Columbia, Missouri Population 2023

131,579

Columbia is a city located in Boone County Missouri. It is also the county seat of Boone County. With a 2023 population of 131,579, it is the 4th largest city in Missouri and the 226th largest city in the United States.Columbia is currently growing at a rate of 1.37% annually and its population has increased by 4.22% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 126,254 in 2020. Spanning over 66 miles, Columbia has a population density of 2,007 people per square mile.

The average household income in Columbia is $74,727 with a poverty rate of 22.3%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Columbia is 28.8 years, 28.3 years for males, and 29.3 years for females.

Columbia Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Columbia was:

  • White: 75.98%
  • Black or African American: 11.09%
  • Asian: 6.11%
  • Two or more races: 5.63%
  • Other race: 0.71%
  • Native American: 0.38%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.11%
The current population of Columbia, Missouri is 131,579 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 126,254.

Columbia, Missouri Population 2023

Columbia Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

White

Black or African American

Asian

Two or more races

Other race

Native American

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

Columbia Population by Race

Columbia Population Pyramid 2023

Columbia Median Age

28.8

Total

28.3

Male

29.3

Female

Columbia Adults

There are 99,704 adults, (13,527 of whom are seniors) in Columbia.

Columbia Age Dependency

42.3

Age Dependency Ratio

15.7

Old Age Dependency Ratio

26.6

Child Dependency Ratio

Columbia Sex Ratio

Female63,44851.73%
Male59,21148.27%

Columbia Population by Age

Columbia Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

2.97

Average Family Size

2.31

Average Household Size

47.4%

Rate of Home Ownership

Married

Male

Female

NonFamily

owner

renter

Columbia Households and Families

Male

Female

Less Than 9th Grade

9th to 12th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Associates Degree

Bachelors Degree

Graduate Degree

Columbia Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Columbia Educational Attainment by Race

High School Graduation Rate

Bachelors Rate

The highest rate of high school graduation is among other race people with a rate of 89.37%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 51.79%.

Columbia Educational Attainment by Race

All

Male

Female

$41,244

Average Earnings

$46,922

Average Male

$36,217

Average Female

Columbia Earnings by Educational Attainment

Columbia Language by Age

Only English

Spanish

Other Indo-European Languages

Asian and Pacific Island Languages

Other Languages

Columbia Language

90.03% of Columbia residents speak only English, while 9.97% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Asian and Pacific Island languages, which is spoken by 5.65% of the population.

Columbia Language

Columbia Poverty by Race

rate

22.3%

Overall Poverty Rate

19.18%

Male Poverty Rate

21.22%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Columbia

The race most likely to be in poverty in Columbia is Islander, with 71.94% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Columbia is Other, with 9.33% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.1%. Among those working part-time, it was 40.21%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 26.91%.

Columbia Poverty

Columbia Poverty Rate by Education

Columbia Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Columbia Income by Household Type

Households

Families

MarriedFamilies

NonFamilies

mean

median

Income by Household Type

Columbia Marital Status

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Marriage Rates

39.4%

Overall Marriage Rate

41.0%

Male Marriage Rate

37.9%

Female Marriage Rate

Columbia Married by Age and Sex

male

female

Columbia Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 45-54, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Columbia Marital Status by Race

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Columbia Marital Status

Second Gulf War

First Gulf War

Vietnam

Korea

World War II

5,672

Number of Veterans

4,921

Male Veterans

751

Female Veterans

Columbia Veterans by War

Columbia Veterans by Age

count

Columbia Veterans by Race

Columbia Veterans by Education

Less Than 9th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Bachelors or Greater

7.3%

Veteran Poverty Rate

29.82%

Veteran Disability Rate

Columbia Veterans by Education

LaborForceParticipation

65.6%

Labor Force Participation

63.2%

Employment Rate

3.5%

Unemployment Rate

Columbia Employment by Age

LaborForceParticipation

Columbia Employment by Race

LaborForceParticipation

Columbia Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

56.27%

Born in Columbia

88.78%

Native Born

8.37%

Foreign Born

5.43%

Non Citizen

2.94%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

88.78% of Columbia residents were born in the United States, with 56.27% having been born in Missouri. 5.43% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Columbia Place of Birth

Note: data after 2020 is projected based on recent growth

Columbia Population by Year