Jefferson City, Missouri Population 2021

42,498
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Jefferson City is a city located in Cole County Missouri. It is also the county seat of Cole County. With a 2020 population of 42,498, it is the 16th largest city in Missouri and the 919th largest city in the United States . Jefferson City is currently declining at a rate of -0.25% annually and its population has decreased by -1.35% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 43,079 in 2010. Jefferson City reached it's highest population of 43,354 in 2011. Spanning over 38 miles, Jefferson City has a population density of 1,179 people per square mile.

The average household income in Jefferson City is $68,389 with a poverty rate of 12.95%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $634 per month, and the median house value is $147,800. The median age in Jefferson City is 37.9 years, 37.4 years for males, and 38.9 years for females.

Jefferson City is a city located in the state of Missouri, in Cole County, where it is the county seat. It is also the state capital. A small portion of the city is found in Callaway County. Jefferson City is known for being the “Most Beautiful Small Town” in the U.S.

Population Growth

Jefferson City has seen its population grow at a steady rate since the mid-19th century. However, recent estimates show that the population has dropped for the first time in many years, falling 0.2% since the 2010 census. However, there is nothing to indicate that this will be an ongoing trend, and hopefully, with citywide efforts, the population of this Missouri city will continue to grow again.

Jefferson City Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Jefferson City was:

  • White: 75.59%
  • Black or African American: 18.80%
  • Two or more races: 2.54%
  • Asian: 2.49%
  • Other race: 0.31%
  • Native American: 0.27%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.00%
The current population of Jefferson City, Missouri is 42,498 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 42,813.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 43,079.

Jefferson City, Missouri Population 2021

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
2021150,681-277-0.18%
2020150,958-277-0.18%
2019151,235-277-0.18%
2018151,5121930.13%
2017151,319-56-0.04%
2016151,3754470.30%
2015150,9282010.13%
2014150,727580.04%
2013150,6692780.18%
2012150,391-22-0.01%
2011150,4134220.28%
2010149,9910.00%

Jefferson City Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White32,44375.59%
Black or African American8,07018.80%
Two or More Races1,0892.54%
Asian1,0672.49%
Some Other Race1350.31%
American Indian and Alaska Native1150.27%
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Jefferson City Population by Race

Jefferson City Population Pyramid $2021

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Jefferson City Median Age

37.9


Total

37.4


Male

38.9


Female

Jefferson City Adults

There are 34,352 adults, (6,871 of whom are seniors) in Jefferson City.

Jefferson City Age Dependency

56.2

Age Dependency Ratio

25

Old Age Dependency Ratio

31.2

Child Dependency Ratio

Jefferson City Sex Ratio

Female

20,791

48.44%

Male

22,128

51.56%

Jefferson City Population by Age

Jefferson City Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Jefferson City Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married80.9%19.1%
All56.6%43.4%
Non Family41.3%58.7%
Female41.3%58.7%
Male39.8%60.2%

56.6%

Rate of Home Ownership

Jefferson City Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All17,0842.2256.6
Non Family7,7011.2141.3
Married6,6492.9880.9
Female1,9703.441.3
Male7642.7939.8

2.98

Average Family Size

2.22

Average Household Size

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Jefferson City Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade6882.30%
9th to 12th Grade1,9806.61%
High School Graduate8,18427.31%
Some College7,17123.93%
Associates Degree2,1877.30%
Bachelors Degree6,13020.46%
Graduate Degree3,62412.09%
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Jefferson City Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Jefferson City Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
White23,55921,9418,395
Black4,5263,888813
Hispanic73153851
Asian696513420
2+ Races40839464
Other Race11588
Native American1159211

The highest rate of high school graduation is among 2+ races people with a rate of 96.57%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 60.34%.

Jefferson City Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$35,942$40,341$32,986
Less Than 9th Grade$23,845$24,756$22,486
High School Graduate$27,670$30,331$25,929
Some College$31,792$35,466$28,571
Bachelors Degree$47,823$50,898$41,395
Graduate Degree$50,282$57,423$42,140

$35,942

Average Earnings

$40,341

Average Male

$32,986

Average Female

Jefferson City Earnings by Educational Attainment

Jefferson City Language by Age

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Jefferson City Language

93.87% of Jefferson City residents speak only English, while 6.13% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 2.54% of the population.

Jefferson City Language

Jefferson City Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White28,5132,6809.40%
Black6,1881,81229.28%
Multiple95328529.91%
Hispanic1,45518212.51%
Other36822.22%
Asian1,03120.19%

12.95%

Overall Poverty Rate

11.88%

Male Poverty Rate

13.91%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Jefferson City

The race most likely to be in poverty in Jefferson City is Multiple, with 29.91% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Jefferson City is Asian, with 0.19% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.58%. Among those working part-time, it was 19.82%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 18.81%.

Jefferson City Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade25.00%
High School15.21%
Some College10.48%
Bachelors or Greater3.30%

Jefferson City Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Female Unemployed41.64%
Male Unemployed39.47%
Female Employed8.36%
Male Employed4.75%

Jefferson City Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Jefferson City Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$52,253$68,389
Families$70,366$86,770
Married Families$88,150-
Non Families$33,779$43,885
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Income by Household Type

Jefferson City Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

41.2%

Overall Marriage Rate

40.2%

Male Marriage Rate

42.4%

Female Marriage Rate

Jefferson City Married by Age and Sex

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Jefferson City Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55-64.

Jefferson City Marital Status by Race

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Jefferson City Marital Status

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2,955

Number of Veterans

2,665

Male Veterans

290

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam983
First Gulf War672
Second Gulf War575
Korea226
World War II102

Jefferson City Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
35 to 54759
65 to 74757
75+627
55 to 64550
18 to 34262

Jefferson City Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White2,5619.64%
Black2904.74%
Hispanic748.15%
2+ Races639.94%
Native American2420.87%
Asian172.26%

Jefferson City Veterans by Race

Jefferson City Veterans by Education

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8.27%

Veteran Poverty Rate

24.26%

Veteran Disability Rate

Jefferson City Veterans by Education

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59%

Labor Force Participation

56.9%

Employment Rate

3.4%

Unemployment Rate

Jefferson City Employment by Age

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Jefferson City Employment by Race

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Jefferson City Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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67.47%

Born in Jefferson City

95.54%

Native Born

4.46%

Foreign Born

2.30%

Non Citizen

2.16%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

95.54% of Jefferson City residents were born in the United States, with 67.47% having been born in Missouri. 2.30% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Jefferson City Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
202142,498-105-0.25%
202042,603-105-0.25%
201942,708-105-0.25%
201842,813-89-0.21%
201742,902-120-0.28%
201643,022-189-0.44%
201543,211350.08%
201443,176-157-0.36%
201343,333650.15%
201243,268-86-0.20%
201143,3541440.33%
201043,2103,5740.87%
200039,6364,1551.11%
199035,4811,8620.54%
198033,6191,2120.37%
197032,4074,1791.39%
196028,2283,1291.18%
195025,0998310.34%
194024,2682,6721.17%
193021,5967,1064.07%
192014,4902,6402.03%
191011,8502,1862.06%
19009,6642,9223.67%
18906,7421,4712.49%
18805,2718511.78%
18704,4201,3383.67%
18603,0820.00%

Jefferson City Population by Year