Amarillo, Texas Population 2021

199,747
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Amarillo is a city located in Potter County and Randall County Texas. It is also the county seat of Potter County. With a 2020 population of 199,747, it is the 16th largest city in Texas and the 122nd largest city in the United States . Amarillo is currently growing at a rate of 0.09% annually and its population has increased by 4.75% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 190,695 in 2010. Amarillo reached it's highest population of 199,747 in 2021. Spanning over 103 miles, Amarillo has a population density of 1,963 people per square mile.

The average household income in Amarillo is $71,120 with a poverty rate of 15.08%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $850 per month, and the median house value is $132,500. The median age in Amarillo is 34.2 years, 32.7 years for males, and 35.6 years for females.

In the Texas Panhandle area, it is the largest city by population.

Amarillo Age, Gender, and Education Statistics

Over 20% of the adults living in Amarillo have a bachelor’s degree. Almost 80% of residents over the age of 25 have their high school diploma.

Amarillo Population Growth

Amarillo has seen rapid population growth throughout its history which is only expected to continue. The city’s population by the 1910 census had almost reached 10,000. By 1930, it surpassed 40,000 before growing to over 50,000 in the next decade. By 1960, Amarillo had over 137,000 residents. This number has continued to grow steadily except a 7.9% decline recorded at the 1970 census. Many of the population growths over time exceed 20,000 new residents every ten years. The city’s population is just under 200,000 according to recent estimates and is expected to surpass 204,000 residents this year.

What is currently known as Amarillo was established as a settlement in 1887 when J.I. Berry wanted to create a town located near the main trading center of the region. The townsite was approved and was designated as the county seat for Potter County. Initially, it was named Oneida. The name was later changed to Amarillo and is believed to be nominated for the yellow wildflowers that grow in the area.

In 1888, Joseph Glidden and Henry Sanborn began purchasing land to move the city due to the risk of floods in the current area. He appealed to businesses by offering to trade lots with them and to assist in paying moving expenses. As more people took up these offers, the commercial district of Polk Street began to develop. Growth continued the following year when a flood almost occurred at the original site. The new town was elected as a county seat in the 1890s.

Before the next century, Amarillo had already established itself as a cattle-shipping point. Because of this, the population continued to grow. The 20th century saw an increase in the production of wheat, turning the city into a center for milling, grain, and feed-manufacturing. The early 1900s also brought in oil and gas companies following the discovery of oil and natural gas. In the 1920s, the Cliffside Gas Field was purchased by the U.S. government, and the Federal Bureau of Mines operated the Amarillo Helium Plant. It was the only producer of commercial helium at the time and has earned Amarillo the nickname of “Helium Capital of the World.”

Growth only continued with the introduction of the Fort Worth and Denver City Railroad. The Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway and the Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad also came to the area and employed many of Amarillo’s residents.

The city was affected by an economic depression in the mid-1900s but bounced back after it became a major tourist destination with the introduction of Routes 60, 66, 87 and 287. In 1949, the city was struck by a tornado, killing and injuring residents and destroying much of the city. Another tornado hit in 1982, but no deaths were recorded.

Today, the city is known as Rotor City, USA because of its hybrid aircraft assembly plant. It is also one of the largest meat-packing cities in the country. Amarillo is also the site of the only nuclear weapons assembly and disassembly facility in the U.S. The city’s population continues to grow, especially in the northwestern and southern areas of the city. Though the downtown area has gone downhill, the local government has established partnerships to revitalize this area. Amarillo is an appealing place for residents and visitors alike, boasting over 50 city parks, historic homes and buildings, restaurants, shopping centers, and other attractions.

Amarillo Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Amarillo was:

  • White: 82.15%
  • Black or African American: 6.60%
  • Asian: 4.27%
  • Two or more races: 3.33%
  • Other race: 2.80%
  • Native American: 0.59%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.27%
The current population of Amarillo, Texas is 199,747 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 199,183.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 190,695.

Amarillo, Texas Population 2021

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
2021266,3476470.24%
2020265,7006470.24%
2019265,0536470.24%
2018264,406750.03%
2017264,3311,3440.51%
2016262,9871,3690.52%
2015261,6188060.31%
2014260,8121,9160.73%
2013258,8961,0940.42%
2012257,8021,8270.71%
2011255,9753,3111.29%
2010252,6640.00%

Amarillo Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White163,43382.15%
Black or African American13,1266.60%
Asian8,4994.27%
Two or More Races6,6203.33%
Some Other Race5,5752.80%
American Indian and Alaska Native1,1650.59%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander5370.27%
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Amarillo Population by Race

Amarillo Population Pyramid $2021

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Amarillo Median Age

34.2


Total

32.7


Male

35.6


Female

Amarillo Adults

There are 145,291 adults, (26,806 of whom are seniors) in Amarillo.

Amarillo Age Dependency

67.9

Age Dependency Ratio

22.6

Old Age Dependency Ratio

45.3

Child Dependency Ratio

Amarillo Sex Ratio

Female

100,966

50.75%

Male

97,989

49.25%

Amarillo Population by Age

Amarillo Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Amarillo Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married77.6%22.4%
All60.5%39.5%
Male47.7%52.3%
Non Family46.6%53.4%
Female42.8%57.2%

60.5%

Rate of Home Ownership

Amarillo Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All76,3192.5860.5
Married35,2633.377.6
Non Family26,7051.246.6
Female10,2913.4542.8
Male4,0603.1947.7

3.24

Average Family Size

2.58

Average Household Size

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Amarillo Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade8,6246.77%
9th to 12th Grade11,3978.95%
High School Graduate34,37927.00%
Some College31,92825.07%
Associates Degree10,8878.55%
Bachelors Degree20,63816.21%
Graduate Degree9,4997.46%
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Amarillo Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Amarillo Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
White78,55673,04924,042
Hispanic34,68723,5373,324
Black7,2895,975906
Asian4,8882,9591,333
Other Race3,5402,321358
2+ Races2,6562,326419
Native American778651197
Islander38136568

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 95.80%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 30.60%.

Amarillo Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$35,798$42,991$30,200
Less Than 9th Grade$26,410$30,115$21,292
High School Graduate$30,344$35,419$24,386
Some College$34,944$46,297$28,325
Bachelors Degree$51,508$67,795$45,164
Graduate Degree$63,252$77,500$56,952

$35,798

Average Earnings

$42,991

Average Male

$30,200

Average Female

Amarillo Earnings by Educational Attainment

Amarillo Language by Age

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Amarillo Language

75.22% of Amarillo residents speak only English, while 24.78% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 19.12% of the population.

Amarillo Language

Amarillo Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic65,49114,17321.64%
White105,9709,8819.32%
Black12,7363,54227.81%
Asian8,4731,38016.29%
Multiple6,5801,00415.26%
Other5,56187515.73%
Native1,15321218.39%
Islander52813325.19%

15.08%

Overall Poverty Rate

13.84%

Male Poverty Rate

16.27%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Amarillo

The race most likely to be in poverty in Amarillo is Black, with 27.81% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Amarillo is White, with 9.32% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.75%. Among those working part-time, it was 18.67%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 23.80%.

Amarillo Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade24.18%
High School13.91%
Some College10.58%
Bachelors or Greater3.87%

Amarillo Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Male Unemployed24.38%
Female Unemployed23.85%
Female Employed9.05%
Male Employed7.17%

Amarillo Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Amarillo Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$52,725$71,120
Families$63,853$84,477
Married Families$77,750$99,271
Non Families$31,622$43,247
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Income by Household Type

Amarillo Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

50.3%

Overall Marriage Rate

52.8%

Male Marriage Rate

47.9%

Female Marriage Rate

Amarillo Married by Age and Sex

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Amarillo Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Amarillo Marital Status by Race

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Amarillo Marital Status

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11,442

Number of Veterans

10,451

Male Veterans

991

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam3,659
First Gulf War2,684
Second Gulf War2,322
Korea971
World War II381

Amarillo Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
35 to 543,077
65 to 742,493
75+2,428
55 to 642,236
18 to 341,208

Amarillo Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White10,2878.48%
Hispanic1,4203.34%
Black6307.00%
2+ Races2457.24%
Other Race1242.91%
Native American808.68%
Asian761.32%

Amarillo Veterans by Race

Amarillo Veterans by Education

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7.78%

Veteran Poverty Rate

29.23%

Veteran Disability Rate

Amarillo Veterans by Education

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66.7%

Labor Force Participation

64.2%

Employment Rate

3.6%

Unemployment Rate

Amarillo Employment by Age

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Amarillo Employment by Race

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Amarillo Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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66.08%

Born in Amarillo

88.19%

Native Born

11.81%

Foreign Born

7.90%

Non Citizen

3.90%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

88.19% of Amarillo residents were born in the United States, with 66.08% having been born in Texas. 7.90% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Amarillo Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2021199,7471880.09%
2020199,5591880.09%
2019199,3711880.09%
2018199,183-539-0.27%
2017199,7221,0280.52%
2016198,6948780.44%
2015197,8166160.31%
2014197,2009520.49%
2013196,2488440.43%
2012195,4041,6410.85%
2011193,7632,5141.31%
2010191,24917,6220.97%
2000173,62716,0120.97%
1990157,6158,3850.55%
1980149,23022,2201.63%
1970127,010-10,959-0.82%
1960137,96963,7236.39%
195074,24622,5603.69%
194051,6868,5541.83%
193043,13227,63810.78%
192015,4945,5374.52%
19109,9578,55721.67%
19001,40090010.84%
18905000.00%

Amarillo Population by Year