The country of India is considered part of South Asia. Called the Republic of India officially, the country has an extensive coastline. With the Indian Ocean in the south and the Bay of Bengal in the southeast, the Arabian Sea is southwest of India. Myanmar, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Bhutan, China, and Nepal surround India as well.
India’s GPS coordinates are a latitude of 20.5937° N, and a longitude of 78.9629° E. These coordinates show that India is located above the equator, in both the northern and eastern hemispheres.
In the north, India extends to a latitudinal coordinate of 35°30' N. This point is positioned on the Siachen Glacier, which is located in the Himalayas. In contrast, India’s southernmost extremity is up for debate. There are two potential southernmost points in the country, one of which is part of the mainland and the other of which is on an island offshore.
The southern point on the mainland of India is at a latitudinal coordinate of 08°06' N. This point is in the city of Kanyakumari, in the state of Tamil Nadu. The southernmost point off the shore of India is found on the Andaman and Nicobar Islands of India. Just north of the Indonesian island of Sumatra, this point has a latitude of 06°44' N. In particular, it is positioned at the tip of Indira Point on the Great Nicobar island.
To the east, India reaches a longitude of 97°20' E. The most extreme point in eastern India is in a city called Kibithu, found in the Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh. To the west, India’s furthest point is Sir Creek, known as an estuary. With a coordinate of 68°03' E, this point is in the Indian state of Gujarat.
India has a square mileage of 1,269,212 square miles. India’s total area is broken down into land and water regions. There are about 1,269,212 square miles of land and 121,262 square miles of water. Compared to the other countries, India’s total area is the 7th largest.
About 1,361,140,082 people currently live in India. The population of India is the second largest population of all countries, following China in first place. With about 1,074 people per square mile, India also has one of the highest population densities.
India is officially called the Republic of India and has been an independent country since 1947. India is located in South Asia and is bordered by several countries, including Pakistan, China, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, and Myanmar. The country is the second-most populous country globally and the most populous country that practices a democratic government. Today, India is recognized as a federal republic and is ruled by a democratic parliamentary system.
Indian culture and people have populated the region for nearly 4,500 years. Throughout the Medieval period, India was ruled by several individual kingdoms. These rulers came from all over the region, but eventually, Muslim rulers planted themselves until the 16th century. Increased trade between European countries and the success of the East India Trading Company blurred the lines between commerce and political gain. Eventually, English military influence took hold in India, beginning in 1859. Following WWII, India's independence was fully realized, freed from the British Empire in 1947.
India's population saw an explosion in the 1950s, as the population grew from about 361 million people in 1951 to 1.2 billion people in 2011. Today, India is a quickly growing economy that has become a hub for technology services. India also has a space program and is a nuclear-weapon country. There are two primary language families spoken in India. Indo-Aryan languages are spoken by about 74% of the population while the Dravidian language is spoken by about 24% of the population.