Selma, Alabama Population 2021

16,095
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Selma is a city located in Dallas County Alabama. It is also the county seat of Dallas County. With a 2020 population of 16,095, it is the 36th largest city in Alabama and the 2215th largest city in the United States . Selma is currently declining at a rate of -3.41% annually and its population has decreased by -22.46% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 20,756 in 2010. Selma reached it's highest population of 28,385 in 1960. Spanning over 14 miles, Selma has a population density of 1,166 people per square mile.

The average household income in Selma is $41,641 with a poverty rate of 37.64%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $612 per month, and the median house value is $87,300. The median age in Selma is 37.7 years, 33.7 years for males, and 39.6 years for females.

Selma Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Selma was:

  • Black or African American: 82.27%
  • White: 16.02%
  • Asian: 1.10%
  • Two or more races: 0.33%
  • Native American: 0.16%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.11%
  • Other race: 0.00%
The current population of Selma, Alabama is 16,095 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 17,799.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 20,756.

Selma, Alabama Population 2021

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
202135,000-1,098-3.14%
202036,098-1,098-3.04%
201937,196-1,098-2.95%
201838,294-944-2.47%
201739,238-842-2.15%
201640,080-856-2.14%
201540,936-618-1.51%
201441,554-422-1.02%
201341,976-813-1.94%
201242,789-462-1.08%
201143,251-603-1.39%
201043,8540.00%

Selma Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
Black or African American15,03682.27%
White2,92816.02%
Asian2011.10%
Two or More Races610.33%
American Indian and Alaska Native290.16%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander210.11%
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Selma Population by Race

Selma Population Pyramid $2021

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Selma Median Age

37.7


Total

33.7


Male

39.6


Female

Selma Adults

There are 13,707 adults, (3,066 of whom are seniors) in Selma.

Selma Age Dependency

71.8

Age Dependency Ratio

28.8

Old Age Dependency Ratio

42.9

Child Dependency Ratio

Selma Sex Ratio

Female

9,957

54.48%

Male

8,319

45.52%

Selma Population by Age

Selma Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Selma Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married78.4%21.6%
Male48.9%51.1%
All45.2%54.8%
Non Family37.8%62.2%
Female21.1%78.9%

45.2%

Rate of Home Ownership

Selma Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All7,6122.3445.2
Non Family3,0951.0937.8
Married2,0382.7978.4
Female1,9493.6521.1
Male5303.1148.9

3.08

Average Family Size

2.34

Average Household Size

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Selma Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade4834.10%
9th to 12th Grade1,78615.16%
High School Graduate3,89733.08%
Some College2,32919.77%
Associates Degree1,25110.62%
Bachelors Degree1,1209.51%
Graduate Degree9157.77%
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Selma Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Selma Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
Black9,1817,2371,118
White2,3142,064789
Hispanic1701531
Asian13410190
2+ Races613232
Islander2116
Native American1355

The highest rate of high school graduation is among hispanic people with a rate of 90.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 67.16%.

Selma Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$27,043$34,668$23,014
Less Than 9th Grade$16,452$14,531$21,979
High School Graduate$24,819$32,614$18,519
Some College$26,415$32,289$21,804
Bachelors Degree$39,290$45,625$30,577
Graduate Degree$44,402$46,492$42,000

$27,043

Average Earnings

$34,668

Average Male

$23,014

Average Female

Selma Earnings by Educational Attainment

Selma Language by Age

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Selma Language

97.65% of Selma residents speak only English, while 2.35% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 0.81% of the population.

Selma Language

Selma Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black14,7276,32342.93%
White2,63328810.94%
Hispanic2215424.43%
Native292482.76%

37.64%

Overall Poverty Rate

33.57%

Male Poverty Rate

41.05%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Selma

The race most likely to be in poverty in Selma is Native, with 82.76% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Selma is White, with 10.94% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 9.43%. Among those working part-time, it was 36.26%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 43.00%.

Selma Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade41.67%
High School35.06%
Some College22.92%
Bachelors or Greater6.12%

Selma Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Female Unemployed65.91%
Male Unemployed51.90%
Male Employed14.32%
Female Employed13.94%

Selma Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Selma Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$27,030$41,641
Families$36,519$51,415
Married Families$70,278-
Non Families$19,758$25,700
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Income by Household Type

Selma Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

30.8%

Overall Marriage Rate

34.8%

Male Marriage Rate

27.5%

Female Marriage Rate

Selma Married by Age and Sex

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Selma Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Selma Marital Status by Race

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Selma Marital Status

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897

Number of Veterans

811

Male Veterans

86

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam347
Second Gulf War150
First Gulf War140
Korea71
World War II42

Selma Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
55 to 64228
75+215
65 to 74210
35 to 54166
18 to 3478

Selma Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
Black6425.93%
White2399.12%
Hispanic167.24%
Islander1676.19%

Selma Veterans by Race

Selma Veterans by Education

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23.63%

Veteran Poverty Rate

39.31%

Veteran Disability Rate

Selma Veterans by Education

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49.2%

Labor Force Participation

41.9%

Employment Rate

14.6%

Unemployment Rate

Selma Employment by Age

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Selma Employment by Race

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Selma Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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88.75%

Born in Selma

97.96%

Native Born

2.04%

Foreign Born

1.61%

Non Citizen

0.43%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

97.96% of Selma residents were born in the United States, with 88.75% having been born in Alabama. 1.61% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Selma Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
202116,095-568-3.41%
202016,663-568-3.30%
201917,231-568-3.19%
201817,799-515-2.81%
201718,314-469-2.50%
201618,783-446-2.32%
201519,229-349-1.78%
201419,578-184-0.93%
201319,762-419-2.08%
201220,181-316-1.54%
201120,497-285-1.37%
201020,7822700.13%
200020,512-3,243-1.46%
199023,755-2,929-1.16%
198026,684-695-0.26%
197027,379-1,006-0.36%
196028,3855,5452.20%
195022,8403,0061.42%
194019,8341,8220.97%
193018,0122,4231.46%
192015,5891,9401.34%
191013,6494,9364.59%
19008,7131,0911.35%
18907,622930.12%
18807,5291,0451.51%
18706,4843,3077.39%
18603,1771040.33%
18503,0730.00%

Selma Population by Year