Massachusetts Population 2020


The State of Massachusetts played a significant part in the early history of the United States. Situated on the northeastern edge of the country, this tiny territory contains the town of Plymouth, home to the Pilgrim colony of 1620, and as one of the first settled states, the population statistics have always been healthy.

Moving forward to the present day, the Massachusetts population is the 3rd most densely populated area in the United States, despite being the 7th smallest state in the country. Massachusetts also has a fairly healthy population growth rate of 0.75% annually, which ranks 28th in the United States.

Massachusetts Area and Population Density

With a surface area of just 10,555 square miles or 27,336 square kilometers, Massachusetts is the seventh smallest state in the USA. However, Massachusetts makes use of virtually every inch of its land and, for every square mile of land, there is an average of 839.4 people. Those figures make Massachusetts the third most densely populated state in the entire country, and the 14th most populated state in the US, despite its small size.

The state has two major metropolitan areas: Greater Boston in the east and the Springfield metropolitan area in the west. Approximately 2/3 of the total Massachusetts population lives in Greater Boston, while Western Massachusetts has just one urban area with a good mix of rural areas and college towns. The state is currently the most populous of the six New England states, as well as the fastest growing.

The largest counties in Massachusetts are Middlesex and Worcester Counties, with over 1 million residents in Middlesex County and approximately 800,000 residing in Worcester County.

Massachusetts Gender and Religion Statistics

The median age is 39.4 years of age over the entire population of Massachusetts. The gender ratio is approximately 51.5% female and 48.5% male.

In terms of religious preferences in the state, 58% prefer Christian based faiths, 9% are affiliated with non-Christian based faiths, and 32% are unaffiliated with any faith.

Massachusetts Boundary, Census, and Statehood History

Massachusetts was one of the 13 original States. Maine was legally part of Massachusetts from early Colonial times, although geographically separated; Maine became a separate State in 1820, leaving Massachusetts with nearly its present boundaries. A long-standing border dispute with Rhode Island was finally settled with a sizable exchange of territory in 1862. Census coverage included all of Massachusetts from 1790 on. The counties comprising Maine were reported separately in 1790-1810.

Massachusetts Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Massachusetts was:

  • White: 78.48%
  • Black or African American: 7.48%
  • Asian: 6.48%
  • Other race: 4.17%
  • Two or more races: 3.16%
  • Native American: 0.21%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.03%

Massachusetts Population History

The earliest set of recorded population figures can be traced back to 1790, and after 170 years of colonization, there were already plenty of people living in Massachusetts. That early census confirmed that 378,787 people were residents in the state.

The population of Massachusetts continued to grow, but unlike many other states in the country, which often had absurdly large increases of several hundred percent in a single decade in their early years as settlers headed West, the increases in Massachusetts were fairly steady. While other areas of the United States doubled in size on a census by census basis, Massachusetts had grown by 11.6% in 1800 to a figure of 422,845.

Massachusetts Population Growth

Population increases of a similar nature (in the order of 20% per decade on average) were experienced throughout the 19th century. By 1860 the numbers had breached the 1 million mark for the very first time. By the end of the century, they had passed 2.5 million. The 20th century has seen a gradual decline in growth rates, from around 20% per decade at the start of the century to around 5% per decade today, resulting in the Massachusetts population in 2016 exceeding 6.7 million.

The last official census in the United States was carried out in 2010 and at the time, it was confirmed that 6,547,629 people were living in the state, which represented a rise of 3.1% over a ten-year period.

Estimated figures were released in July 2015, claiming that the Massachusetts population has risen to 6,794,422, making this the 14th most populous state in the US.

Massachusetts Population Projections

Looking at population growth throughout the 20th century, there is an indication that rises within Massachusetts are slowing down. Natural growth remains healthy, however, and there are no reasons to suggest that the Massachusetts population will decrease anytime soon.

The population of Massachusetts has continued to climb over the last few decades, although it has been at a slower pace than most states in the West and South. The last census showed a growth of 3.9% since 2000, compared with almost 10% nationally. The state has been slowly transforming from a manufacturing-based economy into one based on technology, which leaves fewer job options for lower-skilled workers, and many residents have left the state citing high housing and living costs.

The 2020 Census will be interesting to watch, as it is possible that the Massachusetts population will have crept over the seven million mark. However, experts project that the population at the next Census will remain around 6.7 million, while 2030 may see a population of 6.8 million.

Based on percentages taken from the 2010 US Census, Massachusetts has the 10th largest percentage of Asian Americans in relation to total population.

The non-Hispanic white population of Massachusetts has declined to its current level from almost 85% in 1970. Interestingly, a large number of African-Americans migrated to the state during the early 20th century, although in fewer numbers than most other states in the area. Later in the century, there was a great deal of immigration to the area from East Asia, Africa and Latin America. Today, Massachusetts has the 3rd largest population of Haitians in the country, with a large population of Portuguese as well.

Massachusetts Growth Rate

Massachusetts Population Rank

Massachusetts Population 2020

Middlesex County

  • Population1,614,710
  • Density1974.40 per sq km
  • Growth Since 20107.10%
  • State Population Rank1
  • % of State23.39%

Massachusetts County Population Changes

When evaluating data from the 2010 Census and 2015 estimates taken by the Census Bureau, the state of Massachusetts saw overall growth in population by county with the exception of three counties. While there weren't any counties with significantly high growth that exceeded 10%, there were a few that exhibited growth rates above 5%. This includes the southernmost county of Nantucket, which grew by 7.49%, followed by Suffolk County at 7.29% and Middlesex County at 5.17%. Other counties that saw growth rates below 5% include Essex, Plymouth, and Norfolk.

On the other side, there were a few counties that had decreases in population, but there are only three. The highest decline came on the western border, with Berkshire County posting a 2.63% population decrease between 2010 and 2015. Franklin County recorded a smaller decline at 0.99%, followed by Barnstable at 0.74%.

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
Black or African American510,5587.48%
Some Other Race284,7404.17%
Two or More Races215,4933.16%
American Indian and Alaska Native14,4930.21%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander2,3290.03%

Massachusetts Population Pyramid 2020

Massachusetts Median Age







Massachusetts Adults

There are 5,450,300 adults, (1,078,220 of whom are seniors) in Massachusetts.

Massachusetts Age Dependency


Age Dependency Ratio


Old Age Dependency Ratio


Child Dependency Ratio

Massachusetts Sex Ratio







Massachusetts Households and Families

Massachusetts Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Massachusetts Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Non Family44.6%55.4%


Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
Non Family950,1061.3344.6


Average Family Size


Average Household Size


Unmarried (Opposite Sex)


Unmarried (Same Sex)

Massachusetts Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade214,2054.51%
9th to 12th Grade240,1555.06%
High School Graduate1,150,85024.23%
Some College740,78415.60%
Associates Degree365,1037.69%
Bachelors Degree1,128,88023.77%
Graduate Degree908,82519.14%

Massachusetts Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
Other Race168,083113,11522,132
Multiple Races94,49976,36231,978
Native American9,1057,5002,046

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 93.84%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 60.20%.

Name Average Male Female
Less Than High School$25,816$30,545$20,549
High School Grad$35,540$42,400$27,258
Some College$41,313$50,843$35,305
Bachelors Degree$62,623$74,920$52,459
Graduate Degree$79,543$100,436$68,612


Average Earnings


Average Male


Average Female

Massachusetts Language

Massachusetts Language by Age

Massachusetts Language

76.41% of Massachusetts residents speak only English, while 23.59% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 8.99% of the population.

Massachusetts Poverty

Massachusetts Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate


Overall Poverty Rate


Male Poverty Rate


Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Massachusetts

The race most likely to be in poverty in Massachusetts is Other, with 26.84% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Massachusetts is White, with 7.09% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 1.21%. Among those working part-time, it was 12.10%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 21.62%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School24.83%
High School11.89%
Some College8.69%
Bachelors or Greater4.14%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed28.48%
Male Unemployed23.04%
Female Employed5.36%
Male Employed3.39%

Massachusetts Income

Massachusetts Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Married Families$118,379$149,926
Non Families$43,978$65,194

Massachusetts Marital Status

Massachusetts Marital Status

Marriage Rates


Overall Marriage Rate


Male Marriage Rate


Female Marriage Rate

Massachusetts Married by Age and Sex

Massachusetts Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Massachusetts Marital Status by Race

Massachusetts Veterans


Number of Veterans


Male Veterans


Female Veterans

War Veterans
First Gulf War42,378
Second Gulf War42,246
World War II20,438
Age Group Veterans
65 to 7485,606
35 to 5461,414
55 to 6451,736
18 to 3421,953
Name Veterans % of Total
2 or More4,6973.86%

$Massachusetts Veterans by Education


Veteran Poverty Rate


Veteran Disability Rate

Massachusetts Employment Status


Labor Force Participation


Employment Rate


Unemployment Rate

Massachusetts Place of Birth

Origin of Non-Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens


Born in Massachusetts


Native Born


Foreign Born


Non Citizen

Place of Birth

83.46% of Massachusetts residents were born in the United States, with 60.77% having been born in Massachusetts. 7.81% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.