Modesto, California Population 2021

216,810
map placeholder

Modesto is a city located in Stanislaus County California. It is also the county seat of Stanislaus County. With a 2020 population of 216,810, it is the 19th largest city in California and the 104th largest city in the United States . Modesto is currently growing at a rate of 0.37% annually and its population has increased by 7.78% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 201,165 in 2010. Modesto reached it's highest population of 216,810 in 2021. Spanning over 45 miles, Modesto has a population density of 5,045 people per square mile.

The average household income in Modesto is $77,657 with a poverty rate of 15.15%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,176 per month, and the median house value is $283,800. The median age in Modesto is 35.6 years, 34 years for males, and 37.7 years for females.

It is one of the top farm production counties in California, with agricultural production including chickens, walnuts, almonds, and milk. The city has also been ranked as one of the most affordable cities in the nation.

Modesto Population Statistics

About 18.5% live below the federal poverty line. Another interesting fact is that about 32% of the population in Modesto is obese, which exceeds the state average of 22.7%.

Modesto Population Growth

Modesto has experienced growth in its population during almost every census. The exception was the period between 1890 and 1900 when a 15.7% loss was recorded. However, the city immediately bounced back, nearly doubling its population by the time of the 1910 census. While population growth was high through the 1990s, it has recently slowed. Estimates in 2016 show that the population at this time was 5.5% higher than the last recorded numbers in the 2010 census.

Modesto was originally founded as a railroad town in 1870. Its original name was to be Ralston after the man who financed the endeavor, but the man asked for it to be named something else. It was named “Modesto” after the man’s modesty. In Modesto’s earliest years, it had a population of over 1,000. Its agricultural land and the railroad made it a desirable place to live, so the population began to grow from the very beginning. By the time the 1900s rolled around, the population had more than quadrupled to over 4,500 residents.

The city has long had a history of agriculture and was a provider of many supplies during World War II, including canned goods and fresh eggs. Modesto’s county has been ranked sixth in terms of farm production. In 2011 alone, the county earned grossed over $3 billion in agricultural goods. The city is not just known for its agrarian goods but also for its architecture, which has been featured in the Museum of Modern Art publications multiple times. The city has also been ranked as one of the most affordable, although it is rated poorly in terms of job forecast growth.

Modesto is also a popular tourist destination, with people from all over the country coming to visit its museums, walk through its downtown streets, or to visit historical landmarks like the McHenry Mansion. Today, the city’s downtown area has been modernized to add new attractions and to create a tourist walk to showcase one of the original locations featured in the film, “American Graffiti.”

Modesto Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Modesto was:

  • White: 74.73%
  • Asian: 7.07%
  • Other race: 7.01%
  • Two or more races: 4.66%
  • Black or African American: 4.47%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 1.09%
  • Native American: 0.96%
The current population of Modesto, California is 216,810 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 214,389.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 201,165.

Modesto, California Population 2021

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
2021555,7282,5340.46%
2020553,1942,5340.46%
2019550,6602,5340.46%
2018548,1263,4090.62%
2017544,7175,4621.00%
2016539,2556,0441.12%
2015533,2115,1960.97%
2014528,0154,5640.86%
2013523,4513,0270.58%
2012520,4242,8640.55%
2011517,5602,4150.47%
2010515,1450.00%

Modesto Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White158,89274.73%
Asian15,0337.07%
Some Other Race14,9117.01%
Two or More Races9,9094.66%
Black or African American9,5114.47%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander2,3271.09%
American Indian and Alaska Native2,0330.96%
Loading...

Modesto Population by Race

Modesto Population Pyramid $2021

Loading...

Modesto Median Age

35.6


Total

34


Male

37.7


Female

Modesto Adults

There are 158,387 adults, (30,308 of whom are seniors) in Modesto.

Modesto Age Dependency

66

Age Dependency Ratio

23.7

Old Age Dependency Ratio

42.3

Child Dependency Ratio

Modesto Sex Ratio

Female

107,515

50.57%

Male

105,101

49.43%

Modesto Population by Age

Modesto Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Loading...

Modesto Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married67.7%32.3%
All55.1%44.9%
Male48%52%
Non Family45.8%54.2%
Female37.4%62.6%

55.1%

Rate of Home Ownership

Modesto Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All72,3322.955.1
Married34,4103.5867.7
Non Family21,6731.2745.8
Female10,9863.6937.4
Male5,2633.5148

3.48

Average Family Size

2.9

Average Household Size

Loading...

Modesto Households by Type

Loading...
Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade11,7508.45%
9th to 12th Grade12,4018.92%
High School Graduate39,68328.55%
Some College37,70627.12%
Associates Degree11,4738.25%
Bachelors Degree17,95612.92%
Graduate Degree8,0425.79%
Loading...

Modesto Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Modesto Educational Attainment by Race

Loading...
Race Total High School Bachelors
White70,32664,19616,911
Hispanic47,41732,8013,951
Asian10,2658,2793,045
Other Race9,5036,0601,049
Black5,8825,343942
2+ Races4,3953,706909
Islander1,6651,262244
Native American1,4211,175183

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 91.28%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 29.66%.

Modesto Educational Attainment by Race

Loading...
Name Average Male Female
Overall$40,208$45,547$32,299
Less Than 9th Grade$24,963$30,325$16,030
High School Graduate$33,832$40,348$27,885
Some College$38,989$50,507$31,499
Bachelors Degree$64,006$68,849$58,665
Graduate Degree$83,570$86,168$81,184

$40,208

Average Earnings

$45,547

Average Male

$32,299

Average Female

Modesto Earnings by Educational Attainment

Modesto Language by Age

Loading...

Modesto Language

63.24% of Modesto residents speak only English, while 36.76% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 26.41% of the population.

Modesto Language

Modesto Poverty by Race

Loading...
Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic85,05714,97717.61%
White92,53011,23112.14%
Other14,8542,42216.31%
Asian14,9802,33215.57%
Multiple9,8041,97320.12%
Black9,3821,75418.70%
Native1,96641921.31%
Islander2,3241596.84%

15.15%

Overall Poverty Rate

13.34%

Male Poverty Rate

16.93%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Modesto

The race most likely to be in poverty in Modesto is Native, with 21.31% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Modesto is Islander, with 6.84% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.90%. Among those working part-time, it was 15.81%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 22.53%.

Modesto Poverty

Loading...
Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade23.90%
High School13.52%
Some College10.49%
Bachelors or Greater4.35%

Modesto Poverty Rate by Education

Loading...
Rate Poverty
Female Unemployed31.95%
Male Unemployed27.16%
Female Employed7.57%
Male Employed6.10%

Modesto Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Modesto Income by Household Type

Loading...
Name Median Mean
Households$59,287$77,657
Families$67,107$86,128
Married Families$80,288$100,299
Non Families$40,526$51,712
Loading...

Income by Household Type

Modesto Marital Status

Loading...

Marriage Rates

46.1%

Overall Marriage Rate

47.9%

Male Marriage Rate

44.5%

Female Marriage Rate

Modesto Married by Age and Sex

Loading...

Modesto Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Modesto Marital Status by Race

Loading...

Modesto Marital Status

Loading...

9,255

Number of Veterans

8,727

Male Veterans

528

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam3,908
Second Gulf War1,364
First Gulf War1,359
Korea675
World War II279

Modesto Veterans by War

Loading...
Age Group Veterans
65 to 742,810
75+2,111
35 to 541,887
55 to 641,829
18 to 34618

Modesto Veterans by Age

Loading...
Name Veterans % of Total
White7,6646.38%
Hispanic1,9583.44%
Black4847.08%
Other Race3613.32%
Asian2932.51%
2+ Races2564.70%
Native American1418.99%
Islander562.97%

Modesto Veterans by Race

Modesto Veterans by Education

Loading...

6.41%

Veteran Poverty Rate

35.29%

Veteran Disability Rate

Modesto Veterans by Education

Loading...

59.9%

Labor Force Participation

54.5%

Employment Rate

8.9%

Unemployment Rate

Modesto Employment by Age

Loading...

Modesto Employment by Race

Loading...

Modesto Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Loading...

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Loading...

68.45%

Born in Modesto

82.01%

Native Born

17.99%

Foreign Born

9.05%

Non Citizen

8.94%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

82.01% of Modesto residents were born in the United States, with 68.45% having been born in California. 9.05% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Modesto Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2021216,8108070.37%
2020216,0038070.38%
2019215,1968070.38%
2018214,3891,3890.65%
2017213,0001,7690.84%
2016211,2311,9860.95%
2015209,2451,5930.77%
2014207,6521,5770.77%
2013206,0751,0350.50%
2012205,0401,0230.50%
2011204,0177160.35%
2010203,30114,4450.74%
2000188,85624,1261.38%
1990164,73057,7674.41%
1980106,96345,2515.65%
197061,71225,1275.37%
196036,58519,1967.72%
195017,3891,0100.60%
194016,3792,5371.70%
193013,8424,6014.12%
19209,2415,2078.64%
19104,0342,0107.14%
19002,024-378-1.70%
18902,4027093.56%
18801,6930.00%

Modesto Population by Year