Columbia, Maryland Population 2021

103,991
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Columbia is a city located in Howard County Maryland. Columbia has a 2020 population of 103,991. Columbia is currently declining at a rate of 0.00% annually and its population has increased by 4.39% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 99,615 in 2010. Columbia reached it's highest population of 103,991 in 2019.

The average household income in Columbia is $128,543 with a poverty rate of 7.21%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,722 per month, and the median house value is $378,300. The median age in Columbia is 38.4 years, 35.5 years for males, and 41.4 years for females.

Columbia Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Columbia was:

  • White: 53.75%
  • Black or African American: 26.57%
  • Asian: 12.71%
  • Two or more races: 4.96%
  • Other race: 1.55%
  • Native American: 0.42%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.04%
The current population of Columbia, Maryland is 103,991 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 103,663.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 99,615.

Columbia, Maryland Population 2021

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
20212,798,670-690-0.02%
20202,799,360-690-0.02%
20192,800,050-690-0.02%
20182,800,7402,0300.07%
20172,798,7104,6000.16%
20162,794,1104,0600.15%
20152,790,0509,9900.36%
20142,780,06011,8300.43%
20132,768,23013,5900.49%
20122,754,64020,8600.76%
20112,733,78018,0400.66%
20102,715,7400.00%

Columbia Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White55,89453.75%
Black or African American27,62726.57%
Asian13,21612.71%
Two or More Races5,1634.96%
Some Other Race1,6141.55%
American Indian and Alaska Native4400.42%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander370.04%
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Columbia Population by Race

Columbia Population Pyramid $2021

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Columbia Median Age

38.4


Total

35.5


Male

41.4


Female

Columbia Adults

There are 80,975 adults, (15,475 of whom are seniors) in Columbia.

Columbia Age Dependency

58.8

Age Dependency Ratio

23.6

Old Age Dependency Ratio

35.1

Child Dependency Ratio

Columbia Sex Ratio

Female

53,144

51.10%

Male

50,847

48.90%

Columbia Population by Age

Columbia Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Columbia Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married81.3%18.7%
All65.5%34.5%
Male54%46%
Non Family51.4%48.6%
Female45%55%

65.5%

Rate of Home Ownership

Columbia Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All40,3962.5665.5
Married20,0063.1981.3
Non Family13,5191.2851.4
Female5,3793.2945
Male1,4923.1154

3.14

Average Family Size

2.56

Average Household Size

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Columbia Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade1,9412.70%
9th to 12th Grade1,3541.88%
High School Graduate9,07112.60%
Some College10,75114.94%
Associates Degree3,7505.21%
Bachelors Degree22,76231.62%
Graduate Degree22,35231.05%
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Columbia Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Columbia Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
White36,91436,36526,493
Black17,86517,2028,644
Asian9,7208,8766,842
Hispanic5,6964,5272,141
2+ Races1,9461,7841,119
Other Race919851420
Native American30530581
Islander3721

The highest rate of high school graduation is among native american people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 71.77%.

Columbia Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$63,864$77,585$54,177
Less Than 9th Grade$31,317$31,694$31,110
High School Graduate$39,424$48,557$27,283
Some College$47,336$57,762$36,180
Bachelors Degree$69,112$81,846$58,439
Graduate Degree$94,193$108,758$80,858

$63,864

Average Earnings

$77,585

Average Male

$54,177

Average Female

Columbia Earnings by Educational Attainment

Columbia Language by Age

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Columbia Language

77.14% of Columbia residents speak only English, while 22.86% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Asian and Pacific Island languages, which is spoken by 7.45% of the population.

Columbia Language

Columbia Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black27,4773,81013.87%
White48,2211,5633.24%
Hispanic9,6628799.10%
Asian13,1537055.36%
Multiple5,1504819.34%
Other1,61418011.15%
Native440378.41%

7.21%

Overall Poverty Rate

6.12%

Male Poverty Rate

8.26%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Columbia

The race most likely to be in poverty in Columbia is Black, with 13.87% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Columbia is White, with 3.24% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 0.77%. Among those working part-time, it was 10.65%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 13.32%.

Columbia Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade16.38%
High School12.91%
Some College7.41%
Bachelors or Greater2.94%

Columbia Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Female Unemployed23.72%
Male Unemployed19.02%
Female Employed3.99%
Male Employed2.26%

Columbia Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Columbia Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$108,352$128,543
Families$128,543$146,201
Married Families$150,527$169,424
Non Families$78,682$89,757
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Income by Household Type

Columbia Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

50.7%

Overall Marriage Rate

54.0%

Male Marriage Rate

47.7%

Female Marriage Rate

Columbia Married by Age and Sex

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Columbia Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 55-64, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Columbia Marital Status by Race

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Columbia Marital Status

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6,098

Number of Veterans

5,125

Male Veterans

973

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam2,028
First Gulf War1,811
Second Gulf War1,700
Korea284
World War II98

Columbia Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
35 to 541,913
65 to 741,433
75+1,133
55 to 64989
18 to 34630

Columbia Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White4,0428.94%
Black1,5457.56%
Hispanic5518.20%
Asian2061.94%
2+ Races1917.49%
Other Race989.22%
Native American163.86%

Columbia Veterans by Race

Columbia Veterans by Education

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2.87%

Veteran Poverty Rate

15.51%

Veteran Disability Rate

Columbia Veterans by Education

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71.5%

Labor Force Participation

67.8%

Employment Rate

4.1%

Unemployment Rate

Columbia Employment by Age

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Columbia Employment by Race

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Columbia Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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35.35%

Born in Columbia

79.48%

Native Born

20.52%

Foreign Born

8.63%

Non Citizen

11.88%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

79.48% of Columbia residents were born in the United States, with 35.35% having been born in Maryland. 8.63% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Columbia Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2021103,9910.00%
2020103,9910.00%
2019103,9913280.32%
2018103,6634930.48%
2017103,170-269-0.26%
2016103,4393840.37%
2015103,0559390.92%
2014102,116-153-0.15%
2013102,2691,5341.52%
2012100,7355600.56%
2011100,1755600.56%
201099,6150.00%

Columbia Population by Year