Situated along the Mediterranean Sea, Italy is a European country with a vast coastline. Italy shares borders with six other European countries, including San Marino, Slovenia, France, Austria, the Vatican City, and Switzerland. Also known as the Italian Republic, Italy's coastline spans about 4,700 square miles in total.
Italy is not surrounded by water, though its coastline takes up a majority of the country's borders. The GPS coordinates of Italy show that this European country lies along the Mediterranean Sea. With a latitude of 41.8719° N, Italy is in the northern hemisphere, above the equator. The longitude of Italy is 12.5674° E which indicates that Italy is also in the eastern hemisphere.
In the north, Italy's most extreme point is positioned at a latitude of 47°05' N. Located in Zwillingsköpfl, this point is part of Italy's South Tyrol Autonomous Province.
In the opposite direction, the southernmost point of Italy is up for debate. On the country's mainland, the cape of Spartivento is Italy's southernmost point. The latitude of Cape Spartivento is 37°56' N. Offshore, Italy's most southern point is on the island of Lampedusa in Sicily. The coordinate of this point is 35°30' N.
To the east, Cape Palascìa is the easternmost point of Italy. In the city of Otranto of Italy's Apulian territory, Cape Palascìa has a longitude of 18°31' E. In the west, Italy reaches a longitude of 6°37' E. This point is atop the mountain, Rocca Bernauda, in the Alps Mountain Range, located in the Piedmont Region of Italy.
Italy’s total area is about 116,347 square miles. Of the total area, approximately 113,567 square miles are land areas, while the other 2,780 square miles are inland water sources. With a width of 157 miles and a length of 885 miles, there are twenty total land regions in Italy.
The population of Italy currently exists around 59,252,821 people. With a population of this magnitude, Italy comprises about 0.77% of the global population. Compared to the rest of the world’s countries, Italy is the 24th most populated of them all. Italy has a population density of 510 people per square mile in the country.
The answer to the question "is Italy a country" is yes, and it is located in the central part of Europe. It is home to more than 40 million tourists annually when global travel restrictions are not in place. It is also home to a booming economy, and the tallest volcano in Europe with Mount Etna. Italy borders the Vatican and San Marino, both of which are also countries. The population of Italy is estimated at over 60 million.
Italy is largely an urban country, with a population density of more than 197 people per square kilometer, or 510 people per square mile. It has one of the highest population densities in Europe, but this is largely located in the north. The south of Italy has a notoriously sluggish population, and economy.
The Italian economy is considered among the best in the world, with major imports of wine, machinery, and chemicals. It is also home to some of the greatest artists and artwork in the world and houses the Milan and Rome fashion houses revered across the globe. Italian food is also a sight to behold.
Key areas of economic interest with Italy are its slow growth in the southern region, its slow birth rate, and a high rate of female unemployment. Women typically work less than men, and this could be due to societal norms.
Internationally, Italy is known as a key player and is part of the United Nations, The European Union, and a charter or founding member of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).