Albany, New York Population 2021

95,358
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Albany is a city located in Albany County New York. With a 2020 population of 95,358, it is the 6th largest city in New York and the 344th largest city in the United States . Albany is currently declining at a rate of -0.57% annually and its population has decreased by -2.55% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 97,856 in 2010. Albany reached it's highest population of in . Spanning over 22 miles, Albany has a population density of 4,455 people per square mile.

The average household income in Albany is $66,612 with a poverty rate of 22.94%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $969 per month, and the median house value is $179,100. The median age in Albany is 30.9 years, 30.8 years for males, and 31 years for females.

Albany is located on the Hudson River about 135 miles north of New York City.

Population Density of Albany, New York

Together with Saratoga Springs, Troy, and Schenectady, Albany forms the Capital District, which in turn is made up mostly of the Albany-Schenectady-Troy MSA. This is the 4th largest MSA in the state of New York and the 58th largest in the U.S. with a population of 870,000. The largest limit of metropolitan area around this city has a population of 1.17 million.

Albany Population Diversity

Albany has always been a city of immigrants. Originally it was settled by immigrants from Germany and the Netherlands, although the English overtook the city at the beginning of the 19th century. By the mid-19th century, immigrants from Ireland outnumbered almost all other ethnicities. Later Italians and Poles rose to a majority. In the 20th century, the African-American population began to grow. In 1950, African-Americans accounted for 3% of the people, which doubled by 1960 and again in 1970. By 2010, the African-American population was 30%.

The most common ancestry groups in Albany are Irish (18%), Italian (12%), German (10%), English (5%), and Polish (4%). Albany is noted for having a population that reflects the characteristics of the U.S. consumer population as a whole, more so than any other major city. In fact, Albany is one of the most common test markets for new products.

Albany Population Growth

35 counties in New York experienced a population decline from 2010 to 2013, although downstate New York and Albany experienced population growth. While far from the fastest-growing region in the state, the Capital Region continues modest population growth, according to recent census estimates. Between 2010 and 2013, the region grew by 2,430 immigrants.

Dutch colonists formed the first European settlement in the Albany area in 1614 with the construction of Fort Nassau followed by Fort Orange being built a decade later in its place. The Dutch formed alliances with the Mohawk and Mahican people in the area and developed a fur trade that attracted more settlers. The English took over the nearby village of Beverwijck in 1664 and renamed it the city of Albany after the Duke of Albany. It was chartered under English rule in 1686 and became New York's capital in 1797 after the U.S. gained independence from England.

Throughout the 18th and 19th century, Albany was a major transportation and trade center, and its central location made it home to some of the world's earliest railroad systems. It was also one of the ten most populous cities in the country between 1810 and 1860.

Albany today is one of the oldest surviving settlements of the original 13 colonies, and it is the longest continuously chartered city in the country. It was one of the first cities on earth to install public sewer lines, water mains, electricity, and utilities that attracted new industry. It was also home to one of the world's first commercial airports, which later became Albany International Airport.

Albany Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Albanywas:

  • White: 55.02%
  • Black or African American: 28.94%
  • Asian: 6.89%
  • Two or more races: 6.06%
  • Other race: 2.86%
  • Native American: 0.22%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.01%
The current population of Albany, New York is 95,358 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 96,460.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 97,856.

Albany, New York Population 2021

2020 and 2021 population is estimated by projecting the 2019 numbers.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
2021876,617-1,882-0.21%
2020878,499-1,882-0.21%
2019880,381-1,882-0.21%
2018882,2631050.01%
2017882,1582,3660.27%
2016879,7927070.08%
2015879,0859720.11%
2014878,1131,0480.12%
2013877,0652,3670.27%
2012874,6981,9200.22%
2011872,7781,6960.19%
2010871,0820.00%

Albany Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White53,62855.02%
Black or African American28,20928.94%
Asian6,7206.89%
Two or More Races5,9086.06%
Some Other Race2,7842.86%
American Indian and Alaska Native2150.22%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander140.01%
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Albany Population by Race

Albany Population Pyramid $2021

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Albany Median Age

30.9


Total

30.8


Male

31


Female

Albany Adults

There are 80,180 adults, (12,601 of whom are seniors) in Albany.

Albany Age Dependency

44.2

Age Dependency Ratio

18.6

Old Age Dependency Ratio

25.6

Child Dependency Ratio

Albany Sex Ratio

Female

51,770

53.11%

Male

45,708

46.89%

Albany Population by Age

Albany Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Albany Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Female22.9%77.1%
Non Family27.4%72.6%
All37.5%62.5%
Male46.9%53.1%
Married72.1%27.9%

37.5%

Rate of Home Ownership

Albany Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All41,2552.1137.5
Non Family24,2761.3527.4
Married9,3133.1272.1
Female6,1753.3522.9
Male1,4913.0446.9

3.11

Average Family Size

2.11

Average Household Size

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Albany Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade2,6114.43%
9th to 12th Grade4,5597.73%
High School Graduate13,55422.99%
Some College9,31115.79%
Associates Degree5,5789.46%
Bachelors Degree11,56919.62%
Graduate Degree11,78219.98%
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Albany Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Albany Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
White33,36531,56017,999
Black15,97012,8672,358
Hispanic4,7233,674993
Asian3,3952,5631,572
2+ Races1,8461,472430
Other Race1,336893212
Native American1049010
Islander1111

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 53.95%.

Albany Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$39,504$41,317$37,405
Less Than 9th Grade$20,226$24,880$18,491
High School Graduate$26,871$27,638$25,700
Some College$34,143$39,323$31,691
Bachelors Degree$50,934$55,906$44,809
Graduate Degree$62,888$70,057$60,458

$39,504

Average Earnings

$41,317

Average Male

$37,405

Average Female

Albany Earnings by Educational Attainment

Albany Language by Age

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Albany Language

82.90% of Albany residents speak only English, while 17.10% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Other Indo-European, which is spoken by 5.77% of the population.

Albany Language

Albany Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black26,4168,75033.12%
White43,6416,22414.26%
Hispanic8,4513,18237.65%
Multiple5,5032,35842.85%
Asian6,10698316.10%
Other2,31388438.22%
Native2086330.29%

22.94%

Overall Poverty Rate

22.11%

Male Poverty Rate

23.69%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Albany

The race most likely to be in poverty in Albany is Multiple, with 42.85% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Albany is White, with 14.26% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.37%. Among those working part-time, it was 32.58%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 36.51%.

Albany Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade37.62%
High School21.28%
Some College15.12%
Bachelors or Greater6.22%

Albany Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Female Unemployed57.95%
Male Unemployed41.29%
Female Employed14.45%
Male Employed9.06%

Albany Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Albany Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$45,825$66,612
Families$65,250$86,469
Married Families$99,982$119,065
Non Families$34,875$50,882
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Income by Household Type

Albany Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

26.4%

Overall Marriage Rate

28.2%

Male Marriage Rate

24.9%

Female Marriage Rate

Albany Married by Age and Sex

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Albany Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Albany Marital Status by Race

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Albany Marital Status

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3,546

Number of Veterans

3,252

Male Veterans

294

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam1,157
Second Gulf War638
First Gulf War434
Korea311
World War II151

Albany Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
75+842
35 to 54835
55 to 64813
65 to 74773
18 to 34283

Albany Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White2,4555.05%
Black9724.69%
Hispanic1552.21%
2+ Races943.20%
Other Race150.67%
Asian100.19%

Albany Veterans by Race

Albany Veterans by Education

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11.54%

Veteran Poverty Rate

27.37%

Veteran Disability Rate

Albany Veterans by Education

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65.1%

Labor Force Participation

60.5%

Employment Rate

7%

Unemployment Rate

Albany Employment by Age

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Albany Employment by Race

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Albany Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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69.07%

Born in Albany

85.75%

Native Born

14.25%

Foreign Born

6.99%

Non Citizen

7.25%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

85.75% of Albany residents were born in the United States, with 69.07% having been born in New York. 6.99% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Albany Place of Birth

Note: 2020 and 2021 data is projected
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
202195,358-551-0.57%
202095,909-551-0.57%
201996,460-551-0.57%
201897,011-724-0.74%
201797,735-206-0.21%
201697,941-291-0.30%
201598,232-134-0.14%
201498,366-122-0.12%
201398,488790.08%
201298,4094530.46%
201197,9562030.21%
201097,7532,0950.22%
200095,658-5,424-0.55%
1990101,082-645-0.06%
1980101,727-14,054-1.29%
1970115,781-13,945-1.13%
1960129,726-5,269-0.40%
1950134,9954,4180.33%
1940130,5773,1650.25%
1930127,41214,0681.18%
1920113,34413,0911.23%
1910100,2536,1020.63%
190094,151-772-0.08%
189094,9234,1650.45%
188090,75821,3362.72%
187069,4227,0551.08%
186062,36711,6042.08%
185050,76317,0424.18%
184033,7219,5123.37%
183024,20911,5796.72%
182012,6301,8681.61%
181010,7625,4737.36%
18005,2891,7914.22%
17903,4980.00%

Albany Population by Year