families$78,896$90,556
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Income by Household Type

Columbia Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

49.4%

Overall Marriage Rate

53.2%

Male Marriage Rate

45.9%

Female Marriage Rate

Columbia Married by Age and Sex

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Columbia Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Columbia Marital Status by Race

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Columbia Marital Status

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6,251

Number of Veterans

Male Veterans

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Second Gulf War1,633
First Gulf War2,203
Vietnam1,951
Korea294
World War II89

Columbia Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
18 to 34530
35 to 541,897
55 to 641,164
65 to 741,625
75+1,035

Columbia Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White3,6228.33%
Black1,9068.71%
Native American143.18%
Asian1621.42%
Other Race33320.16%
2+ Races2145.73%
Hispanic4746.81%

Columbia Veterans by Race

Columbia Veterans by Education

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1.93%

Veteran Poverty Rate

17.87%

Veteran Disability Rate

Columbia Veterans by Education

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70.4%

Labor Force Participation

66.8%

Employment Rate

4.1%

Unemployment Rate

Columbia Employment by Age

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Columbia Employment by Race

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Columbia Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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35.96%

Born in Columbia

79.18%

Native Born

20.82%

Foreign Born

8.51%

Non Citizen

12.31%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

79.18% of Columbia residents were born in the United States, with 35.96% having been born in Maryland. 8.51% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Columbia Place of Birth

Note: 2021 and 2022 data is projected
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
201099,6150.00%
2011100,1755600.56%
2012100,7355600.56%
2013102,2691,5341.52%
2014102,116-153-0.15%
2015103,0559390.92%
2016103,4393840.37%
2017103,170-269-0.26%
2018103,6634930.48%
2019103,9913280.32%
2020103,9910.00%
2021103,9910.00%
2022103,9910.00%

Columbia Population by Year