Bhutan Population 2024 (Live)

792,504

Bhutan has not carried out an official census since 2005, although it's population is estimated to have growth rather significantly. It is currently projected that Bhutan will exceed 800,000 people by 2020 and hit nearly 900,000 by 2030. This is a far cry from its 1991 population of 1.37 million.

Population Rank
Growth Rate
2024 World Percentage
Land Area
38,140
The current population of Bhutan is 792,504 based on projections of the latest United Nations data. The UN estimates the July 1, 2024 population at 792,382.

Bhutan Growth Rate

Bhutan Population Clock

Bhutan Population (as of 7/9/2024)792,504
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2024)792,382
Births per Day26
Deaths per Day14
Migrations per Day1
Net Change per Day14
Population Change Since Jan. 12,674

Components of Population Change

One birth every 55.38 minutes
One death every 102.85 minutes
One immigrant every 1440 minutes
Net gain of one person every 102.85 minutes

Bhutan Population Clock

Bhutan Population Density Map

City
2024 Population
Thimphu98,676
Punakha21,500
Tsirang18,667
Phuntsholing17,043
Pemagatshel13,864
Sarpang10,416
Wangdue Phodrang7,507
Samdrup Jongkhar7,507
Samtse5,479
Jakar4,829

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Year
Population
Growth Rate
Density (/km²)
Population Rank
Density Rank
2024792,3820.64%21166194
2023787,4240.66%21166194
2020772,5060.66%20166193
2019767,4590.7%20166193
2018762,0960.79%20166193
2017756,1210.85%20166193
2015743,2741.05%19165192
2010705,5161.24%19165193
2005663,3232.47%17165189
2000587,2072.17%15166191
1995527,536-1.13%14165192
1990558,4422.88%15163189
1985484,5283.13%13162189
1980415,2573.35%11162191
1975352,2693.34%9164191
1970298,8943.23%8167192
1965255,0102.88%7167191
1960221,2662.45%6168192
1955196,0142.14%5167192

Bhutan Population by Year (Historical)

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Year
Population
Growth Rate
Density (/km²)
Population Rank
Density Rank
2024792,3820.64%21166194
2025797,3350.64%21166194
2030821,4980.6%22167195
2035843,1990.52%22167197
2040860,3310.4%23167199
2045870,9660.25%23167199
2050874,2940.08%23168199
2055871,328-0.07%23169199
2060862,791-0.2%23169200
2065848,644-0.33%22170203
2070828,443-0.48%22170203
2075802,532-0.63%21172203
2080772,581-0.76%20173203
2085740,939-0.83%19173204
2090710,082-0.85%19173207
2095681,222-0.83%18174207

Bhutan Population by Year (Projections)

Bhutan Population Pyramid 2024

Bhutan Median Age

29.1

Total

29.6

Male

28.6

Female

Bhutan Population by Age

There are people over age 18 in Bhutan.

Census Years

Year
Date
201630 May 2016
200531 May 2005

Bhutan Population Pyramid

Bhutan is a landlocked country in South Asia at the end of the Himalayas. Bhutan is bordered by India to the west, south and east and China to the north. The last census in the country was carried out in 2005 showing a population of 634,900, which is about half the population of 1.37 million in 1991. Bhutan's population density is 18 people per square kilometer, which is one of the lowest population densities in the world.

The capital and largest city is Thimphu, with a population of 80,000 and a metro population of 115,000.

Bhutan Demographics

Most Bhutanese people belong to the Ngalops and Sharchops, or Western Bhutanese and Eastern Bhutanese. The Lhotshampa, or southerners, are a group primarily of Nepali descent. In 1988, this group accounted for 45% of the population and it included migrants who fought a war with Bhutan over rights to language and dress. Since then, there has been mass emigration, some of which was forced, that caused hundreds of thousands to leave Bhutan as stateless people in refugee camps. An additional 15% of the population is indigenous or from migrant tribes.

In 2006, Business Week ranked Bhutan as the happiest country in Asia and the 8th happiest in the world. Bhutan has a literacy rate of 60% with a median age of 25 years old.

75% of the population is Buddhist, most of which follow Vajrayana Buddhism, the state religion. 22% are Hindu, followed by 2% folk religion and 1% other religions.

Bhutan Population Rank 2024
Area (km²)
38,394
2024 Growth Rate
Capital
GDP (IMF '23)
$3.11
GDP (UN '22)
$2.90 Bn
  1. Department of Planning
  2. World Population Prospects (2022 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  3. GeoNames

Sources