Salem, Massachusetts Population 2020

43,873

Salem is a city located in Massachusetts. With a 2020 population of 43,873, it is the 28th largest city in Massachusetts and the 898th largest city in the United States. Salem is currently growing at a rate of 0.36% annually and its population has increased by 6.13% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 41,340 in 2010. Spanning over 18 miles, Salem has a population density of 5,290 people per square mile.

The average household income in Salem is $83,387 with a poverty rate of 15.06%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,237 per month, and the median house value is $347,200. The median age in Salem is 36.3 years, 35.2 years for males, and 37.6 years for females. For every 100 females there are 83.3 males.

Salem Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Salem was:

  • White: 77.17%
  • Other race: 9.84%
  • Black or African American: 5.91%
  • Two or more races: 4.46%
  • Asian: 2.04%
  • Native American: 0.56%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.00%
The current population of Salem, Massachusetts is 43,873, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 43,559.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 41,340.

Salem, Massachusetts Population 2020

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White33,41677.17%
Some Other Race4,2639.84%
Black or African American2,5615.91%
Two or More Races1,9334.46%
Asian8852.04%
American Indian and Alaska Native2440.56%

Salem Population Pyramid 2020

Salem Median Age

36.3


Total

35.2


Male

37.6


Female

Salem Adults

There are 35,993 adults, (6,598 of whom are seniors) in Salem.

Salem Age Dependency

47.3

Age Dependency Ratio

22.4

Old Age Dependency Ratio

24.9

Child Dependency Ratio

Salem Sex Ratio

Female

23,618

54.54%

Male

19,684

45.46%

Salem Households and Families

Salem Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Salem Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married72%28%
All50.3%49.7%
Non Family39.1%60.9%
Male38.9%61.1%
Female32.3%67.7%

50.3%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All18,2222.2750.3
Non Family8,3951.2939.1
Married6,6973.0572
Female2,4543.2532.3
Male6763.1638.9

3.02

Average Family Size

2.27

Average Household Size

6.4%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.6%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Salem Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade1,5375.07%
9th to 12th Grade1,2744.21%
High School Graduate7,89226.06%
Some College5,66018.69%
Associates Degree1,6735.52%
Bachelors Degree7,42524.52%
Graduate Degree4,82615.93%

Salem Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White23,25222,26510,647
Hispanic4,7753,315787
Other Race2,5401,738296
Black1,5061,185282
Asian704576455
Multiple Races556456134
Native American1385428

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 95.76%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 64.63%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$45,983$53,288$37,554
Less Than High School$20,766$31,188$15,852
High School Grad$31,056$40,761$24,921
Some College$36,736$50,687$30,425
Bachelors Degree$58,609$65,164$51,274
Graduate Degree$67,287$73,068$63,620

$45,983

Average Earnings

$53,288

Average Male

$37,554

Average Female

Salem Language

Salem Language by Age

Salem Language

76.42% of Salem residents speak only English, while 23.58% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 15.49% of the population.

Salem Poverty

Salem Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic8,1942,73433.37%
White29,3222,6038.88%
Other4,2131,30631.00%
Multiple1,81557731.79%
Black2,35550321.36%
Asian86511513.29%
Native2449438.52%

15.06%

Overall Poverty Rate

10.79%

Male Poverty Rate

18.69%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Salem

The race most likely to be in poverty in Salem is Native, with 38.52% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Salem is White, with 8.88% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.23%. Among those working part-time, it was 19.55%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 27.74%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School33.07%
High School14.48%
Some College10.21%
Bachelors or Greater6.26%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed54.33%
Male Unemployed28.88%
Female Employed9.77%
Male Employed3.91%

Salem Income

Salem Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$65,565$83,387
Families$80,694$97,057
Married Families$101,917-
Non Families$44,184$63,684

Salem Marital Status

Salem Marital Status

Marriage Rates

39.0%

Overall Marriage Rate

42.6%

Male Marriage Rate

36.1%

Female Marriage Rate

Salem Married by Age and Sex

Salem Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Salem Marital Status by Race

Salem Veterans

1,610

Number of Veterans

1,454

Male Veterans

156

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam584
Korea263
Second Gulf War149
First Gulf War131
World War II85
Age Group Veterans
75+608
65 to 74459
35 to 54283
55 to 64220
18 to 3440
Name Veterans % of Total
White1,4965.19%
Black653.15%
Hispanic470.79%
2 or More353.43%
Other140.47%

$Salem Veterans by Education

3.50%

Veteran Poverty Rate

32.98%

Veteran Disability Rate

Salem Employment Status

68.6%

Labor Force Participation

65.6%

Employment Rate

4.4%

Unemployment Rate

Salem Place of Birth

Origin of Non-Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

62.43%

Born in Massachusetts

84.22%

Native Born

15.78%

Foreign Born

6.70%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

84.22% of Salem residents were born in the United States, with 62.43% having been born in Massachusetts. 6.70% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
202043,8731570.36%
201943,7161570.36%
201843,5591480.34%
201743,4111570.36%
201643,254-1-0.00%
201543,2552570.60%
201442,9983220.75%
201342,6763560.84%
201242,3203270.78%
201141,9931660.40%
201041,8271,4200.35%
200040,4072,3160.59%
199038,091-185-0.05%
198038,276-2,280-0.58%
197040,5561,3450.34%
196039,211-2,669-0.66%
195041,8806670.16%
194041,213-2,140-0.50%
193043,3538240.19%
192042,529-1,168-0.27%
191043,6977,7411.97%
190035,9565,1551.56%
189030,8013,2381.12%
188027,5633,4461.34%
187024,1171,8650.81%
186022,2521,9880.94%
185020,2645,1823.00%
184015,0821,1870.82%
183013,8951,1640.88%
182012,7311180.09%
181012,6133,1562.92%
18009,4571,5361.79%
17907,9210.00%