Allentown, Pennsylvania Population 2020

122,623

Allentown is a city located in Pennsylvania. With a 2020 population of 122,623, it is the 3rd largest city in Pennsylvania (after Philadelphia and Pittsburgh) and the 234th largest city in the United States. Allentown is currently growing at a rate of 0.49% annually and its population has increased by 3.89% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 118,032 in 2010. Spanning over 18 miles, Allentown has a population density of 6,988 people per square mile.

The average household income in Allentown is $55,097 with a poverty rate of 26.16%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $968 per month, and the median house value is $126,700. The median age in Allentown is 31.8 years, 31.2 years for males, and 32.5 years for females. For every 100 females there are 94.9 males.

In addition to being one of the largest cities, it is also the fastest-growing city in Pennsylvania. The city is continuing to add to its community with recent initiatives including full development of its downtown, which earned it the designation of being a “national success story” by the Urban Land Institute—one of only six cities to be named as such.

Allentown Diversity, Age, and Gender Statistics

Over 14% of Allentown’s residents are foreign-born. The largest ethnic group in the city is Puerto Rican. There are also large populations of Germans, Dominicans, Irish and Italian residents, to name a few.

Nearly 30% of the population is between the ages of 25 and 44, making up the largest age group in the city. Almost one-quarter of residents are under the age of 18, while over 15% are at least 65 years old.

There are more females than males residing here, with 91.8 men for every 100 women. About 18.5% of the population lives below the federal poverty line.

Population Growth in Allentown

Allentown has an unemployment rate of 10%, exceeding the national average. Despite this, however, the city continues to see its population grow. By the 20th century, the population had increased to over 35,000. In the years ahead, significant growth occurred before slowing down, yet the number of residents continued to rise at a steady rate. Current estimates show that the population is up 2% from the last census, indicating that while growth isn’t as rapid as it was during its earliest years, Allentown is only going to continue to get larger into the future.

The tract of land that the city of Allentown now sprawls over, was once a hunting ground for Native Americans. A group of tribal leaders agreed to sell the land to the sons of William Penn for a long list of goods that included numerous articles of clothing, looking glasses, pipes, and more.

The city was originally incorporated as Northampton Town in 1811. The town was officially renamed "Allentown" on April 16, 1838.

The Liberty Bell was hidden in Allentown during the American Revolutionary war.

Allentown Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Allentown was:

  • White: 59.05%
  • Other race: 18.60%
  • Black or African American: 14.16%
  • Two or more races: 4.83%
  • Asian: 2.51%
  • Native American: 0.76%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.09%
The current population of Allentown, Pennsylvania is 122,623, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 121,433.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 118,032.

Allentown, Pennsylvania Population 2020

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White71,10459.05%
Some Other Race22,39518.60%
Black or African American17,05314.16%
Two or More Races5,8114.83%
Asian3,0252.51%
American Indian and Alaska Native9140.76%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander1080.09%

Allentown Population Pyramid 2020

Allentown Median Age

31.8


Total

31.2


Male

32.5


Female

Allentown Adults

There are 88,590 adults, (14,373 of whom are seniors) in Allentown.

Allentown Age Dependency

62.2

Age Dependency Ratio

19.4

Old Age Dependency Ratio

42.9

Child Dependency Ratio

Allentown Sex Ratio

Female

61,791

51.32%

Male

58,619

48.68%

Allentown Households and Families

Allentown Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Allentown Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married64.1%35.9%
All41.9%58.1%
Male38.7%61.3%
Non Family34.3%65.7%
Female22.9%77.1%

41.9%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All42,1512.7341.9
Non Family15,3431.3434.3
Married13,8943.5364.1
Female9,5393.5922.9
Male3,3753.3938.7

3.36

Average Family Size

2.73

Average Household Size

11.2%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.5%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Allentown Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade6,2858.56%
9th to 12th Grade9,45012.87%
High School Graduate27,27937.14%
Some College13,51518.40%
Associates Degree5,6877.74%
Bachelors Degree7,2739.90%
Graduate Degree3,9615.39%

Allentown Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
Hispanic32,46322,3242,061
White30,93126,7777,522
Other Race12,2518,227657
Black9,3997,730820
Multiple Races2,2421,739361
Asian2,0071,600702
Native American53638730
Islander53

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 86.57%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 34.98%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$28,802$31,571$25,946
Less Than High School$21,498$25,060$16,099
High School Grad$25,932$28,845$22,195
Some College$31,075$38,603$28,419
Bachelors Degree$40,613$46,607$34,718
Graduate Degree$57,682$68,689$53,695

$28,802

Average Earnings

$31,571

Average Male

$25,946

Average Female

Allentown Language

Allentown Language by Age

Allentown Language

53.33% of Allentown residents speak only English, while 46.67% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 40.18% of the population.

Allentown Poverty

Allentown Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic61,75320,55633.29%
Other21,9076,82631.16%
White36,1395,83016.13%
Black16,5803,79122.86%
Multiple5,5611,27422.91%
Native89141346.35%
Asian2,89538513.30%
Islander108108100.00%

26.16%

Overall Poverty Rate

23.83%

Male Poverty Rate

28.38%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Allentown

The race most likely to be in poverty in Allentown is Islander, with 100.00% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Allentown is Asian, with 13.30% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.34%. Among those working part-time, it was 30.20%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 39.03%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School31.03%
High School22.91%
Some College18.97%
Bachelors or Greater8.74%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed50.30%
Male Unemployed39.10%
Female Employed14.46%
Male Employed10.53%

Allentown Income

Allentown Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$40,490$55,097
Families$44,130$58,269
Married Families$62,281$77,624
Non Families$28,798$44,099

Allentown Marital Status

Allentown Marital Status

Marriage Rates

33.6%

Overall Marriage Rate

35.7%

Male Marriage Rate

31.7%

Female Marriage Rate

Allentown Married by Age and Sex

Allentown Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Allentown Marital Status by Race

Allentown Veterans

3,940

Number of Veterans

3,663

Male Veterans

277

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam1,271
Second Gulf War503
First Gulf War462
Korea453
World War II324
Age Group Veterans
75+1,176
65 to 74927
35 to 54727
55 to 64710
18 to 34400
Name Veterans % of Total
White3,2855.89%
Hispanic6891.70%
Black3573.02%
Other1531.03%
2 or More752.52%
Asian451.87%
Indian253.74%

$Allentown Veterans by Education

16.82%

Veteran Poverty Rate

31.54%

Veteran Disability Rate

Allentown Employment Status

62.9%

Labor Force Participation

55.8%

Employment Rate

11.1%

Unemployment Rate

Allentown Place of Birth

Origin of Non-Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

43.73%

Born in Pennsylvania

80.82%

Native Born

19.18%

Foreign Born

9.93%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

80.82% of Allentown residents were born in the United States, with 43.73% having been born in Pennsylvania. 9.93% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020122,6235950.49%
2019122,0285950.49%
2018121,4334670.39%
2017120,9665950.49%
2016120,3713030.25%
2015120,0688870.74%
2014119,1813490.29%
2013118,832-48-0.04%
2012118,8801060.09%
2011118,7746600.56%
2010118,11411,4821.03%
2000106,6321,5420.15%
1990105,0901,3320.13%
1980103,758-6,113-0.57%
1970109,8711,5240.14%
1960108,3471,5910.15%
1950106,7569,8520.97%
194096,9044,3410.46%
193092,56319,0612.33%
192073,50221,5893.54%
191051,91316,4973.90%
190035,41610,1883.45%
189025,2287,1653.40%
188018,0634,1792.67%
187013,8845,8595.63%
18608,0254,2467.82%
18503,7791,2794.22%
18402,5001,0005.24%
18301,5000.00%