Bhutan Population 2023 (Live)


Bhutan has not carried out an official census since 2005, although it's population is estimated to have growth rather significantly. It is currently projected that Bhutan will exceed 800,000 people by 2020 and hit nearly 900,000 by 2030. This is a far cry from its 1991 population of 1.37 million.

Population Rank
Growth Rate
2023 World Percentage
Land Area
The current population of Bhutan is 788,158 based on projections of the latest United Nations data. The UN estimates the July 1, 2023 population at 787,424.

Bhutan Growth Rate

Bhutan Population 2023 (Live)

Bhutan Population Clock

Bhutan Population (as of 8/24/2023)788,158
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2023)787,424
Births per Day26
Deaths per Day14
Migrations per Day1
Net Change per Day14
Population Change Since Jan. 13,290

Components of Population Change

One birth every 55.38 minutes
One death every 102.85 minutes
One immigrant every 1440 minutes
Net gain of one person every 102.85 minutes

Bhutan Population Clock

Bhutan Population Density Map

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Bhutan Population by Year (Historical)

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Bhutan Population by Year (Projections)

Bhutan Population Pyramid 2023

Bhutan Median Age







Bhutan Population by Age

There are people over age 18 in Bhutan.

Census Years

Bhutan Population Pyramid

Bhutan is a landlocked country in South Asia at the end of the Himalayas. Bhutan is bordered by India to the west, south and east and China to the north. The last census in the country was carried out in 2005 showing a population of 634,900, which is about half the population of 1.37 million in 1991. Bhutan's population density is 18 people per square kilometer, which is one of the lowest population densities in the world.

The capital and largest city is Thimphu, with a population of 80,000 and a metro population of 115,000.

Bhutan Demographics

Most Bhutanese people belong to the Ngalops and Sharchops, or Western Bhutanese and Eastern Bhutanese. The Lhotshampa, or southerners, are a group primarily of Nepali descent. In 1988, this group accounted for 45% of the population and it included migrants who fought a war with Bhutan over rights to language and dress. Since then, there has been mass emigration, some of which was forced, that caused hundreds of thousands to leave Bhutan as stateless people in refugee camps. An additional 15% of the population is indigenous or from migrant tribes.

In 2006, Business Week ranked Bhutan as the happiest country in Asia and the 8th happiest in the world. Bhutan has a literacy rate of 60% with a median age of 25 years old.

75% of the population is Buddhist, most of which follow Vajrayana Buddhism, the state religion. 22% are Hindu, followed by 2% folk religion and 1% other religions.

Bhutan Population Rank 2023
2023 Growth Rate
$2.21 Bn

Bhutan - General Info

  1. Department of Planning
  2. World Population Prospects (2022 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  3. GeoNames