Hubei, like all provinces in the People's Republic of China, is divided into different townships, cities, and prefectures. The last census conducted in the Hubei province was around 59.02 million. Then, the Chinese are the majority ethnic group in the province of Hubei with significant minority groups of the Miao and Tujia groups, which primarily live in the southwestern part of the province. One autonomous prefecture, called the Miao Autonomous Prefecture, ensures that the Miao group are located near each other, which helps preserve their culture and traditions.
In 2009, Chinese authorities started to relocate greater than 330,000 residents from the Henan and Hubei provinces that were affected by the reservoir of the nearby Han river. That particular reservoir is part of a larger project, called the South-North Water Transfer Project, which was designed to help irrigate regions that did not have access to clean water, especially those that are more inland or landlocked, such as Hubei.
Hubei, sometimes romanized as Hupeh, is a province within the People's Republic of China. It is located in the Central China region, meaning that the province is landlocked, and therefore, usually has a much lower population than the other provinces and less access to international trade. It is, however, an extremely important Central hub of various things, as the name of the province translates to "north of the lake" for the Dongting Lake found within the province. The provincial capital of Wuhan plays a critical role in the infrastructure of transport between the country's regions, including being the political, economic, and cultural hub of the Central China region.
Hubei's name is abbreviated with an ancient name that is associated with the eastern part of the Hubei province since the start of the Western Zhou dynasty which ruled from 1045 to 771 BC. It is also referred to as the state of Ch, which also existed as an important place during the Eastern Zhou dynasty, which lasted from 700 to 256 BC. It borders around 6 other provinces, as it is considered the main province within central china.
A popular tourist destination, which is also an important hydroelectric provider for the country, is the Three Gorges Dam, which sits in the city of Yichang. This is located in the western part of the province, away from large residential areas.
The principal city of Wuhan is considered to be ground zero for the COVID-19 virus, which is the principal city in the Hubei province. The first case was first officially identified on December 1st, 2019. It wasn't until January of the following year that the virus was identified as a whole, which further led to massive quarantines across the province, especially in the populous city of Wuhan. There were more than 15 large lockdowns, which affected more than 57 million people. Officially, the World Health Organization declared a pandemic in March 2020, which set the status quo for the rest of the world.