Columbia, Missouri Population 2021

124,519
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Columbia is a city located in Missouri. With a 2020 population of 124,519, it is the 4th largest city in Missouri (after Kansas City, St. Louis, and Springfield) and the 228th largest city in the United States. Columbia is currently growing at a rate of 0.53% annually and its population has increased by 14.76% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 108,500 in 2010. Columbia reached it's highest population of 124,519 in 2021. Spanning over 66 miles, Columbia has a population density of 1,899 people per square mile.

The average household income in Columbia is $74,727 with a poverty rate of 21.77%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $887 per month, and the median house value is $191,800. The median age in Columbia is 28.5 years, 28 years for males, and 28.8 years for females. For every 100 females there are 92.5 males.

Columbia Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Columbia was:

  • White: 77.11%
  • Black or African American: 10.95%
  • Asian: 6.18%
  • Two or more races: 4.37%
  • Other race: 0.88%
  • Native American: 0.38%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.12%
The current population of Columbia, Missouri is 124,519, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 122,533.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 108,500.

Columbia, Missouri Population 2021

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2021211,0271,4270.68%
2020209,6001,4270.68%
2019208,1731,4270.69%
2018206,7461,0210.49%
2017205,7251,6760.81%
2016204,0491,8970.93%
2015202,1521,6600.82%
2014200,4921,6680.83%
2013198,8242,2841.15%
2012196,5402,5101.28%
2011194,0303,0831.59%
2010190,9470.00%

Columbia Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White93,48177.11%
Black or African American13,27410.95%
Asian7,4946.18%
Two or More Races5,3004.37%
Some Other Race1,0680.88%
American Indian and Alaska Native4630.38%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander1500.12%
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Columbia Population by Race

Columbia Population Pyramid 2021

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Columbia Median Age

28.5


Total

28


Male

28.8


Female

Columbia Adults

There are 99,047 adults, (12,819 of whom are seniors) in Columbia.

Columbia Age Dependency

40.6

Age Dependency Ratio

14.9

Old Age Dependency Ratio

25.7

Child Dependency Ratio

Columbia Sex Ratio

Female

62,980

51.95%

Male

58,250

48.05%

Columbia Population by Age

Columbia Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Columbia Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married77.3%22.7%
All47.4%52.6%
Female32.3%67.7%
Male31.8%68.2%
Non Family27.1%72.9%

47.4%

Rate of Home Ownership

Columbia Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All48,1892.3347.4
Non Family23,2481.5827.1
Married18,9373.0577.3
Female4,1062.9532.3
Male1,8982.9931.8

2.94

Average Family Size

2.33

Average Household Size

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Columbia Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade1,1451.67%
9th to 12th Grade2,1163.09%
High School Graduate12,38718.11%
Some College12,77318.68%
Associates Degree4,2526.22%
Bachelors Degree18,74827.42%
Graduate Degree16,96124.80%
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Columbia Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Columbia Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Total High School Bachelors
White52,76950,87829,215
Black7,2416,5161,534
Asian4,4224,1833,267
Hispanic2,2772,082820
Multiple Races1,3791,227815
Other Race588493179
Native American25920036
Islander606034

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 73.88%.

Columbia Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$39,913$44,097$35,966
Less Than High School$21,489$22,102$20,568
High School Grad$28,781$30,442$27,500
Some College$32,352$39,488$30,523
Bachelors Degree$43,126$51,080$38,700
Graduate Degree$55,546$61,678$52,860

$39,913

Average Earnings

$44,097

Average Male

$35,966

Average Female

Columbia Earnings by Educational Attainment

Columbia Language by Age

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Columbia Language

89.59% of Columbia residents speak only English, while 10.41% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Asian and Pacific Island languages, which is spoken by 4.00% of the population.

Columbia Language

Columbia Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White82,76815,32518.52%
Black12,7574,47235.06%
Asian7,3681,86725.34%
Multiple5,0171,62032.29%
Hispanic4,23492821.92%
Other1,01025224.95%
Native45017739.33%
Islander1418560.28%

21.77%

Overall Poverty Rate

21.18%

Male Poverty Rate

22.33%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Columbia

The race most likely to be in poverty in Columbia is Islander, with 60.28% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Columbia is White, with 18.52% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.62%. Among those working part-time, it was 44.94%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 28.58%.

Columbia Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than High School30.73%
High School13.66%
Some College12.42%
Bachelors or Greater7.42%

Columbia Poverty Rate by Education

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Name Poverty
Female Unemployed53.70%
Male Unemployed38.58%
Female Employed18.81%
Male Employed14.29%

Columbia Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Columbia Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$51,276$74,727
Families$80,312$100,790
Married Families$96,463$117,021
Non Families$32,148$44,822
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Income by Household Type

Columbia Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

39.0%

Overall Marriage Rate

40.5%

Male Marriage Rate

37.6%

Female Marriage Rate

Columbia Married by Age and Sex

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Columbia Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 45-54, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Columbia Marital Status by Race

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Columbia Marital Status

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5,349

Number of Veterans

4,677

Male Veterans

672

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam1,905
Second Gulf War1,369
First Gulf War1,048
Korea341
World War II131

Columbia Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
65 to 741,415
35 to 541,406
75+1,026
55 to 64823
18 to 34679

Columbia Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White4,4665.66%
Black7437.51%
Asian470.77%
Hispanic391.20%
2 or More311.13%
Other283.80%
Indian288.21%
Hawaiian64.92%

Columbia Veterans by Race

Columbia Veterans by Education

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6.59%

Veteran Poverty Rate

28.63%

Veteran Disability Rate

Columbia Veterans by Education

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66.4%

Labor Force Participation

63.3%

Employment Rate

4.4%

Unemployment Rate

Columbia Employment by Age

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Columbia Employment by Race

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Columbia Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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57.13%

Born in Missouri

90.95%

Native Born

9.05%

Foreign Born

6.04%

Non Citizen

3.02%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

90.95% of Columbia residents were born in the United States, with 57.13% having been born in Missouri. 6.04% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Columbia Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2021124,5196620.53%
2020123,8576620.54%
2019123,1956620.54%
2018122,5339940.82%
2017121,5391,2911.07%
2016120,2481,6781.42%
2015118,5701,5421.32%
2014117,0281,5881.38%
2013115,4401,8871.66%
2012113,5532,0391.83%
2011111,5142,0851.91%
2010109,42924,8982.62%
200084,53115,4302.04%
199069,1017,0401.08%
198062,0613,2490.54%
197058,81222,1624.84%
196036,6504,6761.37%
195031,97413,5755.68%
194018,3993,4322.09%
193014,9674,5753.72%
192010,3927300.73%
19109,6624,0115.51%
19005,6511,6513.52%
18904,0006741.86%
18803,3260.00%

Columbia Population by Year