New Caledonia Population 2020 (Live)

285,813

While population growth has slowed in New Caledonia since the 1990's, it has remained strong at about 1.5% per year. About 85% of this growth is natural growth, while 15% is due to migration. Population growth remains the strongest in the Southern providence at more than 2% while it is negative in the Loyalty Islands.

The current population of New Caledonia is 285,813, based on projections of the latest United Nations data. The UN estimates the July 1, 2020 population at 285,498.

New Caledonia Growth Rate

New Caledonia Population 2020 (Live)

Name Population
Noumea93,060
Mont-Dore24,680
Dumbea19,346
Paita12,617
We10,375
Tadine7,492
Kone4,572
La Foa2,947

New Caledonia Population Density Map

Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
2020285,4980.97%15.62184208
2019282,7500.98%15.47184209
2018279,9931.03%15.32184209
2017277,1501.08%15.16183207
2016274,1911.15%15.00184206
2015271,0651.35%14.83184205
2010253,5271.41%13.87183203
2005236,4421.71%12.93183202
2000217,2692.37%11.89183203
1995193,2932.56%10.57183203
1990170,3361.78%9.32183203
1985155,9821.45%8.53184205
1980145,1442.19%7.94184202
1975130,2644.34%7.13184197
1970105,3242.92%5.76185200
196591,2003.16%4.99186200
196078,0562.87%4.27187202
195567,7480.89%3.71186202
195064,8250.00%3.55184202

New Caledonia Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
2020285,4980.97%15.62184208
2025298,7860.91%16.34184208
2030311,0240.81%17.01184209
2035322,2100.71%17.63184209
2040332,0440.60%18.16184209
2045340,1880.49%18.61185208
2050346,5100.37%18.96184208
2055351,1520.27%19.21184208
2060354,4750.19%19.39184208
2065356,9720.14%19.53184208
2070358,8130.10%19.63184209
2075360,0060.07%19.69184208
2080360,4520.03%19.72183207
2085360,108-0.02%19.70183207
2090359,085-0.06%19.64183207
2095357,639-0.08%19.56182206

New Caledonia Population by Year (Projections)

New Caledonia Population Pyramid 2020

New Caledonia Median Age

32


Total

31.3


Male

32.7


Female

New Caledonia Population by Age

There are 206,668 adults in New Caledonia.

New Caledonia Population Pyramid

New Caledonia is a special collectivity of France located in the southwest Pacific Ocean about 750 miles east of Australia and more than 10,000 miles east of Metropolitan France. New Caledonia is an archipelago that includes the main island of Grande Terre (aka Le Caillou), the Isle of Pines, the Belep archipelago, the Chesterfield Islands, the Loyalty Islands and islets. New Caledonia has just 18,500 square kilometers of land, which ranks 154th in the world, and the population has grown slowly but steadily. New Caledonia has a very low population density of just 13 people per square kilometer (35/sq mi), which ranks 200th in the world. About 17,400 people live in the Loyalty Islands Province, 45,000 in the North Province and 183,000 in the South Province. The indigenous Kanak make up 94% of the population in the Loyalty Islands Province, 74% in the North Province and 27% in the South Province.

New Caledonia Demographics

About 40% of the New Caledonia population belongs to the indigenous Kanak community, while 29% are European and 8.7% originated from Futuna or Wallis. The rest of the population includes Tahitians (2%), Javanese Indonesian (1.6%), Vietnamese (1%), Ni-Vanuatu (0.9%), other Asian (0.8%), and other (1%). The Kanak are indigenous to New Caledonia and part of the Melanesian group.

New Caledonia History

New Caledonia was first discovered toward the end of the 18th century and was originally of interest for sandalwood. After this trade declined, the people of New Caledonia -- who were called the Kanakas after the Hawaiian word for "men" -- were kidnapped and enslaved. Through the 19th century, cannibalism was widespread in the area.

The area eventually came under French rule and it became a penal colony through the end of the 19th century with about 22,000 political prisoners and criminals sent to the island. The indigenous people were confined to reservations, which eventually led to an uprising that united many tribes to launch a war against the French. From 1878 to 1921, the Kanak population fell from 60,000 to 27,000 due to disease brought by the French.

About New Caledonia