Caledonia, Minnesota Population 2021

2,793
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Caledonia is a city located in Houston County Minnesota. It is also the county seat of Houston County. With a 2020 population of 2,793, it is the 218th largest city in Minnesota and the 6466th largest city in the United States . Caledonia is currently growing at a rate of 0.72% annually but its population has decreased by -2.62% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 2,868 in 2010. Caledonia reached it's highest population of 2,965 in 2000. Spanning over 3 miles, Caledonia has a population density of 989 people per square mile.

The average household income in Caledonia is $57,759 with a poverty rate of 10.63%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $651 per month, and the median house value is $114,100. The median age in Caledonia is 42.3 years, 41.1 years for males, and 43.4 years for females.

Caledonia Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Caledonia was:

  • White: 95.03%
  • Black or African American: 3.99%
  • Native American: 0.47%
  • Two or more races: 0.33%
  • Other race: 0.18%
  • Asian: 0.00%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.00%
The current population of Caledonia, Minnesota is 2,793 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 2,733.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 2,868.

Caledonia, Minnesota Population 2021

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White2,61995.03%
Black or African American1103.99%
American Indian and Alaska Native130.47%
Two or More Races90.33%
Some Other Race50.18%
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Caledonia Population by Race

Caledonia Population Pyramid $2021

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Caledonia Median Age

42.3


Total

41.1


Male

43.4


Female

Caledonia Adults

There are 2,160 adults, (595 of whom are seniors) in Caledonia.

Caledonia Age Dependency

76.1

Age Dependency Ratio

38

Old Age Dependency Ratio

38.1

Child Dependency Ratio

Caledonia Sex Ratio

Female

1,460

52.98%

Male

1,296

47.02%

Caledonia Population by Age

Caledonia Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Caledonia Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Male100%0%
Married87%13%
All71.4%28.6%
Female62.8%37.2%
Non Family57.5%42.5%

71.4%

Rate of Home Ownership

Caledonia Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All1,2612.1371.4
Non Family6041.3457.5
Married5322.9287
Female942.5762.8
Male312.65100

2.82

Average Family Size

2.13

Average Household Size

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Caledonia Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade472.46%
9th to 12th Grade944.92%
High School Graduate79141.37%
Some College29615.48%
Associates Degree31816.63%
Bachelors Degree30515.95%
Graduate Degree613.19%
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Caledonia Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Caledonia Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
White1,8621,729358
Black28288
Native American1313
2+ Races91
Hispanic11

The highest rate of high school graduation is among black people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among black people with a rate of 28.57%.

Caledonia Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$32,095$38,415$28,906
Less Than 9th Grade$37,143$38,158$
High School Graduate$24,833$31,964$21,875
Some College$29,323$31,125$28,854
Bachelors Degree$56,375$57,102$52,000
Graduate Degree$57,614$54,375$

$32,095

Average Earnings

$38,415

Average Male

$28,906

Average Female

Caledonia Earnings by Educational Attainment

Caledonia Language by Age

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Caledonia Language

98.04% of Caledonia residents speak only English, while 1.96% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Other Indo-European, which is spoken by 1.06% of the population.

Caledonia Language

Caledonia Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White2,5302148.46%
Black1016867.33%

10.63%

Overall Poverty Rate

7.15%

Male Poverty Rate

13.77%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Caledonia

The race most likely to be in poverty in Caledonia is Black, with 67.33% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Caledonia is White, with 8.46% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 1.57%. Among those working part-time, it was 20.53%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 19.79%.

Caledonia Poverty

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Name Poverty
High School17.68%
Less Than 9th Grade12.03%
Some College4.46%
Bachelors or Greater3.08%

Caledonia Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Female Unemployed70.97%
Female Employed7.98%
Male Unemployed0.00%
Male Employed4.29%

Caledonia Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Caledonia Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$47,150$57,759
Families$65,848$76,525
Married Families$71,538-
Non Families$31,012$36,609
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Income by Household Type

Caledonia Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

47.0%

Overall Marriage Rate

51.7%

Male Marriage Rate

43.0%

Female Marriage Rate

Caledonia Married by Age and Sex

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Caledonia Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 35-44, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Caledonia Marital Status by Race

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Caledonia Marital Status

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153

Number of Veterans

153

Male Veterans

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam68
Second Gulf War27
Korea17
First Gulf War13
World War II11

Caledonia Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
75+47
65 to 7430
35 to 5429
18 to 3427
55 to 6420

Caledonia Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White1406.70%
Native American13100.00%

Caledonia Veterans by Race

Caledonia Veterans by Education

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0.00%

Veteran Poverty Rate

36.49%

Veteran Disability Rate

Caledonia Veterans by Education

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67.8%

Labor Force Participation

66.4%

Employment Rate

2%

Unemployment Rate

Caledonia Employment by Age

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Caledonia Employment by Race

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Caledonia Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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42.20%

Born in Caledonia

99.85%

Native Born

0.15%

Foreign Born

0.15%

Non Citizen

0.00%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

99.85% of Caledonia residents were born in the United States, with 42.20% having been born in Minnesota. 0.15% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Caledonia Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20212,793200.72%
20202,773200.73%
20192,753200.73%
20182,733-22-0.80%
20172,755-10-0.36%
20162,765-8-0.29%
20152,773-14-0.50%
20142,787-18-0.64%
20132,805-3-0.11%
20122,808-26-0.92%
20112,834-34-1.19%
20102,868-97-0.33%
20002,9651190.41%
19902,8461550.56%
19802,691720.27%
19702,619560.22%
19602,5630.00%

Caledonia Population by Year