Myanmar Population 2024 (Live)

54,924,211

According to current projections, Myanmar’s population will see its highest number in 2054 with 62.32 million people. Myanmar’s population is growing at a rate of about 0.67% per year. The population growth rate is slowly decreasing, resulting in population growth to cease around 2054 and the population to start shrinking thereafter.

The fertility rate in Myanmar is 2.13 births per woman, which is high enough for population replacement (2.1 births per woman); however, it has been declining over the past several years, contributing to the slowing population growth rate. In 1983, the fertility rate was 5 births per woman. The birth rate in Myanmar, which has been declining as well, is 17.339 births per woman. One of the reasons for the falling fertility rates and birth rates is the increasing number of unmarried women in addition to the increased access to contraception.

Myanmar Population Growth

Myanmar has maintained steady growth over the past century despite its battles both in ending British rule and with the ongoing civil wars. The country experienced a spike in population in the 1960s, and since then the nation continues to grow, but at a slower pace.

Myanmar Population History

Myanmar's relatively slow population growth is predicted to continue on its current trajectory. The rate of growth today is just under 1%, but that will likely decrease to near 0 by 2050. The forecast population for 2020 is 54,808,276

Population Rank
Growth Rate
2024 World Percentage
Land Area
652,670
The current population of Myanmar is 54,924,211 based on projections of the latest United Nations data. The UN estimates the July 1, 2024 population at 54,964,694.

Myanmar Growth Rate

Myanmar Population Clock

Myanmar Population (as of 5/22/2024)54,924,211
Next UN Estimate (July 1, 2024)54,964,694
Births per Day2,469
Deaths per Day1,335
Migrations per Day-96
Net Change per Day1,038
Population Change Since Jan. 1148,434

Components of Population Change

One birth every 35 seconds
One death every 1.08 minutes
One emigrant every 15 minutes
Net gain of one person every 1.38 minutes

Myanmar Population Clock

Myanmar Population Density Map

City
2024 Population
Yangon4,477,638
Mandalay1,208,099
Nay Pyi Taw925,000
Mawlamyine438,861
Kyain Seikgyi Township246,065
Bago244,376
Pathein237,089
Monywa182,011
Sittwe177,743
Meiktila177,442

Myanmar Area and Population Density

Myanmar has 676,578 square kilometers of surface area available within its boundaries. This includes 1,930 km of coastline. The population density overall is approximately 79 people per square kilometer.

Largest Cities in Myanmar

Rangoon/Yangon is the largest city and the capital of the area. It contains 4,477,638 residents. Mandalay comes in second, with 1,208,099; and is also known as the economic center of the country.

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Year
Population
Growth Rate
Density (/km²)
Population Rank
Density Rank
202454,964,6940.71%8427128
202354,577,9970.72%8427128
202053,423,1980.72%8226130
201953,040,2120.71%8126131
201852,666,0140.72%8126129
201752,288,3410.76%8026128
201551,483,9490.83%7926128
201049,390,9880.69%7625125
200547,724,4710.94%7326123
200045,538,3321.21%7027119
199542,880,1861.35%6627120
199040,099,5531.69%6125120
198536,881,0201.96%5627121
198033,465,7811.98%5127119
197530,344,2762.15%4627118
197027,284,1122.35%4227119
196524,286,8782.26%3727118
196021,720,6972.16%3326119
195519,522,7881.94%3026119

Myanmar Population by Year (Historical)

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Year
Population
Growth Rate
Density (/km²)
Population Rank
Density Rank
202454,964,6940.71%8427128
202555,336,7830.71%8527128
203056,987,6250.59%8729131
203558,247,4900.44%8929131
204059,133,8160.3%9130134
204559,682,7600.18%9131137
205059,929,3990.08%9234138
205559,894,202-0.01%9234138
206059,606,138-0.1%9137140
206559,105,226-0.17%9040140
207058,432,662-0.23%8939137
207557,629,593-0.28%8839137
208056,721,471-0.32%8740140
208555,742,732-0.35%8543138
209054,685,755-0.38%8445139
209553,574,391-0.41%8245141

Myanmar Population by Year (Projections)

Myanmar Population Pyramid 2024

Myanmar Median Age

29.2

Total

28.3

Male

30

Female

Myanmar Population by Age

There are people over age 18 in Myanmar.

Census Years

Year
Date
20242024
201410 April 2014

Myanmar Population Pyramid

Sometimes known as Burma, the Republic of the Union of Myanmar - which is often shortened to Myanmar, is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia.

In 1989, an unelected military regime changed the name of Burma to Myanmar. However, the BBC reports that not all countries give legitimacy to the change due to the fact that the change was brought by the unelected military regime. Some countries, and the United Nations recognize the name change due to the paperwork and preference to allow members to name themselves as they wish so long as the decision is recorded. Interestingly enough, "The two words mean the same thing and one is derived from the other. Burmah, as it was spelled in the 19th Century, is a local corruption of the word Myanmar", according to the same report above.

Myanmar Demographics

The country is very ethnically diverse with 135 ethnic groups recognized by the government. There are at least 108 ethnolinguistic groups in Myanmar. The Bamar account for around 68% of the population, followed by the Shan (10%), Kayin (7%), Rakhine (4%) and overseas Chinese (3%). Ethnic minorities in the country prefer to be called ethnic nationalities to fight against the proliferation of the dominant Bamar people. Other ethnic groups include the Mon (2%), Overseas Indians (2%) and the Kachin, Chin, Anglo-Indians, Nepali and Anglo-Burmese.

The official language used is Burmese, with some ethnic groups using their own languages.

Myanmar Religion, Economy and Politics

Religion in Myanmar is spread across Buddhist with 87.9%, Christian 6.2%, Muslim 4.3%, Animist 0.8%, Hindu 0.5%, other 0.2%, and none at 0.1% of the population.

The median age in Myanmar/Burma is 28.2 years of age, with a total life expectancy of approximately 68.2 years. The quality of life can be examined in numerous manners, including exploring healthcare, access to improved sanitation and drinking water, as well as the World Happiness Report. Only 2.3% of the GDP is spent in the healthcare sector, and this is likely related to the low physician and hospital bed density in the area. There are only .57 physicians and .9 beds available per 1,000 residents. Just over 80% of the country has access to clean drinking water with only 77% having access to improved sanitation facilities. When referring to the World Happiness Report, we see a ranking of 130, with an overall rating of 4.3 out of 10.

Literacy is only at 75.6% of the population over the age of 15 years.

Myanmar Population History

Now, the last partial census was conducted in 1983, and until 2014, the last officially recorded nationwide census hadn't occurred since 1931. It's believed there are at least 300,000 refugees from Burma located along the Thai-Burma border, with many camps established in the 1980's. Illegal groups are not recognized as citizens in the country, and they have been relentlessly persecuted. This led to the expulsion of close to 300,000 Burmese Indians.

and for 2030 is it 58,915,869.

Myanmar Population Rank 2024
Area (km²)
676,578
2024 Growth Rate
GDP (IMF '23)
$68.01
GDP (UN '22)
$65.21 Bn
  1. Central Statistical Organization
  2. World Population Prospects (2022 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  3. GeoNames

Sources