Selma, Alabama Population 2022

15,527
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Selma is a city located in Dallas County Alabama. Selma has a 2020 population of 15,527. It is also the county seat of Dallas County. Selma is currently declining at a rate of -3.53% annually and its population has decreased by -25.29% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 20,782 in 2010.

The average household income in Selma is $41,641 with a poverty rate of 36.21%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $645 per month, and the median house value is $90,500. The median age in Selma is 37.7 years, 33.7 years for males, and 39.6 years for females.

Selma Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Selmawas:

  • Black or African American: 83.41%
  • White: 14.66%
  • Asian: 1.41%
  • Two or more races: 0.24%
  • Native American: 0.22%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.06%
  • Other race: 0.00%
The current population of Selma, Alabama is 15,527 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 15,527.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 20,782.

Selma, Alabama Population 2022

2021 and 2022 population is estimated by projecting the 2019 numbers.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
201043,8540.00%
201143,251-603-1.39%
201242,789-462-1.08%
201341,976-813-1.94%
201441,554-422-1.02%
201540,936-618-1.51%
201640,080-856-2.14%
201739,238-842-2.15%
201838,294-944-2.47%
201937,196-1,098-2.95%
202036,098-1,098-3.04%
202135,000-1,098-3.14%

Selma Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White2,60414.66%
Black or African American14,81683.41%
American Indian and Alaska Native390.22%
Asian2501.41%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander110.06%
Two or More Races420.24%
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Selma Population by Race

Selma Population Pyramid 2022

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Selma Median Age

36.8


Total

32.9


Male

39.4


Female

Selma Adults

There are 13,297 adults, (2,962 of whom are seniors) in Selma.

Selma Age Dependency

Age Dependency Ratio

28.7

Old Age Dependency Ratio

43.2

Child Dependency Ratio

Selma Sex Ratio

Female

9,884

55.65%

Male

7,878

44.35%

Selma Population by Age

Selma Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Selma Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married80.2%19.8%
Male46.4%53.6%
All41.9%58.1%
Non Family32.9%67.1%
Female21.3%78.7%

41.9%

Rate of Home Ownership

Selma Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All7,5722.2841.9
Married1,7012.8880.2
Male4663.1746.4
Female1,6494.1221.3
Non Family3,7561.132.9

3.36

Average Family Size

2.28

Average Household Size

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Selma Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade4023.51%
9th to 12th Grade1,35111.81%
High School Graduate3,83033.48%
Some College2,28820.00%
Associates Degree1,26311.04%
Bachelors Degree1,33811.69%
Graduate Degree9698.47%
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Selma Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Selma Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
2+ Races322723
Asian1549282
White2,1351,913846
Black9,0767,6271,355
Hispanic62571
Islander116
Native American10

The highest rate of high school graduation is among hispanic people with a rate of 91.94%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among 2+ races people with a rate of 71.88%.

Selma Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$26,089$32,723$22,345
Less Than 9th Grade$20,440$16,389$22,993
High School Graduate$27,377$32,028$24,009
Some College$25,600$30,214$24,300
Bachelors Degree$29,406$44,044$19,814
Graduate Degree$37,720$39,697$26,140

$26,089

Average Earnings

$32,723

Average Male

$22,345

Average Female

Selma Earnings by Educational Attainment

Selma Language by Age

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Selma Language

98.05% of Selma residents speak only English, while 1.95% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Asian and Pacific Island languages, which is spoken by 0.79% of the population.

Selma Language

Selma Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Native3939100.00%
Black14,5275,94140.90%
Hispanic791924.05%
White2,37125110.59%
OtherNaN%
Multiple3313.03%

36.21%

Overall Poverty Rate

30.84%

Male Poverty Rate

40.49%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Selma

The race most likely to be in poverty in Selma is Native, with 100.00% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Selma is Multiple, with 3.03% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 7.11%. Among those working part-time, it was 28.24%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 45.71%.

Selma Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade36.80%
High School37.54%
Some College23.40%
Bachelors or Greater6.84%

Selma Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Male Employed8.99%
Male Unemployed56.52%
Female Employed11.67%
Female Unemployed64.86%

Selma Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Selma Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$26,581$39,280
Families$37,016$51,415
Married Families$68,798-
Non Families$19,119$26,049
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Income by Household Type

Selma Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

28.6%

Overall Marriage Rate

30.8%

Male Marriage Rate

26.9%

Female Marriage Rate

Selma Married by Age and Sex

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Selma Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Selma Marital Status by Race

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Selma Marital Status

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845

Number of Veterans

Male Veterans

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Second Gulf War181
First Gulf War148
Vietnam355
Korea18
World War II32

Selma Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
18 to 34105
35 to 54156
55 to 64200
65 to 74238
75+146

Selma Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White2229.34%
Black6175.78%
Islander654.55%
Hispanic67.59%

Selma Veterans by Race

Selma Veterans by Education

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17.46%

Veteran Poverty Rate

40.67%

Veteran Disability Rate

Selma Veterans by Education

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49.1%

Labor Force Participation

42.4%

Employment Rate

13.7%

Unemployment Rate

Selma Employment by Age

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Selma Employment by Race

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Selma Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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87.79%

Born in Selma

98.12%

Native Born

1.88%

Foreign Born

1.54%

Non Citizen

0.34%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

98.12% of Selma residents were born in the United States, with 87.79% having been born in Alabama. 1.54% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Selma Place of Birth

Note: 2021 and 2022 data is projected
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
18503,0730.00%
18603,1771040.33%
18706,4843,3077.39%
18807,5291,0451.51%
18907,622930.12%
19008,7131,0911.35%
191013,6494,9364.59%
192015,5891,9401.34%
193018,0122,4231.46%
194019,8341,8220.97%
195022,8403,0061.42%
196028,3855,5452.20%
197027,379-1,006-0.36%
198026,684-695-0.26%
199023,755-2,929-1.16%
200020,512-3,243-1.46%
201020,7822700.13%
201120,497-285-1.37%
201220,181-316-1.54%
201319,762-419-2.08%
201419,578-184-0.93%
201519,229-349-1.78%
201618,783-446-2.32%
201718,314-469-2.50%
201817,799-515-2.81%
201917,231-568-3.19%
202016,663-568-3.30%
202116,095-568-3.41%
202215,527-568-3.53%

Selma Population by Year