Madison County, Illinois Population 2024

261,932

Madison County, Illinois's estimated 2024 population is 261,932 with a growth rate of -0.31% in the past year according to the most recent United States census data. Madison County, Illinois is the 8th largest county in Illinois. The 2010 population was 269,315 and has seen a growth of -2.74% since that time.

Note: data after 2022 is projected based on recent change

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Year
Population
Growth
Growth Rate
2029257,832-820-0.32%
2028258,652-820-0.32%
2027259,472-820-0.32%
2026260,292-820-0.31%
2025261,112-820-0.31%
2024261,932-820-0.31%
2023262,752-820-0.31%
2022263,572-1,295-0.49%
2021264,867-776-0.29%
2020265,6432,0340.77%
2019263,609-872-0.33%
2018264,481-1,035-0.39%
2017265,516-257-0.1%
2016265,773-339-0.13%
2015266,112-550-0.21%
2014266,662-678-0.25%
2013267,340-784-0.29%
2012268,124-542-0.2%
2011268,666-649-0.24%
2010269,31500%
1990249,2381,5470.62%
1980247,691-3,243-1.29%
1970250,93426,24511.68%
1960224,68942,38223.25%
1950182,30732,95822.07%
1940149,3495,5193.84%
1930143,83036,93534.55%
1920106,89517,04818.97%
191089,84725,15338.88%
190064,69413,15925.53%
189051,5351,4092.81%
188050,1265,99513.58%
187044,13112,88041.21%
186031,25110,81052.88%
185020,4416,00841.63%
184014,4338,212132%
18306,221-7,329-54.09%
182013,550-244,282-94.74%
showing: 38 rows
2024 Growth Rate
-0.31% (-820)
County Website
Madison County
County Seat
2020 Population
265,643
Area
716 mi²
Density
366 people/mi²
Growth Since 2020
-1.4% (-3,711)
Founded
September 14, 1812

Madison County, Illinois Population 2024

Population by Race

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Race
Population
Percentage (of total)
White225,70685.01%
Black or African American22,7438.57%
Two or more races12,0124.52%
Asian2,5470.96%
Other race2,0920.79%
Native American3770.14%
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander350.01%

White

Black or African American

Two or more races

Asian

Other race

Native American

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

Madison County, Illinois Population by Race

Madison County, Illinois Population Pyramid 2024

Madison County, Illinois Median Age

39.9

Total

38.9

Male

41.2

Female

Madison County, Illinois Adults

There are 208,671 adults, (46,996 of whom are seniors) in Madison County, Illinois.

Madison County, Illinois Age Dependency

64.2

Age Dependency Ratio

29.1

Old Age Dependency Ratio

35.2

Child Dependency Ratio

Madison County, Illinois Sex Ratio

Female135,37650.99%
Male130,13649.01%

Madison County, Illinois Population by Age

Madison County, Illinois Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Household Type
Count
Average Size
Owner
Renter
All108,9142.3973.126.9
Married51,6783.0489.210.8
Non Family38,8641.2460.239.8
Female13,2773.0850.749.3
Male5,0952.8467.232.8

2.96

Average Family Size

2.39

Average Household Size

73.1%

Rate of Home Ownership

Married

Male

Female

NonFamily

owner

renter

Madison County, Illinois Households and Families

Male

Female

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Education Attained
Count
Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade3,2731.77%
9th to 12th Grade9,0254.89%
High School Graduate53,08128.74%
Some College44,91124.32%
Associates Degree20,17110.92%
Bachelors Degree34,11418.47%
Graduate Degree20,09910.88%

Less Than 9th Grade

9th to 12th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Associates Degree

Bachelors Degree

Graduate Degree

Madison County, Illinois Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Madison County, Illinois Educational Attainment by Race

High School Graduation Rate

Bachelors Rate

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Race
Total
High School
Bachelors
White160,159151,07548,565
Black13,72212,0322,778
2+ Races5,2764,8681,422
Hispanic5,2474,2551,193
Asian1,6961,473738
Other Race1,159865126
Native American28423073
Islander35354

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 43.51%.

Madison County, Illinois Educational Attainment by Race

All

Male

Female

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Name
Average
Male
Female
Overall$49,824$59,856$41,179
Less Than 9th Grade$24,438$32,557$15,529
High School Graduate$36,980$45,718$28,994
Some College$46,861$60,306$37,161
Bachelors Degree$63,871$76,490$52,238
Graduate Degree$81,811$98,032$76,015

$49,824

Average Earnings

$59,856

Average Male

$41,179

Average Female

Madison County, Illinois Earnings by Educational Attainment

Madison County, Illinois Language by Age

Only English

Spanish

Other Indo-European Languages

Asian and Pacific Island Languages

Other Languages

Madison County, Illinois Language

96.28% of Madison County, Illinois residents speak only English, while 3.72% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 2.13% of the population.

Madison County, Illinois Language

Madison County, Illinois Poverty by Race

rate

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Name
Total
In Poverty
Poverty Rate
White216,82020,5129.46%
Black22,1047,28332.95%
Multiple11,9042,02617.02%
Hispanic9,6521,43714.89%
Other2,06542120.39%
Asian2,4792249.04%
Native3776617.51%

12.01%

Overall Poverty Rate

10.63%

Male Poverty Rate

13.33%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Madison County, Illinois

The race most likely to be in poverty in Madison County, Illinois is Black, with 32.95% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Madison County, Illinois is Asian, with 9.04% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.53%. Among those working part-time, it was 17.69%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 17.96%.

Madison County, Illinois Poverty

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade24.98%
High School12.32%
Some College9.26%
Bachelors or Greater3.76%

Madison County, Illinois Poverty Rate by Education

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Male Unemployed30.96%
Female Unemployed28.64%
Female Employed7.99%
Male Employed4.37%

Madison County, Illinois Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Madison County, Illinois Income by Household Type

Households

Families

MarriedFamilies

NonFamilies

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Name
Median
Mean
Households$71,759$93,528
Families$91,366$112,388
Married Families$110,697$131,046
Non Families$42,422$55,791

mean

median

Income by Household Type

Madison County, Illinois Marital Status

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Marriage Rates

49.3%

Overall Marriage Rate

50.9%

Male Marriage Rate

47.7%

Female Marriage Rate

Madison County, Illinois Married by Age and Sex

male

female

Madison County, Illinois Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 45-54, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Madison County, Illinois Marital Status by Race

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Madison County, Illinois Marital Status

Second Gulf War

First Gulf War

Vietnam

Korea

World War II

17,514

Number of Veterans

16,044

Male Veterans

1,470

Female Veterans

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War
Veterans
Vietnam6,090
Second Gulf War3,955
First Gulf War3,719
Korea1,032
World War II183

Madison County, Illinois Veterans by War

count

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Age Group
Veterans
65 to 744,443
35 to 544,309
75+3,901
55 to 643,603
18 to 341,258

Madison County, Illinois Veterans by Age

count

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Name
Veterans
% of Total
White15,8248.74%
Black1,1657.02%
2+ Races4015.83%
Hispanic2213.41%
Asian854.23%
Other Race291.97%
Native American61.95%
Islander411.43%

Madison County, Illinois Veterans by Race

Madison County, Illinois Veterans by Education

Less Than 9th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Bachelors or Greater

6.51%

Veteran Poverty Rate

31.36%

Veteran Disability Rate

Madison County, Illinois Veterans by Education

LaborForceParticipation

63.4%

Labor Force Participation

60%

Employment Rate

5.2%

Unemployment Rate

Madison County, Illinois Employment by Age

LaborForceParticipation

Madison County, Illinois Employment by Race

LaborForceParticipation

Madison County, Illinois Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

68.21%

Born in Madison County, Illinois

97.84%

Native Born

2.16%

Foreign Born

0.84%

Non Citizen

1.32%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

97.84% of Madison County, Illinois residents were born in the United States, with 68.21% having been born in Illinois. 0.84% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Madison County, Illinois Place of Birth

Sources