Essen's 2023 population is now estimated at 580,741. In 1950, the population of Essen was 611,660. Essen has grown by -371 in the last year, which represents a -0.06% annual change. These population estimates and projections come from the latest revision of the UN World Urbanization Prospects. These estimates represent the Urban agglomeration of Essen, which typically includes Essen's population in addition to adjacent suburban areas.