Buffalo, New York Population 2022

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Buffalo is a city located in Erie County New York. With a 2020 population of 281,757, it is the 2nd largest city in New York and the 79th largest city in the United States. Buffalo is currently growing at a rate of 0.61% annually and its population has increased by 1.22% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 278,349 in 2020. Spanning over 52 miles, Buffalo has a population density of 6,978 people per square mile.

The average household income in Buffalo is $55,305 with a poverty rate of 28.29%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Buffalo is 33.1 years, 31.6 years for males, and 34.5 years for females.

Buffalo is the second-most populous city of New York behind New York City. Buffalo is located in Western New York on Lake Erie at the head of the Niagara River across from Fort Erie, Ontario, Canada.

Population Size and Density in Buffalo, NY

The city proper has a population density of 6,436 people per square mile (2,568 per square kilometer). The urban population is about 93,600, which ranks 46th in the country. The Buffalo-Niagara Falls metropolitan area has a combined population of about 1.3 million and the 49th largest in the U.S., while the Combined Statistical Area has a population of 1.2 million.

Buffalo Diversity

The most common ancestry groups in Buffalo are German (13.6%), Irish (12.2%), Italian (11.7%), Polish (11.7%) and English (4.0%). There are large populations of people from Irish, Italian, Polish, German, Jewish, Arab, Greek, Indian, Macedonian, Indian and Puerto Rican descent.

Many ethnic neighborhoods have changed over the last fifty years as well. The East Side was traditionally a Polish-American community with Italian-Americans in the West Side. Today, the East Side is mostly African American while the West Side has many ethnicities. Through much of Buffalo's history, the First Ward (a collection of neighborhoods) has been almost wholly people of Irish descent, but it is now home to many people of Arab descent, particularly those from Yemen. The Jewish population, meanwhile, has moved to the suburbs or the Upper West Side since the 1950s.

In 2008, the United Nations rated the Buffalo-Niagara Falls area as being one of the worst cities in the world in terms of economic inequality and racial bias, stating that 40% of Hispanic, black and ethnically mixed households earned less than $15,000, versus 15% of white households. The United States Census department also called the area the 8th most segregated in the country.

Buffalo Population Growth

Buffalo's population peaked in 1950, like many former industrial cities, at which time it was the 15th largest city in the country. Buffalo's population had declined in every census since 1950 when its population was 580,000. In 2006, Buffalo's community was equivalent to its population in 1890, essentially reversing it 120 years.

After a decades-long loss of young people, the Buffalo-Niagara area has finally turned things around and is once more seeing a growth in the number of Millennials moving to the region. Since 2006, the number of Millennials (aged 20 through 34) has grown by over 10% while the region's total population shrank 1%. This has been the most substantial growth of young people among all counties in New York and exceeds national growth for the age group.

Buffalo Facts

  • Buffalo is home to the original Buffalo chicken wing. Before its invention, chicken wings were used in stock or thrown away. The invention is credited to Anchor Bar owners Frank and Teressa Bellissimo, who created the first Buffalo wings in 1964.
  • Buffalo is also famous for beef on weck, a culinary dish derived from earlier German immigrants to the area. It's believed a German baker in Buffalo came up with the sandwich, which has roast beef and horseradish on a kummelweck roll.
  • Buffalo's most infamous event was the 1971 Attica prison riot.
  • "Buffalo buffalo Buffalo buffalo buffalo buffalo Buffalo buffalo" is a grammatically correct sentence that uses all three meanings of the word: the city of Buffalo, a verb meaning to buffalo (or bully) and the animal buffalo.
  • The 1840s was a prosperous time for Buffalo and is remembered as the Fabulous Forties. This ended with a cholera outbreak in 1849.

Buffalo began as a small trading community in 1789 and quickly grew when the Erie Canal was constructed in 1825. At the time, it had a population of about 2,400, which rose to 10,000 by 1832. By 1900, it was the 8th largest city in the country and became a major railroad hub.

Buffalo has long been home to a sizable African American community and at one point a regular meeting place for abolitionist leaders and a terminus point of the Underground Railroad. During the Civil War, Buffalo grew in population from 81,000 to more than 94,000 by 1865. At the start of the 20th century, Buffalo was known as the City of Light for its widespread electric lighting, becoming the first city in the country to use electric street lights in 1881. Buffalo saw great prosperity later during World War II as a manufacturing center, although it reached its peak population by the 1950s and declined for more than 60 years.

Buffalo Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Buffalowas:

  • White: 47.11%
  • Black or African American: 35.17%
  • Asian: 6.30%
  • Other race: 5.53%
  • Two or more races: 5.34%
  • Native American: 0.50%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.06%
The current population of Buffalo, New York is 281,757 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 278,349.

Buffalo, New York Population 2022

2021 and 2022 population is estimated by projecting the 2019 numbers.

Buffalo Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race


Buffalo Population by Race

Buffalo Population Pyramid 2022


Buffalo Median Age







Buffalo Adults

There are 198,446 adults, (33,264 of whom are seniors) in Buffalo.

Buffalo Age Dependency

Age Dependency Ratio


Old Age Dependency Ratio


Child Dependency Ratio

Buffalo Sex Ratio







Buffalo Population by Age

Buffalo Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Buffalo Household Types


Rate of Home Ownership

Buffalo Households and Families


Average Family Size


Average Household Size


Buffalo Households by Type


Buffalo Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Buffalo Educational Attainment by Race


The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 39.22%.

Buffalo Educational Attainment by Race



Average Earnings


Average Male


Average Female

Buffalo Earnings by Educational Attainment

Buffalo Language by Age


Buffalo Language

81.39% of Buffalo residents speak only English, while 18.61% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 8.04% of the population.

Buffalo Language

Buffalo Poverty by Race



Overall Poverty Rate


Male Poverty Rate


Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Buffalo

The race most likely to be in poverty in Buffalo is Islander, with 89.84% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Buffalo is Other, with NaN% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.75%. Among those working part-time, it was 28.70%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 41.90%.

Buffalo Poverty


Buffalo Poverty Rate by Education


Buffalo Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Buffalo Income by Household Type


Income by Household Type

Buffalo Marital Status

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Marriage Rates


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Female Marriage Rate

Buffalo Married by Age and Sex


Buffalo Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Buffalo Marital Status by Race

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Buffalo Marital Status



Number of Veterans

Male Veterans

Female Veterans

Buffalo Veterans by War


Buffalo Veterans by Age


Buffalo Veterans by Race

Buffalo Veterans by Education



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Buffalo Veterans by Education



Labor Force Participation


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Buffalo Employment by Age


Buffalo Employment by Race


Buffalo Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens


Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens



Born in Buffalo


Native Born


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Place of Birth

89.56% of Buffalo residents were born in the United States, with 73.76% having been born in New York. 5.40% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Buffalo Place of Birth

Note: 2021 and 2022 data is projected

Buffalo Population by Year