Singapore Population 2024 (Live)

6,048,708

Singapore’s Total Fertility Rate of 1.20 per woman interprets to projecting only a slight increase in the total population. The fertility rate stands as one of the lowest in the world today and the government’s efforts prove there is a need to increase the fertility ratio. In the past, the government has launched highly publicized campaigns to raise awareness of the shortcomings of an aging population, and it has also been compelled to adjust its immigration policy in order to allow people in who will satisfy the country’s labor needs. The population is set to grow over time; however, the growth will not be sufficient to meet the labor demands that Singapore has due to industrialization within the Island. Thus, there is a possibility that in the years to come, part of the population growth will be attributed to immigration into the country.

Singapore Population Growth

Estimates from 2006 indicate that the net migration rate was 9.12 migrants per 1000 of the population. This was because the aging part of the population, although lower than most other developed countries at 9.9%, created a need to increase the task force in the country through means other than natural growth.

With the country’s different cultures bearing less than 1.7 as the fertility rate, the change in the current population is significantly impacted by immigrants over time. Since the early 2000s, the trend in population growth has been more a result of the number of migrants entering the country than from natural population growth.

The annual growth rate in 2012 was 2.5% according to statistic figures released. The Total Fertility Rate (TFR) has been 1.2 as of 2011 with 1.08 for Chinese, 1.64 for Malay and 1.09 for Indians. The Malay fertility rate was 70% higher than that of the Chinese and Indians. The country’s authorities have tried for years to boost the fertility ratio to 2.1 births per woman.

By the end of June 2012, the population of Singapore stood at 5.31 million. The record low was 1.65 million five decades ago, even though the fertility ratio then was higher than it is now. Today, the population is estimated to be 5.5 million. Immigration into the Island has played a critical role in realizing the current population figure. As the government’s recent campaigns to increase the fertility ratio from 1.20 to 2.1 have been futile, the government has been forced to amend its immigration policies to accommodate the increasing labor demands caused by the Island’s industrialization.

Singapore Population Projections

The drastic changes in population are not expected to continue in the years to come. Current projections believe that the rate of annual growth will peak in 2020 around 1.40%, before plummeting to a negative growth rate by 2050, which is largely due to upcoming legislature that will limit the number of migrants that can enter the country. These predictions believe that the population of Singapore will be roughly 5,935,053 in 2020, 6,352,470 in 2030, 6,563,055 in 2040 and 6,574,759 by 2050.

Population Rank
Growth Rate
2024 World Percentage
Land Area
718
The current population of Singapore is 6,048,708 based on projections of the latest United Nations data. The UN estimates the July 1, 2024 population at 6,052,709.

Singapore Growth Rate

Singapore Population Clock

Singapore Population (as of 5/22/2024)6,048,708
Next UN Estimate (July 1, 2024)6,052,709
Births per Day117
Deaths per Day89
Migrations per Day74
Net Change per Day103
Population Change Since Jan. 114,729

Components of Population Change

One birth every 12.3 minutes
One death every 16.18 minutes
One immigrant every 19.47 minutes
Net gain of one person every 13.98 minutes

Singapore Population Clock

Singapore Population Density Map

City
2024 Population
Singapore3,547,809

Singapore Area and Population Density

Singapore lays claim to 278.6 square miles (721.5 square kilometers) of total surface area as an island city-state off the coast of Malaysia, earning the rank of 190th in the world in terms of size. The country is made up of 63 islands, the main one being Pulau Ujong which has two man-made connections to Malaysia. Singapore has a tropical climate and nearly all of the land is habitable. The population is very high for such a small surface area, with 5.612 million people living there as of 2017, giving the country population density of 20,144 people per square mile (7,778 people per square kilometer). Monaco is the only country that is more densely populated, and Singapore ranks at 2nd for population density worldwide.

Largest Cities in Singapore

As a city-state, Singapore has no major cities, or cities at all and the country is smaller than many major cities around the world. Instead of cities, Singapore is broken down into towns- each of which has its own jurisdiction. As a city-state, Singapore is also its own capital.

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Year
Population
Growth Rate
Density (/km²)
Population Rank
Density Rank
20246,052,7090.63%8,6471143
20236,014,7230.68%8,5921143
20205,909,8690.74%8,4431133
20195,866,4050.89%8,3811133
20185,814,5370.87%8,3061143
20175,764,4870.92%8,2351143
20155,650,0181.82%8,0711153
20105,163,5903.51%7,3771163
20054,344,6371.4%6,2071184
20004,053,6022.72%5,7911214
19953,543,8753.24%5,0631264
19903,022,2092.39%4,3171294
19852,685,9942.27%3,8371294
19802,400,7291.46%3,4301304
19752,232,4251.6%3,1891294
19702,061,8312.08%2,9451284
19651,860,6513.05%2,6581264
19601,601,0794.78%2,2871294
19551,267,6114.72%1,8111315

Singapore Population by Year (Historical)

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Year
Population
Growth Rate
Density (/km²)
Population Rank
Density Rank
20246,052,7090.63%8,6471143
20256,089,5410.6%8,6991153
20306,251,9880.53%8,9311173
20356,361,9360.35%9,0881173
20406,407,7360.14%9,1541163
20456,394,197-0.04%9,1351163
20506,337,235-0.18%9,0531183
20556,251,491-0.27%8,9311203
20606,149,811-0.33%8,7851203
20656,041,188-0.36%8,6301223
20705,929,935-0.37%8,4711223
20755,819,517-0.38%8,3141223
20805,715,498-0.36%8,1651223
20855,622,316-0.33%8,0321223
20905,542,950-0.28%7,9191223
20955,482,102-0.22%7,8321223

Singapore Population by Year (Projections)

Singapore Population Pyramid 2024

Singapore Median Age

35.6

Total

35.4

Male

35.7

Female

Singapore Population by Age

There are people over age 18 in Singapore.

Census Years

Year
Date
202030 June 2020
201030 June 2010
200030 June 2000
199030 June 1990

Singapore Population Pyramid

Singapore is officially known as the Republic of Singapore and is located in Southeast Asia. It is an island country off the Malay Peninsula and is 137 Kilometers north of the equator. Singapore is comprised of 63 islands which are separated from Malaysia by the Straits of Johor. As a country, it has been extensively urbanized and still has a little primary rainforest left despite the fact that most of its land is developed and has been acquired through land reclamation.

Singapore Demographics

As of the end of June 2012, the Island’s population stood at 5.31 million, making it the second densest sovereign state in the world behind Monaco. It’s a multiracial and subsequently multicultural country, with a majority of the population being Chinese.

74.2% of Singapore’s population is Chinese with Malays accounting for 13.2%, the second largest but distantly placed community in the country. Indians also comprise part of the minority group and account for only 9.2% of the population. The Malays are acknowledged as the indigenous community in the Island, although they primarily are descendants of the post-1945 migrations from Malaysia and Indonesia.

The Island has four official languages: Mandarin, Malay, Tamil and English. English is used as a mandatory language in schools and is also the main working language in Singapore.

Singapore Religion, Economy and Politics

Singapore is a very religiously diverse nation, with faith systems from all over the world and the stance of the government on religion is one of religious tolerance although the faiths of the Jehovah's Witnesses and the Unification Church are banned. Mahayana Buddhism is the most widely followed religion in the Island, although its followers don’t form a majority in the country with 33.2% of the population. 11% of people are Taoist, 18.7% are Christian, 14% are Muslim, 5% are Hindu, 0.6% practice Sikhism or another religion, all which 17.5% of people have no religion at all.

As of 2011, Singapore has an average life expectancy of 82 years, per the World Factbook. This average is taken from a male life expectancy of 80 and 85 for females. The figure slots the country as the fourth best in terms of world life expectancy. The only countries to go above this record are Japan, Switzerland and San Marino. Life expectancy is the number of years that a newborn infant is expected to live, in the event that the factors affecting mortality don’t change all throughout his or her lifetime. Like many other countries, women have a longer life compared to men in Singapore.

The government is Singapore is what is known as a parliamentary representative democratic republic, which means that there is a president that serves as the head of state, as well as a prime minister that is in charge of both the government and its multi-party system. Singapore became independent from Malaysia in 1965 and has had its constitution since, which the Nation Assembly has the power to amend. The executive branch is made up of the prime minister, president and the Cabinet. Singapore has a single-chambered parliament that creates laws and amendments, as well as supervises the cabinet appointed by the prime minister. In the judicial branch, the Supreme Court is the highest judicial office, and is made up both a High Court and the Court of Appeal.

Singapore Population History

Back in 1960, the population stood at 1.7 million people. In the last half-century, the population has seen a change of 222% as reported by Statistics Singapore. The country grew by over 3.06 million over the last 50 years and reached an all-time high of 5.81 million in 2018, up from an all-time low of 1.65 in December 1960. Statistically, 0.08% of the world’s population is represented by Singapore, which translates to one person in every 1,346 on earth living in Singapore.

Just after World War II and the Japanese invasion, Singapore experienced a post-World War II baby boom, which resulted in an increased birth rate and significantly reduced death rates. By that time, the annual population growth rate was 4.4%, with immigration directly contributing 1%. The highest birth rate was later experienced in 1957 with a total of 42.7 per every thousand individuals. Starting in 1960, the government chose to fund family planning programs; and after its independence in 1965, the birth rate fell to 29.5 per thousand individuals, while the natural growth rate had fallen to 2.5%.

Singapore Population Rank 2024
Area (km²)
710
2024 Growth Rate
Capital
GDP (IMF '23)
$525.23
GDP (UN '22)
$466.79 Bn
  1. Statistics Singapore
  2. World Population Prospects (2022 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  3. GeoNames

Sources