Ottawa Population 2016

934,243

The population of Ottawa was recorded at 934,243 in the 2016 Canadian Census, and was recorded at 883,391 in the 2011 census. This is a change in population of 50,852, which is a growth rate of 1.13%.

Ottawa is the capital of Canada and the country's fourth largest city. Ottawa is located along the Ottawa River in the eastern region of Southern Ontario. Ottawa is a very diverse city with a population estimated at 895,000 in 2014.

Ottawa has a population estimated at 934,243 as of 2016. In 2001, the Province of Ontario dissolved the former City of Ottawa by combining it with 11 other municipalities to create a new City of Ottawa. The census metropolitan area (CMA) population of Ottawa is estimated at 1.25 million, which is also the fourth largest metro area in Canada.

Ottawa City Size and Population Density

The city proper has a population density of 317 people per square kilometer (820/sq mi). The city covers a total surface area of 2,778.13 kilometers squared (1,072.9 square miles).

Ottawa Demographics

Ottawa was first an Irish and French Christian settlement, but it is now has a very diverse population. About 24% of the population are foreign-born residents. Visible minority groups, or non-European whites, account for 23.7% of the population.

In 2011, the ethnic and racial composition of Ottawa was:

  • White: 74.2% (28.4% Canadian, 24.3% English, 22.5% Irish, 21.5% French, 19.8% Scottish, 8.4% German, 4.9% Italian)
  • Black: 5.7%
  • Chinese: 4.0%
  • South Asian: 3.9%
  • Arab: 3.7%
  • Southeast Asian: 1.6%
  • Filipino: 1.2%
  • Latin American: 1.2%
  • West Asian: 0.9%
  • Korean: 0.3%
  • Japanese: 0.2%
  • Other visible minority: 0.2%
  • Multiple visible minorities: 0.7%
  • Aboriginal: 2.1% (1.2% First Nations, 0.7% Metis, 0.1% Inuit, 0.1% other Aboriginal)

65% of the city's population belongs to a Christian denomination, the most common of which is Roman Catholicism at 38%, followed by Anglicanism (6.5%), United Church (6.2%), Christian Orthodox (2%), Presbyterianism (1.5%), Baptist (1.2%) and Pentacostal (1.1%). The next-largest religion is Islam at 6.7%, followed by Hinduism (1.4%), Buddhism (1.3%) and Judaism (1.2%). About 23% of the population has no religious affiliation.

Ottawa History

Étienne Brûlé was the first European to explore and travel the Ottawa River as he made his way to the Great Lakes in 1610. In 1613, Samuel de Champlain joined him and wrote of the waterfalls in the area as well as the various encounters with the Algonquins.

The first settlement was created in 1800 across from Ottawa in Hull by a New Englander named 'Philemon Wright'. The community, called Wrightsville, became a pioneer in the Ottawa Valley timber trade. Bytown (later Ottawa) was founded in 1826 due to work being done on the Rideau Canal. Barracks and a town were set up, and the population reached 1,000 as the Canal was being finished in 1832. It was renamed Ottawa in 1855 and incorporated as a city.

In 1857, Queen Victoria chose Ottawa as the common capital for the Province of Canada. Through the 1850s, large sawmills were constructed, followed by rail lines. Public transportation grew quickly. In the 1990s, Ottawa had substantial growth in the high-tech industry, fueling further growth in the city's economy and population.

Ottawa Population Growth

Since the 1980s, about three-quarters of the city's growth has been attributed to relocation from other cities, as well as foreign immigration. The Ottawa metropolitan area has now outpaced the national average growth rate for more than 7 years. The city grew more than 9% from 2006 to 2011, surpassing the national average of 5.9%. Ottawa is currently bracing itself for a population boom outside of the Greenbelt, which is expected to grow from 291,000 now to 432,000 by 2031.

Ottawa Population 2016

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Avg. Age
40.1
Median Age
40.1

Age Count
0 to 448,870
5 to 953,715
10 to 1453,095
15 to 1957,190
20 to 2468,645
25 to 2963,695
30 to 3461,670
35 to 3959,575
40 to 4462,710
45 to 4965,960
50 to 5473,210
55 to 5966,765
60 to 6454,990
65 to 6948,130
70 to 7433,875
75 to 7924,600
80 to 8417,950
85 to 8911,720
90 to 945,995
95 to 991,640

Ottawa Age Distribution

Marital Status

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Status Count %
Divorced46,0006.87%
Married366,36554.71%
Never Married236,31535.29%
Separated21,0153.14%

Ottawa Basic Marriage Statistics

Spoken Language

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Language Count %
English549,39559.50%
French12,6801.37%
English and French347,51037.63%
Other13,7901.49%

Ottawa Language Spoken

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Pay (annual) Count % of Total
< 10k99,19513.62%
10k to 19k107,87514.81%
20k to 29k78,01010.71%
30k to 39k66,6309.15%
40k to 49k63,3058.69%
50k to 59k58,0057.96%
60k to 69k51,6057.09%
70k to 79k42,0255.77%
80k to 89k36,8155.06%
90k to 99k32,2704.43%
> 100k92,53512.71%

$54,605

Avg. Income


$41,857

Median Income

Ottawa Income Data

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Ottawa Urban Area Population

Year Population Growth Rate Growth
20351,601,6960.83%13,160
20341,588,5360.84%13,233
20331,575,3030.85%13,316
20321,561,9870.87%13,412
20311,548,5750.88%13,519
20301,535,0560.90%13,633
20291,521,4230.91%13,749
20281,507,6740.93%13,857
20271,493,8170.94%13,961
20261,479,8560.96%14,072
20251,465,7840.98%14,213
20241,451,5711.00%14,383
20231,437,1881.02%14,553
20221,422,6351.04%14,707
20211,407,9281.07%14,842
20201,393,0861.08%14,935
20191,378,1511.10%14,992
20181,363,1591.38%18,528
20171,344,6311.38%18,275
20161,326,3561.38%18,027
20151,308,3291.38%17,757
20141,290,5721.38%17,516
20131,273,0561.37%17,255
20121,255,8011.38%17,068
20111,238,7331.70%20,720
20101,218,0131.76%21,010
20091,197,0031.75%20,620
20081,176,3831.76%20,320
20071,156,0631.76%19,941
20061,136,1221.27%14,282
20051,121,8401.20%13,325
20041,108,5151.21%13,203
20031,095,3121.20%13,028
20021,082,2841.20%12,873
20011,069,4111.33%13,993
20001,055,4181.35%14,033
19991,041,3851.35%13,827
19981,027,5581.35%13,644
19971,013,9141.34%13,444
19961,000,4701.22%12,011
1995988,4591.19%11,659
1994976,8001.19%11,522
1993965,2781.19%11,370
1992953,9081.20%11,267
1991942,6412.70%24,819
1990917,8222.83%25,222
1989892,6002.82%24,496
1988868,1042.83%23,888
1987844,2162.83%23,200
1986821,0162.19%17,574
1985803,4422.13%16,768
1984786,6742.14%16,463
1983770,2112.13%16,097
1982754,1142.13%15,760
1981738,3541.30%9,481
1980728,8731.24%8,895
1979719,9781.23%8,774
1978711,2041.23%8,667
1977702,5371.23%8,550
1976693,9872.72%18,354
1975675,6332.85%18,695
1974656,9382.85%18,177
1973638,7612.84%17,650
1972621,1112.85%17,210
1971603,9013.93%22,841
1970581,0604.03%22,503
1969558,5574.02%21,603
1968536,9544.03%20,823
1967516,1314.03%19,988
1966496,1432.94%14,192
1965481,9512.84%13,328
1964468,6232.85%12,995
1963455,6282.85%12,617
1962443,0112.85%12,268
1961430,7433.83%15,885
1960414,8583.93%15,682
1959399,1763.92%15,069
1958384,1073.92%14,501
1957369,6063.92%13,934
1956355,6723.93%13,445
1955342,2273.92%12,920
1954329,3073.92%12,431
1953316,8763.92%11,946
1952304,9303.93%11,527
1951293,4033.92%11,077
1950282,3260.00%

Ottawa Population Data (Urban Area)

  1. Canada Census Data - Official Canadian Census Data.
  2. World Urbanization Prospects - United Nations population estimates and projections of major Urban Agglomerations

Sources