Selma, Alabama Population 2020

16,964

Selma is a city located in Alabama. With a 2020 population of 16,964, it is the 35th largest city in Alabama and the 2106th largest city in the United States. Selma is currently declining at a rate of -2.65% annually and its population has decreased by -18.27% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 20,756 in 2010. Selma reached it's highest population of 28,385 in 1960. Spanning over 14 miles, Selma has a population density of 1,228 people per square mile.

The average household income in Selma is $39,467 with a poverty rate of 40.98%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $602 per month, and the median house value is $90,200. The median age in Selma is 36.5 years, 32 years for males, and 39.4 years for females. For every 100 females there are 79.1 males.

Selma Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Selma was:

  • Black or African American: 81.47%
  • White: 16.97%
  • Asian: 1.01%
  • Two or more races: 0.41%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.12%
  • Native American: 0.03%
  • Other race: 0.00%
The current population of Selma, Alabama is 16,964, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 17,886.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 20,756.

Selma, Alabama Population 2020

Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
202036,460-925-2.54%
201937,385-925-2.47%
201838,310-925-2.41%
201739,235-857-2.18%
201640,092-856-2.14%
201540,948-614-1.50%
201441,562-421-1.01%
201341,983-812-1.93%
201242,795-461-1.08%
201143,256-604-1.40%
201043,8600.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
Black or African American15,31981.47%
White3,19116.97%
Asian1891.01%
Two or More Races770.41%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander230.12%
American Indian and Alaska Native50.03%

Selma Population Pyramid 2020

Selma Median Age

36.5


Total

32


Male

39.4


Female

Selma Adults

There are 13,959 adults, (3,011 of whom are seniors) in Selma.

Selma Age Dependency

71.8

Age Dependency Ratio

27.5

Old Age Dependency Ratio

44.3

Child Dependency Ratio

Selma Sex Ratio

Female

10,501

55.84%

Male

8,303

44.16%

Selma Households and Families

Selma Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Selma Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married77.4%22.6%
Male49.9%50.1%
All44.1%55.9%
Non Family36.7%63.3%
Female24%76%

44.1%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All7,7962.3544.1
Non Family3,2051.1136.7
Female2,1983.5224
Married1,9502.977.4
Male4433.0749.9

3.1

Average Family Size

2.35

Average Household Size

5.2%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.1%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Selma Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade4123.47%
9th to 12th Grade1,98016.69%
High School Graduate3,75131.62%
Some College2,44020.57%
Associates Degree1,1509.69%
Bachelors Degree1,1269.49%
Graduate Degree1,0038.46%

Selma Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
Black9,0637,0141,100
White2,5132,217872
Hispanic146126
Asian129129118
Multiple Races773434
Islander2319
Native American555

The highest rate of high school graduation is among native american people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among native american people with a rate of 100.00%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$24,746$31,600$21,877
Less Than High School$16,095$14,395$17,078
High School Grad$17,068$22,451$14,167
Some College$27,167$33,179$22,500
Bachelors Degree$40,791$49,688$32,083
Graduate Degree$50,435$48,214$51,750

$24,746

Average Earnings

$31,600

Average Male

$21,877

Average Female

Selma Language

Selma Language by Age

Selma Language

97.72% of Selma residents speak only English, while 2.28% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 0.81% of the population.

Selma Poverty

Selma Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black15,0097,02846.83%
White2,89241114.21%
Hispanic1944925.26%
Multiple7767.79%

40.98%

Overall Poverty Rate

38.64%

Male Poverty Rate

42.83%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Selma

The race most likely to be in poverty in Selma is Black, with 46.83% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Selma is Multiple, with 7.79% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 12.60%. Among those working part-time, it was 34.79%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 47.74%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School44.94%
High School40.71%
Some College27.52%
Bachelors or Greater5.98%
Name Poverty
Male Unemployed65.38%
Female Unemployed63.19%
Female Employed18.14%
Male Employed15.57%

Selma Income

Selma Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$24,820$39,467
Families$31,539$49,316
Married Families$68,989-
Non Families$17,577$23,694

Selma Marital Status

Selma Marital Status

Marriage Rates

28.7%

Overall Marriage Rate

33.0%

Male Marriage Rate

25.5%

Female Marriage Rate

Selma Married by Age and Sex

Selma Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 55-64, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Selma Marital Status by Race

Selma Veterans

1,028

Number of Veterans

935

Male Veterans

93

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam427
Second Gulf War174
First Gulf War151
Korea88
World War II68
Age Group Veterans
55 to 64268
75+256
65 to 74225
35 to 54172
18 to 34107
Name Veterans % of Total
Black7246.67%
White28510.00%
Hispanic199.79%
Hawaiian1982.61%

$Selma Veterans by Education

27.64%

Veteran Poverty Rate

36.62%

Veteran Disability Rate

Selma Employment Status

49.8%

Labor Force Participation

41.9%

Employment Rate

15.7%

Unemployment Rate

Selma Place of Birth

Origin of Non-Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

89.09%

Born in Alabama

98.26%

Native Born

1.74%

Foreign Born

1.43%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

98.26% of Selma residents were born in the United States, with 89.09% having been born in Alabama. 1.43% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
202016,964-461-2.65%
201917,425-461-2.58%
201817,886-492-2.68%
201718,378-461-2.45%
201618,839-436-2.26%
201519,275-338-1.72%
201419,613-175-0.88%
201319,788-412-2.04%
201220,200-306-1.49%
201120,506-278-1.34%
201020,7842720.13%
200020,512-3,243-1.46%
199023,755-2,929-1.16%
198026,684-695-0.26%
197027,379-1,006-0.36%
196028,3855,5452.20%
195022,8403,0061.42%
194019,8341,8220.97%
193018,0122,4231.46%
192015,5891,9401.34%
191013,6494,9364.59%
19008,7131,0911.35%
18907,622930.12%
18807,5291,0451.51%
18706,4843,3077.39%
18603,1771040.33%
18503,0730.00%