Amarillo, Texas Population 2022

202,333
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Amarillo is a city located in Potter County and Randall County Texas. It is also the county seat of Potter County. With a 2020 population of 202,333, it is the 16th largest city in Texas and the 126th largest city in the United States. Amarillo is currently growing at a rate of 0.48% annually and its population has increased by 0.97% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 200,393 in 2020. Spanning over 103 miles, Amarillo has a population density of 1,989 people per square mile.

The average household income in Amarillo is $71,120 with a poverty rate of 15.43%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $876 per month, and the median house value is $138,900. The median age in Amarillo is 34.2 years, 32.7 years for males, and 35.6 years for females.

In the Texas Panhandle area, it is the largest city by population.

Amarillo Age, Gender, and Education Statistics

Over 20% of the adults living in Amarillo have a bachelor’s degree. Almost 80% of residents over the age of 25 have their high school diploma.

Amarillo Population Growth

Amarillo has seen rapid population growth throughout its history which is only expected to continue. The city’s population by the 1910 census had almost reached 10,000. By 1930, it surpassed 40,000 before growing to over 50,000 in the next decade. By 1960, Amarillo had over 137,000 residents. This number has continued to grow steadily except a 7.9% decline recorded at the 1970 census. Many of the population growths over time exceed 20,000 new residents every ten years. The city’s population is just under 200,000 according to recent estimates and is expected to surpass 204,000 residents this year.

What is currently known as Amarillo was established as a settlement in 1887 when J.I. Berry wanted to create a town located near the main trading center of the region. The townsite was approved and was designated as the county seat for Potter County. Initially, it was named Oneida. The name was later changed to Amarillo and is believed to be nominated for the yellow wildflowers that grow in the area.

In 1888, Joseph Glidden and Henry Sanborn began purchasing land to move the city due to the risk of floods in the current area. He appealed to businesses by offering to trade lots with them and to assist in paying moving expenses. As more people took up these offers, the commercial district of Polk Street began to develop. Growth continued the following year when a flood almost occurred at the original site. The new town was elected as a county seat in the 1890s.

Before the next century, Amarillo had already established itself as a cattle-shipping point. Because of this, the population continued to grow. The 20th century saw an increase in the production of wheat, turning the city into a center for milling, grain, and feed-manufacturing. The early 1900s also brought in oil and gas companies following the discovery of oil and natural gas. In the 1920s, the Cliffside Gas Field was purchased by the U.S. government, and the Federal Bureau of Mines operated the Amarillo Helium Plant. It was the only producer of commercial helium at the time and has earned Amarillo the nickname of “Helium Capital of the World.”

Growth only continued with the introduction of the Fort Worth and Denver City Railroad. The Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway and the Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad also came to the area and employed many of Amarillo’s residents.

The city was affected by an economic depression in the mid-1900s but bounced back after it became a major tourist destination with the introduction of Routes 60, 66, 87 and 287. In 1949, the city was struck by a tornado, killing and injuring residents and destroying much of the city. Another tornado hit in 1982, but no deaths were recorded.

Today, the city is known as Rotor City, USA because of its hybrid aircraft assembly plant. It is also one of the largest meat-packing cities in the country. Amarillo is also the site of the only nuclear weapons assembly and disassembly facility in the U.S. The city’s population continues to grow, especially in the northwestern and southern areas of the city. Though the downtown area has gone downhill, the local government has established partnerships to revitalize this area. Amarillo is an appealing place for residents and visitors alike, boasting over 50 city parks, historic homes and buildings, restaurants, shopping centers, and other attractions.

Amarillo Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Amarillowas:

  • White: 79.93%
  • Black or African American: 6.77%
  • Two or more races: 5.35%
  • Asian: 4.13%
  • Other race: 2.93%
  • Native American: 0.76%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.13%
The current population of Amarillo, Texas is 202,333 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 200,393.

Amarillo, Texas Population 2022

2021 and 2022 population is estimated by projecting the 2019 numbers.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
2010252,6640.00%
2011255,9753,3111.29%
2012257,8021,8270.71%
2013258,8961,0940.42%
2014260,8121,9160.73%
2015261,6188060.31%
2016262,9871,3690.52%
2017264,3311,3440.51%
2018264,406750.03%
2019265,0536470.24%
2020265,7006470.24%
2021266,3476470.24%

Amarillo Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White159,24979.93%
Black or African American13,4786.77%
American Indian and Alaska Native1,5200.76%
Asian8,2194.13%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander2530.13%
Some Other Race5,8382.93%
Two or More Races10,6685.35%
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Amarillo Population by Race

Amarillo Population Pyramid 2022

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Amarillo Median Age

34.1


Total

33


Male

35.5


Female

Amarillo Adults

There are 145,849 adults, (27,571 of whom are seniors) in Amarillo.

Amarillo Age Dependency

Age Dependency Ratio

23.3

Old Age Dependency Ratio

45.1

Child Dependency Ratio

Amarillo Sex Ratio

Female

100,983

50.69%

Male

98,242

49.31%

Amarillo Population by Age

Amarillo Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Amarillo Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married76.1%23.9%
All59.1%40.9%
Non Family45.8%54.2%
Male42.9%57.1%
Female42.2%57.8%

59.1%

Rate of Home Ownership

Amarillo Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All76,7782.5759.1
Married35,4193.3176.1
Male4,3263.1342.9
Female10,2603.3842.2
Non Family26,7731.1945.8

3.22

Average Family Size

2.57

Average Household Size

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Amarillo Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade8,7196.81%
9th to 12th Grade10,4418.15%
High School Graduate36,03328.14%
Some College32,28425.21%
Associates Degree10,7508.40%
Bachelors Degree20,22015.79%
Graduate Degree9,5897.49%
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Amarillo Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Amarillo Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
Islander15914665
Native American883755311
White78,05272,92423,070
Asian4,6972,3921,117
2+ Races5,3434,6101,078
Black7,4426,027966
Other Race3,7582,619466
Hispanic35,16825,1003,616

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 93.43%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 40.88%.

Amarillo Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$36,179$43,491$30,158
Less Than 9th Grade$26,526$30,237$22,017
High School Graduate$30,805$36,443$23,124
Some College$35,014$45,537$28,214
Bachelors Degree$53,101$69,101$46,108
Graduate Degree$62,934$73,947$59,275

$36,179

Average Earnings

$43,491

Average Male

$30,158

Average Female

Amarillo Earnings by Educational Attainment

Amarillo Language by Age

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Amarillo Language

75.82% of Amarillo residents speak only English, while 24.18% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 18.26% of the population.

Amarillo Language

Amarillo Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black13,1564,05230.80%
Hispanic65,65112,57119.15%
Asian8,1841,42117.36%
Native1,50725917.19%
Islander2484116.53%
White105,21911,41710.85%
Other1,037NaN%
Multiple10,5921,64015.48%

15.43%

Overall Poverty Rate

13.91%

Male Poverty Rate

16.91%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Amarillo

The race most likely to be in poverty in Amarillo is Black, with 30.80% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Amarillo is Multiple, with 15.48% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.96%. Among those working part-time, it was 17.66%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 25.41%.

Amarillo Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade23.56%
High School17.03%
Some College10.91%
Bachelors or Greater3.98%

Amarillo Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Male Employed6.98%
Male Unemployed30.31%
Female Employed9.34%
Female Unemployed25.19%

Amarillo Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Amarillo Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$52,941$72,844
Families$64,632$85,941
Married Families$80,819$101,895
Non Families$31,663$45,525
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Income by Household Type

Amarillo Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

50.4%

Overall Marriage Rate

52.5%

Male Marriage Rate

48.4%

Female Marriage Rate

Amarillo Married by Age and Sex

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Amarillo Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 55-64, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Amarillo Marital Status by Race

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Amarillo Marital Status

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11,562

Number of Veterans

Male Veterans

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Second Gulf War2,568
First Gulf War2,645
Vietnam3,623
Korea908
World War II332

Amarillo Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
18 to 341,324
35 to 543,097
55 to 642,136
65 to 742,724
75+2,281

Amarillo Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White9,9438.35%
Black7198.01%
Native American12012.01%
Asian530.97%
Other Race1493.36%
2+ Races5789.17%
Hispanic1,5653.66%

Amarillo Veterans by Race

Amarillo Veterans by Education

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9.68%

Veteran Poverty Rate

29.99%

Veteran Disability Rate

Amarillo Veterans by Education

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65.7%

Labor Force Participation

63%

Employment Rate

3.8%

Unemployment Rate

Amarillo Employment by Age

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Amarillo Employment by Race

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Amarillo Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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65.75%

Born in Amarillo

88.15%

Native Born

11.85%

Foreign Born

7.80%

Non Citizen

4.05%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

88.15% of Amarillo residents were born in the United States, with 65.75% having been born in Texas. 7.80% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Amarillo Place of Birth

Note: 2021 and 2022 data is projected
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
18905000.00%
19001,40090010.84%
19109,9578,55721.67%
192015,4945,5374.52%
193043,13227,63810.78%
194051,6868,5541.83%
195074,24622,5603.69%
1960137,96963,7236.39%
1970127,010-10,959-0.82%
1980149,23022,2201.63%
1990157,6158,3850.55%
2000173,62716,0120.97%
2010190,69517,0680.94%
2011191,6659700.51%
2012192,6359700.51%
2013193,6059700.50%
2014194,5759700.50%
2015195,5459700.50%
2016196,5159700.50%
2017197,4859700.49%
2018198,4559700.49%
2019199,4259700.49%
2020200,3939680.49%
2021201,3639700.48%
2022202,3339700.48%

Amarillo Population by Year