Billings, Montana Population 2021

109,843
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Billings is a city located in Yellowstone County Montana. It is also the county seat of Yellowstone County. With a 2020 population of 109,843, it is the largest city in Montana and the 279th largest city in the United States . Billings is currently growing at a rate of 0.12% annually and its population has increased by 5.45% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 104,170 in 2010. Billings reached it's highest population of 109,843 in 2021. Spanning over 45 miles, Billings has a population density of 2,462 people per square mile.

The average household income in Billings is $78,872 with a poverty rate of 10.00%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $899 per month, and the median house value is $221,100. The median age in Billings is 36.9 years, 35.6 years for males, and 38.3 years for females.

It is the only city in the state with a population of more than 100,000, and it continues to show steady growth.

Billings Population Growth

Billings has experienced rapid growth in its population since its founding. The city’s population was just 145 in 1870 and had jumped to over 3,000 in 1900. At the time of 1910 census, the population exceeded 10,000 people. The city surpassed 50,000 residents at the 1960 census. Growth has continued, with the city reaching more than 100,000 people in 2010. Recent estimates show that the population has grown almost 6% since the last census, indicating that Billings still has a lot of population growth in its future.

Billings has a very long history, with the discovery of artifacts showing that the region has been inhabited since at least 2600 BCE. The first known inhabitants were the Crow Indians, who occupied the area beginning in 1700.

The region was originally known as Clark’s Fork Bottom, which served as a hub for hauling freight. In 1877, settlers formed the town of Coulson, the first town in the Yellowstone Valley. A sawmill, general store, and trading post were opened when the town was established. It began to grow, and so other buildings and tents were erected to keep up with the population.

In its earliest occupied years, Coulson was a Wild West Town - their Sheriff's nickname was "Liver-Eating" Johnson and many arguments ended in gunfire and burial in Boothill Cemetery. The residents hoped the land would be near enough to the tracts of land that the railroad would help them grow as quickly as they intended to. The railroad came to the region shortly after and residents in Coulson believed that it would bring significant growth. However, the railroad company decided to create a new town nearby named Billings. The residents of Coulson eventually moved to the town of Billings, leaving Coulson to become part of Billings in the 1930s eventually. The park known as Coulson Park marks the original area of settlement.

The city of Billings was founded officially in 1882. The town only had three buildings but soon had over 2,000 less than one year after it was established. In the early 20th century, Billings’ population grew to over 10,000. The city was one of the fastest-growing in the U.S - and even earned the nickname - "Magic City" - due to its incredible growth rate. Oil fields were discovered in the state, followed by natural gas and coal reserves made the city a center of energy and boosted the economy.

When World War II ended, the city diversified by becoming the center of finance, medicine, and culture. The population continued to grow. Through the 1970s, Billings continued to be a leader in the energy sector. The city also saw significant growth through its downtown area during this time and through the 1980s, including the construction of Sage Tower and Granite Tower.

Billings continued to expand with the addition of shopping centers, malls, business parks, and hotels through the 1990s. This growth has continued through the 21st century as more business parks are open and the downtown area has been updated with new buildings, a transit center, and parking garages. The economy has also remained strong, making Billings a desirable city for many residents.

Billings Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Billings was:

  • White: 89.14%
  • Native American: 4.60%
  • Two or more races: 3.47%
  • Black or African American: 1.02%
  • Asian: 0.86%
  • Other race: 0.78%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.12%
The current population of Billings, Montana is 109,843 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 109,444.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 104,170.

Billings, Montana Population 2021

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
2021184,5951,4640.79%
2020183,1311,4640.80%
2019181,6671,4640.81%
2018180,2038380.47%
2017179,3651,6060.90%
2016177,7591,4020.79%
2015176,3571,4050.80%
2014174,9521,5850.91%
2013173,3672,4251.40%
2012170,9421,9251.13%
2011169,0171,4460.86%
2010167,5710.00%

Billings Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White97,68889.14%
American Indian and Alaska Native5,0464.60%
Two or More Races3,8023.47%
Black or African American1,1231.02%
Asian9420.86%
Some Other Race8580.78%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander1360.12%
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Billings Population by Race

Billings Population Pyramid $2021

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Billings Median Age

36.9


Total

35.6


Male

38.3


Female

Billings Adults

There are 84,389 adults, (18,201 of whom are seniors) in Billings.

Billings Age Dependency

65.6

Age Dependency Ratio

27.5

Old Age Dependency Ratio

38.1

Child Dependency Ratio

Billings Sex Ratio

Female

56,522

51.57%

Male

53,073

48.43%

Billings Population by Age

Billings Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Billings Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married80.8%19.2%
All63%37%
Male53.4%46.6%
Female50.8%49.2%
Non Family47.6%52.4%

63.0%

Rate of Home Ownership

Billings Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All46,8182.2763
Married20,8833.0480.8
Non Family19,3211.2547.6
Female4,2872.8650.8
Male2,3272.8453.4

2.91

Average Family Size

2.27

Average Household Size

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Billings Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade1,2801.71%
9th to 12th Grade2,9613.95%
High School Graduate21,22228.34%
Some College17,13222.88%
Associates Degree6,0488.08%
Bachelors Degree17,99024.02%
Graduate Degree8,25511.02%
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Billings Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Billings Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
White66,74063,50724,356
Hispanic3,2792,674551
Native American2,6162,285396
2+ Races1,3991,370514
Asian729677346
Black670616214
Other Race668556144
Islander70708

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 47.46%.

Billings Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$38,884$47,099$31,746
Less Than 9th Grade$22,500$24,796$20,731
High School Graduate$30,604$38,237$22,909
Some College$34,881$43,371$29,865
Bachelors Degree$49,299$59,475$40,630
Graduate Degree$59,753$76,004$53,891

$38,884

Average Earnings

$47,099

Average Male

$31,746

Average Female

Billings Earnings by Educational Attainment

Billings Language by Age

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Billings Language

95.79% of Billings residents speak only English, while 4.21% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 1.83% of the population.

Billings Language

Billings Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White90,8638,6709.54%
Native4,68495820.45%
Hispanic6,67969910.47%
Multiple3,7643639.64%
Black1,05510910.33%
Asian919434.68%
Other715283.92%

10.00%

Overall Poverty Rate

8.94%

Male Poverty Rate

11.01%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Billings

The race most likely to be in poverty in Billings is Native, with 20.45% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Billings is Other, with 3.92% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.38%. Among those working part-time, it was 14.75%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 17.86%.

Billings Poverty

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Name Poverty
High School14.25%
Less Than 9th Grade12.40%
Some College8.37%
Bachelors or Greater4.66%

Billings Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Female Unemployed28.54%
Male Unemployed26.71%
Female Employed6.96%
Male Employed4.11%

Billings Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Billings Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$59,656$78,872
Families$75,761$99,071
Married Families$87,133$112,435
Non Families$36,581$47,545
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Income by Household Type

Billings Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

49.3%

Overall Marriage Rate

50.7%

Male Marriage Rate

47.9%

Female Marriage Rate

Billings Married by Age and Sex

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Billings Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 55-64, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Billings Marital Status by Race

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Billings Marital Status

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7,904

Number of Veterans

7,118

Male Veterans

786

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam2,552
First Gulf War1,685
Second Gulf War1,584
Korea616
World War II395

Billings Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
35 to 541,991
75+1,799
65 to 741,794
55 to 641,526
18 to 34794

Billings Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White7,2809.46%
Native American3099.68%
Hispanic1774.26%
2+ Races1417.90%
Asian8010.14%
Other Race476.63%
Black475.50%

Billings Veterans by Race

Billings Veterans by Education

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7.90%

Veteran Poverty Rate

28.64%

Veteran Disability Rate

Billings Veterans by Education

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67.7%

Labor Force Participation

65.4%

Employment Rate

3.3%

Unemployment Rate

Billings Employment by Age

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Billings Employment by Race

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Billings Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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56.52%

Born in Billings

97.52%

Native Born

2.48%

Foreign Born

0.89%

Non Citizen

1.59%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

97.52% of Billings residents were born in the United States, with 56.52% having been born in Montana. 0.89% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Billings Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2021109,8431330.12%
2020109,7101330.12%
2019109,5771330.12%
2018109,444-353-0.32%
2017109,7971770.16%
2016109,620210.02%
2015109,5991,1651.07%
2014108,434-127-0.12%
2013108,5611,7961.68%
2012106,7651,3071.24%
2011105,4589490.91%
2010104,50914,6621.52%
200089,8478,6961.02%
199081,15114,3331.96%
198066,8185,2370.82%
197061,5818,7301.54%
196052,85121,0175.20%
195031,8348,5733.19%
194023,2616,8813.57%
193016,3801,2800.82%
192015,1005,0694.17%
191010,0316,81012.03%
19003,2210.00%

Billings Population by Year