Myanmar Population 2023 (Live)


According to current projections, Myanmar’s population will see its highest number in 2054 with 62.32 million people. Myanmar’s population is growing at a rate of about 0.67% per year. The population growth rate is slowly decreasing, resulting in population growth to cease around 2054 and the population to start shrinking thereafter.

The fertility rate in Myanmar is 2.13 births per woman, which is high enough for population replacement (2.1 births per woman); however, it has been declining over the past several years, contributing to the slowing population growth rate. In 1983, the fertility rate was 5 births per woman. The birth rate in Myanmar, which has been declining as well, is 17.339 births per woman. One of the reasons for the falling fertility rates and birth rates is the increasing number of unmarried women in addition to the increased access to contraception.

Myanmar Population Growth

Myanmar has maintained steady growth over the past century despite its battles both in ending British rule and with the ongoing civil wars. The country experienced a spike in population in the 1960s, and since then the nation continues to grow, but at a slower pace.

Myanmar Population History

Myanmar's relatively slow population growth is predicted to continue on its current trajectory. The rate of growth today is just under 1%, but that will likely decrease to near 0 by 2050. The forecast population for 2020 is 54,808,276

Population Rank
Growth Rate
2023 World Percentage
Land Area
The current population of Myanmar is 54,678,380 based on projections of the latest United Nations data. The UN estimates the July 1, 2023 population at 54,577,997.

Myanmar Growth Rate

Myanmar Population 2023 (Live)

Myanmar Population Clock

Myanmar Population (as of 10/1/2023)54,678,380
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2023)54,577,997
Births per Day2,492
Deaths per Day1,316
Migrations per Day-96
Net Change per Day1,079
Population Change Since Jan. 1295,646

Components of Population Change

One birth every 35 seconds
One death every 1.1 minutes
One emigrant every 15 minutes
Net gain of one person every 1.33 minutes

Myanmar Population Clock

Myanmar Area and Population Density

Myanmar has 676,578 square kilometers of surface area available within its boundaries. This includes 1,930 km of coastline. The population density overall is approximately 79 people per square kilometer.

Largest Cities in Myanmar

Rangoon/Yangon is the largest city and the capital of the area. It contains 4,477,638 residents. Mandalay comes in second, with 1,208,099; and is also known as the economic center of the country.

Myanmar Population Density Map

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Myanmar Population by Year (Historical)

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Myanmar Population by Year (Projections)

Myanmar Population Pyramid 2023

Myanmar Median Age







Myanmar Population by Age

There are people over age 18 in Myanmar.

Census Years

Myanmar Population Pyramid

Sometimes known as Burma, the Republic of the Union of Myanmar - which is often shortened to Myanmar, is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia.

In 1989, an unelected military regime changed the name of Burma to Myanmar. However, the BBC reports that not all countries give legitimacy to the change due to the fact that the change was brought by the unelected military regime. Some countries, and the United Nations recognize the name change due to the paperwork and preference to allow members to name themselves as they wish so long as the decision is recorded. Interestingly enough, "The two words mean the same thing and one is derived from the other. Burmah, as it was spelled in the 19th Century, is a local corruption of the word Myanmar", according to the same report above.

Myanmar Demographics

The country is very ethnically diverse with 135 ethnic groups recognized by the government. There are at least 108 ethnolinguistic groups in Myanmar. The Bamar account for around 68% of the population, followed by the Shan (10%), Kayin (7%), Rakhine (4%) and overseas Chinese (3%). Ethnic minorities in the country prefer to be called ethnic nationalities to fight against the proliferation of the dominant Bamar people. Other ethnic groups include the Mon (2%), Overseas Indians (2%) and the Kachin, Chin, Anglo-Indians, Nepali and Anglo-Burmese.

The official language used is Burmese, with some ethnic groups using their own languages.

Myanmar Religion, Economy and Politics

Religion in Myanmar is spread across Buddhist with 87.9%, Christian 6.2%, Muslim 4.3%, Animist 0.8%, Hindu 0.5%, other 0.2%, and none at 0.1% of the population.

The median age in Myanmar/Burma is 28.2 years of age, with a total life expectancy of approximately 68.2 years. The quality of life can be examined in numerous manners, including exploring healthcare, access to improved sanitation and drinking water, as well as the World Happiness Report. Only 2.3% of the GDP is spent in the healthcare sector, and this is likely related to the low physician and hospital bed density in the area. There are only .57 physicians and .9 beds available per 1,000 residents. Just over 80% of the country has access to clean drinking water with only 77% having access to improved sanitation facilities. When referring to the World Happiness Report, we see a ranking of 130, with an overall rating of 4.3 out of 10.

Literacy is only at 75.6% of the population over the age of 15 years.

Myanmar Population History

Now, the last partial census was conducted in 1983, and until 2014, the last officially recorded nationwide census hadn't occurred since 1931. It's believed there are at least 300,000 refugees from Burma located along the Thai-Burma border, with many camps established in the 1980's. Illegal groups are not recognized as citizens in the country, and they have been relentlessly persecuted. This led to the expulsion of close to 300,000 Burmese Indians.

and for 2030 is it 58,915,869.

Myanmar Population Rank 2023
Area (km²)
2023 Growth Rate
$65.70 Bn

Myanmar - General Info

  1. Central Statistical Organization
  2. World Population Prospects (2022 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  3. GeoNames