Boston, Massachusetts Population 2020

710,195

Boston is a city located in Massachusetts. With a 2020 population of 710,195, it is the largest city in Massachusetts and the 21st largest city in the United States. Boston is currently growing at a rate of 1.11% annually and its population has increased by 14.99% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 617,594 in 2010. Boston reached it's highest population of 801,444 in 1950. Spanning over 90 miles, Boston has a population density of 14,692 people per square mile.

The average household income in Boston is $101,310 with a poverty rate of 20.18%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,539 per month, and the median house value is $487,300. The median age in Boston is 32 years, 31.4 years for males, and 32.6 years for females. For every 100 females there are 92.7 males.

Boston is the capital and largest city in Massachusetts in the United States. It's also the largest city in New England and represents the 23rd largest city in the US. Boston was founded in 1630, making it one of the oldest cities in the country, and it was the scene of many important events in the American Revolution. Today, the city is an international center for medicine and higher learning.

This city of 90 square miles is home to one of the most densely populated regions in the United States. The city had a population of 618,000 people in 2010, which has increased to approximately {pop}.

The city of Boston is home to an estimated 667,137 people in 2016, although the Greater Boston area is home to an estimated 4.7 million, making it the 10th largest metropolitan area in the United States. As a commuting region, Greater Boston has an even larger population of 8.1 million, which makes it the 6th largest Combined Statistical Area in the country.

Population Density in Boston

Boston has a density of 13,841 people per square mile (5,344/square kilometer), and Greater Boston is the 4th most densely populated region in the United States, after New York Metro Area, Greater Los Angeles, and South Florida Metro Area. Somerville, a city just north of Boston and included in its metropolitan area, has the highest population density of 18,431.6 people per square mile.

Interestingly, Boston's actual population fluctuates rapidly between day and night, as well as during special events. It's estimated that 1.2 million people are in the city during work hours, and 2 million during special events in the city, as hundreds of thousands of residents in the suburbs commute to the city for education, health care, and work.

Boston Diversity

Whites represented a 94.7% majority of the city's population in 1950, but the percentage of non-Hispanic whites in the region declined for much of the next 50 years. By 2000, non-Hispanic whites accounted for just 49.5% of the population, which made Boston a majority-minority city for the first time in its history. Over the last decade, the city has experienced a great deal of gentrification, and the percentage of non-Hispanic whites was starting to grow. By 2010, this trend reversed once more, partially due to the housing crash, and the minority population rebounded in Boston.

The single largest ethnic group in Boston is Irish, which accounts for 15.8% of the population, followed by Italians with 8.3% of the population. Those of West Indian ancestry account for 6% of Boston's population, and some areas have seen a great deal of immigration from Vietnam recently, while other areas are seeing an increase in the number of Dominican Americans. South Asians account for a substantial amount of Boston's immigration, and the city has the 10th largest Indian population in the United States.

There are also about 25,000 Jews in Boston, or 227,000 in its metropolitan area, while nearby communities like Newton are nearly one-third Jewish.

Boston Population Growth

Boston is experiencing colossal growth lately thanks to an immigration boom, and the Boston area gained close to 55,000 residents in the two years following the 2010 Census, according to 2013 estimates from the Census Bureau. This is also the first time Boston's population has passed 600,000 since the 1970s.

While the state's population growth of 1.5% is just behind the nation's rate of 1.7%, Massachusetts as a whole is still doing better than most of the country, and it's now the fastest growing state in the Northeast.

It seems most of the growth in the state is comprised of immigrants, who have been critical to the state's growth over the past ten years. Without immigration, the state's population would have declined.

In 1990, Boston's population was 20% foreign-born, but this number has grown to 27% and shows signs of increasing. Recent immigrants to the area come mostly from Latin America and Asia, and many are coming for science and technology jobs.

Thanks to this immigration boom, Boston's population is also growing younger, as nearly one-third of its residents are 20-34, which is younger than most other major cities in the country.

Boston is growing at its fastest rate in decades, which is transforming the city with more than 5,000 homes in development. While immigrants and young families are moving to Boston, so too are major companies, which are attracted by talented workers in the region.

To keep up with this rapid growth, Boston is now attempting to rapidly expand housing with plans for 30,000 new housing units by 2020. The city's population growth rate of 3.1% is expected to continue through at least 2020, reaching around 780,000 to 790,000 by the next Census in 2020.

Boston Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Boston was:

  • White: 52.58%
  • Black or African American: 25.26%
  • Asian: 9.64%
  • Other race: 7.06%
  • Two or more races: 5.10%
  • Native American: 0.32%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.04%
The current population of Boston, Massachusetts is 710,195, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 694,583.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 617,594.

Boston, Massachusetts Population 2020

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White357,25352.58%
Black or African American171,58825.26%
Asian65,4999.64%
Some Other Race47,9557.06%
Two or More Races34,6755.10%
American Indian and Alaska Native2,1860.32%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander2570.04%

Boston Population Pyramid 2020

Boston Median Age

32


Total

31.4


Male

32.6


Female

Boston Adults

There are 569,659 adults, (76,120 of whom are seniors) in Boston.

Boston Age Dependency

37.7

Age Dependency Ratio

15.4

Old Age Dependency Ratio

22.2

Child Dependency Ratio

Boston Sex Ratio

Female

352,654

51.91%

Male

326,759

48.09%

Boston Households and Families

Boston Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Boston Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married57.3%42.7%
All35.2%64.8%
Male34.8%65.2%
Non Family26.5%73.5%
Female24.5%75.5%

35.2%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All266,7242.3735.2
Non Family138,1201.5326.5
Married74,7383.2257.3
Female42,0743.3324.5
Male11,7923.3734.8

3.14

Average Family Size

2.37

Average Household Size

6.5%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.7%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Boston Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade35,3967.58%
9th to 12th Grade28,1766.03%
High School Graduate93,67220.05%
Some College61,51913.17%
Associates Degree21,6164.63%
Bachelors Degree123,61526.47%
Graduate Degree103,09222.07%

Boston Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White228,082218,138158,612
Black111,60193,12023,974
Hispanic79,08554,06317,426
Asian44,44134,34322,887
Other Race29,12220,1785,028
Multiple Races19,28313,5025,940
Native American1,4701,150296
Islander1129041

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 95.64%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 69.54%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$48,787$52,736$44,028
Less Than High School$22,218$26,740$18,771
High School Grad$30,405$34,398$25,443
Some College$36,827$40,788$33,045
Bachelors Degree$62,186$68,595$55,506
Graduate Degree$73,949$85,436$66,912

$48,787

Average Earnings

$52,736

Average Male

$44,028

Average Female

Boston Language

Boston Language by Age

Boston Language

62.01% of Boston residents speak only English, while 37.99% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 16.85% of the population.

Boston Poverty

Boston Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic128,69840,32231.33%
Black167,59039,60623.63%
White276,11032,29611.70%
Asian59,01817,65629.92%
Other46,22916,32835.32%
Multiple32,9068,16324.81%
Native2,12357927.27%
Islander232187.76%

20.18%

Overall Poverty Rate

18.04%

Male Poverty Rate

22.18%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Boston

The race most likely to be in poverty in Boston is Other, with 35.32% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Boston is Islander, with 7.76% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.06%. Among those working part-time, it was 25.44%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 40.21%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School33.47%
High School21.03%
Some College16.86%
Bachelors or Greater7.56%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed41.84%
Male Unemployed36.78%
Female Employed10.44%
Male Employed6.20%

Boston Income

Boston Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$65,883$101,310
Families$75,476$117,737
Married Families$116,627$161,439
Non Families$54,570$83,029

Boston Marital Status

Boston Marital Status

Marriage Rates

30.2%

Overall Marriage Rate

32.1%

Male Marriage Rate

28.4%

Female Marriage Rate

Boston Married by Age and Sex

Boston Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Boston Marital Status by Race

Boston Veterans

16,547

Number of Veterans

15,330

Male Veterans

1,217

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam4,928
Second Gulf War4,110
First Gulf War2,282
Korea1,403
World War II708
Age Group Veterans
75+3,878
35 to 543,615
65 to 743,550
18 to 342,753
55 to 642,751
Name Veterans % of Total
White11,5013.62%
Black3,6052.73%
Hispanic1,2511.26%
2 or More5772.40%
Asian3880.67%
Other3540.98%
Indian1226.82%

$Boston Veterans by Education

14.12%

Veteran Poverty Rate

30.57%

Veteran Disability Rate

Boston Employment Status

68.9%

Labor Force Participation

63.8%

Employment Rate

7.2%

Unemployment Rate

Boston Place of Birth

Origin of Non-Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

43.22%

Born in Massachusetts

71.45%

Native Born

28.55%

Foreign Born

14.54%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

71.45% of Boston residents were born in the United States, with 43.22% having been born in Massachusetts. 14.54% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020710,1957,8061.11%
2019702,3897,8061.12%
2018694,5836,3070.92%
2017688,2767,8061.15%
2016680,4709,6791.44%
2015670,7917,7741.17%
2014663,0179,9141.52%
2013653,10310,1001.57%
2012643,00312,5231.99%
2011630,4809,4061.51%
2010621,07431,9330.53%
2000589,14114,8580.26%
1990574,28311,2890.20%
1980562,994-78,077-1.29%
1970641,071-56,126-0.84%
1960697,197-104,247-1.38%
1950801,44430,6280.39%
1940770,816-10,372-0.13%
1930781,18833,1280.43%
1920748,06077,4751.10%
1910670,585109,6931.80%
1900560,892112,4152.26%
1890448,47785,6382.14%
1880362,839112,3133.77%
1870250,52672,6863.49%
1860177,84040,9592.65%
1850136,88143,4983.90%
184093,38331,9914.28%
183061,39218,0943.55%
182043,2989,5112.51%
181033,7878,8503.08%
180024,9376,6173.13%
179018,3200.00%