Salem, Massachusetts Population 2021

43,134
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Salem is a city located in Massachusetts. With a 2020 population of 43,134, it is the 28th largest city in Massachusetts and the 907th largest city in the United States. Salem is currently declining at a rate of -0.11% annually but its population has increased by 4.34% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 41,340 in 2010. Salem reached it's highest population of 43,697 in 1910. Spanning over 18 miles, Salem has a population density of 5,201 people per square mile.

The average household income in Salem is $87,095 with a poverty rate of 14.68%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,289 per month, and the median house value is $367,200. The median age in Salem is 37.1 years, 36 years for males, and 38.3 years for females. For every 100 females there are 83.0 males.

Salem Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Salem was:

  • White: 79.02%
  • Other race: 7.47%
  • Black or African American: 6.60%
  • Two or more races: 3.78%
  • Asian: 2.51%
  • Native American: 0.63%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.00%
The current population of Salem, Massachusetts is 43,134, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 43,272.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 41,340.

Salem, Massachusetts Population 2021

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White34,17679.02%
Some Other Race3,2297.47%
Black or African American2,8556.60%
Two or More Races1,6363.78%
Asian1,0852.51%
American Indian and Alaska Native2710.63%
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Salem Population by Race

Salem Population Pyramid 2021

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Salem Median Age

37.1


Total

36


Male

38.3


Female

Salem Adults

There are 36,234 adults, (7,025 of whom are seniors) in Salem.

Salem Age Dependency

48.1

Age Dependency Ratio

24.1

Old Age Dependency Ratio

24

Child Dependency Ratio

Salem Sex Ratio

Female

23,638

54.65%

Male

19,614

45.35%

Salem Population by Age

Salem Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Salem Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married72%28%
Male55.7%44.3%
All51.5%48.5%
Non Family40.3%59.7%
Female32.9%67.1%

51.5%

Rate of Home Ownership

Salem Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All18,4372.2551.5
Non Family8,4921.340.3
Married6,8012.9872
Female2,5073.2832.9
Male637355.7

2.98

Average Family Size

2.25

Average Household Size

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Salem Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade1,3514.43%
9th to 12th Grade1,3244.34%
High School Graduate7,69425.20%
Some College5,18316.98%
Associates Degree1,8446.04%
Bachelors Degree7,82525.63%
Graduate Degree5,31017.39%
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Salem Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Salem Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Total High School Bachelors
White23,47222,51611,190
Hispanic4,7983,458990
Other Race2,1721,496307
Black1,5201,246416
Asian817624479
Multiple Races530462200
Native American1929821

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 95.93%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 58.63%.

Salem Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$48,905$54,043$39,377
Less Than High School$23,601$36,223$14,646
High School Grad$33,134$43,310$26,202
Some College$37,771$51,407$29,792
Bachelors Degree$60,085$64,240$54,858
Graduate Degree$64,475$65,833$63,902

$48,905

Average Earnings

$54,043

Average Male

$39,377

Average Female

Salem Earnings by Educational Attainment

Salem Language by Age

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Salem Language

77.98% of Salem residents speak only English, while 22.02% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 14.23% of the population.

Salem Language

Salem Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White29,8102,7369.18%
Hispanic7,5352,23929.71%
Other3,20386026.85%
Black2,62260423.04%
Multiple1,54450732.84%
Native27116159.41%
Asian1,06512912.11%

14.68%

Overall Poverty Rate

10.36%

Male Poverty Rate

18.32%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Salem

The race most likely to be in poverty in Salem is Native, with 59.41% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Salem is White, with 9.18% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 1.73%. Among those working part-time, it was 19.31%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 27.41%.

Salem Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than High School27.10%
High School16.37%
Some College10.47%
Bachelors or Greater6.12%

Salem Poverty Rate by Education

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Name Poverty
Female Unemployed45.16%
Male Unemployed29.10%
Female Employed9.59%
Male Employed3.38%

Salem Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Salem Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$68,808$87,095
Families$86,584$102,200
Married Families$107,908-
Non Families$50,087$66,241
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Income by Household Type

Salem Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

40.1%

Overall Marriage Rate

43.7%

Male Marriage Rate

37.2%

Female Marriage Rate

Salem Married by Age and Sex

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Salem Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Salem Marital Status by Race

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Salem Marital Status

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1,607

Number of Veterans

1,505

Male Veterans

102

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam603
Korea214
First Gulf War172
Second Gulf War143
World War II71

Salem Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
75+554
65 to 74504
55 to 64281
35 to 54248
18 to 3420

Salem Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White1,4594.94%
Indian6125.00%
2 or More404.00%
Hispanic390.66%
Black231.14%
Asian171.78%
Other70.28%

Salem Veterans by Race

Salem Veterans by Education

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7.83%

Veteran Poverty Rate

33.58%

Veteran Disability Rate

Salem Veterans by Education

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68%

Labor Force Participation

65.3%

Employment Rate

4%

Unemployment Rate

Salem Employment by Age

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Salem Employment by Race

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Salem Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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62.77%

Born in Massachusetts

85.36%

Native Born

14.64%

Foreign Born

5.14%

Non Citizen

9.50%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

85.36% of Salem residents were born in the United States, with 62.77% having been born in Massachusetts. 5.14% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Salem Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
202143,134-46-0.11%
202043,180-46-0.11%
201943,226-46-0.11%
201843,272-27-0.06%
201743,299660.15%
201643,233-6-0.01%
201543,2392510.58%
201442,9883200.75%
201342,6683520.83%
201242,3163210.76%
201141,9951720.41%
201041,8231,4160.35%
200040,4072,3160.59%
199038,091-185-0.05%
198038,276-2,280-0.58%
197040,5561,3450.34%
196039,211-2,669-0.66%
195041,8806670.16%
194041,213-2,140-0.50%
193043,3538240.19%
192042,529-1,168-0.27%
191043,6977,7411.97%
190035,9565,1551.56%
189030,8013,2381.12%
188027,5633,4461.34%
187024,1171,8650.81%
186022,2521,9880.94%
185020,2645,1823.00%
184015,0821,1870.82%
183013,8951,1640.88%
182012,7311180.09%
181012,6133,1562.92%
18009,4571,5361.79%
17907,9210.00%

Salem Population by Year