Located in Europe, Germany is encompassed by nine other European countries. These nine countries include the Netherlands, Luxembourg, Belgium, France, Poland, the Czech Republic, Switzerland, Denmark, and Austria. The Federal Republic of Germany is found in Central and Western Germany, directly between two bodies of water: the North Sea and the Baltic Sea. The Alps Mountain Range is to the south of Germany.
Latitude and Longitude of Germany
The latitudinal point of Germany is 51.1657° N. The longitudinal coordinate of the country is 10.4515° E. Together, the GPS coordinates of Germany indicate that the country is in both the northern and eastern hemispheres.
Germany's Most Extreme Points in All Four Directions
The northernmost point of Germany differs depending on whether or not islands are included. Strictly looking at the mainland of Germany, the northernmost point is in the German state of Schleswig-Holstein. The northernmost point is in the Aventoft municipality of Germany's Nordfriesland District. The GPS coordinate of this point is 54°54'N. When it comes to the areas of Germany that are not part of the mainland, the furthest point in the north is part of the List auf Sylt, on the island of Sylt. With a latitude of 55°03' N, this point is also in the state, Schleswig-Holstein.
Germany's most extreme point in the south is along the border that Germany shares with Austria. This point is in the Free State of Bavaria. The latitude of the easternmost point of Germany is 47°17' N.
To the east, Germany extends to a longitude of 15°2' E. This point is located in Deschka, in the Free State of Saxony. The westernmost point of the country is a longitudinal coordinate of 5°53' E. The most western point of is in Germany's state of North Rhine-Westphalia.
Total Area, Population Size, and Level of Overall Density
The total area of Germany comes to 137,846 square miles, of which 2.3% is water and 97.7% land. These percentages can be broken down into numerical values. That said, Germany is made up of 3,224 square miles of water areas and 134,622 square miles of land-based regions. Germany is divided up into sixteen separate states in all.
Germany’s population as of 2019 is roughly 82,367,873 people. While a population of over eight million people sounds incredibly large, Germany is home to only 1.07% of the total global population. Germany ranks as the 19th most populated country in the world. The population density of Germany is roughly 598 people for every square mile.