Jefferson City, Missouri Population 2020

42,588

Jefferson City is a city located in Missouri. With a 2020 population of 42,588, it is the 16th largest city in Missouri and the 920th largest city in the United States. Jefferson City is currently declining at a rate of -0.29% annually and its population has decreased by -1.14% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 43,079 in 2010. Jefferson City reached it's highest population of 43,343 in 2011. Spanning over 38 miles, Jefferson City has a population density of 1,181 people per square mile.

The average household income in Jefferson City is $66,313 with a poverty rate of 13.51%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $621 per month, and the median house value is $145,200. The median age in Jefferson City is 37.7 years, 36.9 years for males, and 39 years for females. For every 100 females there are 106.9 males.

Jefferson City is a city located in the state of Missouri, in Cole County, where it is the county seat. It is also the state capital. A small portion of the city is found in Callaway County. Jefferson City is known for being the “Most Beautiful Small Town” in the U.S.

Population Growth

Jefferson City has seen its population grow at a steady rate since the mid-19th century. However, recent estimates show that the population has dropped for the first time in many years, falling 0.2% since the 2010 census. However, there is nothing to indicate that this will be an ongoing trend, and hopefully, with citywide efforts, the population of this Missouri city will continue to grow again.

Jefferson City Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Jefferson City was:

  • White: 74.94%
  • Black or African American: 18.71%
  • Two or more races: 2.69%
  • Asian: 2.22%
  • Other race: 1.08%
  • Native American: 0.35%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.00%
The current population of Jefferson City, Missouri is 42,588, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 42,838.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 43,079.

Jefferson City, Missouri Population 2020

Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020151,9642220.15%
2019151,7422220.15%
2018151,5202220.15%
2017151,298-62-0.04%
2016151,3604580.30%
2015150,9021980.13%
2014150,704660.04%
2013150,6382850.19%
2012150,353-15-0.01%
2011150,3684040.27%
2010149,9640.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White32,23474.94%
Black or African American8,04918.71%
Two or More Races1,1582.69%
Asian9552.22%
Some Other Race4661.08%
American Indian and Alaska Native1510.35%

Jefferson City Population Pyramid 2020

Jefferson City Median Age

37.7


Total

36.9


Male

39


Female

Jefferson City Adults

There are 34,130 adults, (6,636 of whom are seniors) in Jefferson City.

Jefferson City Age Dependency

56.4

Age Dependency Ratio

24.1

Old Age Dependency Ratio

32.3

Child Dependency Ratio

Jefferson City Sex Ratio

Female

20,791

48.34%

Male

22,222

51.66%

Jefferson City Households and Families

Jefferson City Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Jefferson City Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married82.9%17.1%
All57.8%42.2%
Non Family41.9%58.1%
Female40.6%59.4%
Male38.8%61.2%

57.8%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All16,8392.2757.8
Non Family7,2051.2241.9
Married6,6612.9782.9
Female2,1973.440.6
Male7762.7638.8

2.96

Average Family Size

2.27

Average Household Size

6.4%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.4%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Jefferson City Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade7132.39%
9th to 12th Grade1,9816.64%
High School Graduate8,34928.00%
Some College6,70322.48%
Associates Degree2,2787.64%
Bachelors Degree6,40221.47%
Graduate Degree3,38711.36%

Jefferson City Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White23,36321,7488,311
Black4,5633,835741
Hispanic70149992
Asian646593510
Multiple Races386345112
Other Race18214742
Native American15110123

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 93.09%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 78.95%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$35,244$39,290$32,500
Less Than High School$22,823$23,538$22,268
High School Grad$26,399$27,008$25,495
Some College$33,042$35,190$29,505
Bachelors Degree$45,280$51,701$36,732
Graduate Degree$51,649$57,347$45,273

$35,244

Average Earnings

$39,290

Average Male

$32,500

Average Female

Jefferson City Language

Jefferson City Language by Age

Jefferson City Language

94.16% of Jefferson City residents speak only English, while 5.84% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 2.52% of the population.

Jefferson City Poverty

Jefferson City Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White28,4982,7289.57%
Black6,2201,78828.75%
Multiple1,03934132.82%
Hispanic1,39816912.09%
Other32513942.77%
Asian916374.04%

13.51%

Overall Poverty Rate

13.85%

Male Poverty Rate

13.19%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Jefferson City

The race most likely to be in poverty in Jefferson City is Other, with 42.77% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Jefferson City is Asian, with 4.04% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.82%. Among those working part-time, it was 20.86%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 19.68%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School29.21%
High School16.23%
Some College10.49%
Bachelors or Greater3.25%
Name Poverty
Male Unemployed55.34%
Female Unemployed41.71%
Female Employed8.29%
Male Employed5.13%

Jefferson City Income

Jefferson City Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$50,832$66,313
Families$66,340$82,356
Married Families$85,464-
Non Families$33,094$42,950

Jefferson City Marital Status

Jefferson City Marital Status

Marriage Rates

41.8%

Overall Marriage Rate

40.8%

Male Marriage Rate

42.8%

Female Marriage Rate

Jefferson City Married by Age and Sex

Jefferson City Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55-64.

Jefferson City Marital Status by Race

Jefferson City Veterans

2,682

Number of Veterans

2,483

Male Veterans

199

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam991
First Gulf War445
Second Gulf War438
Korea289
World War II95
Age Group Veterans
65 to 74644
75+630
35 to 54589
55 to 64581
18 to 34238
Name Veterans % of Total
White2,3308.82%
Black2654.36%
Hispanic738.08%
2 or More6110.57%
Indian2617.22%

$Jefferson City Veterans by Education

7.93%

Veteran Poverty Rate

26.54%

Veteran Disability Rate

Jefferson City Employment Status

59.4%

Labor Force Participation

56.9%

Employment Rate

4%

Unemployment Rate

Jefferson City Place of Birth

Origin of Non-Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

69.27%

Born in Missouri

95.75%

Native Born

4.25%

Foreign Born

2.05%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

95.75% of Jefferson City residents were born in the United States, with 69.27% having been born in Missouri. 2.05% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
202042,588-125-0.29%
201942,713-125-0.29%
201842,838-68-0.16%
201742,906-125-0.29%
201643,031-182-0.42%
201543,213420.10%
201443,171-148-0.34%
201343,319610.14%
201243,258-85-0.20%
201143,3431400.32%
201043,2033,5670.87%
200039,6364,1551.11%
199035,4811,8620.54%
198033,6191,2120.37%
197032,4074,1791.39%
196028,2283,1291.18%
195025,0998310.34%
194024,2682,6721.17%
193021,5967,1064.07%
192014,4902,6402.03%
191011,8502,1862.06%
19009,6642,9223.67%
18906,7421,4712.49%
18805,2718511.78%
18704,4201,3383.67%
18603,0820.00%