Columbia, Maryland Population 2020

103,663
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Columbia is a city located in Maryland. Columbia has a 2020 population of 103,663. Columbia is currently declining at a rate of 0.00% annually and its population has increased by 4.06% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 99,615 in 2010. Columbia reached it's highest population of 103,663 in 2018.

The average household income in Columbia is $126,294 with a poverty rate of 7.35%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,687 per month, and the median house value is $372,000. The median age in Columbia is 37.9 years, 35.2 years for males, and 41 years for females. For every 100 females there are 97.0 males.

Columbia Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Columbia was:

  • White: 54.59%
  • Black or African American: 26.32%
  • Asian: 12.66%
  • Two or more races: 4.73%
  • Other race: 1.35%
  • Native American: 0.33%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.01%
The current population of Columbia, Maryland is 103,663, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 103,663.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 99,615.

Columbia, Maryland Population 2020

Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20202,811,1904,2000.15%
20192,806,9904,2000.15%
20182,802,7904,2000.15%
20172,798,5904,3000.15%
20162,794,2904,0100.14%
20152,790,2809,9800.36%
20142,780,30011,9300.43%
20132,768,37013,7600.50%
20122,754,61021,0600.76%
20112,733,55017,8200.65%
20102,715,7300.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White56,58954.59%
Black or African American27,28826.32%
Asian13,12712.66%
Two or More Races4,9004.73%
Some Other Race1,4031.35%
American Indian and Alaska Native3460.33%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander100.01%
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Columbia Population Pyramid 2020

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Columbia Median Age

37.9


Total

35.2


Male

41


Female

Columbia Adults

There are 80,659 adults, (14,835 of whom are seniors) in Columbia.

Columbia Age Dependency

57.5

Age Dependency Ratio

22.5

Old Age Dependency Ratio

34.9

Child Dependency Ratio

Columbia Sex Ratio

Female

52,613

50.75%

Male

51,050

49.25%

Columbia Households and Families

Columbia Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Columbia Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married81.2%18.8%
All65.8%34.2%
Male52.9%47.1%
Non Family52.2%47.8%
Female44.3%55.7%

65.8%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All40,3322.5565.8
Married20,2313.1881.2
Non Family13,6271.2752.2
Female4,9603.444.3
Male1,5142.9152.9

3.15

Average Family Size

2.55

Average Household Size

5.1%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.2%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

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Columbia Education

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade1,7402.43%
9th to 12th Grade1,4141.98%
High School Graduate8,95312.52%
Some College11,21415.68%
Associates Degree3,6795.14%
Bachelors Degree22,47731.43%
Graduate Degree22,03830.82%
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Columbia Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Total High School Bachelors
White37,24836,64126,559
Black17,85317,0428,445
Asian9,4608,8156,799
Hispanic5,4464,3401,838
Multiple Races1,8251,7391,046
Other Race782668300
Native American23223253
Islander1010

The highest rate of high school graduation is among native american people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 71.87%.

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$63,253$76,428$52,694
Less Than High School$30,504$31,917$29,564
High School Grad$32,377$47,907$24,342
Some College$45,071$54,108$36,390
Bachelors Degree$68,860$81,012$58,387
Graduate Degree$92,761$106,480$78,637

$63,253

Average Earnings

$76,428

Average Male

$52,694

Average Female

Columbia Language

Columbia Language by Age

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Columbia Language

76.12% of Columbia residents speak only English, while 23.88% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Asian and Pacific Island languages, which is spoken by 7.61% of the population.

Columbia Poverty

Columbia Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black27,1373,74713.81%
White48,8521,6123.30%
Hispanic9,52895810.05%
Asian13,0187956.11%
Multiple4,8854749.70%
Other1,40318112.90%
Native3463710.69%

7.35%

Overall Poverty Rate

6.87%

Male Poverty Rate

7.81%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Columbia

The race most likely to be in poverty in Columbia is Black, with 13.81% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Columbia is White, with 3.30% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 0.97%. Among those working part-time, it was 11.30%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 13.74%.

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Name Poverty
Less Than High School16.94%
High School12.76%
Some College7.66%
Bachelors or Greater2.65%
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Name Poverty
Female Unemployed22.91%
Male Unemployed19.15%
Female Employed4.31%
Male Employed2.59%

Columbia Income

Columbia Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$105,815$126,294
Families$125,744$144,525
Married Families$146,703$165,904
Non Families$74,927$87,312
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Columbia Marital Status

Columbia Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

52.0%

Overall Marriage Rate

55.4%

Male Marriage Rate

48.8%

Female Marriage Rate

Columbia Married by Age and Sex

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Columbia Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 55-64, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Columbia Marital Status by Race

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Columbia Veterans

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5,941

Number of Veterans

4,969

Male Veterans

972

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam1,914
First Gulf War1,732
Second Gulf War1,634
Korea324
World War II197
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Age Group Veterans
35 to 541,756
65 to 741,308
75+1,159
55 to 64959
18 to 34759
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Name Veterans % of Total
White3,9518.68%
Black1,4817.31%
Hispanic5057.61%
Asian2532.39%
2 or More1646.76%
Other9210.70%

Columbia Veterans by Education

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2.93%

Veteran Poverty Rate

16.50%

Veteran Disability Rate

Columbia Employment Status

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72.5%

Labor Force Participation

68.9%

Employment Rate

3.9%

Unemployment Rate

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Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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35.04%

Born in Maryland

78.86%

Native Born

21.14%

Foreign Born

8.88%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

78.86% of Columbia residents were born in the United States, with 35.04% having been born in Maryland. 8.88% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020103,6630.00%
2019103,6630.00%
2018103,6634930.48%
2017103,170-269-0.26%
2016103,4393840.37%
2015103,0559390.92%
2014102,116-153-0.15%
2013102,2691,5341.52%
2012100,7355600.56%
2011100,1755600.56%
201099,6150.00%