Bakersfield, California Population 2021

389,007
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Bakersfield is a city located in Kern County California. It is also the county seat of Kern County. With a 2020 population of 389,007, it is the 9th largest city in California and the 51st largest city in the United States . Bakersfield is currently growing at a rate of 0.63% annually and its population has increased by 11.95% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 347,483 in 2010. Bakersfield reached it's highest population of 389,007 in 2021. Spanning over 151 miles, Bakersfield has a population density of 2,598 people per square mile.

The average household income in Bakersfield is $83,985 with a poverty rate of 17.40%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,104 per month, and the median house value is $247,000. The median age in Bakersfield is 30.8 years, 29.9 years for males, and 31.7 years for females.

There are two interesting statistics about the population of Bakersfield. Multiple studies have found that it is one of the least educated metro areas in the country, having one of the lowest populations of adults with bachelor’s degrees when compared to other metropolitan areas. The city was ranked as one of the most obese metro areas in the US, with over 33% of inhabitants classified as obese, exceeding the national average of 26.5%.

Bakersfield Population Growth

Bakersfield has seen steady growth throughout its history, with each 10-year census reflecting increase since 1990. The highest rate of growth was recorded between the 1880 and 1890 censuses – over 227% growth recorded during this time. While the population has not grown at such a rapid rate, double-digit percentage growths have been observed every ten years. The population in 2016 was already up over 8% from the census data taken in 2010. Based on the past growth of this city, the population is only expected to continue to grow and will soon hit the next milestone of 400,000 residents.

Bakersfield history dates back thousands of years. However, it was first explored by the Europeans in 1776. It wasn’t until the discovery of oil and gold that the city became settled. The original settlement was washed away in floods in the 1860s and was moved in 1863. By the 1870s, the settlement had a population of several hundred people. It was incorporated as a city in 1873 and the following year was designated as the county seat.

Throughout the 1800s, the city’s population continued to grow. Many people moved to Bakersfield from states including Oklahoma, Texas and Louisiana, as well as other cities in California, due to the employment opportunities offered within the oil industry. The city’s population has continued to grow, and it has been one of the fastest-growing cities in the state. Not only does it still have a thriving oil industry, but it is also a regional transportation hub. The city has lots to do for both tourists and residents, including annual events, historic restaurants and landmarks, and multiple theaters.

Bakersfield Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Bakersfield was:

  • White: 67.65%
  • Other race: 12.43%
  • Black or African American: 7.62%
  • Asian: 7.42%
  • Two or more races: 3.78%
  • Native American: 0.88%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.21%
The current population of Bakersfield, California is 389,007 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 381,714.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 347,483.

Bakersfield, California Population 2021

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
2021913,0906,4440.71%
2020906,6466,4440.71%
2019900,2026,4440.72%
2018893,7586,4020.72%
2017887,3566,5000.73%
2016880,8564,8250.55%
2015876,0316,8550.78%
2014869,1767,1760.83%
2013862,0008,3940.97%
2012853,6065,6360.66%
2011847,9706,9740.82%
2010840,9960.00%

Bakersfield Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White255,67967.65%
Some Other Race46,97312.43%
Black or African American28,7937.62%
Asian28,0597.42%
Two or More Races14,2733.78%
American Indian and Alaska Native3,3290.88%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander8110.21%
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Bakersfield Population by Race

Bakersfield Population Pyramid $2021

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Bakersfield Median Age

30.8


Total

29.9


Male

31.7


Female

Bakersfield Adults

There are 264,832 adults, (37,770 of whom are seniors) in Bakersfield.

Bakersfield Age Dependency

66.4

Age Dependency Ratio

16.6

Old Age Dependency Ratio

49.8

Child Dependency Ratio

Bakersfield Sex Ratio

Female

191,155

50.58%

Male

186,762

49.42%

Bakersfield Population by Age

Bakersfield Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Bakersfield Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married73%27%
All59%41%
Male53.8%46.2%
Non Family46.7%53.3%
Female37.1%62.9%

59.0%

Rate of Home Ownership

Bakersfield Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All117,0503.1959
Married59,6673.8173
Non Family29,2951.3246.7
Female19,4283.9437.1
Male8,6603.5853.8

3.68

Average Family Size

3.19

Average Household Size

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Bakersfield Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade21,9019.68%
9th to 12th Grade23,05810.19%
High School Graduate58,70925.95%
Some College53,42523.61%
Associates Degree19,6448.68%
Bachelors Degree32,41814.33%
Graduate Degree17,0887.55%
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Bakersfield Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Bakersfield Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
Hispanic98,12066,04210,858
White88,31581,79125,799
Other Race25,72817,1282,732
Asian18,76815,1748,163
Black16,17013,7453,243
2+ Races5,9865,2671,572
Native American1,8061,367101
Islander540506126

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 93.70%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 43.49%.

Bakersfield Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$39,004$46,425$31,020
Less Than 9th Grade$23,058$27,242$17,438
High School Graduate$32,395$41,374$24,042
Some College$38,032$49,280$30,478
Bachelors Degree$62,458$76,580$50,608
Graduate Degree$83,293$96,578$73,855

$39,004

Average Earnings

$46,425

Average Male

$31,020

Average Female

Bakersfield Earnings by Educational Attainment

Bakersfield Language by Age

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Bakersfield Language

58.44% of Bakersfield residents speak only English, while 41.56% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 33.90% of the population.

Bakersfield Language

Bakersfield Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic188,58238,61120.47%
White121,13312,79710.56%
Other46,6059,88021.20%
Black28,2808,80731.14%
Asian27,8783,68213.21%
Multiple14,0432,81220.02%
Native3,32584925.53%
Islander81116720.59%

17.40%

Overall Poverty Rate

15.57%

Male Poverty Rate

19.18%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Bakersfield

The race most likely to be in poverty in Bakersfield is Black, with 31.14% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Bakersfield is White, with 10.56% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.23%. Among those working part-time, it was 16.64%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 26.21%.

Bakersfield Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade27.09%
High School15.52%
Some College11.51%
Bachelors or Greater4.04%

Bakersfield Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Female Unemployed37.24%
Male Unemployed27.17%
Female Employed9.93%
Male Employed6.55%

Bakersfield Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Bakersfield Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$63,139$83,985
Families$69,014$91,024
Married Families$87,628$109,221
Non Families$39,496$54,658
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Income by Household Type

Bakersfield Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

47.2%

Overall Marriage Rate

49.0%

Male Marriage Rate

45.5%

Female Marriage Rate

Bakersfield Married by Age and Sex

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Bakersfield Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Bakersfield Marital Status by Race

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Bakersfield Marital Status

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13,081

Number of Veterans

12,185

Male Veterans

896

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam4,537
Second Gulf War2,490
First Gulf War2,457
Korea886
World War II417

Bakersfield Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
65 to 743,377
35 to 543,028
75+2,677
55 to 642,490
18 to 341,509

Bakersfield Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White10,0985.56%
Hispanic3,1492.61%
Black1,2206.10%
Other Race8062.54%
2+ Races4906.41%
Asian2201.04%
Native American1848.64%
Islander6311.05%

Bakersfield Veterans by Race

Bakersfield Veterans by Education

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11.25%

Veteran Poverty Rate

29.87%

Veteran Disability Rate

Bakersfield Veterans by Education

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63.7%

Labor Force Participation

58.3%

Employment Rate

8.4%

Unemployment Rate

Bakersfield Employment by Age

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Bakersfield Employment by Race

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Bakersfield Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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68.09%

Born in Bakersfield

81.09%

Native Born

18.91%

Foreign Born

10.36%

Non Citizen

8.56%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

81.09% of Bakersfield residents were born in the United States, with 68.09% having been born in California. 10.36% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Bakersfield Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2021389,0072,4310.63%
2020386,5762,4310.63%
2019384,1452,4310.64%
2018381,7143,7741.00%
2017377,9403,2410.86%
2016374,6993,3510.90%
2015371,3484,3941.20%
2014366,9544,1201.14%
2013362,8345,5221.55%
2012357,3124,0911.16%
2011353,2214,2341.21%
2010348,987101,9303.51%
2000247,05772,2373.52%
1990174,82069,2095.17%
1980105,61136,0964.27%
197069,51512,6672.03%
196056,84822,0645.03%
195034,7845,5321.75%
194029,2523,2371.18%
193026,0157,3773.39%
192018,6385,9113.89%
191012,7277,89110.16%
19004,8362,2106.30%
18902,6261,82512.61%
18808010.00%

Bakersfield Population by Year