Algeria is located in northwestern Africa. More specifically, Algeria is the Maghreb Region of Africa. As a country that is almost entirely surrounded by land, Algeria's borders are shared with seven other African countries. In the northeast, Algeria is surrounded by Tunisia. With Morrocco to the west and Libya to the east, Algeria is also bordered by Mauritania, West Sahara, and Mali in the southwestern part of the country. Niger borders Algeria in the southeast. Algeria's only coastal border is along the Mediterranean Sea in the north.
The GPS coordinates of Algeria are comprised of a latitude and a longitude. The latitudinal coordinate of the country is 28.0339° N. This coordinate shows that Algeria is positioned above the equator, in the northern hemisphere. The longitude of Algeria is 1.6596° E, placing the country in the eastern hemisphere.
The most extreme point of Algeria in the north is located in a cape called Bougaroûn. With a latitude of 37°05' N, the most extreme point of Algeria's northern region is in the city of Skikda. Of all the northernmost points of every country in the world, Algeria's most extreme point to the north ranks as the sixty-seventh most northern point. The southernmost point of Algeria is situated on the border that Algeria shares with Mali. The latitudinal coordinate of this point is 1 8°58' N. The southern point of extremity in Algeria is in commune of Tin Zaouatine, which is part of the Tamanrasset Province.
In the east, Algeria reaches a point of extremity at a longitude of 12°00' E. The easternmost point of Algeria is at the exact location where Libya, Algeria, and Niger intersect. This tripoint falls within the boundaries of the Illizi Province. In the other direction, Algeria's westernmost point has a longitude of 8°40' W. At this position, Algeria's western point of extremity sits on the border that separates Western Sahara, Morocco, and Algeria.
As a country made up of forty-eight distinct provinces, Algeria's total area is 2,381,741 square miles. Algeria ranks as the tenth largest country based on total area. The population of Algeria is 42,362,606 people. From there, by dividing the population by the total area, the population density of Algeria comes to about 18 people per square mile.