Columbia, Maryland Population 2024

107,788

Columbia is a city located in Baltimore County and Howard County Maryland. Columbia has a 2024 population of 107,788. Columbia is currently growing at a rate of 0.55% annually and its population has increased by 2.25% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 105,412 in 2020.

The average household income in Columbia is $150,852 with a poverty rate of 7.56%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Columbia is 38.8 years, 36.5 years for males, and 40.8 years for females.

Columbia Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Columbia was:

  • White: 47.73%
  • Black or African American: 28.2%
  • Asian: 13.02%
  • Two or more races: 8.16%
  • Other race: 2.61%
  • Native American: 0.23%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.06%
Land Area (mi²)
31.9 sq mi
Density (mi²)
3,375.40/sq mi
Growth Since 2020
2.25% (2,376)
The current population of Columbia, Maryland is 107,788 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 105,412.

Columbia, Maryland Population 2024

Population by Race

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Race
Population
Percentage (of total)
White50,87947.73%
Black or African American30,05728.2%
Asian13,87713.02%
Two or more races8,6958.16%
Other race2,7772.61%
Native American2500.23%
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander650.06%

White

Black or African American

Asian

Two or more races

Other race

Native American

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

Columbia Population by Race

Columbia Population Pyramid 2024

Columbia Median Age

38.8

Total

36.5

Male

40.8

Female

Columbia Adults

There are 84,229 adults, (17,359 of whom are seniors) in Columbia.

Columbia Age Dependency

59.4

Age Dependency Ratio

26

Old Age Dependency Ratio

33.5

Child Dependency Ratio

Columbia Sex Ratio

Female55,18451.77%
Male51,41648.23%

Columbia Population by Age

Columbia Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Household Type
Count
Average Size
Owner
Renter
All41,0772.5864.335.7
Married20,2733.280.219.8
Non Family13,1981.2948.251.8
Female6,0913.194852
Male1,5153.1256.743.3

3.12

Average Family Size

2.58

Average Household Size

64.3%

Rate of Home Ownership

Married

Male

Female

NonFamily

owner

renter

Columbia Households and Families

Male

Female

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Education Attained
Count
Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade1,9412.6%
9th to 12th Grade1,3401.8%
High School Graduate9,11612.23%
Some College10,23813.74%
Associates Degree4,5176.06%
Bachelors Degree21,70329.12%
Graduate Degree25,67734.45%

Less Than 9th Grade

9th to 12th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Associates Degree

Bachelors Degree

Graduate Degree

Columbia Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Columbia Educational Attainment by Race

High School Graduation Rate

Bachelors Rate

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Race
Total
High School
Bachelors
White36,79936,20125,929
Black18,80018,27210,156
Asian10,2709,1246,930
Hispanic5,9024,9552,514
2+ Races4,4414,0762,733
Other Race1,9841,693791
Native American18717851
Islander47350

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 98.37%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 70.46%.

Columbia Educational Attainment by Race

All

Male

Female

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Name
Average
Male
Female
Overall$73,513$87,533$61,977
Less Than 9th Grade$29,571$33,295$29,006
High School Graduate$45,595$59,801$28,163
Some College$48,423$59,960$34,276
Bachelors Degree$75,764$90,838$62,475
Graduate Degree$105,283$115,494$96,122

$73,513

Average Earnings

$87,533

Average Male

$61,977

Average Female

Columbia Earnings by Educational Attainment

Columbia Language by Age

Only English

Spanish

Other Indo-European Languages

Asian and Pacific Island Languages

Other Languages

Columbia Language

75.93% of Columbia residents speak only English, while 24.07% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Asian and Pacific Island languages, which is spoken by 7.16% of the population.

Columbia Language

Columbia Poverty by Race

rate

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Name
Total
In Poverty
Poverty Rate
Black29,9874,59915.34%
White47,0271,6193.44%
Hispanic9,66097410.08%
Asian13,8715984.31%
Multiple8,6953864.44%
Other2,74930511.09%
Native250114.4%

7.56%

Overall Poverty Rate

6.17%

Male Poverty Rate

8.86%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Columbia

The race most likely to be in poverty in Columbia is Black, with 15.34% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Columbia is White, with 3.44% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 1.14%. Among those working part-time, it was 10.79%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 13.57%.

Columbia Poverty

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade21.16%
High School15.78%
Some College7.77%
Bachelors or Greater2.85%

Columbia Poverty Rate by Education

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Female Unemployed26.59%
Male Unemployed19.35%
Female Employed4.92%
Male Employed1.74%

Columbia Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Columbia Income by Household Type

Households

Families

MarriedFamilies

NonFamilies

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Name
Median
Mean
Households$124,537$150,852
Families$149,123$173,695
Married Families$175,377$199,275
Non Families$82,148$96,271

mean

median

Income by Household Type

Columbia Marital Status

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Marriage Rates

48.5%

Overall Marriage Rate

52.9%

Male Marriage Rate

44.5%

Female Marriage Rate

Columbia Married by Age and Sex

male

female

Columbia Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Columbia Marital Status by Race

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Columbia Marital Status

Second Gulf War

First Gulf War

Vietnam

Korea

World War II

5,679

Number of Veterans

4,636

Male Veterans

1,043

Female Veterans

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War
Veterans
Vietnam1,921
First Gulf War1,780
Second Gulf War1,563
Korea249
World War II65

Columbia Veterans by War

count

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Age Group
Veterans
65 to 741,740
35 to 541,311
55 to 641,111
75+1,072
18 to 34445

Columbia Veterans by Age

count

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Name
Veterans
% of Total
White3,2467.68%
Black1,6887.6%
Hispanic3925.75%
2+ Races2875.28%
Other Race24210.93%
Asian1911.7%
Native American2511.01%

Columbia Veterans by Race

Columbia Veterans by Education

Less Than 9th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Bachelors or Greater

2.61%

Veteran Poverty Rate

25.42%

Veteran Disability Rate

Columbia Veterans by Education

LaborForceParticipation

70.4%

Labor Force Participation

67%

Employment Rate

4%

Unemployment Rate

Columbia Employment by Age

LaborForceParticipation

Columbia Employment by Race

LaborForceParticipation

Columbia Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

36.89%

Born in Columbia

79.27%

Native Born

20.73%

Foreign Born

7.74%

Non Citizen

13%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

79.27% of Columbia residents were born in the United States, with 36.89% having been born in Maryland. 7.74% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Columbia Place of Birth

Note: data after 2022 is projected based on recent change

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Year
Population
Growth
Growth Rate
2024107,7885940.55%
2023107,1945940.56%
2022106,6001,5141.44%
2021105,086-326-0.31%
2020105,4121,4211.37%
2019103,9913280.32%
2018103,6634930.48%
2017103,170-269-0.26%
2016103,4393840.37%
2015103,0559390.92%
2014102,116-153-0.15%
2013102,2691,5341.52%
2012100,7355600.56%
2011100,1755600.56%
201099,61500%

Columbia Population by Year