How Old is Georgia?

How Old Is Georgia?

This question is difficult to answer. The Kingdom of Georgia was first unified in the 11th century. Georgia emerged as a republic in 1917, following the events of WWI. The Georgia we know today became its own sovereign nation in 1991, after the chain of events that led to the collapse of the Soviet Union. This makes Georgia as old as 1000 years, or as young as 31 years.

Capital and largest city: Tbilisi. Coordinates: 41°43′N 44°47′E

Languages and Demographics:

Official languages Georgian (nationwide)

Abkhaz (Abkhazian AR)

Ethnic groups, as of 2014:

86.8% Georgians

6.2% Azerbaijanis

4.5% Armenians

0.7% Russians

2.1% Others

Religions, as of 2014

88.1% Christianity

83.4% Georgian Orthodoxy

5.7% Other Christian

10.7% Islam

1.2% Others / None

Demonym(s) Georgian

Government Info

Government: Unitary Parliamentary Republic

• President: Salome Zourabichvili

• Prime Minister: Irakli Garibashvili

• Chairperson of the Parliament: Shalva Papuashvili

Legislature Parliament Establishment history

• Colchis and Iberia: 13th c. BC – 580 AD

• Kingdom of Abkhazia and Kingdom of the Iberians: 786–1008

• Unification of the Georgian realm: 1008

• The Tripartite division: 1463–1810

• Russian annexation: 12 September 1801

• Independence from the Russian Empire: 26 May 1918

• Red Army invasion: 25 February 1921

• Independence from the Soviet Union

Declared 9 April 1991

Finalized 25 December 1991

• Current constitution: 24 August 1995

Additional Info

• Total Area: 69,700 km2 (26,900 sq mi) (119th) Population

• 2022 estimate Neutral decrease 3,688,647 4,012,104 (128th)

• 2014 census: Neutral decrease 3,713,804

• Density: 57.6/km2 (149.2/sq mi) (137th)

• GDP (PPP) 2021 estimate Total Increase: $61.58 billion (110th)

• Per capita Increase $16,590 (83rd)

• GDP (nominal) 2021 estimate total Increase $17.85 billion[a][6] (124th)

• Per capita Increase $4,808[a][6] (125th)

• Gini as of 2020: Positive decrease medium, 34.5

• HDI as of 2019: Increase 0.812; very high · 61st

Currency: Georgian lari (₾) (GEL)

Time zone: UTC+4 (Georgia Time GET)

Date format:

Driving side: right

Calling code: +995

ISO 3166 code:vGE

Internet TLD: .ge, .გე


The Current State of Georgia

Georgia resides in the eastern caucus region, bordering Russia. Like most other countries of the eastern bloc, it has its history tied with both the Russian Empire, the Soviet Union, and Modern Russia. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, the land was divided and returned to some of the eastern bloc countries. For Georgia in particular, this meant taking back their identity and unifying under a single banner. The peace was short-lived, as escalating tensions between Georgia and Russia have been increasingly difficult since 2008. Russia has invaded the territory multiple times, slowly annexing land from the Georgians. The regions of Abkhazia and South Ossetia are currently Russian-occupied and are making a bid to create their own republic.

This is not unlike the current state of events that are happening in Ukraine. The Russian modus-operandi has been the same since the early days of settling the muscovite river. Russians seek to conquer land slowly, by purchasing or conducting smaller-scale military operations to claim nearby land. Over hundreds of years, this has made them the largest land mass in the world.

Date of Initial Sovereignty
Years Since Initial Sovereignty

How Old is Georgia?

How old is Georgia?

The country of Georgia is 1015 years old, founded in the year 1008.

Frequently Asked Questions