Taoyuan's 2021 population is now estimated at 2,271,507. In 1950, the population of Taoyuan was 50,000. Taoyuan has grown by 26,345 since 2015, which represents a 1.17% annual change. These population estimates and projections come from the latest revision of the UN World Urbanization Prospects. These estimates represent the Urban agglomeration of Taoyuan, which typically includes Taoyuan's population in addition to adjacent suburban areas.