Albuquerque, New Mexico Population 2021

562,281
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Albuquerque is relatively isolated, and it's a four-hour drive to the nearest city of similar size. The city proper has a population estimated at 558,000, with a metropolitan population of 903,000. The MSA includes Rio Rancho, Bernalillo, Placitas, Los Lunas, Belen, Bosque Farms and Corrales. This makes it the 59th largest metropolitan area in the country. The Albuquerque - Santa Fe - Las Vegas combined statistical area has a population estimated at 1.17 million.

Albuquerque Population Growth

According to the 2000 census, 35.5% of the state's population is bilingual, with most speaking Spanish and English. In part due to its diversity, the city was named as the most creative medium-sized city in the country.

New Mexico as a whole has lagged in population growth, gaining just 1,700 people (0.09%) in the entire state from July 2012 to July 2013. This puts the state close to the very bottom for the country, and behind neighboring states like Arizona, Colorado and Utah which have gained about 1.4%. Since 2010, New Mexico has grown less than 1%.

Albuquerque's metropolitan population is currently growing at a rate of 1-2% per year. From 2000 to 2010, the metro area rose 21.6%. Growth for the entire state is expected to remain concentrated in Albuquerque.

Albuquerque was founded in 1706 as a Spanish colonial outpost. For much of its early history, it was a farming community and military outpost, and the sheep-herding center of the region. After 1821, Mexico also had an army garrison in the city.

After the American occupation of the state, Albuquerque had a federal garrison and quartermaster depot from 1846 to 1867. During the Civil War, it was occupied briefly by Confederate troops. The Battle of Albuquerque in 1862, Confederate forces made a stand against a detachment of Union soldiers.

By 1900, the city had a population of 8,000 with modern amenities. Around this time, New Mexico became a haven for many tuberculosis patients who came for the dry climate and treatments. Two of the largest hospitals in the American Southwest, Presbyterian Hospital and St. Joseph Hospital, began around this time.

By 1926, travelers on the new Route 66 began to make their way into Albuquerque, which gave rise to many restaurants, shops, and motels. Over the next decade, establishments like Sandia National Laboratories and Sandia Base gave Albuquerque a central role in the Atomic Age, and its population began to soar. By 1960, the population reached 201,000 and then hit 518,000 in 2007. At this point, Albuquerque was one of the fastest-growing cities in the United States.

Today, Albuquerque struggles with flat population growth, 20% of its population living below the poverty line, a gun-death rate that is 40% higher than the national average and a crime rate 53% higher than the U.S. average.

Albuquerque Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Albuquerque was:

  • White: 73.89%
  • Other race: 10.61%
  • Native American: 4.74%
  • Two or more races: 4.43%
  • Black or African American: 3.31%
  • Asian: 2.92%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.10%
The current population of Albuquerque, New Mexico is 562,281based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 559,629.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 545,852.

Albuquerque, New Mexico Population 2021

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2021924,1603,0710.33%
2020921,0893,0710.33%
2019918,0183,0710.33%
2018914,9472,6360.29%
2017912,3113,0740.34%
2016909,2373,2110.35%
2015906,0261,4880.16%
2014904,538-415-0.05%
2013904,9533,0140.33%
2012901,9393,9230.43%
2011898,0168,4580.94%
2010889,5580.00%

Albuquerque Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White413,32873.89%
Some Other Race59,33710.61%
American Indian and Alaska Native26,5394.74%
Two or More Races24,7574.43%
Black or African American18,5143.31%
Asian16,3592.92%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander5400.10%
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Albuquerque Population By Race

Albuquerque Population Pyramid 2021

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Albuquerque Median Age

36.6


Total

35.2


Male

38.1


Female

Albuquerque Adults

There are 433,811 adults, (84,289 of whom are seniors) in Albuquerque.

Albuquerque Age Dependency

60

Age Dependency Ratio

24.1

Old Age Dependency Ratio

35.9

Child Dependency Ratio

Albuquerque Sex Ratio

Mujer

286,906

51.29%

Masculino

272,468

48.71%

Albuquerque Population by Age

Albuquerque Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Albuquerque Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married78.9%21.1%
All59.7%40.3%
Masculino55.4%44.6%
Non Family47.6%52.4%
Mujer46.5%53.5%

59.7%

Rate of Home Ownership

Albuquerque Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All224,1662.4759.7
Non Family94,6381.2747.6
Married84,6033.2578.9
Mujer31,5783.5446.5
Masculino13,3473.4855.4

3.23

Average Family Size

2.47

Average Household Size

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Albuquerque Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade14,7133.85%
9th to 12th Grade24,7616.49%
High School Graduate85,97022.52%
Some College89,22323.37%
Associates Degree32,5808.54%
Bachelors Degree74,23019.45%
Graduate Degree60,23415.78%
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Albuquerque Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Albuquerque Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
White172,922166,76683,975
Hispanic165,672136,75835,629
Other Race37,17729,0936,011
Native American16,76214,7533,824
Asian11,97810,2475,782
2+ Races11,84711,0673,937
Black11,51910,5983,598
Islander30326652

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 96.44%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 48.56%.

Albuquerque Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Masculino Mujer
Overall$36,656$41,356$32,026
Less Than 9th Grade$20,770$24,387$15,556
High School Graduate$29,044$31,324$24,934
Some College$32,041$37,753$28,820
Bachelors Degree$47,095$51,885$42,789
Graduate Degree$63,414$82,154$56,141

$36,656

Average Earnings

$41,356

Average Male

$32,026

Average Female

Albuquerque Earnings by Educational Attainment

Albuquerque Language by Age

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Albuquerque Language

71.98% of Albuquerque residents speak only English, while 28.02% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 21.97% of the population.

Albuquerque Language

Albuquerque Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic272,79555,60820.38%
White215,54125,13211.66%
Other58,44414,37324.59%
Native26,1096,38924.47%
Black18,1114,73726.16%
Multiple24,3844,44618.23%
Asian16,2121,3168.12%
Islander5409217.04%

16.86%

Overall Poverty Rate

16.04%

Male Poverty Rate

17.64%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Albuquerque

The race most likely to be in poverty in Albuquerque is Black, with 26.16% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Albuquerque is Asian, with 8.12% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.61%. Among those working part-time, it was 22.31%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 24.13%.

Albuquerque Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade30.32%
High School16.61%
Some College13.61%
Bachelors or Greater6.75%

Albuquerque Poverty Rate by Education

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Name Poverty
Female Unemployed36.51%
Male Unemployed30.82%
Female Employed10.08%
Male Employed8.26%

Albuquerque Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Albuquerque Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$52,911$72,265
Families$67,332$86,990
Married Families$87,085$106,655
Non Families$34,500$49,003
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Income by Household Type

Albuquerque Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

40.8%

Overall Marriage Rate

42.6%

Male Marriage Rate

39.2%

Female Marriage Rate

Albuquerque Married by Age and Sex

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Albuquerque Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Albuquerque Marital Status by Race

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Albuquerque Marital Status

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37,932

Number of Veterans

34,278

Male Veterans

3,654

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam14,517
First Gulf War9,350
Second Gulf War7,680
Korea3,194
World War II1,104

Albuquerque Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
65 to 749,542
35 to 549,457
75+8,429
55 to 647,346
18 to 343,158

Albuquerque Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White31,1079.52%
Hispanic11,2795.77%
Black2,06715.11%
Other Race1,9764.50%
Native American1,3406.82%
2+ Races1,1838.14%
Asian2351.78%
Islander245.49%

Albuquerque Veterans by Race

Albuquerque Veterans by Education

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8.02%

Veteran Poverty Rate

29.19%

Veteran Disability Rate

Albuquerque Veterans by Education

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64%

Labor Force Participation

60.1%

Employment Rate

5.6%

Unemployment Rate

Albuquerque Employment by Age

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Albuquerque Employment by Race

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Albuquerque Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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54.06%

Born in Albuquerque

90.06%

Native Born

9.94%

Foreign Born

5.48%

Non Citizen

4.45%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

90.06% of Albuquerque residents were born in the United States, with 54.06% having been born in New Mexico. 5.48% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Albuquerque Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2021562,2818840.16%
2020561,3978840.16%
2019560,5138840.16%
2018559,629-44-0.01%
2017559,6734810.09%
2016559,1921,2550.22%
2015557,9374930.09%
2014557,444-1-0.00%
2013557,4452,4430.44%
2012555,0022,9360.53%
2011552,0665,3110.97%
2010546,75598,1482.00%
2000448,60763,8711.55%
1990384,73651,8161.46%
1980332,92088,4193.13%
1970244,50143,3121.97%
1960201,189104,3747.59%
195096,81561,36610.57%
194035,4498,8792.93%
193026,57011,4135.77%
192015,1574,1373.24%
191011,0204,7825.86%
19006,2382,4535.12%
18903,7850.00%

Albuquerque Population by Year