Atlanta, Georgia Population 2020

523,738
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Atlanta is a city located in Georgia. With a 2020 population of 523,738, it is the largest city in Georgia and the 36th largest city in the United States. Atlanta is currently growing at a rate of 2.51% annually and its population has increased by 24.70% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 420,003 in 2010. Spanning over 137 miles, Atlanta has a population density of 3,858 people per square mile.

The average household income in Atlanta is $98,575 with a poverty rate of 21.63%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,099 per month, and the median house value is $261,400. The median age in Atlanta is 33.2 years, 32.9 years for males, and 33.6 years for females. For every 100 females there are 94.8 males.

Atlanta is Georgia's capital and most populous city, as well as the economic and cultural hub of the Atlanta metropolitan area. It also ranks 10th economically in the nation with a GDP of $276 billion.

Atlanta's population represents the residents of the city proper, although the urban population is 4.5 million and the Atlanta metropolitan area is home to 5.6 million, making it the 9th largest in the United States. The Combined Statistical Area is even larger at 6.2 million.

Atlanta Diversity

Atlanta is home to one of the highest LGBT populations per capita, which is 19th among major US metropolitan areas. An estimated 4.2% of Atlanta's metro population is gay, lesbian or bisexual.

Atlanta is also the 2nd largest majority black metro area in the country. Still, African Americans in the city have been moving to the suburbs over the last ten years, and the city's black population shrank from 61.4% in 2000 to 54% in 2010.

Meanwhile, Atlanta has seen the fastest growth in the proportion of whites in the city than any other US city. The white population grew from 31% to 38% from 2000 to 2010.

Atlanta Population Growth

Atlanta is a rapidly growing city, and its metropolitan area exceeded 5.5 million for the first time in 2013. While the area's growth is not as high as it was in the 1990s and early 2000s, it's higher than the previous year, and this growth is expected to continue as Atlanta attracts new people.

Slow growth is normal for the United States, as the country is still recovering from the Great Recession. Still, the U.S. Census Bureau found that metro Atlanta was the 6th fastest growing metro area in the country from 2012 to 2013.

It's projected that metro Atlanta's population will reach over 8 million by 2020.

Cherokee and Creek Indians inhabited Atlanta before the arrival of Europeans. Standing Peachtree, a Creek village, is now the closest Indian settlement to Atlanta.

The Western and Atlantic Railroad was approved in 1836 to connect Savannah to the Midwest. After the area was surveyed, the zero milepost was driven into what is now called Five Points. Just a year later, the area around this milepost had become a settlement, known formerly as Terminus and later as Thrashervile.

By 1842, Thrasherville had six buildings and 30 residents and was renamed as Marthasville. J. Edgar Thomson of the Georgia Railroad suggested renaming the settlement to Atlantica-Pacifica, which was shortened to Atlanta, and the town was incorporated in 1847.

Atlanta's population proliferated over the next decade. During the Civil War, its railroads made it a hub for distributing military supplies, and the Union Army moved southward and invaded north Georgia in 1860. Four years later, Confederate General Hood ordered a retreat from Atlanta and all buildings destroyed. The next day, the Mayor of Atlanta surrendered the city to the Union Army.

Union General William T. Sherman ordered Atlanta burned to the ground in 1864 when it became apparent it would be lost to the Union, but the city was rebuilt slowly. By 1880, it surpassed Savannah as the state's largest city, and it had a period of unprecedented growth during the early 20th century.

Atlanta Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Atlanta was:

  • Black or African American: 51.85%
  • White: 40.27%
  • Asian: 4.16%
  • Two or more races: 2.41%
  • Other race: 1.05%
  • Native American: 0.24%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.03%
The current population of Atlanta, Georgia is 523,738, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 498,044.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 420,003.

Atlanta, Georgia Population 2020

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20206,101,36075,7101.24%
20196,025,65075,7001.26%
20185,949,95075,7001.27%
20175,874,25083,9701.43%
20165,790,280102,0001.76%
20155,688,28093,7401.65%
20145,594,54083,2201.49%
20135,511,32066,5601.21%
20125,444,76078,5101.44%
20115,366,25063,5501.18%
20105,302,7000.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
Black or African American248,68351.85%
White193,13940.27%
Asian19,9644.16%
Two or More Races11,5372.41%
Some Other Race5,0191.05%
American Indian and Alaska Native1,1710.24%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander1420.03%
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Atlanta Population Pyramid 2020

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Atlanta Median Age

33.2


Total

32.9


Male

33.6


Female

Atlanta Adults

There are 390,702 adults, (54,648 of whom are seniors) in Atlanta.

Atlanta Age Dependency

42.7

Age Dependency Ratio

16.3

Old Age Dependency Ratio

26.5

Child Dependency Ratio

Atlanta Sex Ratio

Female

246,213

51.33%

Male

233,442

48.67%

Atlanta Households and Families

Atlanta Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Atlanta Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married74.4%25.6%
All43.4%56.6%
Male40.1%59.9%
Non Family33.9%66.1%
Female29%71%

43.4%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All199,4782.2243.4
Non Family114,6421.3333.9
Married49,0183.0574.4
Female29,1433.9629
Male6,6753.8240.1

3.33

Average Family Size

2.22

Average Household Size

5.4%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

1.2%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

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Atlanta Education

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade7,8812.44%
9th to 12th Grade23,4447.27%
High School Graduate62,43619.36%
Some College51,92016.10%
Associates Degree15,8024.90%
Bachelors Degree89,40927.72%
Graduate Degree71,63622.21%
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Atlanta Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Total High School Bachelors
Black160,887134,67238,586
White133,558131,419104,962
Hispanic11,9139,5875,050
Asian11,21210,8359,440
Multiple Races5,5555,2353,073
Other Race3,0942,4891,163
Native American726575141
Islander616126

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 84.20%.

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$46,141$53,926$40,713
Less Than High School$17,412$18,051$16,699
High School Grad$25,554$28,497$22,144
Some College$31,119$37,124$26,719
Bachelors Degree$58,578$68,334$51,786
Graduate Degree$78,215$95,105$66,711

$46,141

Average Earnings

$53,926

Average Male

$40,713

Average Female

Atlanta Language

Atlanta Language by Age

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Atlanta Language

90.77% of Atlanta residents speak only English, while 9.23% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 3.79% of the population.

Atlanta Poverty

Atlanta Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black233,15674,03831.75%
White169,65112,7477.51%
Hispanic18,0744,12122.80%
Asian15,1273,93025.98%
Multiple10,1101,76617.47%
Other4,6371,07723.23%
Native91823725.82%
Islander1239274.80%

21.63%

Overall Poverty Rate

19.80%

Male Poverty Rate

23.32%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Atlanta

The race most likely to be in poverty in Atlanta is Islander, with 74.80% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Atlanta is White, with 7.51% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.97%. Among those working part-time, it was 29.39%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 36.34%.

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Name Poverty
Less Than High School43.31%
High School28.19%
Some College18.43%
Bachelors or Greater5.49%
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Name Poverty
Female Unemployed54.41%
Male Unemployed39.04%
Female Employed10.57%
Male Employed7.26%

Atlanta Income

Atlanta Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$55,279$98,575
Families$73,973$138,210
Married Families$132,024$203,358
Non Families$46,350$67,790
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Atlanta Marital Status

Atlanta Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

27.1%

Overall Marriage Rate

28.8%

Male Marriage Rate

25.6%

Female Marriage Rate

Atlanta Married by Age and Sex

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Atlanta Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Atlanta Marital Status by Race

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Atlanta Veterans

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19,179

Number of Veterans

17,285

Male Veterans

1,894

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam6,298
First Gulf War4,406
Second Gulf War3,676
Korea1,419
World War II720
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Age Group Veterans
35 to 544,793
65 to 744,768
75+3,973
55 to 643,710
18 to 341,935
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Name Veterans % of Total
Black10,8405.62%
White7,7784.67%
Hispanic3632.31%
2 or More3184.08%
Asian1240.67%
Indian808.28%
Other320.83%
Hawaiian79.72%

Atlanta Veterans by Education

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12.90%

Veteran Poverty Rate

29.91%

Veteran Disability Rate

Atlanta Employment Status

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65.2%

Labor Force Participation

60.1%

Employment Rate

7.7%

Unemployment Rate

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Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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52.08%

Born in Georgia

92.88%

Native Born

7.12%

Foreign Born

4.35%

Non Citizen

2.77%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

92.88% of Atlanta residents were born in the United States, with 52.08% having been born in Georgia. 4.35% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020523,73812,8472.51%
2019510,89112,8472.58%
2018498,0446,2811.28%
2017491,76312,8472.68%
2016478,91610,2092.18%
2015468,7077,7091.67%
2014460,9987,2071.59%
2013453,7914,9921.11%
2012448,79911,2362.57%
2011437,5638,3701.95%
2010429,19312,7190.30%
2000416,47422,4570.56%
1990394,017-31,005-0.75%
1980425,022-70,017-1.51%
1970495,0397,5840.15%
1960487,455156,1413.94%
1950331,31429,0260.92%
1940302,28831,9221.12%
1930270,36669,7503.03%
1920200,61645,7772.62%
1910154,83964,9675.59%
190089,87224,3393.21%
189065,53328,1245.77%
188037,40915,6205.55%
187021,78912,2358.59%
18609,5546,98214.02%
18502,5720.00%