Jefferson City, Missouri Population 2024

42,541

Jefferson City is a city located in Callaway County, Cole County, and Osage County Missouri. Jefferson City has a 2024 population of 42,541. It is also the county seat of Cole County. Jefferson City is currently growing at a rate of 0.02% annually and its population has increased by 0.06% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 42,515 in 2020.

The average household income in Jefferson City is $81,091 with a poverty rate of 12.33%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Jefferson City is 38.5 years, 37.8 years for males, and 39.9 years for females.

Jefferson City is a city located in the state of Missouri, in Cole County, where it is the county seat. It is also the state capital. A small portion of the city is found in Callaway County. Jefferson City is known for being the “Most Beautiful Small Town” in the U.S.

Population Growth

Jefferson City has seen its population grow at a steady rate since the mid-19th century. However, recent estimates show that the population has dropped for the first time in many years, falling 0.2% since the 2010 census. However, there is nothing to indicate that this will be an ongoing trend, and hopefully, with citywide efforts, the population of this Missouri city will continue to grow again.

Jefferson City Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Jefferson City was:

  • White: 74.07%
  • Black or African American: 18.26%
  • Two or more races: 3.72%
  • Asian: 2.6%
  • Other race: 1.21%
  • Native American: 0.12%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.01%
Land Area (mi²)
36.1 sq mi
Density (mi²)
1,179.70/sq mi
Growth Since 2020
0.06% (26)
The current population of Jefferson City, Missouri is 42,541 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 42,515.

Jefferson City, Missouri Population 2024

Population by Race

Download Table Data

Enter your email below, and you'll receive this table's data in your inbox momentarily.

Race
Population
Percentage (of total)
White31,58774.07%
Black or African American7,78818.26%
Two or more races1,5883.72%
Asian1,1092.6%
Other race5141.21%
Native American530.12%
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander50.01%

White

Black or African American

Two or more races

Asian

Other race

Native American

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

Jefferson City Population by Race

Jefferson City Population Pyramid 2024

Jefferson City Median Age

38.5

Total

37.8

Male

39.9

Female

Jefferson City Adults

There are 34,003 adults, (6,847 of whom are seniors) in Jefferson City.

Jefferson City Age Dependency

57

Age Dependency Ratio

25.2

Old Age Dependency Ratio

31.8

Child Dependency Ratio

Jefferson City Sex Ratio

Female20,72248.59%
Male21,92251.41%

Jefferson City Population by Age

Jefferson City Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Household Type
Count
Average Size
Owner
Renter
All16,8522.2659.240.8
Non Family7,4011.164654
Married7,0333.18119
Female1,9623.131.568.5
Male4563.5456.643.4

3.03

Average Family Size

2.26

Average Household Size

59.2%

Rate of Home Ownership

Married

Male

Female

NonFamily

owner

renter

Jefferson City Households and Families

Male

Female

Download Table Data

Enter your email below, and you'll receive this table's data in your inbox momentarily.

Education Attained
Count
Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade7392.47%
9th to 12th Grade2,0096.72%
High School Graduate8,61328.81%
Some College5,75419.25%
Associates Degree2,2387.49%
Bachelors Degree6,45721.6%
Graduate Degree4,08613.67%

Less Than 9th Grade

9th to 12th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Associates Degree

Bachelors Degree

Graduate Degree

Jefferson City Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Jefferson City Educational Attainment by Race

High School Graduation Rate

Bachelors Rate

Download Table Data

Enter your email below, and you'll receive this table's data in your inbox momentarily.

Race
Total
High School
Bachelors
White23,05621,4099,178
Black4,5513,911621
2+ Races829732207
Asian804641430
Hispanic74648293
Other Race27623581
Native American45348
Islander550

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 53.48%.

Jefferson City Educational Attainment by Race

All

Male

Female

Download Table Data

Enter your email below, and you'll receive this table's data in your inbox momentarily.

Name
Average
Male
Female
Overall$41,707$51,121$37,019
Less Than 9th Grade$25,882$24,841$26,526
High School Graduate$38,298$48,738$34,291
Some College$33,753$40,959$30,975
Bachelors Degree$52,342$61,053$43,551
Graduate Degree$59,981$71,923$54,853

$41,707

Average Earnings

$51,121

Average Male

$37,019

Average Female

Jefferson City Earnings by Educational Attainment

Jefferson City Language by Age

Only English

Spanish

Other Indo-European Languages

Asian and Pacific Island Languages

Other Languages

Jefferson City Language

94.07% of Jefferson City residents speak only English, while 5.93% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 2.17% of the population.

Jefferson City Language

Jefferson City Poverty by Race

rate

Download Table Data

Enter your email below, and you'll receive this table's data in your inbox momentarily.

Name
Total
In Poverty
Poverty Rate
White28,4992,2998.07%
Black5,9981,81330.23%
Other41736487.29%
Multiple1,28220816.22%
Hispanic1,231312.52%
Asian1,10620.18%

12.33%

Overall Poverty Rate

9.47%

Male Poverty Rate

14.94%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Jefferson City

The race most likely to be in poverty in Jefferson City is Other, with 87.29% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Jefferson City is Asian, with 0.18% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.87%. Among those working part-time, it was 16.28%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 18.84%.

Jefferson City Poverty

rate

Download Table Data

Enter your email below, and you'll receive this table's data in your inbox momentarily.

Rate
Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade23.45%
High School14.14%
Some College10.82%
Bachelors or Greater3.88%

Jefferson City Poverty Rate by Education

rate

Download Table Data

Enter your email below, and you'll receive this table's data in your inbox momentarily.

Rate
Poverty
Female Unemployed12.99%
Female Employed11.78%
Male Unemployed4.76%
Male Employed3.38%

Jefferson City Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Jefferson City Income by Household Type

Households

Families

MarriedFamilies

NonFamilies

Download Table Data

Enter your email below, and you'll receive this table's data in your inbox momentarily.

Name
Median
Mean
Households$63,649$81,091
Families$89,047$103,265
Married Families$99,685$-999,999,999
Non Families$39,633$49,346

mean

median

Income by Household Type

Jefferson City Marital Status

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Marriage Rates

43.9%

Overall Marriage Rate

44.8%

Male Marriage Rate

42.9%

Female Marriage Rate

Jefferson City Married by Age and Sex

male

female

Jefferson City Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Jefferson City Marital Status by Race

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Jefferson City Marital Status

Second Gulf War

First Gulf War

Vietnam

Korea

World War II

2,614

Number of Veterans

2,280

Male Veterans

334

Female Veterans

Download Table Data

Enter your email below, and you'll receive this table's data in your inbox momentarily.

War
Veterans
Vietnam782
First Gulf War704
Second Gulf War669
Korea113
World War II17

Jefferson City Veterans by War

count

Download Table Data

Enter your email below, and you'll receive this table's data in your inbox momentarily.

Age Group
Veterans
35 to 54761
65 to 74626
55 to 64519
75+503
18 to 34205

Jefferson City Veterans by Age

count

Download Table Data

Enter your email below, and you'll receive this table's data in your inbox momentarily.

Name
Veterans
% of Total
White2,2368.63%
Black2494.24%
Asian597.34%
2+ Races373.61%
Hispanic252.62%
Native American2351.11%
Other Race103.58%

Jefferson City Veterans by Race

Jefferson City Veterans by Education

Less Than 9th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Bachelors or Greater

6.27%

Veteran Poverty Rate

27.12%

Veteran Disability Rate

Jefferson City Veterans by Education

LaborForceParticipation

61%

Labor Force Participation

59%

Employment Rate

2.9%

Unemployment Rate

Jefferson City Employment by Age

LaborForceParticipation

Jefferson City Employment by Race

LaborForceParticipation

Jefferson City Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

68.53%

Born in Jefferson City

95.81%

Native Born

4.19%

Foreign Born

2.57%

Non Citizen

1.63%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

95.81% of Jefferson City residents were born in the United States, with 68.53% having been born in Missouri. 2.57% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Jefferson City Place of Birth

Note: data after 2022 is projected based on recent change

Download Table Data

Enter your email below, and you'll receive this table's data in your inbox momentarily.

Year
Population
Growth
Growth Rate
202942,57360.01%
202842,56770.02%
202742,56060.01%
202642,55470.02%
202542,54760.01%
202442,54170.02%
202342,53460.01%
202242,5281290.3%
202142,399-116-0.27%
202042,515-214-0.5%
201942,729-95-0.22%
201842,824-118-0.27%
201742,942-108-0.25%
201643,050-177-0.41%
201543,227420.1%
201443,185-158-0.36%
201343,343700.16%
201243,273-81-0.19%
201143,3541440.33%
201043,2103,5749.02%
200039,6364,15511.71%
199035,4811,8625.54%
198033,6191,2123.74%
197032,4074,17914.8%
196028,2283,12912.47%
195025,0998313.42%
194024,2682,67212.37%
193021,5967,10649.04%
192014,4902,64022.28%
191011,8502,18622.62%
19009,6642,92243.34%
18906,7421,47127.91%
18805,27185119.25%
18704,4201,33843.41%
18603,08200%
showing: 35 rows

Jefferson City Population by Year