Anchorage, Alaska Population 2021

282,958
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Anchorage is a city located in Anchorage County Alaska. With a 2020 population of 282,958, it is the largest city in Alaska and the 73rd largest city in the United States . Anchorage is currently declining at a rate of -0.88% annually and its population has decreased by -3.04% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 291,826 in 2010. Anchorage reached it's highest population of 301,142 in 2013. Spanning over 1944 miles, Anchorage has a population density of 166 people per square mile.

The average household income in Anchorage is $109,988 with a poverty rate of 9.03%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,320 per month, and the median house value is $314,800. The median age in Anchorage is 33.6 years, 32.7 years for males, and 34.6 years for females.

Anchorage is a unified home rule municipality in southcentral Alaska.

Anchorage Population Comparison

More than 40% of Alaska's population lives in the city. Of the 50 states, only New York has a higher percentage of residents living in its largest city. The Anchorage metropolitan area, which includes Anchorage and the Matanuska-Susitna Borough, has a population estimated at 385,000, which is the 134th largest metro area in the United States.

Anchorage Common National Ancestries

Common national ancestries in Anchorage include German (17.3%), Irish (10.8%), English (9.1%), Scandinavian (6.9%), and French/French Canadian (5.6%). Of the Scandinavians in Anchorage, 3.6% are Norwegian, 2.2% are Sweden and 0.6% are Danish.

Anchorage Population Growth

Anchorage is currently preparing to experience the greatest growth spurt in its history, with growth that will relieve demand for office space and housing that has driven up rent and mortgage costs n the city. Modest population and economic growth is expected for Anchorage as employment goes up, population climbs steadily, personal income improves, and oil prices continue to rise.

The first description of Anchorage comes from an explorer in 1778, named Captain James Cook. While he first explored the area, Russians were the first to inhabit the space. Their inhabitation began in 1784 and Russia established a presence in the area in the 19th century, although the United States brokered a deal in 1867 to purchase the state from Imperial Russia for $7.2 million, or two cents per acre. In 1888, gold was discovered in the area, and Alaska became a U.S. territory in 1912. Anchorage itself did not have any essential metal minerals like gold, and only two white men were reported to have lived in the area in 1910 before a large group of settlers.

In 1914, railroad headquarters were built in the area and Anchorage quickly began growing in size. It was incorporated in 1920, and the Alaska Railroad was completed in 1923. By the 1930s and 50s, Anchorage went through substantial growth as the military and air transportation industries grew in importance. In the late 1960s, oil was discovered nearby, and an oil boom spurred more significant growth in the city.

Anchorage Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Anchorage was:

  • White: 62.60%
  • Asian: 9.63%
  • Two or more races: 9.48%
  • Native American: 7.92%
  • Black or African American: 5.57%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 2.45%
  • Other race: 2.35%
The current population of Anchorage, Alaska is 282,958 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 290,521.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 291,826.

Anchorage, Alaska Population 2021

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
2021393,679-1,319-0.34%
2020394,998-1,319-0.33%
2019396,317-1,319-0.33%
2018397,636-2,934-0.74%
2017400,570-798-0.20%
2016401,3682,7590.69%
2015398,6096130.15%
2014397,9969740.24%
2013397,0225,0901.28%
2012391,9324,0101.02%
2011387,9224,8691.26%
2010383,0530.00%

Anchorage Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White183,74162.60%
Asian28,2769.63%
Two or More Races27,8359.48%
American Indian and Alaska Native23,2417.92%
Black or African American16,3415.57%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander7,1872.45%
Some Other Race6,9102.35%
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Anchorage Population by Race

Anchorage Population Pyramid $2021

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Anchorage Median Age

33.6


Total

32.7


Male

34.6


Female

Anchorage Adults

There are 221,655 adults, (30,873 of whom are seniors) in Anchorage.

Anchorage Age Dependency

53.9

Age Dependency Ratio

16.2

Old Age Dependency Ratio

37.7

Child Dependency Ratio

Anchorage Sex Ratio

Female

143,861

49.01%

Male

149,670

50.99%

Anchorage Population by Age

Anchorage Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Anchorage Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married75.5%24.5%
All61.3%38.7%
Male52.9%47.1%
Non Family48.8%51.2%
Female45.1%54.9%

61.3%

Rate of Home Ownership

Anchorage Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All106,5672.6961.3
Married50,8983.3975.5
Non Family37,9241.3948.8
Female12,0813.3545.1
Male5,6643.6552.9

3.27

Average Family Size

2.69

Average Household Size

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Anchorage Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade4,6122.40%
9th to 12th Grade7,0893.69%
High School Graduate44,93623.42%
Some College48,73325.40%
Associates Degree17,2188.97%
Bachelors Degree42,59322.20%
Graduate Degree26,68913.91%
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Anchorage Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Anchorage Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
White123,348119,70754,622
Asian18,22215,3054,594
Hispanic13,84611,8063,089
Native American13,57211,7531,821
2+ Races10,80910,2473,073
Black10,2239,5722,003
Other Race3,9383,264610
Islander3,8813,393436

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 97.05%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 44.28%.

Anchorage Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$50,256$56,209$43,330
Less Than 9th Grade$26,640$30,642$21,620
High School Graduate$38,511$41,948$31,335
Some College$44,879$52,434$38,940
Bachelors Degree$62,225$76,626$51,765
Graduate Degree$81,279$96,574$72,818

$50,256

Average Earnings

$56,209

Average Male

$43,330

Average Female

Anchorage Earnings by Educational Attainment

Anchorage Language by Age

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Anchorage Language

82.15% of Anchorage residents speak only English, while 17.85% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Asian and Pacific Island languages, which is spoken by 8.62% of the population.

Anchorage Language

Anchorage Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White166,5198,7895.28%
Native22,0794,68021.20%
Asian28,0563,69813.18%
Hispanic26,0992,64710.14%
Multiple26,9852,6439.79%
Black15,6692,51616.06%
Islander7,0581,53921.81%
Other6,63788313.30%

9.03%

Overall Poverty Rate

8.38%

Male Poverty Rate

9.69%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Anchorage

The race most likely to be in poverty in Anchorage is Islander, with 21.81% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Anchorage is White, with 5.28% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 1.53%. Among those working part-time, it was 11.36%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 16.05%.

Anchorage Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade18.91%
High School11.34%
Some College5.88%
Bachelors or Greater2.58%

Anchorage Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Male Unemployed25.54%
Female Unemployed24.37%
Female Employed4.97%
Male Employed3.56%

Anchorage Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Anchorage Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$84,928$109,988
Families$102,065$126,118
Married Families$118,612$143,498
Non Families$56,694$74,795
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Income by Household Type

Anchorage Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

48.4%

Overall Marriage Rate

48.0%

Male Marriage Rate

48.8%

Female Marriage Rate

Anchorage Married by Age and Sex

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Anchorage Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 55-64, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Anchorage Marital Status by Race

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Anchorage Marital Status

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26,958

Number of Veterans

23,083

Male Veterans

3,875

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Second Gulf War9,984
First Gulf War8,415
Vietnam7,611
Korea818
World War II212

Anchorage Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
35 to 548,094
55 to 645,907
18 to 345,277
65 to 744,950
75+2,730

Anchorage Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White20,55314.51%
Black2,07518.43%
Hispanic1,68210.29%
2+ Races1,53110.73%
Native American1,0866.77%
Asian8694.18%
Other Race4329.01%
Islander4129.24%

Anchorage Veterans by Race

Anchorage Veterans by Education

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4.70%

Veteran Poverty Rate

22.35%

Veteran Disability Rate

Anchorage Veterans by Education

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72.2%

Labor Force Participation

64.6%

Employment Rate

5.7%

Unemployment Rate

Anchorage Employment by Age

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Anchorage Employment by Race

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Anchorage Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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37.61%

Born in Anchorage

89.10%

Native Born

10.90%

Foreign Born

4.30%

Non Citizen

6.61%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

89.10% of Anchorage residents were born in the United States, with 37.61% having been born in Alaska. 4.30% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Anchorage Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2021282,958-2,521-0.88%
2020285,479-2,521-0.88%
2019288,000-2,521-0.87%
2018290,521-3,817-1.30%
2017294,338-2,911-0.98%
2016297,249-298-0.10%
2015297,547-2,346-0.78%
2014299,893-1,249-0.41%
2013301,1422,8870.97%
2012298,2552,0580.69%
2011296,1972,8760.98%
2010293,32133,0381.20%
2000260,28333,9451.41%
1990226,33851,9072.64%
1980174,431126,35013.75%
197048,0813,8440.84%
196044,23732,98314.67%
195011,2547,75912.41%
19403,4951,1954.27%
19302,3004001.93%
19201,9000.00%

Anchorage Population by Year