Jefferson City, Missouri Population 2022

42,393
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Jefferson City is a city located in Cole County Missouri. Jefferson City has a 2020 population of 42,393. It is also the county seat of Cole County. Jefferson City is currently declining at a rate of -0.25% annually and its population has decreased by -1.89% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 43,210 in 2010.

The average household income in Jefferson City is $68,389 with a poverty rate of 11.93%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $653 per month, and the median house value is $161,400. The median age in Jefferson City is 37.9 years, 37.4 years for males, and 38.9 years for females.

Jefferson City is a city located in the state of Missouri, in Cole County, where it is the county seat. It is also the state capital. A small portion of the city is found in Callaway County. Jefferson City is known for being the “Most Beautiful Small Town” in the U.S.

Population Growth

Jefferson City has seen its population grow at a steady rate since the mid-19th century. However, recent estimates show that the population has dropped for the first time in many years, falling 0.2% since the 2010 census. However, there is nothing to indicate that this will be an ongoing trend, and hopefully, with citywide efforts, the population of this Missouri city will continue to grow again.

Jefferson City Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Jefferson Citywas:

  • White: 75.17%
  • Black or African American: 19.14%
  • Asian: 2.59%
  • Two or more races: 2.59%
  • Other race: 0.32%
  • Native American: 0.18%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.01%
The current population of Jefferson City, Missouri is 42,393 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 42,393.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 43,210.

Jefferson City, Missouri Population 2022

2021 and 2022 population is estimated by projecting the 2019 numbers.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
2010149,9910.00%
2011150,4134220.28%
2012150,391-22-0.01%
2013150,6692780.18%
2014150,727580.04%
2015150,9282010.13%
2016151,3754470.30%
2017151,319-56-0.04%
2018151,5121930.13%
2019151,235-277-0.18%
2020150,958-277-0.18%
2021150,681-277-0.18%

Jefferson City Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White32,07575.17%
Black or African American8,16619.14%
American Indian and Alaska Native780.18%
Asian1,1062.59%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander50.01%
Some Other Race1360.32%
Two or More Races1,1042.59%
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Jefferson City Population by Race

Jefferson City Population Pyramid 2022

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Jefferson City Median Age

38


Total

37.5


Male

39.2


Female

Jefferson City Adults

There are 34,007 adults, (6,633 of whom are seniors) in Jefferson City.

Jefferson City Age Dependency

Age Dependency Ratio

24.2

Old Age Dependency Ratio

31.6

Child Dependency Ratio

Jefferson City Sex Ratio

Female

20,692

48.49%

Male

21,978

51.51%

Jefferson City Population by Age

Jefferson City Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Jefferson City Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married79.1%20.9%
All57.1%42.9%
Male45.4%54.6%
Non Family42.6%57.4%
Female39.9%60.1%

57.1%

Rate of Home Ownership

Jefferson City Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All16,8822.2457.1
Married6,7953.0579.1
Male7162.9345.4
Female1,8163.2339.9
Non Family7,5551.2142.6

3

Average Family Size

2.24

Average Household Size

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Jefferson City Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade5921.99%
9th to 12th Grade2,1847.36%
High School Graduate8,54928.80%
Some College6,47821.83%
Associates Degree2,0456.89%
Bachelors Degree5,93419.99%
Graduate Degree3,89713.13%
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Jefferson City Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Jefferson City Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
Asian763568470
White23,05021,3898,568
2+ Races420408123
Native American786715
Black4,6704,007593
Hispanic77754162
Islander55
Other Race11385

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 61.60%.

Jefferson City Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$37,094$40,951$34,407
Less Than 9th Grade$23,947$24,946$22,939
High School Graduate$32,109$34,275$31,276
Some College$31,196$32,716$29,465
Bachelors Degree$46,813$54,148$41,232
Graduate Degree$55,232$60,435$52,266

$37,094

Average Earnings

$40,951

Average Male

$34,407

Average Female

Jefferson City Earnings by Educational Attainment

Jefferson City Language by Age

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Jefferson City Language

94.73% of Jefferson City residents speak only English, while 5.27% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 2.27% of the population.

Jefferson City Language

Jefferson City Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Multiple98737037.49%
Black6,2741,55424.77%
Hispanic1,38019213.91%
White28,4452,4678.67%
Asian1,06620.19%
Other12NaN%

11.93%

Overall Poverty Rate

9.46%

Male Poverty Rate

14.16%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Jefferson City

The race most likely to be in poverty in Jefferson City is Multiple, with 37.49% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Jefferson City is Other, with NaN% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.36%. Among those working part-time, it was 18.51%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 19.38%.

Jefferson City Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade24.30%
High School13.68%
Some College9.58%
Bachelors or Greater2.53%

Jefferson City Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Male Employed4.04%
Male Unemployed25.80%
Female Employed8.51%
Female Unemployed23.47%

Jefferson City Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Jefferson City Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$54,003$71,854
Families$75,490$91,152
Married Families$88,968-
Non Families$34,392$45,753
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Income by Household Type

Jefferson City Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

42.3%

Overall Marriage Rate

42.1%

Male Marriage Rate

42.4%

Female Marriage Rate

Jefferson City Married by Age and Sex

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Jefferson City Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Jefferson City Marital Status by Race

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Jefferson City Marital Status

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2,660

Number of Veterans

Male Veterans

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Second Gulf War609
First Gulf War671
Vietnam944
Korea142
World War II36

Jefferson City Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
18 to 34252
35 to 54664
55 to 64567
65 to 74758
75+419

Jefferson City Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White2,2968.77%
Black2744.43%
Native American2228.21%
Asian273.35%
2+ Races417.03%
Hispanic101.05%

Jefferson City Veterans by Race

Jefferson City Veterans by Education

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4.83%

Veteran Poverty Rate

22.71%

Veteran Disability Rate

Jefferson City Veterans by Education

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60.7%

Labor Force Participation

58.3%

Employment Rate

3.8%

Unemployment Rate

Jefferson City Employment by Age

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Jefferson City Employment by Race

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Jefferson City Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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68.89%

Born in Jefferson City

96.05%

Native Born

3.95%

Foreign Born

2.10%

Non Citizen

1.85%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

96.05% of Jefferson City residents were born in the United States, with 68.89% having been born in Missouri. 2.10% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Jefferson City Place of Birth

Note: 2021 and 2022 data is projected
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
18603,0820.00%
18704,4201,3383.67%
18805,2718511.78%
18906,7421,4712.49%
19009,6642,9223.67%
191011,8502,1862.06%
192014,4902,6402.03%
193021,5967,1064.07%
194024,2682,6721.17%
195025,0998310.34%
196028,2283,1291.18%
197032,4074,1791.39%
198033,6191,2120.37%
199035,4811,8620.54%
200039,6364,1551.11%
201043,2103,5740.87%
201143,3541440.33%
201243,268-86-0.20%
201343,333650.15%
201443,176-157-0.36%
201543,211350.08%
201643,022-189-0.44%
201742,902-120-0.28%
201842,813-89-0.21%
201942,708-105-0.25%
202042,603-105-0.25%
202142,498-105-0.25%
202242,393-105-0.25%

Jefferson City Population by Year