Albuquerque, New Mexico Population 2020

561,188
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Albuquerque is a city located in New Mexico. With a 2020 population of 561,188, it is the largest city in New Mexico and the 32nd largest city in the United States. Albuquerque is currently growing at a rate of 0.09% annually and its population has increased by 2.81% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 545,852 in 2010. Spanning over 189 miles, Albuquerque has a population density of 2,998 people per square mile.

The average household income in Albuquerque is $69,996 with a poverty rate of 17.60%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $855 per month, and the median house value is $193,000. The median age in Albuquerque is 36.3 years, 34.9 years for males, and 37.6 years for females. For every 100 females there are 95.3 males.

Albuquerque is relatively isolated, and it's a four-hour drive to the nearest city of similar size. The city proper has a population estimated at 558,000, with a metropolitan population of 903,000. The MSA includes Rio Rancho, Bernalillo, Placitas, Los Lunas, Belen, Bosque Farms and Corrales. This makes it the 59th largest metropolitan area in the country. The Albuquerque - Santa Fe - Las Vegas combined statistical area has a population estimated at 1.17 million.

Albuquerque Population Growth

According to the 2000 census, 35.5% of the state's population is bilingual, with most speaking Spanish and English. In part due to its diversity, the city was named as the most creative medium-sized city in the country.

New Mexico as a whole has lagged in population growth, gaining just 1,700 people (0.09%) in the entire state from July 2012 to July 2013. This puts the state close to the very bottom for the country, and behind neighboring states like Arizona, Colorado and Utah which have gained about 1.4%. Since 2010, New Mexico has grown less than 1%.

Albuquerque's metropolitan population is currently growing at a rate of 1-2% per year. From 2000 to 2010, the metro area rose 21.6%. Growth for the entire state is expected to remain concentrated in Albuquerque.

Albuquerque was founded in 1706 as a Spanish colonial outpost. For much of its early history, it was a farming community and military outpost, and the sheep-herding center of the region. After 1821, Mexico also had an army garrison in the city.

After the American occupation of the state, Albuquerque had a federal garrison and quartermaster depot from 1846 to 1867. During the Civil War, it was occupied briefly by Confederate troops. The Battle of Albuquerque in 1862, Confederate forces made a stand against a detachment of Union soldiers.

By 1900, the city had a population of 8,000 with modern amenities. Around this time, New Mexico became a haven for many tuberculosis patients who came for the dry climate and treatments. Two of the largest hospitals in the American Southwest, Presbyterian Hospital and St. Joseph Hospital, began around this time.

By 1926, travelers on the new Route 66 began to make their way into Albuquerque, which gave rise to many restaurants, shops, and motels. Over the next decade, establishments like Sandia National Laboratories and Sandia Base gave Albuquerque a central role in the Atomic Age, and its population began to soar. By 1960, the population reached 201,000 and then hit 518,000 in 2007. At this point, Albuquerque was one of the fastest-growing cities in the United States.

Today, Albuquerque struggles with flat population growth, 20% of its population living below the poverty line, a gun-death rate that is 40% higher than the national average and a crime rate 53% higher than the U.S. average.

Albuquerque Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Albuquerque was:

  • White: 73.48%
  • Other race: 11.33%
  • Native American: 4.61%
  • Two or more races: 4.50%
  • Black or African American: 3.17%
  • Asian: 2.84%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.08%
The current population of Albuquerque, New Mexico is 561,188, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 560,218.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 545,852.

Albuquerque, New Mexico Population 2020

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020921,9873,0300.33%
2019918,9573,0300.33%
2018915,9273,0300.33%
2017912,8973,0640.34%
2016909,8333,2850.36%
2015906,5481,6960.19%
2014904,852-298-0.03%
2013905,1503,1330.35%
2012902,0174,0340.45%
2011897,9838,4090.94%
2010889,5740.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White410,87873.48%
Some Other Race63,35811.33%
American Indian and Alaska Native25,7554.61%
Two or More Races25,1894.50%
Black or African American17,7063.17%
Asian15,8832.84%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander4330.08%
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Albuquerque Population Pyramid 2020

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Albuquerque Median Age

36.3


Total

34.9


Male

37.6


Female

Albuquerque Adults

There are 431,753 adults, (81,374 of whom are seniors) in Albuquerque.

Albuquerque Age Dependency

59.6

Age Dependency Ratio

23.2

Old Age Dependency Ratio

36.4

Child Dependency Ratio

Albuquerque Sex Ratio

Female

286,362

51.21%

Male

272,840

48.79%

Albuquerque Households and Families

Albuquerque Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Albuquerque Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married78.5%21.5%
All59.6%40.4%
Male55.6%44.4%
Non Family47.2%52.8%
Female46.4%53.6%

59.6%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All222,7482.4859.6
Non Family92,6481.2747.2
Married85,7983.2678.5
Female30,8843.5546.4
Male13,4183.4355.6

3.24

Average Family Size

2.48

Average Household Size

7.2%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.7%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

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Albuquerque Education

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade14,9793.95%
9th to 12th Grade24,1256.36%
High School Graduate85,66422.59%
Some College90,66023.91%
Associates Degree32,0518.45%
Bachelors Degree72,34019.08%
Graduate Degree59,38115.66%
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Albuquerque Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Total High School Bachelors
White173,855168,04683,260
Hispanic163,357134,42734,450
Other Race38,57930,5176,575
Native American15,99313,9463,395
Multiple Races12,16311,1713,770
Asian11,5079,7645,626
Black11,31110,5273,388
Islander27220732

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 96.66%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 48.89%.

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$35,678$40,675$31,258
Less Than High School$20,753$23,965$15,136
High School Grad$27,828$30,692$23,807
Some College$31,307$36,615$27,212
Bachelors Degree$46,288$52,132$41,936
Graduate Degree$62,002$79,990$54,298

$35,678

Average Earnings

$40,675

Average Male

$31,258

Average Female

Albuquerque Language

Albuquerque Language by Age

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Albuquerque Language

71.26% of Albuquerque residents speak only English, while 28.74% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 22.74% of the population.

Albuquerque Poverty

Albuquerque Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic271,55357,81721.29%
White218,10426,92912.35%
Other62,34316,57526.59%
Native25,3146,30624.91%
Multiple24,8525,05120.32%
Black17,4174,23624.32%
Asian15,6731,4299.12%
Islander4336414.78%

17.60%

Overall Poverty Rate

16.69%

Male Poverty Rate

18.48%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Albuquerque

The race most likely to be in poverty in Albuquerque is Other, with 26.59% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Albuquerque is Asian, with 9.12% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.86%. Among those working part-time, it was 22.46%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 25.62%.

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Name Poverty
Less Than High School32.57%
High School17.43%
Some College14.42%
Bachelors or Greater6.86%
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Name Poverty
Female Unemployed35.28%
Male Unemployed32.98%
Female Employed10.49%
Male Employed8.40%

Albuquerque Income

Albuquerque Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$51,128$69,996
Families$65,924$85,015
Married Families$85,206$103,768
Non Families$32,571$45,905
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Albuquerque Marital Status

Albuquerque Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

41.6%

Overall Marriage Rate

43.3%

Male Marriage Rate

40.1%

Female Marriage Rate

Albuquerque Married by Age and Sex

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Albuquerque Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Albuquerque Marital Status by Race

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Albuquerque Veterans

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38,206

Number of Veterans

34,585

Male Veterans

3,621

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam14,712
First Gulf War9,292
Second Gulf War7,361
Korea3,415
World War II1,346
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Age Group Veterans
65 to 749,646
35 to 549,439
75+8,357
55 to 647,522
18 to 343,242
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Name Veterans % of Total
White31,0889.60%
Hispanic11,9686.20%
Other2,2314.85%
Black2,06015.45%
Indian1,2736.73%
2 or More1,2658.28%
Asian2652.08%
Hawaiian247.64%

Albuquerque Veterans by Education

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8.27%

Veteran Poverty Rate

28.94%

Veteran Disability Rate

Albuquerque Employment Status

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63.9%

Labor Force Participation

59.5%

Employment Rate

6.3%

Unemployment Rate

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Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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53.66%

Born in New Mexico

90.02%

Native Born

9.98%

Foreign Born

5.70%

Non Citizen

4.29%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

90.02% of Albuquerque residents were born in the United States, with 53.66% having been born in New Mexico. 5.70% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020561,1884850.09%
2019560,7034850.09%
2018560,2181070.02%
2017560,1114850.09%
2016559,6261,3010.23%
2015558,3256230.11%
2014557,702830.01%
2013557,6192,5130.45%
2012555,1063,0110.55%
2011552,0955,2890.97%
2010546,80698,1992.00%
2000448,60763,8711.55%
1990384,73651,8161.46%
1980332,92088,4193.13%
1970244,50143,3121.97%
1960201,189104,3747.59%
195096,81561,36610.57%
194035,4498,8792.93%
193026,57011,4135.77%
192015,1574,1373.24%
191011,0204,7825.86%
19006,2382,4535.12%
18903,7850.00%