Tonga Population 2024 (Live)

108,706

Tonga is currently growing at a rate of 0.4% per year. Its modest growth rate is due, in part, to high emigration to the United States and other countries. This trend is expected to continue.

Population Rank
Growth Rate
2024 World Percentage
Land Area
720
The current population of Tonga is 108,706 based on projections of the latest United Nations data. The UN estimates the July 1, 2024 population at 108,683.

Tonga Growth Rate

Tonga Population Clock

Tonga Population (as of 7/9/2024)108,706
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2024)108,683
Births per Day7
Deaths per Day2
Migrations per Day-2
Net Change per Day3
Population Change Since Jan. 1573

Components of Population Change

One birth every 205.72 minutes
One death every 720 minutes
One emigrant every 720 minutes
Net gain of one person every 480 minutes

Tonga Population Clock

Tonga Population Density Map

City
2024 Population
Nuku'alofa22,400
Neiafu4,320
Pangai1,738
`Ohonua1,241
Hihifo815

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Year
Population
Growth Rate
Density (/km²)
Population Rank
Density Rank
2024108,6830.7%15119784
2023107,7730.49%15019784
2020105,2540.29%14619984
2019104,951-0.19%14619884
2018105,150-0.25%14619984
2017105,415-0.28%14619882
2015106,122-0.24%14719779
2010107,3830.33%14919775
2005105,6330.58%14719773
2000102,6030.52%14319770
199599,9770.25%13919767
199098,7270.34%13719566
198597,0550.07%13519463
198096,7080.68%13419263
197593,4771.57%13019160
197086,4842.17%12019160
196577,6862.87%10818963
196067,4283.05%9419065
195558,0243.09%8119166

Tonga Population by Year (Historical)

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Year
Population
Growth Rate
Density (/km²)
Population Rank
Density Rank
2024108,6830.7%15119784
2025109,5960.81%15219783
2030114,1240.81%15919785
2035118,8330.81%16519786
2040123,5040.77%17219785
2045127,7270.68%17719782
2050131,2250.54%18219781
2055133,9750.42%18619781
2060136,1130.32%18919684
2065137,8750.26%19119582
2070139,1540.18%19319583
2075139,7730.09%19419583
2080139,499-0.04%19419584
2085138,277-0.18%19219582
2090136,158-0.31%18919483
2095133,337-0.42%18519483

Tonga Population by Year (Projections)

Tonga Population Pyramid 2024

Tonga Median Age

37.8

Total

37.3

Male

38.3

Female

Tonga Population by Age

There are people over age 18 in Tonga.

Census Years

Year
Date
20162016
20064 December 2006
199630 November 1996
198628 November 1986

Tonga Population Pyramid

Tonga, officially the Kingdom of Tonga, is a Polynesian sovereign state and archipelago made up of 176 islands with a total area of 290 square miles (748 km²) that are spread over 270,000 square miles in the southern Pacific Ocean. While this small nation has a small population, it has a rather high population density of 139 people per square kilometer (360/sq mi), which ranks 76th in the world. The capital and largest city of Tonga is Nuku'alofa on the island of Tongatapu, the southernmost island group, with a population of 24,500. More than 70% of Tonga's population live on the main island of Tongatapu.

Tonga Demographics

Tongans, who are ethnically Polynesian with a mixture of Melanesian, account for over 98% of the inhabitants of the country. 1.5% are mixed Tongans, while the rest are European, particularly British, mixed European or other Pacific Islander. There were about 4,000 Chinese people in the country in 2001, or 4% of the population, although riots in 2006 targeting Chinese-owned businesses in the city led to mass emigration and fewer than 300 remain now.

95% of Tonga's population is overweight, while over 60% are obese. Tonga and nearby Nauru have the highest overweight and obese populations in the world.

While many Tongans are moving to the only urban area of Nuku'alofa, village life and ties still remain influential in Tonga. The country's population has also continued to grow despite emigration away from Tonga.

Tonga Population Rank 2024
Country Age
Area (km²)
747
2024 Growth Rate
Capital
GDP (IMF '23)
$0.58
GDP (UN '22)
$488.41 Mn

Sources