Charleston, Illinois Population 2024

16,851

Charleston is a city located in Coles County Illinois. Charleston has a 2024 population of 16,851. It is also the county seat of Coles County.Charleston is currently declining at a rate of -0.79% annually and its population has decreased by -2.27% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 17,242 in 2020.

The average household income in Charleston is $65,198 with a poverty rate of 26.53%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Charleston is 29.4 years, 29.9 years for males, and 29.2 years for females.

Charleston Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Charleston was:

  • White: 86.51%
  • Black or African American: 7.3%
  • Two or more races: 3.23%
  • Asian: 1.58%
  • Other race: 1.36%
  • Native American: 0.03%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander:
Land Area (mi²)
8.9 sq mi
Density (mi²)
1,896.70/sq mi
Growth Since 2020
-2.27% (-391)
The current population of Charleston, Illinois is 16,851 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 17,242.

Charleston, Illinois Population 2024

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Charleston Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

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Race
Population
Percentage (of total)
White15,39486.51%
Black or African American1,2997.3%
Two or more races5743.23%
Asian2811.58%
Other race2421.36%
Native American50.03%
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
showing: 7 rows

White

Black or African American

Two or more races

Asian

Other race

Native American

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

Charleston Population by Race

Charleston Population Pyramid 2024

Charleston Median Age

29.4

Total

29.9

Male

29.2

Female

Charleston Adults

There are 15,612 adults, (2,490 of whom are seniors) in Charleston.

Charleston Age Dependency

35.6

Age Dependency Ratio

19

Old Age Dependency Ratio

16.6

Child Dependency Ratio

Charleston Sex Ratio

Female9,09051.08%
Male8,70548.92%

Charleston Population by Age

Charleston Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Household Type
Count
Average Size
Owner
Renter
All7,4841.9747.452.6
Non Family3,8251.327.272.8
Married2,6872.6975.424.6
Female6772.6735.764.3
Male2952.528020
showing: 5 rows

2.53

Average Family Size

1.97

Average Household Size

47.4%

Rate of Home Ownership

Married

Male

Female

NonFamily

owner

renter

Charleston Households and Families

Male

Female

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Less Than 9th Grade

9th to 12th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Associates Degree

Bachelors Degree

Graduate Degree

Charleston Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Charleston Educational Attainment by Race

High School Graduation Rate

Bachelors Rate

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The highest rate of high school graduation is among other race people with a rate of 100%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 54.81%.

Charleston Educational Attainment by Race

All

Male

Female

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$34,490

Average Earnings

$35,309

Average Male

$33,935

Average Female

Charleston Earnings by Educational Attainment

Charleston Language by Age

Only English

Spanish

Other Indo-European Languages

Asian and Pacific Island Languages

Other Languages

Charleston Language

95.14% of Charleston residents speak only English, while 4.86% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 1.53% of the population.

Charleston Language

Charleston Poverty by Race

rate

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Name
Total
In Poverty
Poverty Rate
White13,2513,28424.78%
Black47626856.3%
Multiple52422342.56%
Hispanic46713729.34%
Other1846133.15%
Asian2022110.4%
Native55100%
showing: 7 rows

26.53%

Overall Poverty Rate

26.91%

Male Poverty Rate

26.15%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Charleston

The race most likely to be in poverty in Charleston is Native, with 100% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Charleston is Asian, with 10.4% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 6.07%. Among those working part-time, it was 43.65%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 29.86%.

Charleston Poverty

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade35.04%
High School28.17%
Some College20.41%
Bachelors or Greater5.99%
showing: 4 rows

Charleston Poverty Rate by Education

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Female Unemployed74.27%
Male Unemployed42.97%
Male Employed24.32%
Female Employed18.02%
showing: 4 rows

Charleston Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Charleston Income by Household Type

Households

Families

MarriedFamilies

NonFamilies

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mean

median

Income by Household Type

Charleston Marital Status

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Marriage Rates

34.6%

Overall Marriage Rate

35.6%

Male Marriage Rate

33.7%

Female Marriage Rate

Charleston Married by Age and Sex

male

female

Charleston Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 55-64, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55-64.

Charleston Marital Status by Race

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Charleston Marital Status

Second Gulf War

First Gulf War

Vietnam

Korea

World War II

829

Number of Veterans

786

Male Veterans

43

Female Veterans

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Charleston Veterans by War

count

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Charleston Veterans by Age

count

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Charleston Veterans by Race

Charleston Veterans by Education

Less Than 9th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Bachelors or Greater

8.24%

Veteran Poverty Rate

27.52%

Veteran Disability Rate

Charleston Veterans by Education

LaborForceParticipation

66.4%

Labor Force Participation

61.7%

Employment Rate

6.5%

Unemployment Rate

Charleston Employment by Age

LaborForceParticipation

Charleston Employment by Race

LaborForceParticipation

Charleston Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

76.3%

Born in Charleston

96.45%

Native Born

3.55%

Foreign Born

1.31%

Non Citizen

2.23%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

96.45% of Charleston residents were born in the United States, with 76.3% having been born in Illinois. 1.31% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Charleston Place of Birth

Note: data after 2022 is projected based on recent change

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Year
Population
Growth
Growth Rate
202916,181-134-0.82%
202816,315-134-0.81%
202716,449-134-0.81%
202616,583-134-0.8%
202516,717-134-0.8%
202416,851-134-0.79%
202316,985-134-0.78%
202217,119-134-0.78%
202117,253110.06%
202017,242-2,934-14.54%
201920,176-62-0.31%
201820,238-166-0.81%
201720,404-151-0.73%
201620,555-256-1.23%
201520,811-264-1.25%
201421,075-307-1.44%
201321,382-260-1.2%
201221,642-202-0.92%
201121,844-12-0.05%
201021,8568173.88%
200021,0396413.14%
199020,3981,0435.39%
198019,3552,93417.87%
197016,4216,95273.42%
19609,4693053.33%
19509,16496711.8%
19408,1971852.31%
19308,0121,39721.12%
19206,61573112.42%
19105,8843967.22%
19005,4881,35332.72%
18904,1351,26844.23%
18802,867180.63%
18702,849
showing: 34 rows

Charleston Population by Year