Elko, Nevada Population 2021

20,590
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Elko is a city located in Nevada. With a 2020 population of 20,590, it is the 9th largest city in Nevada and the 1811th largest city in the United States. Elko is currently growing at a rate of 0.34% annually and its population has increased by 12.53% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 18,297 in 2010. Elko reached it's highest population of 20,590 in 2021. Spanning over 18 miles, Elko has a population density of 1,153 people per square mile.

The average household income in Elko is $91,484 with a poverty rate of 14.39%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,021 per month, and the median house value is $232,100. The median age in Elko is 32.6 years, 32.7 years for males, and 32.4 years for females. For every 100 females there are 109.1 males.

Elko Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Elko was:

  • White: 86.57%
  • Other race: 5.94%
  • Native American: 3.27%
  • Asian: 2.05%
  • Two or more races: 1.37%
  • Black or African American: 0.74%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.06%
The current population of Elko, Nevada is 20,590, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 20,383.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 18,297.

Elko, Nevada Population 2021

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
202155,3472700.49%
202055,0772700.49%
201954,8072700.49%
201854,5372340.43%
201754,3032850.52%
201654,0182610.48%
201553,757-762-1.42%
201454,5191360.25%
201354,3831,4232.62%
201252,9601,5412.91%
201151,4193410.66%
201051,0780.00%

Elko Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White17,57786.57%
Some Other Race1,2065.94%
American Indian and Alaska Native6633.27%
Asian4162.05%
Two or More Races2791.37%
Black or African American1500.74%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander130.06%
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Elko Population by Race

Elko Population Pyramid 2021

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Elko Median Age

32.6


Total

32.7


Male

32.4


Female

Elko Adults

There are 15,041 adults, (2,024 of whom are seniors) in Elko.

Elko Age Dependency

56

Age Dependency Ratio

15.5

Old Age Dependency Ratio

40.4

Child Dependency Ratio

Elko Sex Ratio

Female

9,708

47.81%

Male

10,596

52.19%

Elko Population by Age

Elko Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Elko Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married75.1%24.9%
All60.4%39.6%
Female51.9%48.1%
Male46.9%53.1%
Non Family44.9%55.1%

60.4%

Rate of Home Ownership

Elko Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All7,2322.7460.4
Married3,5103.2175.1
Non Family2,3931.3844.9
Female6943.9451.9
Male6353.9946.9

3.22

Average Family Size

2.74

Average Household Size

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Elko Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade8196.32%
9th to 12th Grade1,1268.69%
High School Graduate3,71628.69%
Some College3,49426.98%
Associates Degree1,34410.38%
Bachelors Degree1,49911.58%
Graduate Degree9527.35%
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Elko Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Elko Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Total High School Bachelors
White9,1358,4761,892
Hispanic2,9071,737356
Other Race65940778
Native American43537342
Asian260239135
Multiple Races15613750
Black938720
Islander1010

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 51.92%.

Elko Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$47,248$62,508$36,260
Less Than High School$31,515$36,625$23,038
High School Grad$43,015$52,692$31,709
Some College$51,863$72,623$35,139
Bachelors Degree$46,225$60,521$43,946
Graduate Degree$87,969$99,808$75,476

$47,248

Average Earnings

$62,508

Average Male

$36,260

Average Female

Elko Earnings by Educational Attainment

Elko Language by Age

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Elko Language

81.65% of Elko residents speak only English, while 18.35% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 15.26% of the population.

Elko Language

Elko Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White13,0451,70513.07%
Hispanic5,44287216.02%
Other1,18837831.82%
Native64716225.04%
Multiple2664115.41%
Black1132118.58%
Asian403133.23%
Islander1313100.00%

14.39%

Overall Poverty Rate

14.18%

Male Poverty Rate

14.61%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Elko

The race most likely to be in poverty in Elko is Islander, with 100.00% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Elko is Asian, with 3.23% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.83%. Among those working part-time, it was 21.99%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 26.06%.

Elko Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than High School20.89%
High School20.69%
Some College6.79%
Bachelors or Greater4.29%

Elko Poverty Rate by Education

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Name Poverty
Male Unemployed49.53%
Female Unemployed13.03%
Female Employed8.36%
Male Employed5.10%

Elko Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Elko Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$79,205$91,484
Families$86,795$98,700
Married Families$102,118-
Non Families$54,311$69,210
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Income by Household Type

Elko Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

48.7%

Overall Marriage Rate

49.2%

Male Marriage Rate

48.1%

Female Marriage Rate

Elko Married by Age and Sex

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Elko Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 55-64, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Elko Marital Status by Race

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Elko Marital Status

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1,197

Number of Veterans

1,112

Male Veterans

85

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam379
Second Gulf War370
First Gulf War274
Korea74
World War II21

Elko Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
35 to 54379
75+217
55 to 64214
18 to 34199
65 to 74188

Elko Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White1,0357.99%
Hispanic1173.29%
Other586.74%
Indian437.58%
Black3125.00%
Asian195.64%
2 or More116.08%

Elko Veterans by Race

Elko Veterans by Education

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14.14%

Veteran Poverty Rate

29.73%

Veteran Disability Rate

Elko Veterans by Education

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71.1%

Labor Force Participation

67.5%

Employment Rate

5%

Unemployment Rate

Elko Employment by Age

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Elko Employment by Race

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Elko Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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37.50%

Born in Nevada

90.36%

Native Born

9.64%

Foreign Born

5.20%

Non Citizen

4.44%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

90.36% of Elko residents were born in the United States, with 37.50% having been born in Nevada. 5.20% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Elko Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
202120,590690.34%
202020,521690.34%
201920,452690.34%
201820,383440.22%
201720,339750.37%
201620,2641590.79%
201520,105-37-0.18%
201420,1422171.09%
201319,9256933.60%
201219,2327323.96%
201118,5001080.59%
201018,3921,6840.96%
200016,7081,9721.26%
199014,7365,9785.34%
19808,7581,1371.40%
19707,6211,3231.93%
19606,2989051.56%
19505,3931,2992.79%
19404,0948772.44%
19303,2172,4174.75%
19008000.00%

Elko Population by Year