Clayton, New Mexico Population 2024

2,558

Clayton is a city located in Harding County and Union County New Mexico. Clayton has a 2024 population of 2,558. Clayton is currently declining at a rate of -0.89% annually and its population has decreased by -3.4% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 2,648 in 2020.

The average household income in Clayton is $47,640 with a poverty rate of 24.25%. The median age in Clayton is 39.1 years: 39 years for males, and 42.6 years for females.

Clayton Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Clayton was:

  • White: 64.35%
  • Two or more races: 25.06%
  • Other race: 6.41%
  • Native American: 2.51%
  • Black or African American: 1.66%
  • Asian: 0%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0%
Land Area (mi²)
7.8 sq mi
Density (mi²)
327.60/sq mi
Growth Since 2020
-3.4% (-90)
The current population of Clayton, New Mexico is 2,558 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates (released May 2024). The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 2,648.

Population by Race

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Race
Population
Percentage (of total)
White1,81864.35%
Two or more races70825.06%
Other race1816.41%
Native American712.51%
Black or African American471.66%
Asian00%
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander00%

White

Two or more races

Other race

Native American

Black or African American

Asian

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

Clayton Population by Race

Clayton Population Pyramid 2024

Clayton Median Age

39.1

Total

39

Male

42.6

Female

Clayton Adults

There are 2,280 adults, (606 of whom are seniors) in Clayton.

Clayton Age Dependency

68.8

Age Dependency Ratio

36.2

Old Age Dependency Ratio

32.6

Child Dependency Ratio

Clayton Sex Ratio

Female1,31046.37%
Male1,51553.63%

Clayton Population by Age

Clayton Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Household Type
Count
Average Size
Owner
Renter
All9302.5266.633.4
Non Family3891.1565.334.7
Married2572.4586.413.6
Female1925.3944.855.2
Male922.516238

3.13

Average Family Size

2.52

Average Household Size

66.6%

Rate of Home Ownership

Married

Male

Female

NonFamily

owner

renter

Clayton Households and Families

Male

Female

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Education Attained
Count
Percentage
9th to 12th Grade1658.21%
Associates Degree1155.72%
Bachelors Degree1507.47%
Graduate Degree1195.92%
High School Graduate98148.83%
Less Than 9th Grade793.93%
Some College40019.91%

Less Than 9th Grade

9th to 12th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Associates Degree

Bachelors Degree

Graduate Degree

Clayton Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Clayton Educational Attainment by Race

High School Graduation Rate

Bachelors Rate

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Race
Total
High School
Bachelors
Hispanic997822100
White908868158
2+ Races39431620
Other Race948811
Native American48360
Black41302

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 95.59%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 17.4%.

Clayton Educational Attainment by Race

All

Male

Female

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Name
Average
Male
Female
Bachelors Degree$74,018$74,911$0
Graduate Degree$0$0$29,063
High School Graduate$31,319$41,458$21,696
Less Than 9th Grade$12,750$12,868$12,596
Overall$29,045$46,434$21,399
Some College$22,311$51,806$21,533

$29,045

Average Earnings

$46,434

Average Male

$21,399

Average Female

Clayton Earnings by Educational Attainment

Clayton Language by Age

Only English

Spanish

Other Indo-European Languages

Asian and Pacific Island Languages

Other Languages

Clayton Language

75.7% of Clayton residents speak only English, while 24.3% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 23.08% of the population.

Clayton Language

Clayton Poverty by Race

rate

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Name
Total
In Poverty
Poverty Rate
Hispanic1,26538430.36%
Multiple67619628.99%
White95010811.37%
Other1753821.71%
Native512141.18%

24.25%

Overall Poverty Rate

21.38%

Male Poverty Rate

26.62%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Clayton

The race most likely to be in poverty in Clayton is Native, with 41.18% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Clayton is White, with 11.37% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.04%. Among those working part-time, it was 33.74%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 29.85%.

Clayton Poverty

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade55.26%
High School27.35%
Bachelors or Greater13.73%
Some College5.54%

Clayton Poverty Rate by Education

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Male Unemployed73.91%
Female Unemployed22.58%
Female Employed15.02%
Male Employed5.32%

Clayton Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Clayton Income by Household Type

Households

Families

MarriedFamilies

NonFamilies

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Name
Median
Mean
Families$41,528$50,465
Households$33,239$47,640
Married Families$57,212$-999,999,999
Non Families$26,607$33,721

mean

median

Income by Household Type

Clayton Marital Status

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Marriage Rates

24.5%

Overall Marriage Rate

27.7%

Male Marriage Rate

21.0%

Female Marriage Rate

Clayton Married by Age and Sex

male

female

Clayton Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Clayton Marital Status by Race

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Clayton Marital Status

Second Gulf War

First Gulf War

Vietnam

Korea

World War II

207

Number of Veterans

196

Male Veterans

11

Female Veterans

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War
Veterans
Vietnam80
Korea33
First Gulf War32
Second Gulf War27
World War II0

Clayton Veterans by War

count

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Age Group
Veterans
65 to 7465
55 to 6463
75+54
35 to 5416
18 to 349

Clayton Veterans by Age

count

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Name
Veterans
% of Total
White20413.01%
Hispanic443.9%
Other Race32.26%

Clayton Veterans by Race

Clayton Veterans by Education

Less Than 9th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Bachelors or Greater

4.07%

Veteran Poverty Rate

53.49%

Veteran Disability Rate

Clayton Veterans by Education

LaborForceParticipation

38%

Labor Force Participation

34.7%

Employment Rate

8.8%

Unemployment Rate

Clayton Employment by Age

LaborForceParticipation

Clayton Employment by Race

LaborForceParticipation

Clayton Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

61.38%

Born in Clayton

96.78%

Native Born

3.22%

Foreign Born

2.97%

Non Citizen

0.25%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

96.78% of Clayton residents were born in the United States, with 61.38% having been born in New Mexico. 2.97% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Clayton Place of Birth

Note: data after 2022 is projected based on recent change

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Year
Population
Growth
Growth Rate
20292,446-23-0.93%
20282,469-22-0.88%
20272,491-22-0.88%
20262,513-23-0.91%
20252,536-22-0.86%
20242,558-23-0.89%
20232,581-11-0.42%
20222,592-70-2.63%
20212,662140.53%
20202,648-23-0.86%
20192,671-36-1.33%
20182,707-58-2.1%
20172,765160.58%
20162,749-2-0.07%
20152,751-51-1.82%
20142,802-58-2.03%
20132,860-33-1.14%
20122,893-6-0.21%
20112,899-75-2.52%
20102,97400%
20002,524-444-14.96%
19802,968371.26%
19702,931-383-11.56%
19603,314-201-5.72%
19503,51532710.26%
19403,18867026.61%
19302,518722.94%
showing: 27 rows

Clayton Population by Year