Elizabeth, New Jersey Population 2023

140,997

Elizabeth is a city located in Union County New Jersey. With a 2023 population of 140,997, it is the 4th largest city in New Jersey and the 207th largest city in the United States.Elizabeth is currently growing at a rate of 0.88% annually and its population has increased by 2.69% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 137,298 in 2020. Spanning over 14 miles, Elizabeth has a population density of 11,446 people per square mile.

The average household income in Elizabeth is $63,153 with a poverty rate of 19.22%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Elizabeth is 34.9 years, 34 years for males, and 35.9 years for females.

Elizabeth Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Elizabeth was:

  • White: 37.14%
  • Other race: 33.58%
  • Black or African American: 20.04%
  • Two or more races: 6.73%
  • Asian: 1.80%
  • Native American: 0.70%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.00%
The current population of Elizabeth, New Jersey is 140,997 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 137,298.

Elizabeth, New Jersey Population 2023

Population by Race

White

Other race

Black or African American

Two or more races

Asian

Native American

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

Elizabeth Population by Race

Elizabeth Population Pyramid 2023

Elizabeth Median Age

34.9

Total

34

Male

35.9

Female

Elizabeth Adults

There are 94,975 adults, (13,762 of whom are seniors) in Elizabeth.

Elizabeth Age Dependency

58.2

Age Dependency Ratio

16.9

Old Age Dependency Ratio

41.3

Child Dependency Ratio

Elizabeth Sex Ratio

Female64,95550.55%
Male63,52949.45%

Elizabeth Population by Age

Elizabeth Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

3.57

Average Family Size

3.03

Average Household Size

25.9%

Rate of Home Ownership

Married

Male

Female

NonFamily

owner

renter

Elizabeth Households and Families

Male

Female

Less Than 9th Grade

9th to 12th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Associates Degree

Bachelors Degree

Graduate Degree

Elizabeth Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Elizabeth Educational Attainment by Race

High School Graduation Rate

Bachelors Rate

The highest rate of high school graduation is among asian people with a rate of 74.14%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 36.33%.

Elizabeth Educational Attainment by Race

All

Male

Female

$32,176

Average Earnings

$37,433

Average Male

$26,571

Average Female

Elizabeth Earnings by Educational Attainment

Elizabeth Language by Age

Only English

Spanish

Other Indo-European Languages

Asian and Pacific Island Languages

Other Languages

Elizabeth Language

24.17% of Elizabeth residents speak only English, while 75.83% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 60.49% of the population.

Elizabeth Language

Elizabeth Poverty by Race

rate

19.22%

Overall Poverty Rate

14.32%

Male Poverty Rate

16.00%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Elizabeth

The race most likely to be in poverty in Elizabeth is Asian, with 23.66% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Elizabeth is Native, with 5.56% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.34%. Among those working part-time, it was 16.88%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 26.51%.

Elizabeth Poverty

Elizabeth Poverty Rate by Education

Elizabeth Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Elizabeth Income by Household Type

Households

Families

MarriedFamilies

NonFamilies

mean

median

Income by Household Type

Elizabeth Marital Status

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Marriage Rates

38.2%

Overall Marriage Rate

40.7%

Male Marriage Rate

35.7%

Female Marriage Rate

Elizabeth Married by Age and Sex

male

female

Elizabeth Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Elizabeth Marital Status by Race

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Elizabeth Marital Status

Second Gulf War

First Gulf War

Vietnam

Korea

World War II

1,656

Number of Veterans

1,508

Male Veterans

148

Female Veterans

Elizabeth Veterans by War

Elizabeth Veterans by Age

count

Elizabeth Veterans by Race

Elizabeth Veterans by Education

Less Than 9th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Bachelors or Greater

8.84%

Veteran Poverty Rate

24.51%

Veteran Disability Rate

Elizabeth Veterans by Education

LaborForceParticipation

68.1%

Labor Force Participation

64%

Employment Rate

6%

Unemployment Rate

Elizabeth Employment by Age

LaborForceParticipation

Elizabeth Employment by Race

LaborForceParticipation

Elizabeth Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

36.68%

Born in Elizabeth

49.17%

Native Born

44.41%

Foreign Born

25.76%

Non Citizen

18.65%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

49.17% of Elizabeth residents were born in the United States, with 36.68% having been born in New Jersey. 25.76% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Elizabeth Place of Birth

Note: data after 2020 is projected based on recent growth

Elizabeth Population by Year