Iraq Population 2020 (Live)

40,525,949
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According to current projections, Iraq’s population will continue to grow for the rest of the century, surpassing 100 million people by the end of 2085. By the end of the century, Iraq’s population is projected to reach 107.33 million people.

Iraq is currently growing at a rate of 2.32% per year, adding just under 1 million people every year.

Despite the ongoing conflict in Iraq, resulting in both a rising death rate and an exodus of refugees, the population continues to grow. This is explained by Iraq’s fertility rate of 3.588 births per woman and a drop in its infant mortality rate. The fertility rate, however, is decreasing as more women have access to education and professional opportunities.

The current population of Iraq is 40,525,949, based on projections of the latest United Nations data. The UN estimates the July 1, 2020 population at 40,222,493.

Iraq Growth Rate

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Iraq Population 2020 (Live)

Name Population
Baghdad7,216,000
Basrah2,600,000
Al Mawsil al Jadidah2,065,597
Al Basrah al Qadimah2,015,483
Mosul1,739,800
Erbil932,800
Abu Ghurayb900,000
As Sulaymaniyah723,170
Kirkuk601,433
Najaf482,576

Iraq Area and Population Density

The Republic of Iraq has an area of 168,754 square miles (437,072 square kilometers), and is mainly divided into 3 sections: a desert area in the west, a mountainous area in the north, and a large fertile plain in the middle of its southern area that is fed with water by the Euphrates and Tigris Rivers.

As a whole, Iraq has a population density of 83 people per square kilometer (184/square mile). The capital and largest city, Baghdad, has a population of just over 6 million. It's the Arab world's second-largest city after Cairo and the second-largest city in Western Asia behind Tehran. Other major cities include Basra (pop: 2.3 million), Arbil (2 million), Sulaymaniyah (1.6 million), Mosul (1 million), and Kirkuk (1 million).

Largest Cities in Iraq

Nearly 70% of Iraq's population lives in urban areas, and they have several large cities that reflect that. The largest by far is the nation's capital, Baghdad, with a population of 9.5 million. The cities of Basra and Mosul both have populations exceeding 2 million. Erbil, Kirkuk, Sulaymaniyah, and Hilla have populations of over one million.

Iraq Population Density Map

Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
202040,222,4932.32%92.6136120
201939,309,7832.28%90.5136120
201838,433,6002.35%88.4936120
201737,552,7812.57%86.4637120
201636,610,6322.92%84.2937122
201535,572,2613.65%81.9038124
201029,741,9762.01%68.4839134
200526,922,2842.76%61.9940138
200023,497,5853.12%54.1043141
199520,149,3382.96%46.3947144
199017,419,1132.29%40.1146148
198515,555,8002.64%35.8249147
198013,653,3543.16%31.4450147
197511,684,5903.33%26.9051150
19709,917,9833.44%22.8452152
19658,375,7902.82%19.2858153
19607,289,7602.31%16.7861153
19556,502,6572.60%14.9764153
19505,719,1920.00%13.1763155

Iraq Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
202040,222,4932.32%92.6136120
202545,187,2562.35%104.0435113
203050,193,7562.12%115.5733106
203555,342,5961.97%127.4230101
204060,583,7231.83%139.492997
204565,809,0291.67%151.522993
205070,940,1261.51%163.342789
205575,919,8371.37%174.802689
206080,711,6191.23%185.832587
206585,265,1371.10%196.322587
207089,541,8030.98%206.172682
207593,511,9870.87%215.312578
208097,129,1480.76%223.632474
2085100,367,6490.66%231.092469
2090103,202,5000.56%237.622269
2095105,648,8320.47%243.252266

Iraq Population by Year (Projections)

Iraq Population Pyramid 2020

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Iraq Median Age

20


Total

19.8


Male

20.3


Female

Iraq Population by Age

There are 21,868,574 adults in Iraq.

Iraq Population Pyramid

Iraq, or the Republic of Iraq, lies in western Asia encircling the Mesopotamian plain, the northwestern part of the Zagros mountain range and the eastern branch of the Syrian desert. Syria lies on the northwest border of Iraq, Turkey is to the north, Iran is east, and Jordan is to the west. It has a narrow coastline of about 58km at the North Persian Gulf.

Iraq Demographics

Almost 75% of Iraq's population is made up of the dominant ethnic group -- the Iraqi or Mesopotamian Arabs. Other major ethnic groups include the Kurds (17%), Turkmen (3%), Assyrians (2%), and Persians (2%). There are about 20,000 Marsh Arabs in the southern part of the country and a population of 2,500 Chechens. Southern Iraq is also home to a community of Iraqis of African descent, who are descended from slaves prior to the Zanj Rebellion during the 9th century. Iraq was once home to a large Iraqi Jewish population of about 150,000 during the 1940s, although virtually all have left the country.

The official language in Iraq is Arabic, which is understood almost universally, although 10-15% of the population also speaks Kurdish (also used in official work).

Iraq Religion, Economy and Politics

Islam is by far the most common religion at 95% of the population. Non-Muslims, mostly Assyrian Christians, make up 5% of the population. The Christian community in Iraq has existed for nearly 2,000 years and most are descended from the pre-Arab Mesopotamians-Assyrians. It's believed that 65% of Muslims are Shia while the remaining 35% are Sunni. Najaf and Karbala, Iraq are two of the holiest places for Shia Muslims.

The median age of the Iraq population is 20 years of age, with a total life expectancy of 74.9 years of age. The World Happiness Report shows a 2018 ranking of 117 with a rating of 4.45 out of a possible 10. The factors considered in this report include GDP per capita, social support, healthy life expectancy, freedom to make life choices, generosity and perceptions of corruption. The scores here indicate a strong GDP, strong social support, but low generosity and little freedom to make life choices were also indicated.

Iraq Population History

Iraq has a large diaspora and nearly 2 million Iraqis have fled since the invasion in 2003, most going to Jordan and Syria. It's believed that there are almost 2 million people displaced within Iraq. The UN said in 2007 that almost half of Iraq's middle class population had fled persecution with no plans to return. Over half of Christians have fled the country since the U.S.-led invasion with almost 59,000 granted refugee-status citizenship in the United States. Meanwhile, there are about 160,000 Syrian refugees in Iraq who have fled the Syrian civil war.

About Iraq