Columbia, Illinois Population 2021

10,683
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Columbia is a city located in Monroe County Illinois. With a 2020 population of 10,683, it is the 210th largest city in Illinois and the 2961st largest city in the United States . Columbia is currently growing at a rate of 0.80% annually and its population has increased by 10.05% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 9,707 in 2010. Columbia reached it's highest population of 10,683 in 2021. Spanning over 10 miles, Columbia has a population density of 1,036 people per square mile.

The average household income in Columbia is $127,885 with a poverty rate of 6.17%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $887 per month, and the median house value is $217,300. The median age in Columbia is 40 years, 39.3 years for males, and 40.7 years for females.

Columbia Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Columbia was:

  • White: 97.02%
  • Asian: 1.88%
  • Other race: 0.72%
  • Two or more races: 0.38%
  • Black or African American: 0.00%
  • Native American: 0.00%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.00%
The current population of Columbia, Illinois is 10,683 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 10,428.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 9,707.

Columbia, Illinois Population 2021

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White10,43297.02%
Asian2021.88%
Some Other Race770.72%
Two or More Races410.38%
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Columbia Population by Race

Columbia Population Pyramid $2021

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Columbia Median Age

40


Total

39.3


Male

40.7


Female

Columbia Adults

There are 7,970 adults, (1,785 of whom are seniors) in Columbia.

Columbia Age Dependency

73.8

Age Dependency Ratio

28.9

Old Age Dependency Ratio

45

Child Dependency Ratio

Columbia Sex Ratio

Female

5,626

52.33%

Male

5,126

47.67%

Columbia Population by Age

Columbia Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Columbia Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married95.1%4.9%
All82.7%17.3%
Male81.2%18.8%
Non Family68.7%31.3%
Female50.5%49.5%

82.7%

Rate of Home Ownership

Columbia Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All4,2482.5182.7
Married2,5243.1495.1
Non Family1,1201.0868.7
Female4712.4250.5
Male1332.8181.2

2.98

Average Family Size

2.51

Average Household Size

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Columbia Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade761.01%
9th to 12th Grade2473.28%
High School Graduate1,28717.10%
Some College1,48619.75%
Associates Degree77610.31%
Bachelors Degree2,29530.50%
Graduate Degree1,35818.05%
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Columbia Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Columbia Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
White7,3207,0723,570
Asian1175959
Hispanic796224
Other Race17
2+ Races99

The highest rate of high school graduation is among 2+ races people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 50.43%.

Columbia Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$58,158$69,375$45,530
Less Than 9th Grade$18,136$18,453$
High School Graduate$37,458$46,563$34,286
Some College$50,946$62,721$37,201
Bachelors Degree$59,907$71,311$50,786
Graduate Degree$79,756$109,327$64,472

$58,158

Average Earnings

$69,375

Average Male

$45,530

Average Female

Columbia Earnings by Educational Attainment

Columbia Language by Age

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Columbia Language

96.27% of Columbia residents speak only English, while 3.73% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Other Indo-European, which is spoken by 1.85% of the population.

Columbia Language

Columbia Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White10,2275104.99%
Asian20213064.36%
Hispanic1201714.17%
Other771722.08%

6.17%

Overall Poverty Rate

5.18%

Male Poverty Rate

7.08%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Columbia

The race most likely to be in poverty in Columbia is Asian, with 64.36% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Columbia is White, with 4.99% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 0.63%. Among those working part-time, it was 10.03%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 12.20%.

Columbia Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade59.39%
High School8.92%
Some College4.12%
Bachelors or Greater1.86%

Columbia Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Female Unemployed51.97%
Male Unemployed20.83%
Male Employed3.55%
Female Employed2.62%

Columbia Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Columbia Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$98,977$127,885
Families$121,071$144,298
Married Families$128,889-
Non Families$38,983$76,888
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Income by Household Type

Columbia Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

61.8%

Overall Marriage Rate

66.1%

Male Marriage Rate

58.0%

Female Marriage Rate

Columbia Married by Age and Sex

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Columbia Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 35-44, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Columbia Marital Status by Race

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Columbia Marital Status

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678

Number of Veterans

664

Male Veterans

14

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam195
First Gulf War170
Second Gulf War120
Korea100
World War II49

Columbia Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
75+238
65 to 74152
35 to 54147
55 to 6499
18 to 3442

Columbia Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White6698.59%
2+ Races9100.00%

Columbia Veterans by Race

Columbia Veterans by Education

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6.08%

Veteran Poverty Rate

20.33%

Veteran Disability Rate

Columbia Veterans by Education

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72.5%

Labor Force Participation

69.8%

Employment Rate

3.3%

Unemployment Rate

Columbia Employment by Age

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Columbia Employment by Race

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Columbia Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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46.31%

Born in Columbia

96.96%

Native Born

3.04%

Foreign Born

1.29%

Non Citizen

1.75%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

96.96% of Columbia residents were born in the United States, with 46.31% having been born in Illinois. 1.29% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Columbia Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
202110,683850.80%
202010,598850.81%
201910,513850.82%
201810,4281151.12%
201710,313810.79%
201610,232800.79%
201510,152820.81%
201410,070830.83%
20139,9871071.08%
20129,880550.56%
20119,8251001.03%
20109,7251,8032.07%
20007,9222,3983.67%
19905,5241,2552.61%
19804,269810.19%
19704,1880.00%

Columbia Population by Year