Billings, Montana Population 2022

map placeholder

Billings is a city located in Yellowstone County Montana. It is also the county seat of Yellowstone County. With a 2020 population of 119,706, it is the largest city in Montana and the 254th largest city in the United States. Billings is currently growing at a rate of 1.09% annually and its population has increased by 2.21% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 117,116 in 2020. Spanning over 45 miles, Billings has a population density of 2,683 people per square mile.

The average household income in Billings is $78,872 with a poverty rate of 9.82%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Billings is 36.9 years, 35.6 years for males, and 38.3 years for females.

It is the only city in the state with a population of more than 100,000, and it continues to show steady growth.

Billings Population Growth

Billings has experienced rapid growth in its population since its founding. The city’s population was just 145 in 1870 and had jumped to over 3,000 in 1900. At the time of 1910 census, the population exceeded 10,000 people. The city surpassed 50,000 residents at the 1960 census. Growth has continued, with the city reaching more than 100,000 people in 2010. Recent estimates show that the population has grown almost 6% since the last census, indicating that Billings still has a lot of population growth in its future.

Billings has a very long history, with the discovery of artifacts showing that the region has been inhabited since at least 2600 BCE. The first known inhabitants were the Crow Indians, who occupied the area beginning in 1700.

The region was originally known as Clark’s Fork Bottom, which served as a hub for hauling freight. In 1877, settlers formed the town of Coulson, the first town in the Yellowstone Valley. A sawmill, general store, and trading post were opened when the town was established. It began to grow, and so other buildings and tents were erected to keep up with the population.

In its earliest occupied years, Coulson was a Wild West Town - their Sheriff's nickname was "Liver-Eating" Johnson and many arguments ended in gunfire and burial in Boothill Cemetery. The residents hoped the land would be near enough to the tracts of land that the railroad would help them grow as quickly as they intended to. The railroad came to the region shortly after and residents in Coulson believed that it would bring significant growth. However, the railroad company decided to create a new town nearby named Billings. The residents of Coulson eventually moved to the town of Billings, leaving Coulson to become part of Billings in the 1930s eventually. The park known as Coulson Park marks the original area of settlement.

The city of Billings was founded officially in 1882. The town only had three buildings but soon had over 2,000 less than one year after it was established. In the early 20th century, Billings’ population grew to over 10,000. The city was one of the fastest-growing in the U.S - and even earned the nickname - "Magic City" - due to its incredible growth rate. Oil fields were discovered in the state, followed by natural gas and coal reserves made the city a center of energy and boosted the economy.

When World War II ended, the city diversified by becoming the center of finance, medicine, and culture. The population continued to grow. Through the 1970s, Billings continued to be a leader in the energy sector. The city also saw significant growth through its downtown area during this time and through the 1980s, including the construction of Sage Tower and Granite Tower.

Billings continued to expand with the addition of shopping centers, malls, business parks, and hotels through the 1990s. This growth has continued through the 21st century as more business parks are open and the downtown area has been updated with new buildings, a transit center, and parking garages. The economy has also remained strong, making Billings a desirable city for many residents.

Billings Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Billingswas:

  • White: 87.78%
  • Native American: 4.56%
  • Two or more races: 4.39%
  • Black or African American: 1.20%
  • Other race: 1.10%
  • Asian: 0.88%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.08%
The current population of Billings, Montana is 119,706 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 117,116.

Billings, Montana Population 2022

Population by Race


Billings Population by Race

Billings Population Pyramid 2022


Billings Median Age







Billings Adults

There are 84,383 adults, (19,020 of whom are seniors) in Billings.

Billings Age Dependency

Age Dependency Ratio


Old Age Dependency Ratio


Child Dependency Ratio

Billings Sex Ratio







Billings Population by Age

Billings Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

map placeholder

Billings Household Types


Rate of Home Ownership

Billings Households and Families


Average Family Size


Average Household Size


Billings Households by Type


Billings Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Billings Educational Attainment by Race


The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 60.29%.

Billings Educational Attainment by Race



Average Earnings


Average Male


Average Female

Billings Earnings by Educational Attainment

Billings Language by Age


Billings Language

95.95% of Billings residents speak only English, while 4.05% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 1.74% of the population.

Billings Language

Billings Poverty by Race



Overall Poverty Rate


Male Poverty Rate


Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Billings

The race most likely to be in poverty in Billings is Native, with 16.77% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Billings is Other, with NaN% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.42%. Among those working part-time, it was 13.55%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 17.51%.

Billings Poverty


Billings Poverty Rate by Education


Billings Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Billings Income by Household Type


Income by Household Type

Billings Marital Status

map placeholder

Marriage Rates


Overall Marriage Rate


Male Marriage Rate


Female Marriage Rate

Billings Married by Age and Sex


Billings Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Billings Marital Status by Race

map placeholder

Billings Marital Status



Number of Veterans

Male Veterans

Female Veterans

Billings Veterans by War


Billings Veterans by Age


Billings Veterans by Race

Billings Veterans by Education



Veteran Poverty Rate


Veteran Disability Rate

Billings Veterans by Education



Labor Force Participation


Employment Rate


Unemployment Rate

Billings Employment by Age


Billings Employment by Race


Billings Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens


Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens



Born in Billings


Native Born


Foreign Born


Non Citizen



Place of Birth

97.70% of Billings residents were born in the United States, with 56.98% having been born in Montana. 0.85% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Billings Place of Birth

Note: 2021 and 2022 data is projected

Billings Population by Year