Anchorage is a city located in Anchorage County Alaska. Anchorage has a 2023 population of 283,154. It is also the county seat of Anchorage County.Anchorage is currently declining at a rate of -0.87% annually and its population has decreased by -2.57% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 290,637 in 2020.
The average household income in Anchorage is $113,873 with a poverty rate of 9.15%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Anchorage is 34.3 years, 33.5 years for males, and 35.2 years for females.
Anchorage is a unified home rule municipality in southcentral Alaska.
More than 40% of Alaska's population lives in the city. Of the 50 states, only New York has a higher percentage of residents living in its largest city. The Anchorage metropolitan area, which includes Anchorage and the Matanuska-Susitna Borough, has a population estimated at 385,000, which is the 134th largest metro area in the United States.
Common national ancestries in Anchorage include German (17.3%), Irish (10.8%), English (9.1%), Scandinavian (6.9%), and French/French Canadian (5.6%). Of the Scandinavians in Anchorage, 3.6% are Norwegian, 2.2% are Sweden and 0.6% are Danish.
Anchorage is currently preparing to experience the greatest growth spurt in its history, with growth that will relieve demand for office space and housing that has driven up rent and mortgage costs n the city. Modest population and economic growth is expected for Anchorage as employment goes up, population climbs steadily, personal income improves, and oil prices continue to rise.
The first description of Anchorage comes from an explorer in 1778, named Captain James Cook. While he first explored the area, Russians were the first to inhabit the space. Their inhabitation began in 1784 and Russia established a presence in the area in the 19th century, although the United States brokered a deal in 1867 to purchase the state from Imperial Russia for $7.2 million, or two cents per acre. In 1888, gold was discovered in the area, and Alaska became a U.S. territory in 1912. Anchorage itself did not have any essential metal minerals like gold, and only two white men were reported to have lived in the area in 1910 before a large group of settlers.
In 1914, railroad headquarters were built in the area and Anchorage quickly began growing in size. It was incorporated in 1920, and the Alaska Railroad was completed in 1923. By the 1930s and 50s, Anchorage went through substantial growth as the military and air transportation industries grew in importance. In the late 1960s, oil was discovered nearby, and an oil boom spurred more significant growth in the city.
According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Anchorage was:
Two or more races
Black or African American
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
Average Family Size
Average Household Size
Rate of Home Ownership
Less Than 9th Grade
9th to 12th Grade
High School Graduate
High School Graduation Rate
The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 85.26%.
The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 39.47%.
Other Indo-European Languages
Asian and Pacific Island Languages
82.51% of Anchorage residents speak only English, while 17.49% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Asian and Pacific Island languages, which is spoken by 8.16% of the population.
Overall Poverty Rate
Male Poverty Rate
Female Poverty Rate
The race most likely to be in poverty in Anchorage is Native, with 28.17% below the poverty level.
The race least likely to be in poverty in Anchorage is White, with 6.92% below the poverty level.
The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 1.69%. Among those working part-time, it was 12.69%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 16.73%.
Overall Marriage Rate
Male Marriage Rate
Female Marriage Rate
The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.
Second Gulf War
First Gulf War
World War II
Less Than 9th Grade
High School Graduate
Bachelors or Greater
Veteran Poverty Rate
Veteran Disability Rate
Labor Force Participation
Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.
Born in Anchorage
90.36% of Anchorage residents were born in the United States, with 39.98% having been born in Alaska. 4.13% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.